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Magistrat(e, n. Also: magis-, magestratt, majes-, majeistrat(e, maist(e)rat, maeistrate. [ME. magestrat(e (Wyclif), magistrate (1432–50), e.m.E. maiestrate (1550), L. magistrātus magisterial rank or office, magistracy; hence, a magistrate, public functionary.]

1. The, or a, secular ruler of a nation or community; the sovereign or a member of the executive government or a civil officer charged with administering the laws. Also attrib. with law. Also common in reference to the committing of offenders by kirk sessions or other church courts to ‘the (civil) magistrate(s)’ to be punished. (1) [Nisbet Luke xxii. 4, etc.]
Be the ciuill magistrate; Lynd. Sat. 3938.
Againis the will and authoritie of the magistratis of the realme; Knox II. 74.
Caus everye stait to thair vocatioun go, Scolastik men the scriptouris to descrywe, And maiestratis to vse the swerd also; Scott i. 172.
All kingis, princes and magistrattis; 1567 Reg. Privy C. I. 536.
The common magistratis and officiaris of the uniuersite; Buch. Wr. 15.
Obey deulie thi magistrate; Maitland Maitl. F. cvii. 7.
Ib. cxi. 28.
1571 Bann. Memor. 140.
Gevand knawledge to the magistrattis of the cuntre or burgh of the samyn be quhat honest meane [etc.]; 1573 Macritchie Gypsies 63.
Lyk as he haid beine suppreme magistratt apprivit be the vottis of this realme; Pitsc. I. 18/17.
His hartlie messaige that come to him fre the maistratis and lordis of parlieament; Ib. 40/33.
Ib. 14/15, 15/15, etc.
That thair aucht nocht to be onie distinction of temporal magistratis in heichar or laichar degrie; Burne Disput. 146.
Of the office of ane christiane magistrat in the kirk; 1581 Bk. Univ. Kirk II. 502.
James VI Lusus R. 46.
1592 Warrender P. (S.H.S.) II. 171.
Dalr. I. 112/27, 124/5.
[Commissioners for maintaining the peace are to be appointed] quhairby the ordiner magistratis and officiaris within the schyres may be better assistit; 1609 Acts IV. 435/1.
All magistrats, sheriffs etc.; 1638 Nat. Covenant in
Facs. Nat. MSS. III. xcvii.
In … England, the reformation coming in by the autoritie of the magistrat, nothing could be gotten done but according to the magistrat's desyre; Row 12.
Never to harbour … rebells … but to delate them when seen to the next magistrat or officer of the standing forces; 1684 Dumfries & Galloway Soc. 3 Ser. XXXVI. 146.
(2) The said Besse to be committed to the civill magistrates to be punisched; 1559–60 St. A. Kirk S. 58.
The sessioune remittis hir with hir cautioner to the magistrat; 1615 Fraserburgh Kirk S. 46 (24 Jan.).
1615 Ritchie Churches S. Baldred 89.
Atouer that wich the civill magistrat imposeth upon them; 1640 Mouswald Kirk S. 1 July.
That no penalties nor civil punishments be enjoined be any kirk session but that they be cairfull … to have a civil magistrat in every parochin who may exact the respective penalties; 1649 Brechin Presb. 14.
(3) attrib. Heretickis … sould be put done be the ciuiell and magistrat law; Pitsc. II. 60/13.

b. spec. Applied to the provost and baillies of a burgh as having administrative and judicial powers. Perh. also partly as being the (Reformed) church's ‘secular arm’. [The prouestis and ballies of euiry burgh (quhome we can nocht call magistratis propirlie, as ȝe do, sen thai ar nocht principalis in a fre citie, as wes Rome, to mak lawis, bot suld be subditis to our souerane lady); Winȝet I. 94/23.
Cities and tounes haue lykwyse thair awne provistis, bailȝies and sik vthiris magistratis, quha … beir rule bot in commoune effairis; Dalr. I. 127/19.]
(a) Marie … to the provest and ballies of the burgh of Abirdene greting, forsamekill as … certane seditious personis … hes … schakine of all … obedience aught to ȝow our maiestratis [etc.]; 1565 Mill Mediæv. Plays 154.
To the … nobill lordis, burrow maisteris, judges, and maeistrates of the citie of Campfer; 1578 Conv. Burghs I. 56.
[Alms to be given] at the sicht … of the majeistratis of the toun; 1579 Reg. Privy C. III. 137.
[To] present … in the tolbuith of this citee to the majestrattis of the samyn ane supplicatioun; 1581 St. A. Kirk S. 461.
1641 Glasgow Burgesses 105.
Gif … the maisterat put not this act to executioun to be fynit; 1641 Irvine Mun. II. 51.
1655 Stirling B. Rec. I. 218.
(b) And the magistratis perturbit in executioun of justice to vtheris; 1564 Perth B. Ct. 178 (10 Nov.).
To impetrat of the magistratis of Antuarp tua or thre houssis [etc.]; 1578 Conv. Burghs I. 59.
Diurn. Occurr. 341.
The lordis of counsall may remove … provest, ballie or officiar within burgh and charge the remanent magistratis, counsall and communitie … to cheis ane uther in his place; (1546) Balfour Pract. 43.
1584 Acts III. 361/2.
1585–6 Reg. Privy C. IV. 42.
The magestratts; 1597 Edinb. B. Rec. V. 196.
[They cannot find caution for the whole town, being] onlie magistratis and officiaris of the said burgh, removable fra thair officeis everie yeir at Michaelmes; 1600 Reg. Privy C. VI. 125.
1624 Peebles B. Rec. I. 363.
1630 Justiciary Cases I. 147.
That nane within this burghe who hes subscryvit the covenant … be chosin a councellour or magistratt; 1638 Aberd. B. Rec. III. 135.
1656 Conv. Burghs III. 423.
The magistrats and landimeris being conveinet; 1660 Rothesay B. Rec. 47.
His disobedience and inorderly cariage towards his magistrats; 1661 Aberd. Council Lett. IV. 167.
Albeit the supplicant … be ane old magistrat of the towne, and therefore ought to have the priviledge [etc.]; 1670 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. III. 143.
Magistrates of burghs; 1671 Acts Sederunt 11 Feb. (Jam.).
1674 Edinb. B. Rec. X. 191.
1693 Irvine Mun. II. 107.
Magistrats; 1697 Peebles B. Rec. II. 158.

2. Conduct as a magistrate or ruler; authority or rule of magistrates; magistracy. Quho hes the wogue him all the warld dois wew And magistrat the man dois manifest; 1571 J. Maitland Maitl. F. clxxvii. 100.
Quhen euerie commoune weil that evir flurished … is conteinet in certane ordours, lawis and magistrates [L. magistratibus]; Dalr. I. 105/22.

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"Magistrat(e n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 20 Jun 2019 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/magistrate>



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