A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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Thik, Thick(e, adj. (n.). Also: thike, thyk(e, thycht, tyk. Superl. also thiccest. [ME and e.m.E. þicke (c1200), þikke (a1250), þykke (Manning), thik (Rolle), thikke (Piers Plowman), thikk (c1400), thike (a1400-50), thicke (1535), thick (1558), OE þicce, ON þykkr.]

A. adj. 1. Thick, of relatively large extent from one side to the other or through a side. The wallis war all of stane, Vith thik towris [E. And wycht towris]; Barb. ix 336 (C).
He gert men mony pottis ma Of a fut breid round … Swa thik [E. thyk], that thai mycht liknyt be Till ane vax-cayme that beis mais; Barb. xi 367 (C).
He saw a wal wes fow thyke; Leg. S. vii 753.
Vpon ane cod punȝeid of cottoun, Was thikker than ane actoun, Thay laid Emynedus; Alex. i 3285.
To Fredome sall ȝe … fairlie beir This threid bair cloik, sumtyme wes thik of wow, And bid … that he it weir; K. Hart 938.
Gret nowmer of scheip, ilk ane gretar than ony gait buk, with hornis lang and thikkar than ony horne of ane bewgill; Bell. Boece I xlvii.
For the thinnar that parchement be maid per rasuram, the lettir imprentis the mair as wreittaris upon parchementis thik and thin can testifie; 1582 Misc. Stair Soc. I 108.
Thair sall be na pece of money … that sall be ane grane heavier or lichter thikker or thinner braider or naroer, ane nor another; 1597 Cochran-Patrick Coinage I 269.
Ane thicke dyke of rough staines; Monro W. Isles (1884) 49.
xxvj daiker ane hyde of thick lethir of the first and second lair lying in bark; 1652 Edinb. Test. LXVI 1.

b. With expressions of measurement: Having the specified thickness or depth. The Inglismen hes biggit ane wall of xix or xx fute thycht at the hevin of Bullonȝe; 1547 Corr. M. Lorraine 186.
Ane sufficient gangand myln with … mylnrynd and … lyar of nyne ynsche with ane thyn rynnar of twa ynsches thik; 1589 Glasgow B. Rec. I 136.
He commandet the wal of Abircorne to be erected agane of viii els thik, xii els hiche; Dalr. I 208/25.
The vaine [was] … thicke from ligger to hinger neere foure fathomes; 1646 J. Hope Diary (1958) 178.
He … pretends intrest to a thinn coall, halfe ane elne thick, betwixt the tuo seims of the craig in the tounes quarrie; 1699 Glasgow B. Rec. IV 281.

c. Of water: Deep. Riding the water of Belfast, it being thicker than he apprehended, … his wife was carried off the horse and down the river; W. Row Blair 138.

d. Of a person: ? Thickset; ? stout. About threttie armed men quho wes comanded by a litle thick man; 1686 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. XII 405.

2. Dense, composed of numerous component parts or individuals crowded together in close proximity. Quhar he saw the thykkest pres, So hardely on thame he raid; Barb. xvi 194 (C).
Sa thik & sownd was the wod Be-twene Arle and Avynone; Leg. S. xvii 16.
He was walkand a day in ane herbare allane … in a thik busk of the wod; Hay II 5/32.
As Wallace thus in the thik forrest socht; Wall. v 170.
Thik was the schote of grundyn dartis kene; Dunb. G. Targe 199.
He entrys syne amyd the thikast [Sm. thickast, Ruddim. thikest] rowt; Doug. i vii 41.
With how thik a court he raid, how kinglie he proceidet; Dalr. II 71/25.
The devil's court is thick and many; he hath the greatest number of mankind for his vassals; 1637 Rutherford Lett. (1894) 444.
Ane English troope … called upon the people to macke the quarter through the parochin. And … we never wanted a constant thicke quarter; 1651 Rothiemay Kirk S. in J. Gordon Hist. I App. lvii.
There ar as many troops now in garison in Nidsdell as ever I had for Anandelle, Nidsdell, the Steuarty … and Wigton. I can not denay but ther is som raison to have garisons thik ther; 1683 Laing MSS 431.

3. Of individuals or things, collectively: Closely packed together; in large numbers with little space in between. (a) The renkis begouth sa thik that He feld full fair in sadill sat; Alex. i 1051.
Our a mure wyth thornis thik and scharp; Henr. Orph. 289.
Me thocht the devillis als blak as pik Solistand wer as beis thik; Dunb. (OUP) 169/82.
At thai mycht ken the Weirmen not sa thyk in syk a place; Doug. ix viii 121.
Quhen he passit throw the middis of the thik peple; Winȝet I 87/12.
Quhair the parochins ar thick togidder; 1581 Bk. Univ. Kirk II 519.
(b) Sa tyk the dede men lay into that place That na man mycht cum nere him quhare he was; Hay Alex. 15749.

4. Of a liquid, clay: Dense in consistency; viscous. Abundance of thik corruptible humoris or blude; Skeyne Descr. Pest 11.
In the begynnyn of the seik[nes] at the vring is reid & thik sall the seiknes seikerlie be sorie; Herbarius Latinus Annot. (Bot.).
Scho cureit him, bot that it wes the rippillis quhilk he hed as scho knew be his watter thik and quhyte lyk syit sowanis; 1623 Perth Kirk S. MS 14 May.
Is it not commonlie seene, that after the father hath pynned him selfe with scraiping together this thick clay and pelfie dung in commeth a … deboched heire … singing … wee haue spent more than our fathers haue winne; Boyd Last B. (1629) 19.

5. Of clouds, mist, air: Dense. Bot the hye fader almychty from his sete Throw thik cluddys at hym hys darte dyd thraw; Doug. vi ix 127 (Ruddim.).
Ane catar generit of the cras and thik mysty air; Boece 142b.
The rane … is ane exalatione of humid vapours, generit in calme veddir abufe the vattirs on the eird, and syne ascendis in the sycond regione of the ayr, quhar that it coagulatis in ane thik clud; Compl. 58/26.
Becaus the mist was so done thicke, some lap the walis and escapit; Bann. Memor. 107.
The are nochtwithstanding [is] sumthing thiker, and mae cloudes; Dalr. I 5/13.
These thiccest clouddis uaire chacit syne haill & fyre did forduart lance; James VI Poems II 30/28.

b. Of darkness: Impenetrable. Thike myrknes lestand ay; Leg. S. v 262.

6. Of a person: Dull (of hearing). This he pronounced so loude as that the cardinall (quho was something thicke of heiring) could wnderstand him; Balfour Ann. II 188.

7. Frequent, occurring in rapid succession. Contrariouslie the busteous wind did blaw In bubbis thik; Doug. Pal. Hon. 1365.

B. absol. (as noun). 1. a. The more densely occupied section, the midst (of a crowd of individuals). b. The greater part, the majority. a. Throw the thikkest off thaim he raid; Barb. viii 81.
Areste stoutly prickkit then In middes the thikkest of the thrang; Alex. i 1059.
Out throu the thikkest of that oste; Wynt. ix 3243.
For thi he preyst in the thikkest to be; Wall. viii 842.
Within the thikkest of that troup; Fowler I 28/42.
When I sall sharp my glansing sword, and draw it out to strik: And put my hand to execute my wrath amang the thik; Melvill Propine 138.
Oh, if I could yoke in amongst the thick of angels, and seraphims; 1637 Rutherford Lett. (1894) 199.
b. He will have the thick of all sorts of folk, especially ministers swept away, ere that deliverance come; ?1660–90 J. Walwood in
P. Gillespie Rulers Sins (1718) 12.

c. The most intense juncture, the height (of an action). Money was slaine at the thik of the battell; Pitsc. I 75/31.

2. The thick part (of a limb). The Deuill … gaive thé his taikin in thy left hand withe ane vehement nip in the thik of [thy] hand at the schakill bean; 1597 Misc. Spald. C. I 172.

3. The densest, least clear part of a liquid. God is wringing grapes of red wine for Scotland; and that this land shall drink and spue and fall. His enemies shall drink the thick of it and the grounds of it; 1637 Rutherford Lett. (1894) 496.

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"Thik adj.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 19 Oct 2021 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/thik_adj>



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