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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1983 (DOST Vol. V).

Parsenere, Parsaner(e, Parson-, Personar(e, -er(e, n. Also: persenare, -ere, -soneir, -sowner(e, (presoner(e), and Parcynere. [ME. parciner (1297), -cenere (14th c.), -cynere (Wyclif), -ceynere (c 1440), e.m.E. parcener (1574) (see Parcener), parsainer (Cursor M.), -sonere (Chaucer), AF. parcener (1292), OF. parçonier, -suner, etc., also per- (OED.), med. L. parcenarius, -cinarius, personarius, reduced f. parcionarius Parcionar(e n. Cf. also Partiner(e.]As with other forms in par-, per-, this sequence is commonly represented in the MS. by an abbreviation and the choice of expanded form to appear in a modern edition is merely editorial.It is possible that some of the earlier examples appearing under Partiner(e should be re-spelled parc- and assigned to this word, since c and t are frequently confused in transcription, and are in some MSS. seldom if at all distinguishable.

1. One who owns, or has an interest in, a property jointly with another; a joint-proprietor, joint-heir, heir-portioner. 1319 Reg. Dunferm. 238.]
[Et parcinarios baronie de Fythkyt
1386 3rd Rep. Hist. MSS. App. 410/2.
To prowe gif the forsayde personaris walde seke hym othir with tretys grace or lauch
1428 Wemyss Chart. 57.
To set … the said salt-pan and the malis of thaim to rayse … and evynly to divyde it betwene hym and his persownere
Ib. 58.
Betwene the said Dauid and his other persowneris of the landis of the Wemys
1428 Liber Melros II. 519.
To mak depertison of the landis of Halsyngton betwix … the hous of Melros on the ta part & … Walter of Haliburton … personaris of the saide landis
1453 Melville Chart. 38.
Giff ony landis fischinnis [etc.] … be wrangwysly … withhaldin fra me or myn personaris
1478 Acta Aud. 80/2.
To warne the lard of Lus to the said day for his rycht and interes becaus he is a parsonar of the said landis of the Ard contenit in the said summondis
1489 Ib. 146/1.
William Chancellare & Marioun Inglis parsonaris of the landis of Richertoun

2. One who participates with another in a joint action or enterprise, a venture or a charge; one who shares with another in (of) something non-material, an associate, partner or partaker. a1400 Leg. S. vi. 139.
Sa that ȝe ar now Parsaneris of lestand lyfe
c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 1386.
Pirrus, that … Thelamonyus … Lovit, agane sir Vlixes … Put mannassand … And agayne all his presoneris [C. presoneres] Of his deid [L. contra Vlixem et alios Thelamonij necis participes]
c1420 Wynt. i. Prol. 61 (E).
He man of neid be personeir Off quhat kynd blame that I suld beir
c1420 Wynt. v. 2500.
Dyoclytyane And his falow Maximiane Off the empyre thretty yhere Wes ane wyth othir parsenere [C. personere, W. persenare, E.2 personeir]
1437–8 Aberd. B. Rec. MS. IV. 128 (28 Jan.).
That the said Watt and John sal endurand thair takkis of the said milnys be evynly personaris bathe [in] ressaving of the multeres of bathe the said milnys and the payingis of thair malis
1443 (1450) Reg. Great S. 85/1.
Settis … to my loved personer and frende Richart Multrare … my hale quarter of thir twa Petdonyngis

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"Parsenere n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 8 Aug 2022 <>



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