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Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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First published 1974 (SND Vol. IX). Includes material from the 2005 supplement.

SUD, v. Also sude (Kcd. 1796 J. Burness Thrummy Cap (1819) 82; Sc. 1818 S. Ferrier Marriage xl.: Gall. a.1897 Rab Ringan's Plewman Cracks 11); sood (s.Sc. 1873 Murray D.S.C.S. 216; Gsw. 1877 A. G. Murdoch Laird's Lykewake 82, Edb. 1895 J. Tweeddale Moff 202, Fif., Lth. 1926 Wilson Cent. Scot. 265, Sh. 1933 J. Nicolson Hentilagets 13; Rxb. 1942 Zai); soud (Sc. 1724 Ramsay T.-T. Misc. (1876) I. 205; Rnf. 1788 E. Picken Poems 19; Rxb. 1847 J. Halliday Rustic Bard 90; Dmf. 1920 J. L. Waugh Heroes 71; Sh. 1971); sould (Mry. 1830 T. D. Lauder Moray Floods (1873) 110; Edb. 1844 J. Ballantine Miller 48; s.Sc. 1873 Murray D.S.C.S. 216; Fif. 1896 D. S. Meldrum Grey Mantle 287); suld (Sc. 1815 Scott Guy M. xxxviii.; Crm. 1829 H. Miller Poems 75; m.Sc. 1927 J. Buchan Witch Wood vii.; Dmf. 1964 Dmf. Standard (18 July) 6); sid (Knr. 1813 J. Bruce The Farmer 9; Ags. 1894 A. Reid Songs 55, ne.Sc. 1971); suid (s.Sc. 1873 Murray D.S.C.S. 216; Per. 1915 Wilson L. Strathearn 269; ‡Bwk. 1942 Wettstein, Rxb. 1942 Zai); and, with influence from Eng., shud (Abd. 1768 A. Ross Helenore (S.T.S.) 20; m.Lth. 1786 G. Robertson Har'st Rig (1801) 34; Ags. 1894 J. B. Salmond B. Bowden (1922) 109), shid (Fif., Lth., Ayr. 1923–6 Wilson; Bnff. 1924 Swatches o' Hamespun 20; Ork. 1938 Scots Mag. (Aug.) 376; ne.Sc. 1971), shuid (Per. 1915 Wilson L. Strathearn 270). Sc. forms of Eng. should. Neg. forms sudna, shouldna, shouldnae, shouldny, sidna; soodan (Sh. 1901 T. Ollason Mareel 42), Sc. forms of Eng. should not, and in comb. with Hae, sud(d)a, sidda, shudda. Hae is occas. omitted after sud (see Hae). [sud, sʌd, sød, sɪd, now somewhat obsol.; ʃud, ʃɪd. See etym. note.]

Sc. forms:Ork. 1952 R. T. Johnston Stenwick Days (1984) 37:
"I dinno see whit wey I shid sterve mesel cheust tae seut Tam," she said sullenly. "If he disno want me thir's plenty whar dis."
Ags. 1988 Raymond Vettese The Richt Noise 78:
Whaun he deed we fund a hauf
feenisht paiket [of pan drops] on the bedside table.
That wad hae scunnert him, nae doot;
that, for him, wad be deein afore his time.
We shuid hae cuist a poke o them, no yirth,
intil the grave.
Sc. 1991 R. Crombie Saunders in Tom Hubbard The New Makars 27:
Or gin mysel an luve had ches to flee
Out o thy hert thegither, I wad dree
Mair lichtlie tho my gledness suld be skaith.
m.Sc. 1991 William Neill in Tom Hubbard The New Makars 48:
The Regent frae the bylie wa
keekit wi sklentie ee,
an thocht hou he micht claught it aa
gin Sillersecks sud dee.
Abd. 2000 Sheena Blackhall The Singing Bird 15:
This waddin's cost five thoosan poon,
A dauchlin guest did say.
An sae it sud! Like Hollywud,
The cameras birred and cleek't.
O photies wi their finery,
Thon fowk wad nae be swick't.
w.Lth. 2000 Davie Kerr A Puckle Poems 50:
Some traivellers, wha's cairrage sud syne turn richt,
Turned left, - an got stuck in the snaw.

Neg. forms:wm.Sc. 1985 Liz Lochhead Tartuffe 5:
So it shouldny surprise us when a soor auld biddy
Turns her back on the world that's turnt it's back on her already.
Gsw. 1990 John and Willy Maley From the Calton to Catalonia 20:
Awright. Haud oan the noo tae ah gie ma feet a wee rest. Ah knew ah shouldnae huv worn ma good shoes.
Gsw. 1991 John Burrowes Mother Glasgow 176:
'Hey, Jimmy,' one of them mouthed aggressively. 'You shouldnae be here, Jimmy. You could get yer face damaged for being here, Jimmy. ...'
Cai. 1992 James Miller A Fine White Stoor 45:
Then he can gie off the croft and live in a council hoose. I canna leave him now though. He's grunting and peching on that spade, killing himself. It won't be long. I shouldna be thinking this.
ne.Sc. 1996 W. Gordon McPherson in Sandy Stronach New Wirds: An Anthology of Winning Poems and Stories from the Doric Writing Competitions of 1994 and 1995 19:
" ... We sidna be lang, the lave'll seen tak's tee."
Slk. 1999 Jules Horne in Moira Burgess and Donny O'Rourke New Writing Scotland 17: Friends and Kangaroos 61:
We wait in the den for a bit and when we look out he's away. But Jane's fair tane with hersel cos she got a push off him and she goes, you shouldna have giggled.

Sc. usage: (1) in subordinate clauses in indirect statements to express past time. Obs. in Eng. exc. dial. In 1824 quot. from Wandering Willie's Tale, the indirect statement is appar. implicit, = “I believe, am told that . . .”, sim. in 1923 quot. = “Let me tell you that . . ., what do you think?”Wgt. 1714 Session Bk. Wgt. (19 Sept.):
Understanding that the said A. should have made use of means for abortion.
Abd. 1746 S.C. Misc. I. 387:
A ridiculous story is written from Dundee, that a hundred spies should be taken up at Aberdeen.
Sc. 1747 Lyon in Mourning (S.H.S.) II. 165:
[He] heard it rumoured that the Prince's hunting equipage should have fallen into the Duke of Cumberland's hands.
Sc. 1822 Scott F. Nigel xv.:
They had a braw sport in the presence last Friday, how ye suld have routed a young shopkeeper.
Sc. 1824 Redgauntlet Letter xi.:
An ostler-wife, they suld hae caa'd her Tibbie Faw.
Abd. 1923 Swatches o' Hamespun 68:
Annie's midder sud begin speirin aboot oor lassie's fowk. . . . Then the lassie sud tak sic a fit o' lauchin; she leuch, an' leuch. . . The young randy said she sud see me orderin Rob aboot.

(2) in indirect questions in past time. Obs. or arch. in Eng.Sc. 1892 Stevenson Wrecker vi.:
I had wearied my mind in vain to guess what should be under the tea-cosy.

[For s < sh, See S, letter, 1. (3). The [u] and [ø, ɪ] forms correspond to Mid.Eng. schulde, scholde respectively, with later shortening in both cases, esp. due to lack of stress.]

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"Sud v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 3 Oct 2022 <>



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