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Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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First published 1971 (SND Vol. VIII). Includes material from the 2005 supplement.
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

SALL, v. Also sal (I.Sc.); unstressed s(e), which occurs only after pers.prons. and is the only positive form of the verb to survive outside I.Sc. (see under 2.). Neg. forms, still occas. heard but obsol.: sanna, sinna, sinno (Ork.), sunna, with assimilation of l; salna; and anglicised sha(n)na, shauna, shanno' shinna. Sc. forms and usages of Eng. shall, aux. verb. Pa.t. Sud, q.v. [sɑl; z]

A. Sc. forms:Abd. 1768 A. Ross Helenore (S.T.S.) 117:
She sanna want a man for want of gear.
Edb. 1773 Fergusson Poems (S.T.S.) II. 162:
Ye shanna find me blate.
Sc. 1779 D. Herd Sc. Songs II. 159:
And it shou'd nae be barr'd this hundred year, Its no be barred for me.
Edb. 1791 J. Learmont Poems 284:
I sal nae be a ha'f a minute later, Else there's mair than ordinar be the matter.
Ayr. 1792 Burns Saw Ye Bonie Lesley v.:
Misfortune sha'na steer thee.
Sc. 1816 Scott O. Mortality xxxvii.:
A bonny stour, that sall serve me for fighting a' the days o' my life.
Sc. 1826 Wilson Noctes Amb. (1855) I. 148:
But the same shinna befa' the year — for I'se sit doun upon the lid.
Abd. 1880 W. Robbie Yonderton xxvi.:
I'se tell them fat like they are. Ay sall aw.
Ork. 1880 Dennison Sketch-Bk. 116:
I'se never tell anither lee — Sae help me! as I sinno!
Hdg. 1903 J. Lumsden Toorle 5:
I'se wairn Lammie to keep his cautious e'e on him. That I sall.
Sc. 1931 J. Lorimer Red Sergeant xvii.:
Sing a gay, bauld ballat, and ye'se hae yer supper.
Bnff. 1937 E. S. Rae Light in Window 33:
I sanna hinner ye a meenit.
m.Sc. 1979 Tom Scott in Joy Hendry Chapman 23-4 (1985) 87:
Sall the bairns o the goddess that herried the mirk
Gie owre their battles for glory
m.Sc. 1979 Ian Bowman in Joy Hendry Chapman 23-4 (1985) 40:
O mony hae pri'ed a kiss o ma mou
an ane that pri'ed me has cost me sair,
for he was the ane I was fain to lo'e;
but I sall see him nevermair.
Ags. 1988 Raymond Vettese The Richt Noise 102:
William and James, "gone to their Maker," an' lowpin yet,
nae doot, i the aye-green fields whaur there shanna be
dwang or dool, only caller bricht air, whaur consumption canna fret
lungs meant for breathin.
m.Sc. 1991 William Montgomerie in Tom Hubbard The New Makars 19:
deid as I sall sune be deid
sune be deid sune be deid
deid as I sall sune be deid
as the white mune
Dundee 1996 Matthew Fitt Pure Radge 8:
hero or cuddie
the fishwifes blaw
yet the chanterin rair
o the cronies in the stand
sall no him unhool
sall naethin him daunt

B. Sc. usages: 1. Used in the first person to express will or intention on the part of the speaker, not, as in Eng., mere futurity, which in Sc. is generally expressed by Will, q.v. Conversely in the 2nd and 3rd persons, sall may express a simple future in Sc., as well as obligation, necessity, or the speaker's own determination, as in Eng.Sc. 1724 Ramsay T.-T. Misc. (1876) I. 7:
But ay he cries, Whate'er betide, Maggy I'se ha'e to be my bride.
Abd. 1768 A. Ross Helenore (S.T.S.) 99:
I'll wad her cuintray fouk sall no be dring.
Ayr. 1786 Burns To W. Simpson ii.:
But I'se believe ye kindly meant it.
Sc. 1808 E. Hamilton Glenburnie ix.:
But I sal gang, cried Sandie in a sullen tone; I winna be hindered.
Sc. a.1821 Jacob. Relics (Hogg) II. 43:
He played “The Welcome owre the Main”, And “Ye'se be fou and I'se be fain”.
Abd. 1824 G. Smith Douglas 58:
For I'll be caution that sall craw in's crap.
Slk. 1835 Hogg Tales (1874) 598:
We'll mak her she sanna be worth the sending for.
Abd. 1871 W. Alexander Johnny Gibb xviii.:
They sanna apen the kirk doors till's.
Sh. 1906 T. P. Ollason Spindrift 14:
I s'all mark me jaantleman afore a'm dün wi' 'im. Bit never you leet, Bobby s'all be minded fir dis.
Bnff. 1924 Swatches o'Hamespun 15:
I sanna stan' te be insultit te the beat o' the bargain.
m.Sc. 1991 Tom Scott in Tom Hubbard The New Makars 43:
I sall gaird
ma faither's hoose
the wowfs agin,
the drouth agin,
the forers agin,
the coorts agin
I sall gaird
ma faither's hoose.

2. With verbs of asseveration, as †Uphaud, †Wad, Warrant, as a kind of emphatic pres. (Sh., ne.Sc., Fif., Dmb., Wgt. 1969).Sc. 1718 Ramsay Poems (S.T.S.) I. 69:
I'se be Bail They'll loo ye an ye touze them.
Edb. 1791 J. Learmont Poems 42:
I'se wad a groat that he is plannin' What trees to fell o' owr lang stan'in'.
Sc. 1818 S. Ferrier Marriage I. xxxii.:
He'll be aether at the patatees, or the horses, I'se warran.
Sc. 1824 Scott Redgauntlet Letter viii.:
“The lady is of course a decent person?” “I'se uphaud her that, sir”.
Mry. 1824 J. Cock Hamespun Lays 135:
There are birkies here, I sall avow, That ay can mak' auld siller new.
Abd. 1851 W. Anderson Rhymes 165:
An' in a hose, beside it, lay Just fifty crowns — I sanna lee!
Abd. 1871 W. Alexander Johnny Gibb xviii.:
A set o' brave birkies they are. I'se asseer ye!
Fif. 1873 J. Wood Ceres Races 16:
Ise sure ye sir, in whatna clime Would folk no dance to cheer the time.
Ags. 1891 Barrie Little Minister iii.:
It was no sport to them, Susy, I'se uphaud.
Slk. 1899 C. M. Thomson Drummeldale 11:
Ise warrant ye'll be tired, comin' sae ferr.
Ork. 1915 Old-Lore Misc. VIII. i. 38:
Ise wirran, i thee time thu'll hae hard a few wheer yarns o da ongans o da Hacroos.
Gall. 1928 Gallovid. Annual 90:
“Na. I ken a better place for't”. “I'se warrant ye for that”.

[Sal is the reg. form in O.Sc. and in North. Mid.Eng. from the 13th c. The reduction of sh- ( < O.E. sceal) to s- is gen. attributed to the lack of stress which the word tends to suffer in colloq. speech.]

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"Sall v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 16 Jul 2024 <>



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