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Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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First published 1974 (SND Vol. IX). Includes material from the 2005 supplement.
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

SUD, v. Also sude (Kcd. 1796 J. Burness Thrummy Cap (1819) 82; Sc. 1818 S. Ferrier Marriage xl.: Gall. a.1897 Rab Ringan's Plewman Cracks 11); sood (s.Sc. 1873 Murray D.S.C.S. 216; Gsw. 1877 A. G. Murdoch Laird's Lykewake 82, Edb. 1895 J. Tweeddale Moff 202, Fif., Lth. 1926 Wilson Cent. Scot. 265, Sh. 1933 J. Nicolson Hentilagets 13; Rxb. 1942 Zai); soud (Sc. 1724 Ramsay T.-T. Misc. (1876) I. 205; Rnf. 1788 E. Picken Poems 19; Rxb. 1847 J. Halliday Rustic Bard 90; Dmf. 1920 J. L. Waugh Heroes 71; Sh. 1971); sould (Mry. 1830 T. D. Lauder Moray Floods (1873) 110; Edb. 1844 J. Ballantine Miller 48; s.Sc. 1873 Murray D.S.C.S. 216; Fif. 1896 D. S. Meldrum Grey Mantle 287); suld (Sc. 1815 Scott Guy M. xxxviii.; Crm. 1829 H. Miller Poems 75; m.Sc. 1927 J. Buchan Witch Wood vii.; Dmf. 1964 Dmf. Standard (18 July) 6); sid (Knr. 1813 J. Bruce The Farmer 9; Ags. 1894 A. Reid Songs 55, ne.Sc. 1971); suid (s.Sc. 1873 Murray D.S.C.S. 216; Per. 1915 Wilson L. Strathearn 269; ‡Bwk. 1942 Wettstein, Rxb. 1942 Zai); and, with influence from Eng., shud (Abd. 1768 A. Ross Helenore (S.T.S.) 20; m.Lth. 1786 G. Robertson Har'st Rig (1801) 34; Ags. 1894 J. B. Salmond B. Bowden (1922) 109), shid (Fif., Lth., Ayr. 1923–6 Wilson; Bnff. 1924 Swatches o' Hamespun 20; Ork. 1938 Scots Mag. (Aug.) 376; ne.Sc. 1971), shuid (Per. 1915 Wilson L. Strathearn 270). Sc. forms of Eng. should. Neg. forms sudna, shouldna, shouldnae, shouldny, sidna; soodan (Sh. 1901 T. Ollason Mareel 42), Sc. forms of Eng. should not, and in comb. with Hae, sud(d)a, sidda, shudda. Hae is occas. omitted after sud (see Hae). [sud, sʌd, sød, sɪd, now somewhat obsol.; ʃud, ʃɪd. See etym. note.]

Sc. forms:Ork. 1952 R. T. Johnston Stenwick Days (1984) 37:
"I dinno see whit wey I shid sterve mesel cheust tae seut Tam," she said sullenly. "If he disno want me thir's plenty whar dis."
Ags. 1988 Raymond Vettese The Richt Noise 78:
Whaun he deed we fund a hauf
feenisht paiket [of pan drops] on the bedside table.
That wad hae scunnert him, nae doot;
that, for him, wad be deein afore his time.
We shuid hae cuist a poke o them, no yirth,
intil the grave.
Sc. 1991 R. Crombie Saunders in Tom Hubbard The New Makars 27:
Or gin mysel an luve had ches to flee
Out o thy hert thegither, I wad dree
Mair lichtlie tho my gledness suld be skaith.
m.Sc. 1991 William Neill in Tom Hubbard The New Makars 48:
The Regent frae the bylie wa
keekit wi sklentie ee,
an thocht hou he micht claught it aa
gin Sillersecks sud dee.
Abd. 2000 Sheena Blackhall The Singing Bird 15:
This waddin's cost five thoosan poon,
A dauchlin guest did say.
An sae it sud! Like Hollywud,
The cameras birred and cleek't.
O photies wi their finery,
Thon fowk wad nae be swick't.
w.Lth. 2000 Davie Kerr A Puckle Poems 50:
Some traivellers, wha's cairrage sud syne turn richt,
Turned left, - an got stuck in the snaw.

Neg. forms:wm.Sc. 1985 Liz Lochhead Tartuffe 5:
So it shouldny surprise us when a soor auld biddy
Turns her back on the world that's turnt it's back on her already.
Gsw. 1990 John and Willy Maley From the Calton to Catalonia 20:
Awright. Haud oan the noo tae ah gie ma feet a wee rest. Ah knew ah shouldnae huv worn ma good shoes.
Gsw. 1991 John Burrowes Mother Glasgow 176:
'Hey, Jimmy,' one of them mouthed aggressively. 'You shouldnae be here, Jimmy. You could get yer face damaged for being here, Jimmy. ...'
Cai. 1992 James Miller A Fine White Stoor 45:
Then he can gie off the croft and live in a council hoose. I canna leave him now though. He's grunting and peching on that spade, killing himself. It won't be long. I shouldna be thinking this.
ne.Sc. 1996 W. Gordon McPherson in Sandy Stronach New Wirds: An Anthology of Winning Poems and Stories from the Doric Writing Competitions of 1994 and 1995 19:
" ... We sidna be lang, the lave'll seen tak's tee."
Slk. 1999 Jules Horne in Moira Burgess and Donny O'Rourke New Writing Scotland 17: Friends and Kangaroos 61:
We wait in the den for a bit and when we look out he's away. But Jane's fair tane with hersel cos she got a push off him and she goes, you shouldna have giggled.

Sc. usage: (1) in subordinate clauses in indirect statements to express past time. Obs. in Eng. exc. dial. In 1824 quot. from Wandering Willie's Tale, the indirect statement is appar. implicit, = “I believe, am told that . . .”, sim. in 1923 quot. = “Let me tell you that . . ., what do you think?”Wgt. 1714 Session Bk. Wgt. (19 Sept.):
Understanding that the said A. should have made use of means for abortion.
Abd. 1746 S.C. Misc. I. 387:
A ridiculous story is written from Dundee, that a hundred spies should be taken up at Aberdeen.
Sc. 1747 Lyon in Mourning (S.H.S.) II. 165:
[He] heard it rumoured that the Prince's hunting equipage should have fallen into the Duke of Cumberland's hands.
Sc. 1822 Scott F. Nigel xv.:
They had a braw sport in the presence last Friday, how ye suld have routed a young shopkeeper.
Sc. 1824 Redgauntlet Letter xi.:
An ostler-wife, they suld hae caa'd her Tibbie Faw.
Abd. 1923 Swatches o' Hamespun 68:
Annie's midder sud begin speirin aboot oor lassie's fowk. . . . Then the lassie sud tak sic a fit o' lauchin; she leuch, an' leuch. . . The young randy said she sud see me orderin Rob aboot.

(2) in indirect questions in past time. Obs. or arch. in Eng.Sc. 1892 Stevenson Wrecker vi.:
I had wearied my mind in vain to guess what should be under the tea-cosy.

[For s < sh, See S, letter, 1. (3). The [u] and [ø, ɪ] forms correspond to Mid.Eng. schulde, scholde respectively, with later shortening in both cases, esp. due to lack of stress.]

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"Sud v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 25 Apr 2024 <>



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