A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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Ȝeld(e, Yeld, Ȝeild, Yeild, adj. Also: ȝhelde, yhelde, ȝa(e)ld, yeald(e, yeeld, yi(e)ld, ȝell, ȝeill, yeill, yeel(l, weld. [Late north. ME yeld (1411), late OE *ᵹielde, ᵹelde, ON geldr. Also in the later dial.]

1. Of land: Barren, unproductive. He cowth wele bayth ken and se Quhat land suld yhelde [C. ȝhelde, W. barand] or fertyll be; Wynt. ii 316.
Four akeris of the medo land callit the ȝald ȝerd; 1548 Acta Conc. & Sess. XXIV 170.

2. Of an animal: a. Barren, not bearing young. = Geld adj. b. Not giving milk. c. absol. and ellipt. d. transf. Of birds: Not having produced young. a., b. (1) That … thare be na outtin scheip … haldin in the toune … owdir mylk or ȝelde; 1481 Prestwick B. Rec. 29.
Twa ȝeld ky, … viij ky with calf, … and sevin ferow ky; 1483 Acta Conc. I *83/2.
viijc yowis and viijc yeld scheip of sufficient gudis, nane of thame hoggis; 1482–3 Acta Conc. II cvii.
Ene him self … to thé, Proserpyne, A ȝeld kow all to trynschit; Doug. vi iv 32.
xij nickat ky, ij ferrow ky and thre ald ȝeld ky tobe mertis; 1543 Lochleven Compt Bk. 14b (25 April).
As scho [sc. a cow] is ȝeld & geifis na mylk; 1563 Dumfries B. Ct. 220.
Askit gif scho hed onye skeill to restoir milk to kye that hed gone ȝeld, scho anserit scho hed none; 1623 Perth Kirk S. MS 16 May.
Your labouring oxen and other yeld beasts; Belhaven Rudiments 25.
(b) Ȝeild scheip; 1482 Acta Aud. 99/2.
Weddris and yeild yowis; 1498–9 Acta Conc. II 310.
The proffittis of ane hundreth ȝeild scheip extending ȝerelie to xij stanis of woll; 1528 Ex. Processes (Reg. H.) Scott v. Seytoun.
In the xvj ȝere of his regnne all the ȝowis war ȝeild but ony lammys; Bell. Boece (M) II 335.
Et viginti boves steriles vulgo twentie foure yeild nolt; 1560 Reg. Privy S. V i 178/1.
The taill of ane ȝeild sow; Lord Fergus' Gaist 39.
Ane kow quhilk suld haue bene newcaluit & wes ȝeild; 1594 Breadalbane Ct. Bk. 73.
In bowntethe for byging the yeild nowt hous; 1597 Oldcambus Acc. 2.
That ane hird be gotten to the nolt and ane to haif the milk and ane uther the yeild guides; 1609 Peebles Gleanings 36.
To tuentie men that keipit the yeild nowlt in the Eschill cowmone; 1624 Peebles B. Rec. I 413.
A yeild or shamloh kow is a kow that gives no milk at all; Skene Agric. MS (ed.) 69.
When shoe [sc. a cow] becomes yeild then shoe becomes fatt and fitt to be sold to the fleshers; Skene Agric. MS (ed.) 69.
A forrow kow is leaner nor a yeild or shamloh kow; Skene Agric. MS (ed.) 69.
(c) Jhone Doun offerit in plane court to mak the yeild kow als gud as ane kow with cauf; 1535 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 156.
[To John and Robert, her two eldest sons, she leaves two cows and followers … to James a cow and follower, with a] yield kow [to Margaret, his eldest daughter]; 1576–7 Douglas of Morton (App. B) 718.
(d) 20 ȝaeld scheip 40 s.; 1541–2 Yester Wr. 172.
(e) 6 sowme of yeald nolt; 1541–2 Yester Wr. 172.
xxx yeald cattell price of the peece iii lib.; 1562 Will A. Betoun.
(f) A yeeld sow was never good to gryses; Ferg. Prov. No. 78.
4 lib. 2 sh. Scots money as the pryce and worthe of two yeeld ewes; 1673 Stitchill Baron Ct. 69.
(g) Yild; a1595 Craven Ch. in Orkney III 103.
(h) Reserving … tenscoir ruche sheip being all ȝowis half rych half ȝell … as steilbow guids; 1622 Galloway P. 6 March.
Shee gatt fyve choppings of milk daylie from ane ȝell kow; 1642 Dundonald Par. Rec. 507.
(i) xviij newckell key and xiiij ȝeill nolt; 1642 Dumfries Test. I 103b.
He is to have … twelve pennies Scots of entry money for ilk yeill kow; 1674 Rothesay B. Rec. 329.
(j) To give to the said Patrick his foster too tydie kay & four yeell kay; 1670 Soc. Ant. XXX 20.
James Dick drove some of the Mains yeel nolt into William Simpsons corn; 1696 Lanark Presb. 127.
(k) [Stolen from Allaster McDuff four] weld horse [worth ¥20 each]; 1602 Reg. Privy C. VI 489.
c. Quha hes milk scheip sall keip ane yeld for ane milk and quha hes ma milk yowes nor yeld he sall pay for vj milk yowes ane stane cheis; 1587 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. I 226.
d. In middis of wynter … [birds] Biggit nestis … In symmer syne … No nestis maid bot all that tyme war ȝeild; Stewart 55436.

3. Of persons. a. Used pejoratively, in sense 2 a and/or b, of a woman. b. Yeeld nurse, a ‘dry nurse’, whose duties did not include suckling a baby. c. fig. Of a treasurer: That cannot or will not dispense money. d. Of a man: Impotent. a. That Jonet Burn called the said Ceseill yeld sou [= sow, pr. son] … Helen Donaldson deponit that she called hir witch bird; 1680 Dunferm. Kirk S. 72.
b. To your doughter Megs yeeld nurse a ducadoon; 1695 Foulis Acc. Bk. 181.
c. Ye that are ane of the number of us huntairs soulde be helpfull to all the professouris of that craft: but in earnist I thinke all oure thesauraris are gane yealde; 1593–4 James VI in Cal. Sc. P. XI 277.
d. He is waistit and worne fra Venus werkis … He trowis that ȝoung folk I ȝerne ȝeild for he gane is; Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 129.

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"Ȝeld(e adj.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 20 Jun 2019 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/3elde_adj>



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