A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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Lawfull, a. Also: lauful(l, -fyll, lauffull, laful(l. [ME. and e.m.E. lauful(l, law(e)ful(l (1387). Cf. Lauchfull.]

1. Sanctioned or permitted by law, according to law. (1) And thus, sen ȝe ar at opyn were aganis oure king ȝe ar lawfull prisonere; Hay I. 230/23.
As to the successioun … I traist it be … lele and lauffull; Ib. 255/30.
The customes of Leith … with all lawfull dewteis, after the tenour of the clerks buik to be gevin in writt; 1480 Edinb. B. Rec. I. 38.
Charging nane to cast elding twrf nor peit but laufull leif … optenit; 1530 Carnwath Baron Ct. MS. 63 b.
The said tymmer … declarit … to be laufull merchandreis and weill cum geir; 1563 Grant Chart. 128.
As yf all thinges were lawful that ar lustfull to them; 1584 Gowrie P. 79.
All hoores for the tollerance of thair bordellis as laufull tributairs payit him [the Pope] monethlye in gold; Fowler II. 32/20.
Geving thame selffis out … abill to haif curit … grit discissis … quhilk be na … lawfull and godlie wayes thay war abill to performe; 1597 Crim. Trials II. 29.
Dilaitt … for brek of sabbothe be … doing his lawfull busines and peying off his debbtis on the said day; 1620 Fraserburgh Kirk S. 1 Nov.
Being hardlie pressed to subscryve the tender disclaiming the King's laufull authority; 1688 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III. 286.
(b) I … sall tak thar … part in all lafull honest causis; 1532 Misc. Hist. Soc. VIII. .
(2) Quethir it be lefull and laufull thing till entre in clousit felde to defend richtwis caus; Hay I. 72/4.
It was nocht lawfull for thé to preich, thow hes takin power … without ony auctoritie of the churche; Pitsc. II. 61/10.
It is laufull for the freindis or bairnes to persew for the slauchter; 1625 Justiciary Cases I. 20.
That it shall be lawfull … for all persones to keip horsis for hyring; 1639 Acts V. (1870) 606/1.
It is … laufull to the presbyteries … to appoynt stent maisteris for reparatione of kirke and kirkȝairdis; 1640 Ib. 278/1.
(b) It sall nocht be lafull to the … taker of him … to sla him; 1512 Crim. Trials I. i. 80.

b. Permissible, allowable, reasonable; decent, proper. Princes may sumtyme seik solace With mirth and lawfull mirrines; Lynd. Sat. 1843.
Sum men wald live becaus they have wife and bairnis, and wald cair for them (I condemne not lawful cair) bot al this desire is vain; Rollock Wks. I. 430.
That the schollers be exercised in lawful games, such as gouffe, archarie; 1642 Mun. Univ. Glasg. II. 466.
Verie honest and laufull shifts and endeavours to train up their children at schooling; 1700 Rothesay Par. Rec. 138.

2. Legal: as appointed by or in accordance with the law; legally valid. Than eftirwart the pairteis sowld be cald For thair excuse to mak lawfull defence; Henr. III. 140/14.
No man aught to ingyre him selff, … without a lawfull calling; Melvill 94.
Ane lawfull borgh (quhilk commonlie is called an borgh of haimehald); Skene Reg. Maj. i. 15.
Arbitrie is ane lawfull deid of persons contendand … anent ane civill question and complaint; Ib. 20.
The dykis alwayis being maid lawfull and sufficient; 1615 Misc. Maitl. C. II. 173.
Without delay to put persones delaitit to thair laufull tryall; 1627 Justiciary Cases I. 64.
For so many as he hes not, or sall not doe lawfull diligence against; 1643 Aberd. B. Rec. IV. 9.

b. Laufull tyme of day bidden, see Lauchfull 2 b and Bide v. 4 b. The said defender being laufullie sumond … laufull tyme of day bidden; 1662 Melrose Reg. Rec. II. 2.

c. Lawful time, day, during or on which it is lawful for something to be done, esp. for courts to be held or judicial action taken. (1) The inqueist ordanis dykis to be maid abone corn & medo in lawful tym; 1526 Carnwath Baron Ct. MS. 30.
Betuix the day and dait heroff and the nativite of our lord callit ȝoull nyxt … or any vther laufyll tyme; 1560 Carte Northberwic 79.
(2) To produce thair evidens this day monecht in plane court … failȝeand that the day be nocht laufull, the neixt efter daye; 1526 Selkirk B. Ct. fol. 120 a.
Thair conventioun quhilk salbe haldin the first laufull day eftir Mertimes; Instit. Ct. Sess. 4 a.
And the defender alledge his warrant, he sall haue ane lawfull day to produce him; Skene Reg. Maj. i. 78.
The Justitiar generall … in his particular justice courts, quhilk he may hald as occasion requyres any lawfull day; Ib. ii. 162.

3. Of marriage: Legally valid. Of a spouse: Lawful. Of offspring: Legitimate. (1) Hir father was our native king, … and scho borne in the lawfull bed; Bann. Trans. 181.
The great Stewart being then king openlie acknowledged the first mariage & invited home againe Elizabeth Mure to his lawfull bed; Mure II. 249.
Ane bairne baptised to Mr. John Maule, gotten in lauful mariage; 1661 S. Ronaldshay 37.
(2) Wyth liberte to the said Elizabeth to marye ony lawfull howsband; 1561 St. A. Kirk S. 81.
Thai causet a diuorcie be mowyt in dowble forme agains his laufull vyif; Buch. Indict. 46.
(3) Nor ȝit could the ischew that mycht haue bene procreat betwixt thame be lawfull; Bann. Memor. 28.
Lawfull sones to the defunct; 1588 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III. 425.
Lenox, as nerrest the Kingis blude, and lawful; Dalr. II. 268/23.
Elizabeth and Anna Makburnes laufull dochters to the said Mr. Johne; 1623 Aberd. Council Lett. I. 202.

4. Recognized or qualified by law, having right according to law. (1) For in fault of lawfull airis the lord aw to be aire till his subjectis; Hay II. 79/35.
Landis … to be gyffin to … the said Williameis nerast lauffull ayris; 1481 Antiq. Aberd. & B. II. 330.
To gyue place to the lawful ȝouth quha rycht be lyne was sproung of the Kingis blude; Dalr. I. 134/29.
The wther halfe therof to appertane to the neirest and laufullest of kin to the said Jean Inglis; 1673 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Processes No. 188 (28 Jan.).
(2) This inquest … fyndis Valter Scot in Hanyng [etc.] … abyll and laufull to be burges; 1529 Selkirk B. Ct. fol.138 a.

b. Appointed or authorized according to law; having legally valid authority or powers. (1) The national assemblie … is a lawfull convention of the haill kilks of the realm; 1581 Bk. Disc. vii. 21.
Haiffing ane generall lawfull commissioune for that effect, according as it hes bein elis fund; Melvill 553.
He was content to be judged for his doctrine in a lawfull Generall Assemblie, which is a judicatour authorized by the King; Calderwood VII. 367.
He had given in a declinature, containing reasons why he could not acknowledge that judicatorie [the High Commission] to be lawfull; Row 321.
(2) Maks, … and ordinats an honorabil man Thomas Maule … our verray lafull and ondoutit balye; 1511 Reg. Panmure II. 280.
To have maid … Andro Hunter … oure verie laufull undoutit and irrevocable commissionar, procurator, actor, factor and speciall erand berar to the effect underwrittin; 1619 Aberd. Council Lett. I. 166.
1633 Ib. 375.
To have maid … Rorie McKenzie … my verrie lawfull, undouttit and irrevocable bailȝie [etc.]; 1640 Old Ross-shire I. 81.
[Constituted] my very lawfull, undoubted & irrevocable procurators … to the effect undirwryten; 1688 Irvine Deeds MS. 6 June.

5. Law-abiding. Ather cotter, greasman or woman that is thocht … nocht to be laufull nichtbouris and wantis keall or peitts; 1622 Urie Baron Ct. 45.

6. quasi-adv.: Lawfully, legally. Cf. Lauchfull a. 7. Be vertew quhairof I have caused laufull premonish the said John McCairtney; 1679 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Processes No. 356.

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"Lawfull adj.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 26 Sep 2021 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/lawfull>

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