Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)
HARD, adj., n., adv. Also haird (Kcb. 1911 G. M. Gordon Clay Biggin' i.; Ags. 1927 V. Jacob Northern Lights 26). [Sc. hɑrd, e. and wm.Sc. + hrd; Ags., Kcb. hɛrd, herd]
I. adj. 1. Combs.: (1) hard-bake, a ship's biscuit (Fif. 1956). Cf. Bake, n.1; (2) hard birdit, applied to an egg which is fertile and is almost ready for hatching (Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B.; Ags., Rxb. 1956); (3) hard bowed, of flax: having the seed formed (Uls. 1880 Patterson Gl.). Cf. Bow, n.3, v.1; (4) hard breid, (a) an oatcake made in a certain way, see second quot. (Bnff., Abd., Uls. 1956); (b) stale bread, esp. that hardened in the oven, suitable for conversion into breadcrumbs (Abd., Ags., Per., m.Lth. 1956); (5) hard-clockan, = (16) (Kcb. 1956); (6) hard-engined, having no aptitude for learning, dull-witted (Sh. 1914 Angus Gl.). See Ingine; (7) hard fish, dried or salt fish (Sc. 1782 J. Sinclair Ob. Sc. Dial. 148, 1808 Jam.; Cai. 1902 E.D.D.; Fif., Lth. 1926 Wilson Cent. Scot. 247; I.Sc., Cai., ne.Sc., em.Sc. 1956); (8) hard-handed, stingy, niggardly, close-fisted (n.Sc. 1825 Jam.; Sh., Ayr. 1956). Obs. in Eng.; (9) hard-heartid, heart-breaking, distressing; (10) hard heid, a clay marble (Per. 1915 Wilson L. Strathearn 175); (11) hard-knot, the knapweed, Centaurea nigra; (12) hardmilk, a white, cheese-like formation, made by adding more hot water after the butter has been taken from the kirn-milk (Abd. 1956); (13) hard-mouthed, harsh in speech; (14) hard-neckit, (a) stingy (Per. 1956); (b) lacking in modesty, forward (Gsw. 1937 Partridge Dict. Slang; Arg.3 1956). hard neck is in gen. Sc. slang use = Eng. “brass neck”, impudence, effrontery; (15) hard nickle doon, a game of marbles (Bnff., Abd., Ags., Per. 1956). Also attrib. = hard-bargaining (Abd. 1957); (16) hard-sat, -set, -sutten, of eggs: almost ready to hatch after long incubation (Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B., -sutten; Fif. 1931, -sat; Kcd. (-set), Ags., m.Lth., Ayr., Kcb., Dmf., s.Sc. 1956, -sutten). The active sense appears in hardsittin, of the bird: sitting continuously just before hatching (Ayr.9 1956). Cf. (2) and Deep, adj.1; (17) hard-set, wilful, obstinate (Sc. 1902 E.D.D.; m.Lth. 1956). Cf. Set, ppl.adj.; (18) hard-sutten, see (16); (19) hard tree, see Tree; (20) hard up, of persons: in poor health, unwell (s.Sc. 1905 E.D.D. Suppl.; e.Dmf. 1917; ‡Ags., em.Sc. (b), s.Sc. 1956.); of things: in bad condition, in a state of disrepair (Kcb., Rxb., Slk. 1956); (21) hard-waukit, calloused (m.Lth. 1956). See also Wauk; (22) hard wood, wood from deciduous trees, the trees themselves (Sc. 1825 Jam.). Gen.Sc. Formerly chiefly Sc. and U.S., and now St.Eng.; (23) hard-wrocht, see Work.
(4) (a) Abd. 1894 Trans. Bnff. Field Club III. 143:
Another kind is baked thinner and on one side only on the “girdle.” It is placed in front of a bright fire and fully baked. It is called “hard breed.” Uls. a.1902 W. G. Lyttle Paddy McQuillan (n.d.) 18:
She bakit aboot three griddle fu's o' hard breid. (7) Sc. 1721 R. Wodrow Sufferings I. 441:
Nothing but Snow-water . . . to drink, and a little hard Fish to eat. Sc. 1747 Caled. Mercury (14 July):
To be sold cheap, fine Zetland hard Fish. Ags. 1883 Brechin Advertiser (23 Jan.) 3:
Dry skate an' hard fish wis two o's chief commodities. Abd.29 1930:
We often have a fish pie for dinner made from boiled hard fish and mashed potatoes — the fish is usually a large cod or flat fish dried and salted which was bought from a fish wife at the door. Kcd. 1955 Mearns Leader (23 Sept.):
Gowden Win'ers tae ging wi skirlie, or hard fish, or saut herrin', or haggis. (9) Sh. 1898 Shetland News (11 June):
Is dis wadder iver gaun ta shange, Magnus? He's truly been a hard-heartid time dis while. (11) Gall. 1932 A. McCormick Galloway 112:
A plentiful crop of the purple and black-headed weed known as “hard-knots,” . . . added a note of colourfulness to the picture. (13) Sc. 1800 A. Carlyle Autobiog. (1860) 432:
Robertson's soothing manner prevented his being hard-mouthed with him. Ib. 531:
Barre was a clever man and good speaker, but very hard-mouthed. (15) Abd. 1903 W. Watson Auld Lang Syne 31:
We all played in a general way on the play-ground . . . with the “bools” at the “winning ring,” “kypie,” and “hard nickle doon.” (17) Sc. 1818 Scott H. Midlothian xiii.:
It's a hard-set willyard beast this o' mine. (20) Rxb.2 1878:
Uncle Adam and Aunt are both very hard up and so is Aunt Ellen; the rest are well. Rxb. 1921 Kelso Chron. (25 Feb.) 4:
I recollect one of the two, prematurely broken down, expressing his wonder why he should be so “hard-up” when his seniors in years were going about hale and hearty. Bwk. 1947 W. L. Ferguson Makar's Medley 59:
Her byre was hard-up i' the riggin', And sae we fell to sklatin' wark. (21) Rnf. 1878 C. Fleming Poems 242:
Jock Dobbie's a cuif, yet his hard-waukit loof, Ne'er received yet a tiend or a bribe. (22) Slg. 1812 P. Graham Agric. Slg. 220:
Sir Charles has planted on the Duntreath estate upwards of 200,000 trees of various kinds, but chiefly hard wood, that is, oak and ash. Mearns 1814 G. Robertson Agric. Kcd. 343:
The whole of this is thickly planted with deciduous trees, or what is here called hard wood; in distinction from the ever-greens or firs, whose timber is comparatively softer and of less value.
2. Of intoxicants: strong, undiluted, raw (Uls. 1880 Patterson Gl.; Cai., ne.Sc., Ags., Dmf. 1956). Combs.: hard stuff, whisky. Gen.Sc.; hard tackle, id. (Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B.; Fif., Rxb. 1956). Cf. n., 4. Also Eng. and U.S.
Tyr. 1848 W. Carleton Fardorougha i.:
You must put a grain o' shugar an' a dhrop o' bilin' wather to it. It may do very well hard for the servants. Rxb. c.1870 Jethart Worthies (3rd ed.) 23:
He was ordered to go into the hall and get a glass of beer. “Could ye no make it a glass o' the hard tackle?” asked Willie. Edb. 1882 J. Smith Canty Jock 30:
They dosed themselves wi' “finish” or hard yill. Fif. 1896 G. Setoun R. Urquhart 44:
Ye'll be no waur o' a drap o' the hard stuff on a nicht like this. Abd. 1899 G. Greig Logie o' Buchan i.:
Ye're maybe jist as weel nae to meddle wi' the hard stuff till your beard's a bit langer. Gsw. 1955 Bulletin (22 Nov.):
Maybe it was because the permitted beers were too mild that the public remained restive and went for the “hard stuff.”
3. Close-fisted, penurious, stingy (Uls. 1880 Patterson Gl.; Ork., m. and s.Sc., Uls. 1956).
Edb. 1827 M. & M. Corbett Odd Volume 247:
He's unco hard too, as narrow as a penny ribbon. Lnk. 1858 G. Roy Generalship (1862) ix.:
I'm surely no so desperate hard as a' that. Per. 1883 R. Cleland Inchbracken viii.:
We a' ken ye for a hard thrifty body 'at winna spend yer ain, gin ye can finger ither folk's. Ayr. 1890 J. Service Notandums 9:
Every plack wi' him was a prisoner, and as he grew up he was counted a hard man.
4. Of joints in carpentry, masonry, etc.: pressing closely together at one place and not at another (Cai. 1902 E.D.D.; m.Lth. 1956). Hence used as a n. for the place where two surfaces press too closely together (Abd. 1825 Jam.).
5. Of wind: dry. Cf. Harden, v.
ne.Sc., Kcb.10 1956:
The wind's harder today, i.e. drier.
6. Of tartan cloth: of a hard, dense texture (see quot.).
Edb. 1819 Edb. Ev. Courant (11 Oct.) 3:
Hard and Soft Tartans, of the various Clans, by the yard or in Cloaks, Mantles, Plaids, etc. Sc. 1893 D. W. Stewart Old and Rare Sc. Tartans v.:
The evidence of the early date of this design rests entirely upon specimens in collections of old hard tartans. Sc. 1934 Sc. Woollens (May):
The type of cloth called “Hard Tartan” is greatly in favour for civilian wear. This is made from Crossbred Worsted. It is woven tight in the loom and is practically unmilled. . . . In the times before Worsted could be imported into the Highlands the same effect would be obtained by twining the woollen yarn very hard, weaving very tightly, and reducing the waulking or felting process to a minimum. Thus, we suppose, the old hard tartan was produced.
II. n. 1. Difficulty, hardship, often in pl. in such phrs. as (1) hard come (go) to hard, applied to matters which have come to extremities, or reached an impasse; (2) to be (come) (gae) through (the han's o') the hard(s), to experience hardship or misfortune (n.Sc. 1825 Jam.; Bnff., Abd., Ags., Fif. 1956).
Abd. 1795 A. Shirrefs Sale Catalogue 3:
A plain North-country bard, Who fain would cripple thro' the hard. (1) Sc. 1727 P. Walker Remark. Passages 120:
This implicite Faith, and Way of Working, would have made melancholly Suffering, when Hard came to Hard, of Boots, Thumbikins and Fire-matches. Sc. 1864 Carlyle Fred. the Great IV. 598:
Now that hard had come to hard. Ant. 1928 Irish Breeder 18:
A plain, common beast wul iye howl its ain, If hard goes to hard, cud leeve on a stane. (2) Lnk. 1858 G. Roy Generalship (1862) vi.:
The bits o' bairns run a great risk o' coming through the hard. Bnff. 1869 W. Knight Auld Yule 107:
For whan I mindit on the hards That he had witter'd thro'. Bnff. 1907 Banffshire Jnl. (13 Oct. 1953):
They had come “through the hauns o' the hard.” Fif. 1921 Lord Craigmyle Letters to Isabel 165:
Has any one of them gone through the hards for education? Not one of them. I have. Abd. 1925 R. L. Cassie Gangrel Muse 15:
A sang we'll sing o' peertith caul', Fan we cam throwe the hard.
2. pl. “That part of boiled food that adheres to the pot” (Lnk. 1825 Jam.). See also Hardens.
3. A piece of firm ground, as opposed to boggy soil (m.Lth., Kcb. 1956). Also in Eng. dial.
Inv. 1860 Queen Victoria Leaves (1868) 191:
We walked on a little way to where the valley and glen widen out, and where there is what they call here a green “hard.”
4. Spirits. The hard, whisky (Inv. 1902 E.D.D.). Gen.Sc. Cf. I. 2.
Lnk. 1890 J. Coghill Poems 128:
An' ne'er a sup o' saft or hard to drink But ginger, lemonade, an' sic-like trash. Sh. 1924 T. Manson Peat Comm. III. 74–5:
A drop of “hard” was duly offered to the guests as they reached the dwelling.
III. adv. Tightly, firmly, securely (Sh., Abd., Ags., m.Lth., Uls. 1956). Rare in this sense in Eng. since 17th c.
Abd. 1768 A. Ross Helenore 16:
An' wi' teugh raips they band him hard an' sair. Sh. 1897 Shetland News (7 Aug.):
He put on his waescot, an' tied da tow o' his left rivlin a corn harder.
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"Hard adj., n., adv.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 15 May 2021 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/hard>
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