Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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STONE, n.2, v.2 Also stoan, stown (Jam.). [ston]

I. n. A stump or trunk of a tree left in the ground after felling; a cluster of new shoots or suckers springing from a (cut) tree root (Lnk. 1825 Jam.).

II. v. 1. Of plants and trees: to throw out new growth after pruning or cutting back (Lnk. 1825 Jam.; s.Sc. a.1838 Jam. MSS. XI. 176, stown). Cf. Stoom, v.2 Sc. 1753 Session Papers, Buchanan v. Towart (9 Aug.) 1:
The Stocks or Stones of the Trees so cut, were covered with Fog or Earth to prevent a Discovery . . . the Stone or Root of the Tree.

2. To cut away shoots and suckers from a tree, to trim, lop. m.Sc. 1782 Caled. Mercury (7 Jan.):
The Natural Wood of Kinneill . . . To be properly cut and stoned.

[O.Sc. stoune, = I., 1690, reduced variant of Mid. and dial. Eng. stoven, = I., O.E., O.N. stofn, a tree-stump. The v. is from the n. The word is prob. cogn. with Stoo, v.1, q.v.]

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"Stone n.2, v.2". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 17 Apr 2021 <>



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