Show Search Results Show Browse

Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

Hide Quotations Hide Etymology

Abbreviations Cite this entry

About this entry:
First published 1960 (SND Vol. V). Includes material from the 1976 and 2005 supplements.
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

HAUD, v., n. Sc. forms and usages of Eng. hold. See P.L.D. §§ 64.1, 78.1(2).

I. v. Sc. forms: 1. Pr.t. and inf.: haud, had (Gen.Sc.); ‡ha(u)ld; haad (Sh.); hed ( Ork.); hud (Fif. 1896 G. Setoun R. Urquhart iii.); ‡hod (Dmf. 1821 in J. A. Froude Early Life Carlyle (1890) I. 99; Bch. (coast)); ¶haed; hadd (Sh. 1949 J. Gray Lowrie 42); haul (esp. in sense A. 15.) (Kcb. 1848 J. Hughan Poems 12); imper. ha(u)d, unstressed hu', h' (Dmf. 1915 D. J. Beattie Oor Gate-en' 55); with prons. dee, dy, had(d)ee and syncopated forms haee (Sh. 1914 Angus Gl., Sh. 1956), hie (Sh. 1877 G. Stewart Tales 154); †hads [a relic of the O.Sc. pl. imper. in -s], see A. 8. [hǫd, hɑd]

Sc. forms of Eng. hold.wm.Sc. 1985 Liz Lochhead Tartuffe 3:
Wait, haud oan! I've had an ample sufficiency
Of your good manners, ...
Gsw. 1990 John and Willy Maley From the Calton to Catalonia 2:
Haud oan a wee minute.
m.Sc. 1994 Martin Bowman and Bill Findlay Forever Yours, Marie-Lou 11:
Ah've tellt the newspapers tae haud the front page fur nixt week!
Sth. 1996 Gordon Stewart in Timothy Neat The Summer Walkers: Travelling People and Pearl-Fishers in the Highlands of Scotland 98:
If we came round a croft three months after a sale and the crofter said 'That horse you sold is a wicked brute!', or 'I cannae hauld him back!', we'd take the horse, give what we gave and then re-break the horse or work him with the other horses and bring him back to Lairg for auction.
em.Sc. 1997 Ian Rankin Black & Blue (1999) 375:
'Tell him it's Johnny.' Rebus paused. 'From Aberdeen.'
'Haud on.' Clatter as the receiver was dropped on to a hard surface.
em.Sc. 2000 James Robertson The Fanatic 55:
Carlin shook his head. 'No, but it's awright,' he said. 'Tell me aboot this thing I'm haudin.'

2. Pa.t.: strong held (Gen.Sc.); hel (Rnf. 1807 R. Tannahill Poems 12; Gall. 1901 Trotter Gall. Gossip 347); hude (Ags. 1821 A. Lowson J. Guidfollow (1890) 232); huid (Ags. 1894 A. Reid Sangs 100); hud (Ags. 1894 J. B. Salmond My Man Sandy (1899) xvi.); heud (Ork. 1939 Orcadian (15 June)); †heuld (Ork. 1880 Dennison Sketch-Bk. 2); ‡huild (Slk. 1825 Jam.; Sh. 1956); hield (Abd. 1879 G. Macdonald Sir Gibbie III. xii., Abd. 1933 J. H. Smythe Blethers 22); heeld (Abd. 1871 W. Alexander Johnny Gibb xv.), heild (ne.Sc.); heed (Cai. 1902 E.D.D., Cai. 1956); hod; weak haddit (Sc. 1896 Stevenson W. of Hermiston v.; ‡Sh. 1956), in sense A. 15. only, from the n., haulded, haldit, holded. [hɛld; I., m.Sc. ‡hø(l)d, ne.Sc. hi:ld, Cai. hid]

Sc. form of Eng. held.Per. 1987 Roger Leitch ed. The Book of Sandy Stewart 2:
He hod back an dednae merry this ither yin, in case he got the jail for merryin twice.

3. Pa.p.: hauden, haudden, ha(d)den, hudden, †halden (Sc. 1844 G. Outram Lyrics (1874) 14); haddin; ¶huiden (Ags. 1892 A. Reid Howetoon 132); held.

Sc. usages, the v. haud being used very freq. where Eng. has keep:

A. 1. To continue, keep (in health). Also used refl. (Ags. 1956). Hence phrs.: to haud forrit, to continue to improve (Per., Lth. 1915–26 Wilson; m.Lth. 1956); to haud heal, to keep well, in good health (see s.v. Hail); to had till'd (Cai.9 1939), id.Fif. 1806 A. Douglas Poems 88:
How hauds your health?
Lnk. 1889 A. G. Murdoch Readings (Series 3) 9:
An' hoo are ye haudin' yersel, Peggy?
Sc. 1995 David Purves Hert's Bluid 33:
Haud forrit, Grieve,
i the Land o the Leal!

2. intr. and refl.: To keep, continue, go on, maintain oneself in a certain state (Ork., ne. and em.Sc.(a), m.Lth., Ayr. 1956).Per. 1762 T. L. K. Oliphant Jacobite Lairds of Gask (1870) 328:
Well, haud ye merry till I see you.
Abd. 1768 A. Ross Helenore 80:
The collyshangie raise to sick a height That maugre him, things wad na now hadd right.
Sc. 1775 Weekly Mag. (26 Jan.) 209:
The day hads mirk and unco still.
Ayr. 1822 H. Ainslie Pilgrimage 7:
Gif ye'd keep dry in back and wame, Hap ye weel, or haud at hame.
Sc. 1864 M. Oliphant Katie Stewart i.:
She never hauds hersel in right order.
Slk. 1889 Blackwood's Mag. CXLVI. 563:
Sae, Jean, we'll haud content.
Ags. 1894 J. B. Salmond B. Bowden (1922) 66:
Haud gaen, than, Sandy, for that's a girnil that never tums.
Sh. 1908 Jak. (1928):
Had dee gaun! be off! Had dee at dee! move aside a little!
Dmf. 1915 J. L. Waugh Betty Grier 10:
Daylight, too, is haudin' lang, an' I'll sune mak' up the ten meenits.

Hence ppl.adj. †holding, sure, certain, conclusive, definite (Sc. 1825 Jam.).Sc. 1728 P. Walker Six Saints (1901) I. 148:
Holding evidences and sad swatches, of what manner of anti-gospel spirits these are.
Ib. 158:
It is one of the holdingest signs or marks, to try ourselves and others, according as we remember and keep . . . the Sabbath.

3. tr. To keep, to cause one to continue to be or to do something; to continue to do something, in a stubborn way; to keep an activity going, keep up, persist in, as in to haud a fash, noise, wark (Sh., ne.Sc. 1975). See second element. Gen.Sc.; specif. to keep a boat steady with oars when fishing in tidal waters (Cai.7 1956).Sc. 1726 Ramsay T.T.Misc. (1876) I. 98:
O steer her up, and had her gawn, Her mither's at the mill, jo.
Abd. 1790 A. Shirrefs Poems 357:
Or see you grace my boushty nook, To had me cozy.
Sc. 1816 Scott O. Mortality v.:
Mind ye dinna let the candle sweal as ye gang alang the wainscot parlour, and haud a' the house scouring to get out the grease.
Fif. 1841 C. Gray Lays 4:
And the stacks are theekit to haud them dry.
Abd. 1879 G. Macdonald Sir Gibbie xlviii.:
I wad gie them guid mutton to haed them up to their dreary wark.
Sc. 1893 Stevenson Catriona i.:
“Leddy!” he cried “Haud us and safe us, whatten leddy?”
Abd. 1909 G. Greig Mains's Wooin' 7:
Come awa' hame, ye auld feel, and nae haud folk lauchin' at ye.
Abd. 1951 (Boddam):
Little hauds him lang deein = he takes a long time to do anything.
Ork. 1984 R. T. Johnston Stenwick Days i:
My farming friend nodded and said: "Chist so. Weel, hed gaun, boy, for thoo're daein' no bed even if thoo er a ferrylouper."
Ork. 1993:
Haud gaan.

Phrs.: (1) to haud (a bodie) in, to keep one supplied (Ork. 1975); (2) to haud the kail het (Clc. 1912, gen. used imper. in playing games), — da kettle boilin (Sh. 1956), — the pudden reekin', to keep things going, to sustain interest. Cf. colloq. Eng. to keep the pot boiling, and similar phrs. s.v. Het, adj.(1) Slk. 1894 J. Bathgate Aunt Janet's Legacy 20:
They [peats] will haud ye in, maybe, till ye get yer ain cuisen.
(2) Fif. 1864 W. D. Latto T. Bodkin xxxvi.:
The lads an' lasses, they “held the puddin' reekin'” till four o'clock the followin' mornin'.
Bwk. 1897 R. M. Calder Bwk. Bard 240:
We'd loup owre ditch or yett While words o' cheer the laggards hear, To haud the kail het.

4. To be content, to be pleased to accept. Used absol. or with wi', and gen. refl., an extension of sense 2. above.Sc. 1721 J. Kelly Proverbs 159:
Ha'ds a', quoth the Herd's Wife, kiss me first; for I am farrest from home.
e.Lth. 1730 Earl of Haddington Select Poems (1824) 210:
Gin ye winna len' me your wife, I'll ha'd me wi' a scart.
Abd. 1809 J. Skinner Amusements 79:
As ye are happy, sae be wise, And ha'd ye wi' a smackie frae her.
Bwk. 1823 A. Hewit Poems 64:
For me to yield, I'm weel contentit, E'en haud ye we't.
Abd. 1875 W. Alexander My Ain Folk 113:
Fining both parties, and advising them to “haud wi' less drink neist time.”

5. To supply, keep applying or adding; used with in or on to indicate the keeping up of a continuous flow, e.g. of fuel for a fire (Sc. 1825 Jam., hald on; Ork., ne.Sc., Ags. 1956). Cf. B. 11. (1).Per. 1756 Session Papers, Petition A. Alison, etc. (5 July) 10:
When he was holding in Fewel to his Master's Kiln.
Abd. 1768 A. Ross Helenore 70:
Hadd on a cow, till I come o'er the gate, An' do the best you can, to hadd you hett.
n.Sc. 1808 Jam.:
Hald in eldin, supply the fire with fuel; spoken of that kind which needs to be constantly renewed as furze, broom, etc., hence called inhaddin eldin.
Ags. 1869 R. Leighton Poems 318:
To be usefu' to her I haud sticks on the fire.
Abd. 1871 W. Alexander Johnny Gibb xi.:
He'll haud on the manure to the mast-heid, fatever it may cost.
Abd. 1920 C. Murray Country Places 16:
Haud on the peats an' fleg the cauld.
Bch. 1929 J. Milne Dreams o' Buchan 5:
But flatter an' smile an' haud on the guile, If ye ettle tae feather yer nest.

6. (1) intr. To go on one's way or in a certain direction, to proceed (Sh., ne.Sc., Ags., m.Lth., Bwk. 1956); to lead.Abd. 1768 A. Ross Helenore 54:
Ay hading eastlins, as the ground did fa'.
Sc. 1815 Scott Guy M. xxxvi.:
The march . . . hauds doun by the auld drove-road.
Ags. 1819 J. Ross Angusshire Chaplet 32:
An they wha stood to Poland hude An' blattered through Warsaw, man.
Mry. 1830 T. D. Lauder Floods viii.:
“Haud mair to that side, Sir,” cried the widow, “there's a deep well here, and we may fa' intil't.”
Sc. 1887 Stevenson Merry Men ii.:
We were off on a long tack we thocht would maybe hauld as far 's Copnahow.
Abd. 1903 W. Watson Auld Lang Syne 50:
Ye'll haud in a' the fit o' the Fite Hill Wid till ye come to the faurest awa' corner.
Sh. 1908 Jak. (1928):
Hwar is du hadin' till noo?
m.Sc. 1927 J. Buchan Witch Wood i.:
Tak' Gibbie's advice and keep far frae the Wud, Mr Sempill, and if ye're for Roodfoot or Calidon haud by the guid road.
Abd. 1930 Abd. Univ. Review (July) 199:
A “lad o' pairts” fan needin' scowth, Hid dinned intil his lugs, “Haud sooth!” Wi' you the conter wis the truth, For ye heild north.
Dmf. 1937 T. Henderson Lockerbie 124:
Mony a washing o' blankets my mither hung oot . . . as a warning tae the lugger tae haud further doon the coast.
Ags. 1947 J. B. Salmond Toby Jug iii.:
Ye'll better be haudin' yont now. An' dinna ging up the loanie.
Abd. 1993:
Haad ben e bench a bit or I'll faa aff e eyn.
ne.Sc. 1996 W. Gordon McPherson in Sandy Stronach New Wirds: An Anthology of Winning Poems and Stories from the Doric Writing Competitions of 1994 and 1995 19:
The deemie bade ahin a meenit an whispert, "She's fair desprit for a cup o tay - getten nae mows for wint o't - d'ye think?
"Hud ben," Aa said.

(2) tr. To keep to, to walk along (a path or road) (Ags. 1956). For phr. to haud the gate, see Gate, n., 4.Sc. 1815 Scott Guy M. i.:
Ye maun gae back as far as the Whaap, and haud the Whaap till ye come to Ballenloan.
Abd. 1868 W. Shelley Wayside Flowers 97:
He darts up closes, like a loon, For fear I'd crave him should we meet; Wae's me for conscience, when the man Has tint the heart to haud the street.

7. tr. To celebrate; in Sh. usage, to engage in some (agricultural) operation which involves the assistance of neighbours (Sh. 1956); intr. to be observed, celebrated, held, of a special occasion, as a fair, etc. (Abd., Ags., Arg. 1956).Edb. 1772 Fergusson Poems (1925) 20:
Near Edinbrough a fair there hads, I wat there's nane whase name is, For strappin dames and sturdy lads, And cap and stoup, mair famous.
e.Lth. 1885 J. Lumsden Rhymes & Sk. 236:
For wha, oh, wha, wadna lat twenty markets haud an' gang for sic a rantin' as the waddin' o' honest, bonnie John Hootsman.
Sh. 1908 Jak. (1928):
Dey're gaun to had de morn, they will have helping hands (neighbours) to-morrow.
Bch. 1944 C. Gavin Mt. of Light iii. ii.:
We's haud royal at the back o' Bennachie.

8. To wager, to bet. Hold is now obs. in this sense in Eng. Also to stand to one's wager, to keep one's promise. Hadden, used exclam. = agreed!, accepted!, of conditions of a contract or bargain. Phr. hauds ye = I accept your wager (Bnff. 1956).Sc. 1725 Ramsay Gentle Shep. i. i.:
R. For your Pains, I'll make ye a Propine, My Mother (rest her Saul) she made it fine, A Tartan Plaid . . . P. Well hald ye there.
Abd. 1768 A. Ross Helenore 28:
A pair o' kissing strings, an' gloovs fire new, As gueed as I can weal, shall be your due, Says Betty, hads you, but I think it best, That she an' I slip down an' tak our rest.
Dmf. c.1779 D. Graham Writings (1883) II. 77:
What will you hold, master, but I'll steal that calf from the butcher before he goes two miles off? Why . . . I'll hold a guinea you don't.
Sc. 1824 Scott Redgauntlet Letter x.:
I will venture to hold a crown that she is but a Peg-a-Ramsay after all.
Rnf. 1842 R. Clark Rhymes 32:
Clooty leuch an' shook his head, An' says, my lad I'll haud ye.
Abd. 1890 Bon-Accord (2 Aug.) 20:
“Hauds ye,” says I, an' wi' that we shook han's ower the bargain.
Sc. 1894 N. Dickson Auld Precentor 101:
I'll haud ye the gill on the table that there's no a word about the Patterraw in a' Paul 's history.
Abd. 1955 W. P. Milne Eppie Elrick viii.:
Ye took the job in han, acceptit the arles an' criet 'hadden'.

9. intr. and refl. To stop, cease, desist (Sc. 1808 Jam.; Sh., ne.Sc., Ags., m.Lth., Ayr. 1956); to restrain oneself, refrain. Now obs. or arch. in Eng. Gen. in imper. Hence phr. haud a wee, wait a little, stop for a moment (Uls. 1931 North. Whig (11 Dec.) 13; Abd., Ags., m.Lth., Ayr., Rxb., Uls. 1956).Abd. 1768 A. Ross Helenore 55:
The man, that ramping was an' raving mad, Came fiercelings up, an' crying, ay, had! had!
Ayr. 1786 Burns To a Louse iv.:
Now haud you there, ye're out o' sight.
Kcb. 1814 W. Nicholson Poems 87:
But something whispers, Haud ye there!
Mry. 1873 J. Brown Round Table Club 69:
Haud a minute till I get aff my bonnet, an' set my staff doon against the rock.
Ork. 1880 Dennison Sketch-Bk. 115:
Wi' wraeth an' f'are sheu could no' had.
Arg. 1880 Anon. Stray Leaves 18:
Yus: noo, thank ye: that'll dae — had, had.
Sh. 1891 J. Burgess Rasmie's Büddie 45:
Hoots! haddee, lass! lat be mi clugs.
Bnff. 1917 E. S. Rae Private J. M'Pherson 16:
She couldna haud frae readin't till she hid it a' b' hert.
Ork. 1931 J. Leask Peculiar People 270:
I couldna had fae laichan whin I tou't hoo funny hid wad soon'.
Gsw. 1935 McArthur & Long No Mean City 115:
They smoked and chatted cheerfully, making a little drink go a long way, for Briden was “haudin,” and the other two had no money.
em.Sc. 2000 James Robertson The Fanatic 95:
' ... It was "Staun tae!" and "Haud, or I fire!" aw nicht. The bishop was fair dementit atween want o sleep and fear o bein murdered in his bed.

10. To restrain, keep back, govern (ne.Sc., Ags., m.Lth., Arg., Slk. 1956).Gsw. 1877 A. G. Murdoch Laird's Lykewake 70:
Sic pooin' doon, an' dingin' owre! ma wordie, wha cood haud Their temper seein' siccan waste?
Fif. 1878 S. Tytler Scotch Firs II. x.:
What hauds the mistress's e'en that she canna see her man's fa'n awa' day by day?

Phrs.: (1) to hae't an' haud it, to suppress the expression of one's feelings (Abd. 1956); (2) to haud in aboot, to restrain, keep in order, keep a check on (Sc. 1825 Jam.; I. and ne.Sc., see also Aboot, 3.(3) (c) and Haud, B. 8.; Ags. 1956), to repress, to discipline strictly; (3) to neither haud nor bind, tr. to be unable to restrain, intr. to be ungovernable, beyond control. More gen. to be neither to haud nor bindbide) (Sc. 1825 Jam.). Gen.Sc.(1) Abd.1 1929:
Meg disna hae't an' haud it, she lat the minister ken fat she thocht o's wyes.
Abd. 1930 Abd. Univ. Review (March) 102:
Jean, tho' she wunna hae't an' ha'd it, 's nae an ull deem.
(2) Edb. 1773 Fergusson Poems (1925) 59:
Sin' Pauly Tam, wi' canker'd snout, First held the students in about.
Abd. 1824 G. Smith Douglas 137:
An' biggin' dykes to haud me in-about.
Abd. 1888 Bon-Accord (Dec.) 16:
Haudin' a' yon critturs o' cooncillors inaboot, an' i' their ain places.
Ags. 1894 J. B. Salmond My Man Sandy (1899) xii.:
I'm shure I needna trauchle to haud in aboot the bawbees!
Abd. 1930 N. Shepherd Weatherhouse 180:
It's only your common bodies that need your laws and regulations, to be hauden in about.
(3) Sc. 1728 Ramsay Poems II. (S.T.S.) 43:
Now Bobtail tap o' Kin, Made rich at anes, is nor to had nor bind. [Ib. 25, neither . . . to had nor bide.]
Abd. 1768 A. Ross Helenore (S.T.S.) 210:
Or how to look their cousin i' the face That wadna be, they kend, to had nor bind.
Sc. 1824 Scott St Ronan's W. xv.:
A lord come down to the Waal — they will be neither to haud nor to bind now.
Ayr. 1887 J. Service Dr Duguid 113:
He was neither to haud nor to bin', rampauging at hame, they said, like a tempest.
Per. 1910 W. Blair Kildermoch 113:
Ye wad neither haud nor bind him frae tellin' a' that transpired in great London.
Bnff. 1934 J. M. Caie Kindly North 6:
But sober she was wild eneuch, an' efter, say, a gill, I'm tellin' ye, she'd neither haud nor bin.
Sc. 1995 David Purves Hert's Bluid 33:
The lave o us wul mynd,
throu aw yeir leevin days,
ye naither war ti haud
nor yit again ti binnd.

11. To burden, oppress, afflict, usu. with doun (Sc. 1825 Jam.), freq. found as ppl.adj. hauden (doun). Gen.Sc. Also fig. Also in phr. hauden an dung (Lth. 1894 P. Hunter J. Inwick 88), see Ding, v. 2. For comb. doonhaud(en), see Doon, adv.1, III. 17.Edb. 1791 J. Learmont Poems 195:
To wae-worn fock dung doil'd, an' haddin down.
Abd. 1793 Tam Thrum Look before ye Loup 20:
Sae it will be when a parliament's hauden down by clubs and reformin' mobs.
Ags. 1819 A. Balfour Campbell I. xviii.:
Ma lassie's . . . haddin' an' dung, daresna speak to them that I'm sure she anes liket.
Sc. 1824 Scott Letters (Cent. ed.) VIII. 195:
Ouriske or Whisk is in great preservation but hauden down by a very fierce terrier of mine of the Pepper and Mustard breed.
Abd. 1844 W. Thom Rhymes & Recoll. 92:
Haud doun sic hope ye fond, fond man, For loveless is her strain.
Lth. 1883 M. Oliphant Ladies Lindores viii.:
I'm always sorry for a young woman, sore hadden down with a sma' family.
Ags. 1894 J. B. Salmond My Man Sandy (1899) xiii.:
Dauvid Mortimer was a nice man, altho' he was terriple hudden doon wi' the reums.
Ayr. 1901 G. Douglas Green Shutters xxvi.:
I was aye the one to be keepit in the dark . . . and sore hadden doon.
s.Sc. 1909 W. Ogilvie Whaup o' the Rede 14:
Is your nag not hauden enough wi' weight That ye carry the care o' some moorcock's mate?
Bnff. 1934 J. M. Caie Kindly North 15:
But peer aul' cratur', It was contrar' like tae natur' Lang hauden doon, tae feel the birn ta'en aff.
Dmf. 1937 T. Henderson Lockerbie vi.:
What dae thay care in Lunnon for us puir bodies in Scotland? The country's fair hauden doon.
Sc. 1986 Scotsman 24 Nov :
"The Americans have put 250,000 into our AIDS work at Glasgow University to pay our research staff and equipment at a time when the university is 'hodden doon' by the Government on spending."
Ags. 1990s:
Ee wis sair hadden doon bee ees wife: He was henpecked.
w.Lth. 2000 Davie Kerr A Puckle Poems 75:
Aa deid-doun deid, till up-steer sap
alloos belief,
that hauden-doun will yince mair rise
ti life, unbow'd.

12. Of cattle, etc.: to preserve for stock (m.Lth., Bwk. 1956), usu. appearing as vbl.n. used attrib., though this is prob. a misunderstanding of the ppl.adj. hadden.Peb. 1802 C. Findlater Agric. Peb. 82:
Weaned calves for holding stock.
s.Sc. 1825 Jam.:
A haudin' cawf, one not fed for sale, but kept that it may grow to maturity.

13. In calls to animals: (1) haud aff (ye)!, turn to the right (Sc. 1829 G. Robertson Recoll. 163; n.Sc. 1856 N. & Q. (Ser. 2) I. 395; n.Sc., Per., Fif., m.Lth., Gsw. 1956), also used in directing persons; rarely to the left (Sc. 1902 E.D.D.); (2) haud (a)back, turn left or away (Sc. 1902 E.D.D.; Abd. 1956); (3) haud tae ye, turn to the left (m.Lth., Gsw. 1956); (4) haud up, stand still (n.Sc., Per., Knr., m.Lth., Ayr., Dmf., Uls. 1956), move forward (in the stall).(2) Wgt. 1804 R. Couper Poems II. 227:
O Colly, tyke! had, had aback, Your slumber there ye maunna tak.
Slg. 1929 W. D. Cocker Dandie 22:
The weel-ken't plooman's cries, “hu'-back” an' “yain”.
(4) Mry. 1877 J. Mackinnon Braefoot Sk. 59:
“Haud up wi' ye,” said she, “ye're stan'in' unco laich the nicht.”
Edb. 1931 E. Albert Herrin' Jennie ii. ii.:
He rubbed down Prince with a wisp of straw. “Huddup, ye auld beast!”

14. Of seeds, plants, etc.: to strike root (Sc. 1825 Jam.; Abd.27 1954).Sc. 1743 R. Maxwell Select. Trans. 101:
Most of these planted under the second Turf have held, and made good Shoots; but a good many of these planted under the uppermost went back.

15. From n.: (1) of sheep: to round up, pen (Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B., Rxb. 1956); also used fig. = to corner; (2) of fish: to hide, lurk under stones, shelter (Dmf. 1880 Jam.). Reg. in form hauld. Cf. n., 6.(1) Slk. 1822 Hogg Tales (1874) 656:
Will would take none of these hints; he followed his uncourteous host about and about, till at last he fairly holded him beyond the fire.
Rxb. 1921 Kelso Chron. (12 Aug.):
Her haulding, lifting and penning.
(2) Sc. 1819 Scott Letters (Cent. ed.) V. 353, 357:
I lie as my old grieve Tom Purdie said last night being calld to assist at the operation “like a haulded salmon”. . . . The salmon when frightened hide themselves under stones and in clefts of the rocks where you may strike them with a spear they lie so quiet and this is called haulding or taking their strong hold.
Dmf. 1825 Jam.:
The trout has haul't under that stane.
Abd. 1872 J. G. Michie Deeside Tales xxiv.:
He . . . knew every stone for miles along the river where the salmon were likely to “haul.”
Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B. 162:
Sheltered under a “hald”: “The troot's haldit.”

B. In combs. with advs. or preps.: 1. to haud aboot, to sit over, to make room by shifting to the side; 2. to haud aff, as in Eng., to keep off, away. Gen.Sc. In imper. sometimes = be careful, look out! Also under quasi-prep. = except, not counting. Cf. 5. and see also A. 13. (1). Phr.: to haud aff (o') anesel, to look after oneself, to defend oneself, or one's own interests (Abd. 1825 Jam.; ne.Sc., Ags. 1956); 3. to haud again (agen), see Again, 1. (2); 4. to haud at, to persist in, keep at (something) (Sh. 1908 Jak. (1928); I.Sc., Cai., ne.Sc., Ags., Fif., Rxb. 1956); to urge on by exhortation, criticism, etc., nag at (a person), pester (Sc. 1825 Jam., hald at; Cai. 1902; Cai., ne.Sc., Ayr. 1956); 5. to haud awa', (1) to keep away, keep out or off (Sh., ne.Sc., Ags., m.Lth. 1956); in imper. = let alone, not to mention; hence phr. haud awa frae, with the exception of (ne.Sc. 1956); (2) to continue on one's way, go away (Uls. 1880 Patterson Gl.; Sh., ne.Sc., em.Sc.(a), Slk. 1956); 6. to haud by, (1) to pass by, keep away from, abstain from (Sc. 1808 Jam.; ne.Sc. 1956); (2) to have an opinion of or respect for (ne.Sc. 1956); 7. to haud for, to aim at, to make for (I. and n.Sc., Ags., Gall. 1956). Cf. Eng. hold on, id.; 8. to haud in, (1) of a container: to retain the contents, not to leak or spill (Sc. 1808 Jam.). Gen.Sc.; (2) also with about: to bring (oneself) closer, to pull for the shore (Sh. 1908 Jak. (1928); I.Sc., ne.Sc., Ags., Bwk., Rxb. 1956); (3) also with about: to save, hoard, economise, be miserly (Sc. 1825 Jam.; Sh., ne.Sc., Ags., Ayr., Kcb., s.Sc. 1956), hence, hauder (halder)-in, a niggard (Abd. 1825 Jam.). For comb. ill-haud(d)en-in, see Ill-hauden; †9. to had into, to become involved in; 10. to haud in wi(th), to keep in with, to curry favour with (Sc. 1808 Jam.). Gen.Sc.; 11. to haud on, (1) tr. to carry on, keep up (I.Sc., Abd., Ags., m.Lth. 1956). Now obs. in Eng.; (2) in sewing: “to keep the one side fuller than the other when two pieces are sewed together” (Sc. 1825 Jam.; Bwk. 1956); 12. to haud on (ohn)- + ppl.adj., see On-; 13. to haud oot, (1) to persist in maintaining (Sc. 1808 Jam.; Cld. 1880 Jam.). Gen.Sc.; †(2) with to: to stand up to, endure; (3) intr., to extend to the full measure or weight (see quot.); (4) “to attend regularly, to frequent” (Abd. 1825 Jam.); (5) to live, reside (Abd., Ags., Clc., wm.Sc. 1956). Also found in U.S.; †(6) to present a firearm; (7) to keep away, hence, to haud oot afore, — o' the road o', to surpass, keep in front, ahead of, — ower frae, to avoid, stand aside from; 14. to haud oot o' langer, see Languor; 15. to haud till, (1) to persist in asserting, etc. (Sc. 1808 Jam.; ne.Sc., Ags., Arg., Ayr. 1956); (2) — till'd (see A. 1.) = to fare, of health (Cai. 1956); (3) to keep pace with; 16. to haud to, (1) where to is adv.: (a) to keep shut, to shut (esp. of a door) (Sc. 1808 Jam.; Sh. 1908 Jak. (1928); LSc., ne.Sc., Ags., Knr., Slk. 1956). See also To; (b) to keep hard at work, keep pace with (Sh., Ork., ne.Sc. (tee), Ags. 1956); (c) to keep making or supplying (see quot.); (2) where to is prep.: to aim at; 17. to haud up, (1) to present a child for baptism (Abd. 1956); (2) to superintend the building of a hay-sow. Hence hauder-up. See quot. below; 18. to haud up to, (1) to fasten, secure; (2) to court, make up to (Abd., Ayr. 1956); 19. to haud up wi', to keep pace with (Sc. 1825 Jam.; Sh., Cai., ne.Sc., em.Sc.(a), Arg., Ayr., Kcb., Rxb. 1956); 20. to haud wi', (1) to admit, to acknowledge the truth of, own up to (Ork., Abd., Arg., Ayr., Kcb. 1956); (2) to be content with (Ags. 1975).1. Fif. 1864 St Andrews Gaz. (20 Feb.):
Come awa' in by an' gie's yer cracks, chield. Haud aboot, Misey, lass, an' let him get into the fire.
2. Sc. 1819 J. Rennie St Patrick i. 74:
They were ey sae ready to come in ahint the haun, that naebody, haud aff themsels, cou'd get feen't belickit o' ony guid that was gawn.
Abd. 1882 G. Macdonald Castle Warlock i.:
The wuman can haud aff o' hersel' weel eneuch.
Lnk. 1885 F. Gordon Pyotshaw xix.:
Weel, then, jist ca' awa' an' haud aff ye!
Knr. 1891 H. Haliburton Ochil Idylls 102:
There's little Sandy, climbin' owre — “Haud aff, ye daurin' loon, ye'll fa'.”
Abd. 1898 Weekly Free Press (25 June):
I wid be sweir to ill-guide ony craeter 'at's nae able to haud affen theirsel'.
Ayr.4 1928:
It wiz the best brig in the kintra had aff Jamaica brig.
4. Abd. 1863 G. Macdonald D. Elginbrod I. xv.:
Ye'll be a great man some day, gin ye haud at it.
Mry. 1865 W. H. L. Tester Poems 134:
Ye're ahin wi' the wark, a lang wauy behind, Haud the eidenter at it.
Abd. 1895 W. Allan Sprays II. ii.:
Ae pawky wee nickum hauds sair at his daddy While makin' his wye for a place on his knee.
Sc. 1897 A. S. Swan Gates of Eden iii.:
Pete wadna let me. He hauds at me mornin', nune, an' nicht.
Abd. 1922 Swatches o' Hamespun 83:
The minaister lent 'im byeuks an' a'body heeld at 'im.
5. (1) Sc. 1726 Ramsay T.T.Misc. (1876) I. 159:
O had away, had away, Had away frae me, Donald.
Abd. 1777 R. Forbes Ulysses' Answer 24:
They had awa' frae you; they ken Ye're but a useless folp.
Fif. 1894 W. D. Latto T. Bodkin ii.:
Her word was a law to a' the women fouk i' the parish; haud awa frae the meenister's wife, an' maybe the Dominie's.
Per. 1904 R. Ford Hum. Sc. Stories 37:
I'll name mair o' the lower animals, frae a swatch o' their figurehead, than ony ither man in the parish, gin haud awa' frae the dominie.
Bnff. 1907 Banffshire Jnl. (22 Sept. 1953):
It surely widna a been on't eyven in a gweed year, haud awa the like o' this ane.
(2) Abd. 1768 A. Ross Helenore 54:
Ay hading eastlins, as the ground did fa', An' frae the height, strove ay to had awa'.
Ayr. 1786 Burns Jolly Beggars 3rd Air ii.:
My grannie she bought me a beuk, An' I held awa to the school.
Frf. 1918 J. Inglis The Laird 13:
I'll licht up my pipe, an' I'll jist haud awa', I'll get frae the fishwife a haddock or twa.
Abd. 2004:
Gweed nicht! - I'll jist haad awa than.
6. (1) Abd. 1867 A. Allardyce Goodwife 14:
Haud by the luncart, at the strype; It's nae a bit aboot.
Abd. 1873 P. Buchan Inglismill 37:
“Come roun' to Luckie's, an' we'll weet oor mou'.” “Na, Lundie, man! I think I'll need to try An' haud by't some the day.”
(2) Sc. 1818 Scott Rob Roy xxxiv.:
Ye ken yoursel ye haud light by the law.
Sc. 1818 Scott H. Midlothian xii.:
I haud unco little by the Parliament-house.
7. Ork. 1880 Dennison Sketch-Bk. 9:
Pit plenty o' leed in an' haud for the heids o' the villains.
8. (1) Abd. 1832 W. Scott Poems 58:
A creel for speens upon a lusty pin; A claspit potty, bat it hadsna in.
(2) Abd. 1801 W. Beattie Parings 31:
And fan the Farmer tines the line, He says, “Yer light casts little shine — Had in the candle, Sir!”
Mry. 1873 J. Brown Round Table Club 183:
I wis sittin' i' the hoose, tired wi' my day's wark amo' the neeps, haudin' in aboot the fire.
(3) Abd. 1895 J. Davidson Old Abd. Ministers 53:
Ye ken, sirs, wark men and wark nowt maun hae meat, but for ony sake haud in upo' the women an' the eel kye.
Abd. 1916 G. Abel Wylins 19:
She cam' wi' me fin I cam' here, An' weel she's hauden in the gear.
9. em.Sc. 1706 J. Watson Choice Coll. i. 52:
My Hussie likewise was a Wife Ay hading into Sturt and Strife.
10. Abd. 1868 W. Shelley Wayside Flowers 98:
Haud in wi' Mirth alang the road, He kens o' far mair bields nor ane.
Abd. 1871 W. Alexander Johnny Gibb xv.:
To help 'im wi' that . . . he heeld in wi' Johnny Gibb.
Sc. 1938 M. Innes Lament for a Maker i. v.:
Was he going to hold in with the gentry?
11. Dmf. 1888 G. Sproat Dalma Linn 108:
Noo, wi's drinkin' an' dabblin', I'm sairly beset To haud on the hoose withoot gettin' in debt.
13. (1) Bnff. 1866 Gregor D. Bnff. 75:
Will ye haud oot sic a lee i' ma face?
(2) Cai. 1743 J. E. Donaldson Cai. in 18th Cent. (1938) 146–7:
Mey's cattle were clearly in better condition than those of Brabster, as they all “held out to travill” with the exception of two cows and a stot that fell lame.
(3) Sc. 1808 Jam.:
Will that claith hald out? Will it be found to contain the number of yards mentioned?
(5) Edb. 1828 D. M. Moir Mansie Wauch (1839) xvii:
A far-away cousin . . . that held out among the howes of the Lammermoor hills.
(6) Sc. 1819 Scott Bride of Lamm. iii.:
There hasna been a better hunter since Tristrem's time — when Sir Edgar hauds out, down goes the deer, faith. But we hae lost a' sense of wood-craft on this side of the hill.
(7) Sh. 1836 Gentleman's Mag. II. 592:
I manna furyatt ta tell dee ta hadd out o' mee weigh.
Fif. 1864 W. D. Latto T. Bodkin xxxv.:
“Upsides!” quoth I, “that wad be a sma' matter, but I'se haud oot afore them, Tibbie, ay though they sid loup oot o' their very skins.”
Abd. 1868 G. Macdonald R. Falconer i. xix.:
Lat the lasses greit for ye gin they like; but haud oot ower frae the kissin'.
Abd. 1929 J. Alexander Mains and Hilly 79:
Aw saw a man here ae efterneen haud oot o' the road o' twa cairts, an' . . . they hidna far to ca' oot.
15. (3) Slk. 1820 Hogg Winter Ev. Tales II. 201:
Haud till him, sir, or it's day wi' us!
16. (1) (a) Abd. 2004:
Haad e door tee.
(b) m.Lth. 1786 G. Robertson Har'st Rig (1794) 25:
They've been right sair haden to, And kept their place wi' great ado.
(c) Bnff. 1782 Caled. Mercury (14 Aug.):
Ti twenty bissy at the hook He ay held toe baith knot an' stouk.
(2) Per. 1838 W. Scrope Deer-stalking 325:
Aweel, aweel; haud to yon muckle deer then, awa to the wast.
17. (1) Wgt. 1717 Session Rec. Whithorn MS. (12 May):
The minister declairing he cannot allow him to hold up his chyld by reason of his ignorance his wife is to present the chyld and to have the chyld baptized.
Sc. 1823 C. K. Sharpe Ballad Bk. 22:
Oh little did my father think, The day he held up me.
Cai. 1896 Scots Mag. (Aug.) 179:
“Ah, Sandy,” said a Caithness divine to a member of his flock — a butcher — who held up a young hopeful for baptism, “I doubt ye're nae fit to haud up the bairn.”
(2) Abd. 1974 Huntly Express (11 Oct.) 7:
There were lads whose particular forte it was to "heid the soo", and others who were crack hands at "haudin' up the soo" . . . the "hauder-up" being the man who guided the builder as to whether he was building plumb or otherwise. The correct procedure was for the "hauder-up" to take over from the builder after the soo was past its apex and "heid" the soo. . . . "The soo" was the name given to the pile of threshed straw which had to be carefully built to ensure that it wouldn't draw water during the winter months.
18. (1) Lnk. c.1779 D. Graham Writings (1883) II. 9:
Our meikle Riggy is sic a rumbling royte . . . my mither is nae able to had her up to her ain stake.
(2) Fif. 1894 J. W. M'Laren Tibbie and Tam 123:
Wha's yon lassie he's tryin' to haud up to?
19. Dmf. 1836 A. Cunningham Lord Roldan I. ix.:
Ye mauna take such lang steps . . . gif ye want me to haud up wi' you — ye are owre yauld for me.
Abd. 1882 G. Macdonald Castle Warlock lxvii.:
A' o' them, men an' women, work the better for haein' you amo' them. They wad be affrontit no to haud up wi' a gentleman [in the harvest field].
20. (1) Ags. 1894 J. B. Salmond My Man Sandy (1899) x.:
He's a gey prood mannie, too, mind ye, although he winna haud wi't.
(2) Abd. 1882 W. Alexander My Ain Folk 113:
Fining both parties, and advising them to "haud wi' less drink neist time".

C. Other Phrs. and Combs.: 1. had-belly-had, repletion after food; 2. to haud a care, to take care, beware; 3. to haud an ear to, to listen to; 4. to haud a sair time, — wark, to have dealings, make a fuss. See Time, Wark; 5. haud-by-the heid, tenacious (Kcb. 1956); †6. to hald hand to, to support, give publicity to (Sc. 1825 Jam.); ¶7. to haud in a cheek o', to assist in carrying to the grave, lit. to put a corner (of a coffin) into (the place of burial); 8. to had i' da mooth o', to feed by hand (Sh. 1956). Cf. A. 5.; ¶9. hold-off, adj., distant, standoffish; 10. to haud one's feet (a fit), to keep (on) one's feet (ne.Sc., Ags., Per., m.Lth., Arg. 1956); 11. to haud one's gab, see Gab, n.1, 4; 12. to haud one's mooth, to be silent (Sh., Ayr. 1956). Now obs. in Eng. Cf. 11.; 13. to haud one's tongue, as in Eng. Also used specif. in imp. as an excl. = say no more!, words fail me (see quot.). Gen.Sc.; 14. to haud one's whisht, id., see Whisht; 15. to haud sae, ¶had si, to cease, give over, stop doing something (Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B., Rxb. 1956), gen. used in imper. = stop!, enough! (Bwk., s.Sc. 1956); 16. to haud the crack, to keep on talking or gossiping (Kcb. 1956). Cf. to ca' the crack s.v. Crack; 17. to hold the day and the night alike lang, “to burn the candle at both ends.” Cf. Day, 3. (20).1. Ork. 1930:
Better had-belly-had or guid maet spill.
2. Sc. 1816 Scott Antiquary viii.:
God's sake, haud a care! — Sir Arthur's drowned already, and an ye fa' over the cleugh too, there will be but ae wig left in the parish.
3. Per. 1902 E.D.D.:
An old man told me he was going “to haud an ear to” the minister of a neighbouring parish next Sunday. I lately heard a man say, “Ye sudna haud an ear to gossip.”
5. Dmf. 1917 J. L. Waugh Cute McCheyne 158:
Gavin Carstairs, W.S., o' Carstairs and Cranstoun. I'm tell't he's a gey soople, haud-by-the-heid kind o' a —.
6. Sc. 1717 R. Wodrow Corresp. (1843) II. 218:
I hope you'll hold hand to this History of the Sufferings, since you have it so much at heart.
7. Lnk. c.1779 D. Graham Writings (1883) II. 40:
When they brought out the corps John told the people they were welcome to haud in a cheek o' his auld mither wast the gate.
8. Sh. 1897 Shetland News (4 Dec.):
If dey're [lambs] no haden i' da mooth o', dey'll hae a' da less shance.
9. Sc. 1893 Stevenson Catriona xxiv.:
I saw I must be extremely hold-off in my relations.
10. Abd. 1826 D. Anderson Poems 71:
A drunken jeet, Unable amaist to haud his feet.
Abd. 1880 W. Robbie Glendornie iii.:
Ye war o'er free wi' the drink. Sen'in' fouk oot t' the street hardly able t' haud a fit.
Sc. 1881 A. Mackie Scotticisms 39:
The wind was so high that I could scarcely hold my feet.
12. m.Sc. 1927 R. S. Liddell Gilded Sign 143:
Jist haud yer mooth an' dinny say a word.
13. s.Sc. 1894 Scots Mag. (June) 21:
When a peasant finds difficulty in doing justice to his feelings, he simply holds up his hands, and, with a deprecatory gesture, murmurs “Haud your tongue!”
15. Edb. 1773 Fergusson Poems (1925) 49:
Had sae, and lat me get a word in, Your back's best fitted for the burden.
Sc. 1825 Jam.:
To cease, to give over; applied in a variety ofways, as, “I think I'll haud sae for a'night.” Equiv. to hold myself so.
Rxb. 1921 Kelso Chron. (27 May) 4:
Another would take his dram with the dignity proper to the imbibition of a liquid not to be looked for every day “. . . haud-sae, haud-sae, nae mair for me.”
Rxb. 1925 E. C. Smith Mang Howes 13:
An whan A'd ti haud-sae, A wasna boass, — if the truith be telld, A was riftin-fowe!
Ayr. 1953 Ayrshire Post (28 Aug.):
The farmer's wife watching lest the servant lass would be too generous, would add “noo hadsi',” meaning that's enough, hold in your hands.
16. Gsw. 1877 A. G. Murdoch Laird's Lykewake 15:
A wheen o' his jamb freen's insisted That they'd come stappin' yont that nicht, An' haud the crack till mornin' licht.
17. Sc. 1823 Scots Mag. (June) 682:
It's o'er weel kent, that he held the day and the night alike lang, as we say.

D. Derivs. in phr. and comb.: †1. hadder and pelter, a flail; 2. hauder-on, a riveter's assistant in a shipyard, = Eng. holder up (Lth., wm.Sc. 1975); 3. had(d)i(e) aff, a boys' game (see quot.).1. Dmf. 1808 Jam.:
This designation seems descriptive of both parts of the instrument. The hadder or halder, is that part which the thrasher lays hold of; the pelter, that which is employed for striking the corn.
2. wm.Sc. 1959 Glasgow Herald (21 Nov.) 5:
The part of a hauder-on in a Clyde Shipyard.
Rnf. 1972 Bill Bryden Willie Rough 40:
I'm talkin about Geordie MacLeod, the hauder-on, no Private MacLeod, G.!
Gsw. 2002 Ian Black Who Wants to be a Glaswegian? :
Who, in 'The John Maclean March', were marching from Clydebank?
a) The jiners and hauders-on ... [the correct answer]
3. Mry. 1913 Northern Scot:
Haddieaff wis a favourite game when I wis a callan. Ane o' the loons steed on the causie. He wis ca'd the haddieaff. The rest o' them tried to touch the wa' an' the ane that wis cacht wis made hadiaff.

II. n. Forms: haud, had (Gen.Sc.); hadd(e) (Sh. 1898 Shetland News (22 Jan.)); haad; hud (Fif. 1896 G. Setoun R. Urquhart vii.; Rxb. 1897 J. C. Dibdin Border Life 85); ha(u)ld; and haul, haal, hall, hawl, esp. in senses 4. and 6. Cf. v., 15.


1. As in Eng., the action of grasping, in Sc. freq. also with the indef. art. and in pl.Sc. 1819 Lockhart Peter's Letters lxix.:
I've never been able to get a haud o't till yestreen — and noo that I have gotten it, I think not that muckle o't — it's very driegh.
Sc. 1822 Scott F. Nigel ii.:
When they got haud of my arm to have me out of the fray.
Fif. 1864 W. D. Latto T. Bodkin v.:
At length an' lang a hole in her chackit apron claught hauds o' the temper-pin.
Rnf. 1873 D. Gilmour Pen' Folk 21:
Couldna be contrar' tae God's common-sense, as we have it i' the Book, if we only got a haud o't.
Ags. 1896 A. Blair Rantin Robin 98:
I jumped into the water, gripped hauds o' the rod.
Ork. 1907 Old-Lore Misc. I. ii. 63:
Dey . . . gaed their waas ower the hill tae Hoosewhee tae tak' a ha'd o' Velzian.
Lth. 1914 C. P. Slater Marget Pow xvi.:
I very near stuck half-roads through the handle of my umberelly catchin' a haud of the railin'.
Bnff. 1924 Swatches o' Hamespun 24:
Gin Meg Tamson hid haads o' her, A'm thinkin she'd tear the een o' her oot.
Abd. 1937 Abd. Press and Jnl. (27 Aug.):
The deil he teuk hauds o' ma lug.

Hence phr. (lat's) see (a) haud(s) o', give, hand over, give me a grasp of. Gen.Sc.Per. 1881 D. MacAra Crieff 163:
“Here's a book, Duncan.” “Lat's see a haud o't, Tibbie.”
Ags. 1889 Barrie W. in Thrums iii.:
“See haud o' the besom,” she said to Leeby.
Kcb. 1911 Crockett Rose of the Wilderness xix.:
See haud o' Rose Gordon's bairn!
Abd. 1931 D. Campbell Uncle Andie 16:
Lat's see hauds o' the basket.

2. See quot.Fif. 1954:
A haad = a snag on the sea bottom, like a rock, which might haad your net.

3. “The action of a sheep dog in holding up sheep at a particular spot” (Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B., hauld; Arg., Rxb. 1956). Comb. †ha(a)d-dog, a Shetland sheep dog, one trained to seize and hold the sheep.Sh. 1822 S. Hibbert Descr. Shet. 437:
Whenever it is requisite to catch any sheep, they are hunted down with dogs. . . . When a flock is in sight, the shepherd seized hold of his “had-dog” (the ancient Scandinavian name for a sheep-dog) and points out to him a particular sheep. . . . The poor animal is then chaced from hill to hill until he falls into the power of his pursuer, who is taught to seize him by the foot, the nose, or the ear.
Rxb. 1921 Kelso Chron. (12 Aug.) 2:
His out run was blemished by his stopping short in his hauld.
Sh. 1954 New Shetlander No. 39. 20:
The original Haad Dog was . . . a much larger dog, and was used to chase, trip, throw and hold the wild Shetland sheep for his master to secure.

4. Something to which one can hold on, a support, a prop (Sh., Cld. 1880 Jam., had; Sh., Cai., Abd., m.Lth., Arg. 1956); a firm footing; also fig.Sc. 1737 Ramsay Proverbs 82:
Ye're a good Hald to the House.
Lnk. c.1779 D. Graham Writings (1883) I. 237:
Now, said he, I'm old and faild, And cannot walk without a hald.
Abd. 1790 A. Shirrefs Poems 219:
Sae, wi' the help o' haul' and hirst, He joggit on.
Bnff. 1866 Gregor D. Bnff. 75:
A'm a' richt noo; a've gotten ma back till a haul.
Cai. 1940 John o' Groat Jnl. (26 Jan.):
Ma feet are slipping: stop till I get a good haul.

Phrs.: to gae, gang, grip, stand along, walk at or by (the) hau(l)d(s), esp. of a child or infirm person: to support oneself in walking by holding on to chairs, etc. (Sc. 1808 Jam.; Cai. 1940 John o' Groat Jnl. (26 Jan.); Sh., Cai., Abd., Uls. 1956); a similar use of hold in Eng. is given by N.E.D. a.1684; the vbl.n. hallens, is also, though rarely, used, id. (Abd. 1790 A. Shirrefs Poems Gl.); a gangrel by the hauld, one who so walks.Abd. 1784 Caled. Mercury (2 Oct.):
Your verses needna had by hallans For lack o' pith.
Sc. a.1818 Queen of Elfan's Nourice in Child Ballads No. 40. ix.:
O keep my bairn, nourice, Till he gang by the hauld.
Mry. 1824 J. Cock Hamespun Lays 131:
Meg Brown, wi' grippin' by the hawls, Just forth to get the air she crawls.
Abd. 1854 Aberdeenshire Lintie 101:
We mae sair need his help gin the en' o' the year, For to gang by the hauls as lang as we're here.
Bnff. 1869 W. Knight Auld Yule 22:
My father dee'd when I was twa years auld, And left me just a gangrel by the hauld.
Mry. 1897 J. Mackinnon Braefoot Sk. v.:
A boy . . . when he is “gyan at the hauls.”
Cai. 1909 County of Cai. (Horne) 74:
'E bairn is noo giangan at 'e haal.
Abd. 1932 J. Leatham Fisherfolk N.-E. 83:
In time of storm the townsfolk walk “by the hauls.”

5. Property held, a holding (‡Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B., hauld); a habitation, dwelling place (Sc. 1808 Jam., ha(u)ld); esp. in phr. house and ha(u)(l)d, used sim. to Eng. phr. house and home.Wgt. 1711 Session Rec. Kirkinner MS. (15 April):
All their household furniture burnt to ashes by the dragoons and themselves and their small children banished from house and hold.
Sc. 1724 Johnie Armstrong in Child Ballads No. 169 C. xxxiii.:
Whyle Johnie livd on the border-syde, Nane of them durst cum neir his hald.
Edb. 1791 J. Learmont Poems 80:
Thou turnt me out o' house an' haul'd.
Hdg. a.1801 R. Gall Poems (1819) 75:
How mony a goodly youth lay cauld, Pale on the muirland bare, Ere lang to fill a mooly hald, An' rest for evermair!
Sc. 1818 Scott Rob Roy xxvi.:
He looked east, west, south, north, and saw neither hauld nor hope — neither beild nor shelter.
Slk. 1822 Hogg Perils of Man I. iv .:
We hae tholed a foray the night already, an' a double ane wad herrie us out o ' house an' hauld.
Ags. 1825 J. Ross Sermon 21:
I've neither house nor had, ye ken, Nor ought to coff them wi'.
Abd. 1914 J. Leatham Daavit 56:
If ye've aneuch o' aul' eens like that they could roup ye oot o' hoose an' hald.
Lnk. 1919 G. Rae Clyde and Tweed 2:
Whase hame an' thocht is the hairtsome hald Far ayont the starry sky.

6. Refuge, shelter, place of retreat (Sh. 1866 Edm. Gl., had, Sh. 1956); the den or lair of an animal, e.g. a rabbit's hole (Sh. 1914 Angus Gl., had: Sh., Ayr. 1956); the over-hanging bank of a stream or stone beneath which a fish lurks (s.Sc. 1825 Jam.; Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B., hald), a place of frequent resort (Sh. 1914 Angus Gl.). Cf. Eng. hold, id.Slk. 1820 Hogg Winter Ev. Tales II. 182:
I soon saw by the bells coming up, that there was a fish in the auld hauld.
Cld. 1825 Jam.:
Hauld, haul', is applied to a stone under which fishes flee for safety.
Per. 1845 Stat. Acc.2 X. 935:
Of the many valuable salmon-fishings on the river, Kinnoull has its share, — the stations or hawls belonging to it being rented at about £1200 per Annum.
Sh. 1899 J. Spence Folk-Lore 19:
The word hadd is applied particularly to the hole made by a burrowing animal. Even the earth dwelling of man might be termed a hadd or hiding-place.
Sh. 1952 J. Hunter Taen wi da Trow 54:
He catched him at an oatter hadd, Ae day doon at da shore.

7. Restraint, check, power of retention; used with the neg. “to denote prodigality” (Ayr. 1825 Jam.; Abd. 1956); an impediment, a stutter in speech (Ork. 1956).Ayr. 1821 Galt Ann. Parish xlvi.:
My people were wont to go to great lengths at their burials, and dealt round short-bread and sugar biscuit, with wine and other confections, as if there had been no ha'd in their hands.
Kcb.10 1956:
He had nae haul on his hand wi the butter.

8. A dispute, a “tiff” (m.Lth. 1956). Also in Eng. dial.Ayr. 1862 J. Baxter The Kirn, etc. 69:
They couldna end the spree that night till they wad hae a haud.
wm.Sc. 1888 Anon. Archie Macnab 19:
If we had a haud, say aboot the eggs for the breakfast being hard bil'd.

9. Phrs. and Combs.: (1) haud-aff, delay (m.Lth. 1956); (2) haud again, — agen, check, opposition, hindrance, obstacle (Abd. 1956). See also Again; (3) haud-back, id.; (4) haud-doon, a handicap, a burden (Sh., ne.Sc., m.Lth., Arg. 1956); (5) haud-fash, a troublesome person (Dmf.3 c.1920); (6) (a) haud-fast, a staple or the like used for fixing (Per., m.Lth., Kcb., Dmf. 1956), Eng. holdfast; (b) adj., secure, binding; (7) haud-in, stint, lack (ne.Sc., m.Lth., Dmf. 1956); †(8) haud-sae, a sufficiency, allowance (Rxb. 1825 Jam., Rxb. 1956). Cf. v. C. 15.; (9) on haud, on fire (Edb., Rxb. 2000s); (10) to be in a haud, to be in difficulties, in trouble (m.Lth., Kcb. 1956); (11) to had haal, to offer resistance, to take or stand up to (a) strain or stress; to prop, support (Cai. 1956).(1) Ayr. 1868 J. K. Hunter Artist's Life 146:
I had . . . got up a machine . . . but, like them before it, there was some haud-aff.
(2) Ags. 1823 Scots Mag. (May) 573:
I wad ha'e been an unco had-again if I had been laid up i' the hairst time.
Bnff. 1869 W. Knight Auld Yule 55:
This wish o' mine nae haud-again could bar.
Sc. 1899 E. F. Heddle Marget at the Manse 143:
Providence is apt to send you a check or a warning — what Marget calls “a haud-again.”
(3) ne.Sc. 1956 Mearns Leader (17 Feb.):
A bittie o' a haud-back tae oor full expressions o' enjoyment.
(4) Abd. 1928 N. Shepherd Quarry Wood xvi.:
It's a sair haud-doon for a girl.
Abd. 1992 David Toulmin Collected Short Stories 42:
Thon quines will be a hud doon tae Knowie yet.
(6) (a) m.Lth. 1849 Edb. Antiq. Mag. 126:
In the wall of the church [Lasswade] . . . are the iron staples, or haud-fasts, from which hung the jougs.
(b) Dmf. 1822 A. Cunningham Tales (1874) 228:
That's a haud-fast bond on the lands of the laird of Slokendrouth for seven hundred pound Scots.
(7) Bnff. 1917 J. Mitchell Tibby Tamson 8:
There's nae haud-in o' meal an' milk, it's eat an' aye come back.
(9) s.Sc. 1979 Lavinia Derwent A Border Bairn (1986) 109:
Smoke and flames came belching forth. I could hear a frenzied yell from Jessie. 'The lum's on haud. Rin an' fetch the men.'
Edb. 1991:
When Ah wis a bairn pittin the lum on haud wis a favourite wey tae sweep the chimney wi'oot gettin a sweep.
(10) Gsw. 1877 A. G. Murdoch Laird's Lykewake 171:
Bare-fittit, bare-heided, an' wild as the win'; For ever in mischief, an' whyles in a haud.
(11) Cai. 1909 County of Cai. (Horne) 74:
“'E last rope brook bit iss ane 'ill had haal.” Things hard to digest “had haal” to the stomach. A thrifty mother buys clothes that will “had haal” to her children, stand rough usage.
Cai. 1940 John o' Groat Jnl. (26 Jan.):
“Haud haul 'ere” might be heard when a yawl was being pulled up a beach and the craft in danger of listing over.

[O.Sc. hald, v., from 1375, had, from 1543; halde, n., grasp, a dwelling place, from a.1400, a salmon hold, 1607, hald again, a keeping back, a.1508. Hauld is the normal development, as Bauld, Cauld, Fauld, etc. Haud appears to come from a short vowel form hăld, with further development as in Maut, Saut, etc. (cf. also fa(u)d, s.v. Fauld), the short form [hɑd] being due to lack of stress, e.g. when followed by a stressed adv., as in B. above; cf. Wad < wald.]

You may wish to vary the format shown below depending on the citation style used.

"Haud v., n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 15 Jun 2024 <>



Hide Advanced Search

Browse SND: