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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1983 (DOST Vol. V).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Out, adv. (adj.) Also: oute, owt(e, outt(e, owtt(e, ouit(t and Ut. [ME. and e.m.E. out(e, owt(e etc., OE. út; also ME. ute, oute, OE úte, outwards, outside, in existence.] Out.The prep. comb. Out of is separately treated. For other constructions with preps., as with of not immediately following the adv. or with fra, see below, e.g. 1 a, 2 d, 13 j, etc.Chiefly in close conjunction with verbs (including the verb to be where its use resembles that of a predic. adj.).

I. Expressing motion or direction outwards, lit. and transf.

1. a. From within an enclosed space or from its normal position in something; also, so as to occupy a position beyond or outside of that previously occupied.With tr. verbs, as bring, cast, ding, draw, lat, set, take etc., and with intr. verbs, as brist, cum, isch, rusch etc.: for many further examples see these and other verbs of expulsion, withdrawal, release or movement. 1456 Hay I. 298/25.
That … ane of his eyne suld be put out
Ib. II. 6/33.
He … tuke out a buke of his bosum and began to rede
c1460 Alex. (Taym.) 2961.
Of ane schip sche wald stryk out the syde
c1460 Regim. Princ. .
Be thai vntrev, pul out and mak al quyte
a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 562.
Out with suerdis thai swang fra thair schalk side
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 339.
Than with ane stew stert out the stoppell of my hals
1513 Doug. ii. i. 77.
He had assayt … Hyd Grekis covert with irne to haue rent owt
Ib. xi. v. 63.
The assys deip … Doun dyd thai cast and scrapis owt atanys The hait amyrris
1540 Lynd. Sat. Proclam. 173.
a1585 Maitl. Q. lxvii. 4.
Bot wordes past out cummis not againe
1592 Burntisland B. Ct. 27 Sept. (see Outsetting vbl. n. 2 a).

b. In fig. and special phrases. a1400 Leg. S. xxxiv. 207.
The bischope … Iniungit hyr heileful pennance & of wanehope put hire oute
14.. Statut. Sc. Ch. 6.
Oute be thai tane of the buke of lyfe
15.. Dunb. App. x. 38.
Cast out all cair
1556 Lauder Off. Kings 481.
The maledictione of the pure Sall on ȝow and ȝour seid indure Vntyll that ȝe be rutit oute
1562-3 Winȝet II. 57/9.
O thow preist … graif owt the precious stanis of godlie doctrine
a1658 Durham Subtile Self 4.
To study to take out this lesson of self-denial
1653 Glasgow B. Rec. II. 270.
His wyfe haweing brocht out thrie childrein
a1665 W. Guthrie Letters Horning 6.
Ye may even greet out your eyen hols

c. With ellipsis of the verb.In imperative passing into interj.: see Out interj. 1375 Barb. xvii. 699 (E).
The men than owt on full gret hy
1406 Aberd. B. Rec. (S.H.S.) 228.
Johannes oute with the sword apud Dere
c1460 Alex. (Taym.) 2168.
Thay schup to armes thair was bot vp and out
a1605 Montg. Misc. P. xlviii. 141.
Out with ȝour boulings

2. Out from a building or enclosed place.See also Cast v., Isch(e v. 1 and 2, Ischew v. 1, Lepe v. 1 and Rusch v. for examples. a1400 Leg. S. xxxi. 902.
The basare than … son hynt hyre owt
14.. Acts I. 30/2.
Quha sa evir … sellis his lande … he sall be innouth and sall pas out
a1500 Peblis to Play 191.
With that Will Swane come sueitand out
c1475 Wall. viii. 777.
Stanys and spryngaldis thai cast out so fast
a1578 Pitsc. II. 11/16.
Certaine of the castell men wschit out

b. (To go or come) out of doors or into the open. 1655 Lanark B. Rec. 156.
For … gaing out with the bell quhen the corpis is liftit
1685-8 Renwick Serm. 299.
What ails our lairds that they come not out to hear the gospel preached?

c. Const. at (a door, gate, window). a1500 K. Hart 360.
Pietie … privelie out at the dure is gone
1628 Reg. Privy C. 2 Ser. II. 215.
The compleaner … is forced to beg his meat out at the yrnehous windowes
1638 Dumbarton B. Rec. 55. 1661 Black Sc. Witches 43.
The doug was amissing having imediatlie gone out at doores

d. From captivity or danger, lit. and fig.See also Brek v. 2 a and 9 and Lat v. 10 c for further examples.1 1535 Stewart 50024.
Quhair thair apperit greit danger and dout, Loving to God ȝit we wan rycht weill out
a1570-86 Arbuthnot Maitl. F. xxix. 19. 1671 Rep. Menzies MSS. 23.
I wish Collonell Meinȝies wer gottine out upon bale

3. a. Away from a place.See also Drive v. 1 d (2), Hund v. b, Lat v. 10 c and Put v., for further examples. Also to hound out: see Hound v. 5 and Hund v. a and Outhound v. ?1438 Alex. ii. 4594.
Withdraw ȝow out mare hastelly!
1573 Inv. Q. Mary App. clii.
And therefore … I brought owt nothinge with me but the clothes was one me
c1578 Reid Swire 24.
The Rutherfoords with grit renown Convoyed the town of Jedbrugh out
c 1600 Aberd. Council Lett. I. 90.
In the … interteinning of all imbassitoris sent out or coming in

b. Away from the shore, to sea. c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 1729.
So that the Grekes schippes ilkone … Thus all the day continued owt
1615 Highland P. III. 185.
The rebellis wshit owt in a boat
Sum … lenchit owt thair boatis

c. From one's home. 1590 Waus Corr. 463.
I vill pray yow send all the siluer ye can gett … ovit vyth the hors

4. With verbs expressing emission of breath, wind or the like.See, e.g., Blaw v. and Lat v. 10 c.

5. To direct out (a writ) from a central authority. 1565 Instit. Ct. Sess. 27 a.
It salbe lesum to the iudge to direct out inhibitionis vpone the intromettouris
1588 Glenartney Doc.
Thairefter direct out lettres thairupoun

6. From oneself to another or others.With verbs of giving, sharing, spending or owing, as aw, dispend, give, lat, lay, mete, ware, qq.v. for examples.

7. From possession or enjoyment of something.For examples see Lay v. 42 d, Put v.

8. a. To labour or rive out (land, into cultivation), sc. from untilled land: see Labour v. 1 (2), Rive v. and cf. Outbreke v.2 b. To win out (a ‘room’ in a coal-pit): see Win v.

9. To brek, cast, ding, strike out (a door, window or the like), sc. through a wall: to bring into existence in this way.See Brek v. 4 and Ding v. 8 (5) for further examples. 1562 Grey Friars II. 90.
That na lychtis durris nor windois sal be castin owt to the eist
1618 M. Works Acc. (ed.) II. 110.
For striking out a dore betuix the new chalmers and the Queens kiching

10. With verbs of looking or seeing.As to keke, luke, se out, to luke straight out, to luke out blith, for which see these verbs.Cf. also sense 19.

b. With verbs of shining or the like: see Schine v. and 29 (4) below.

11. a. So as to project or protrude outwards: see also Outthrouch, Throuchout, Throw-out.To lat out one's hand (in enmity) against another: see Lat v. 10 c (a). 1375 Barb. xii. 354 (E).
That, as ane hyrchoune, all his rout Gert set owt speris all about
a1500 Henr. Fab. 2135 (H).
Baith heid and feit and taill ȝe man streik out
15.. Clar. iii. 393.
He … so him raife all throuch the bodie out
1566-70 Buch. Comm. on Virgil Æn. v. 271.
That wan farthest out
16.. Hist. Kennedy 48.
Strukin in at the knie with ane lanse and out at the buttok

b. So as to be opened or spread.See Lay v. 42 a (2) for further examples. a1568 Bann. MS. p. 52/10.
Bot lawchis on Phebus lowsing owt his leivis
1671 Cullen Kirk S. 18 June.
By laying out linen cloath

12. With to breke or brist: Into existence or activity of various kinds. Also said of flames or fire.See, for further examples, Brek v. 9 a and Brist v. 2 b and cf. Outbreking vbl. n. 1375 Barb. iv. 129.
The fyr owt syne in bles brast
a1599 Rollock Wks. I. 370.
Als sone as ever the warld was created, this wisdome brak out and was reveiled
c1578 Reid Swire 159.
But pride & breaking out but doubt Gart Tindaill lads begin the quarrell

II. Of position outside.

13. a. In a position resulting from movement or expulsion from a place previously occupied. Also fig. 1375 Barb. v. 507.
I herd syndir men oft say … that his ane e ves out
c1420 Wynt. viii. 5241.
He rase allane fra it wes owte
c1475 Wall. ix. 169.
The rede reiffar … Held out a gluff in takyn off the trew
15.. Dum Wyf 113 (Reidpeth).
Thocht nighbouris aboutt wis hir toung outt It dois thame not availl
fig. a1598 Ferg. Prov. MS. No. 1443.
When wyn is in wit is out

b. Outside a house, out of doors. c. Outside an enclosed place.See also Hald v. 18 (10) and Ly v. 4 (2) for examples.Also from out, from another place, from beyond.(1) a1400 Leg. S. xxiv. 515.
In ilke syd thai gadryt owt To met that sancte
1647 Durh. Univ. J. XXXIX. 64.
A blake man with blak cloathes … appeired to her out among a whin breir
(2) 1615 Fraserburgh Kirk S. 27 June.
The sessioune vpon sicht of signes at hame and report of the taikines of repentance from out grantis [etc.]

d. At a distance from the land; at a distance from the shore. 1595 Orkney Rentals ii. 105.
Out-upoun-the-yle, 4 d. terre, uthall
1654 Nicoll Diary 123.
It was a great providence that scho [a ship] did ly out at the fardest key, quhairas gif scho haid lyne in, [etc.]

e. Out of possession of property or occupation of an office: see Ly v. 9 a (2).

f. Projecting. g. Extended, spread. 1596 Dalr. I. 30/18.
Quhair thir twa riueris meitis hings ouir a gret craig and standes far out
a1605 Montg. Misc. P. xv. 50.
I spring, I sprout; My leivis ly out

h. To leve out, to omit: see Leve v. 3 b.

i. ? Out of favour. 1572 Buch. Detect. (1727) 142.
He speikis na thing of thame that is out, nouther gude nor euill, but fleis that point

j. Out … off, = Out of prep. 8 a. c1475 Wall. ix. 1671.
That he was out that tym off Cummyrnauld

III. In the following senses the notions of motion and position are treated together, or are not considered.

14. a. To fall out, to happen: see Fall v. 5 c.

b. To fall out in, to ‘go off’, ‘launch’, into (an activity or speech): see also Fall v. 4 g. 1599 Rollock Wks. I. 382.
Paul in … the auchtenth verse, considering that deipnes fallis out in thir wordis
And thairfoir the apostle … fallis out in ane admiration of the deipnes … of the wisdom … of God

c. (To cast, fall or be) out (with someone), at variance, at odds, at enmity. 1654 Stirling Ant. II. 16.
Iff they should fall owt again … they should both stand in the jugges
1657 Misc. Hist. Soc. VII. 24.
He had no great mind to be owt with me
1685-8 Renwick Serm. 445.
There is nothing in Christ to be casten out with

15. Of a fire or light: Extinguished. In to ga, to put or to blaw, and to be, out.(1) c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 428.
And ay it [the fire] ȝede qwyt out away
(2) 1572 Buch. Detect. (1727) 69.
The lichtis that wer sene … all the nicht lang wer … put out
fig. 1600-1610 Melvill 718.
The bisschoppis blastis being blawne out and calmit
(3) c1500-c1512 Dunb. xxxii. 46.
Quhen licht wes owt and durris wes bard
a1628 Carmichael Prov. No. 106.
A fyre that is all out is evill to kendle

16. To tak out, to untie (a lace). a1400 Leg. S. xxxvi. 1207.
Na of his schone the laise tak oute [Vulgate solvere]

17. a. Aloud. Also out plane. To speke out, to speak one's mind; see Speke v.For further examples see Blaw v. 5, Brist v. 2 b, Cry v. 6 a. c1500-c1512 Dunb. xii. 3 (M).
This sang a bird with voce out plane All eirdlie joy returnis in pane
1560 Rolland Seven S. 6998.
Gif that ȝour grace neidit vpon me call, Ȝe micht gar cry out ouir the castell wall
1566-70 Buch. Comm. on Virgil Æn. v. 345.
Proclamat, cryeth out
1596 Dalr. I. 109/15.
That now mischieuous persounes feir nathing to rail out against that estait

b. To open or public knowledge, publicly proclaimed.See also Give v. and Ischew v. 2 for further examples. a1400 Leg. S. xxxviii. 104.
Scho wes cristine bot fore doute To that tyme scho leit nocht owte
1572 Buch. Detect. (1727) 25.
Out gais ane proclamation
1596 Dalr. II. 297/18.
[The Governor] sendis messingeris … with the fyre crose … [who] sulde shaw it out to al man
1634 Edinb. B. Rec. VII. 153.
That … non be givin out upone the lyittes of the deykins of craftis bot [etc.]

18. a. With verbs of selection: From among a number of the persons and things concerned.See Chese v. 1 b and Wale v. for further examples and cf. Outwale v.1 and v.2 c1490 Porteous Noblenes 183/34.
Thou art scho that examynis al hartis & … chesis out the fynit hartis
1600 Bk. Univ. Kirk III. 960.
To elect and choose out a discreit man

b. With verbs of separation: see 29 (9).

19. With verbs of inquiry, search, discovery or the like, intensifying or expressing persistence.As to find, hunt, lern, luke, seke, spere out (see these verbs), also to luke or se out for (see Luke v. 2 h and Se v.).

20. Expressing completion of the action of the verb: To completion, to the end, entirely.(To lows, mak, quit, red) out, see Lows v.1 12 a, d, Lowsin(g vbl. n. 2, Mak v. 36 a, Quite v., Red v., and cf. Outquite v., Outred v.1 c1420 Wynt. iii. 186.
Quhyll that he sulde all the dout Off that rydyll tell hyr owt And to thame scho sulde telle it hale
1566-70 Buch. Comm. on Virgil Æn. vi. 29.
Resolvit, esplicavit red out
1590-1 R. Bruce Serm. 230.
I desire of the omnipotent God that he would weave out the rest of the web of my life
Ib. 240. Ib. 382.
That every man … run out the rink that the Lord has set before him
1581-1623 James VI Poems I. 101/32.
& encourage me to the ending out of the rest
1653 Binning Wks. 343.
A person found … who taketh the broken cause of sinners … and pleads it out and makes out justice
1677 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. MS. 3 Jan.
To build owt and perfyte the samyn [house]
a1681 Cargill Lecture and Sermon 15.
Have ye gotten your wills out? There are some folk who must have out their wills, cost what it will

b. To fill out, to complete. 1501 Treas. Acc. II. 22.
Giffin for vij ½ elne wellus to fill out xxij ½ elne wellus bocht be the thesaurar … to ane gret goune to the King

c. To mak out, in various senses: see Mak v. 36. d. To reke (= equip, fit) out, see Reke v. e. To cast, furnis, lay out: see Cast v. 15, Furnis v. 1 b, Lay v. 42.

f. ? In weakened sense. 1613 Highland P. III. 136.
The first course … wes thoght meete to be followed oute
1686 G. Stuart Joco-Ser. Disc. 64.
God helpit me out my sel' to save

g. To mark out: see Mark v. 1 (3). h. To met out: see Met v. 1 b.

21. a. (To drink etc.) out, so that the cup or vessel is emptied. To play cop out, see Cop n. b. b. Of a container: Emptied.a. 1483 Acta Aud. *123/1.
Gif ony of the said wyne be drunkin out or spendit
1540 Lynd. Sat. 2474 (B.).
Ȝour mowth war meit evin to drink owt a jurdane
15.. Wyf Awcht. 3.b. c1460 Alex. (Taym.) 3001.
And als the watter that bare it away was lore, The dam was out and it was lang to fill

22. a. To the end of a period of time stated or implied in the context, through; over, past. 1566-70 Buch. Comm. on Virgil Æn. iv. 419.
I salbe able to beir it out
Id. Detect. (1727) 16.
That he lingerit out his lyfe
1584 Sempill Sat. P. xlv. 226.
Bot fra he fand the tyme ryn out
1596 Dalr. II. 269/21.
Quhen the coronatioune was out
1625 Fraserburgh Kirk S. 12 Oct.
[That she] sall … remane thair wntill the third bell be rung out
1637 Rutherford Lett. (1671) 182.
Faith should bide green & sappy at the root … and stand out against all stormes
a1681 Welsh Churches Paradox 18.
O say ye, I wad bide it out and I kent how long it would continue
Giff I had stand it out one day longer, then it had been well. Could ye not stay it out one day longer?

b. To ly, stand out, to be in opposition or a rebel, to stand firm in a contest or battle: see Ly v. 9 b and Stand v. c1578 Reid Swire 143.
None stoutlier stood out for their laird Nor did the lads of Liddisdail

23. Following a noun phrase stating a period of time: To the end, fully. c1420 Wynt. iv. 2153.
This were civile ten yhere owte Contynwyde wes
Ib. viii. 1843.
Twa dayis owt as a depe flwde Throw all the town thare ran rede blude
c1475 Wall. viii. 931. 15.. Clar. v. 2695.
Ane moneth out thay sojornit in that land
Ib. 3027. 1598 Brechin Test. I. 164 b.
Ane ȝoung cow of tua ȝeir auld out price vj li.

24. Qualifying an adj. or adv.: Utterly, thoroughly.(1) 1375 Barb. vi. 666 (E).
And for thi that thai dred me noucht Noy thaim fer out the mar I moucht
Ib. xvii. 273.
Thai suld fer out the traister be
(2) 1375 Barb. vii. 442 (E).
Ȝe sall wele owte mar prisyt be
Ib. xvii. 273.
Fer out
c1420 Wynt. viii. 2662.
He wanted na mare than a schowt For till hawe made hym brayne-wode owt

25. All out, completely: see All C b and Allout adv.

26. To take ill out, to resent. Acc. Betty Laing (1704) 7.
Which refusal Beatie Laing takes so ill out, that she vows to be revenged

27. In (within) and out, out and in, quhile in quhile out, be in and out, etc.a. Of motion: inwards and outwards, alternately out and in, in the senses of 1 above. b. Of position; both inside and outside; all over, throughout, entirely. c. transf. Completely, entirely.For further examples see In adv. 4.a. ?14.. Ship Laws c. 9 (B).
Qwhar for thai hafe drynk in and oute
1482 Edinb. Chart. 167.
Bringand … ony gudis in or out at the port of Leith
1615 Highland P. III. 229.
[The burghs of the west] pay thair haill custumes and impoistis of all thair wairis out and in
1622 M. Works Acc. (ed.) II. 147.
To Robert Home that servit thair [at the castell] that day and caryit out and in the powder
1665 Edinb. B. Rec. X. 4.
The dimension of the said [race-] course is twyce about the whole stowps and thereftir out and in
b. c1420 Wynt. i. 212 (E).
As catell lesuris in and out
c1460 Alex. (Taym.) 1333.
Euir the formost in the feild was he Quhyle in quhyle oute as him list heir and thair
c1460 Regim. Princ. 48 (Maitl.).
Traist men … To reule thy kinrik all quhair out and in
1513 Doug. xi. xii. 67.
Lyke as the flowand sey … with his iawpys coverys in and owt The far sandis our the bay abowt
c1550 Lynd. Test. Meldrum 51.
First of my bowellis clenge my bodie clene Within & out
c1552 Id. Mon. 1370.
Noyis arke … Quhilk wes … Off pyne tre maid … Laid ouer with pik, within and out
15.. Wyf Awcht. 23.
Sa ȝe will rowll … all the hous baith in and out
c. a1400 Leg. S. xviii. 645.
I … That ar [sic] sa fule be in & owt

IV. comb.

28. Prefixed to nouns, quasi-attrib. or adj.a. That is outside; that is far out or far forward; outer, outermost; ‘advance’.See also Outbigging, Outboundis, Out-hous(e, Out-ridar, etc. ?14.. Ship Laws c. i (B).
Gyf the schyp be of Ingland or ony oute kynryke
c1475 Wall. vii. 802.
Gylmychall … Maid quyt off him … The out spy thus was lost fra Makfadȝhane
Ib. ix. 1757.
On a out part the Scottis set in that tyd
Ib. x. 626.
Off the out wach thus chapyt thai wnseyn
1578–9 Perth Guildry 389 (5 Feb.).
And that for in and out coill at Elsonure and in and out coill in Danskin payit be the said Donald
1608 Aberd. Sheriff Ct. II. 137.
[The crop sown by Kellie upon] the cruikit myris and outfaldeis of Gilcolmstone
c 1620 Liber Dryburgh 370.
The teynds of the inkirk of Lanerk set to the Erle of Angus … , the teynd schewes of the outkirk of Lanerk
1654 Glasgow B. Rec. II. 300.
That everie candilmaker provyde themselfis in houssis for that end in outplaces, ane hundrethe yeards aff any dwelling houssis within towne
1661 Edinb. Test. LXX. 162.
Four pair of outseamed chiffrines for women
1662 Melrose Reg. Rec. II. 10.
To deliver … his eister incraft butt, and the said William to deliver to the said Andro the wester butt in the out end therof
1683 Coll. Aberd. & Banff 100.
Which [shellfish] they gather in great abundance, upon outrocks … and sow them upon rocks they can reach to, dry foot, at low water

b. Belonging to, coming from, or taking place in, a place other than that in question.Freq. with reference to persons from, or activities taking place, outside a particular burgh: see also Out-burges, -dwellar(e, etc. 1490 (c 1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I. 60.
That na nichtbour of the toune take ony owte marrow and speciallie of thame dwelland in Leyth
1500 Ib. 81.
That thairfor ilk out walkar or scherar of claith to landward cumand within this tovne … sall pay ilk oulk ane penny
1563–4 Inverness Rec. I. 113.
That the peple sall conveyne to the exhortatioun sa mony as ar nocht occupeit in out labouris
1564–75 Hamilton & Campsie Test. I. 25.
My dykis makin costs me … in the ȝeir to out seruandis vi s.

29. Prefixed to verbs and verbal nouns, in various above senses.In some of the verse instances perh. merely to be regarded as a verse variation on the normal word-order in which the adv. follows the verb.Also Outbirst, Outbring, etc.(1) c1420 Wynt. v. 587.
He gert oppyn hyr and owte ta Hyr bowellys
c1475 Wall. vi. 408.
Throuch the chokkis thi tong sall be out schorn
a1500 K. Hart 178.
Ib. 434.
Out raschit
1513 Doug. v. vii. 92.
Behald … harnys tharon owtsmyte
1535 Stewart 20546.
And tha within hes … greit stonis outslang Attouir the wall
1553–4 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 285.
Payit for ane tyrleis of irne to the portell of the counsal hous dure outschering thairof
1562-3 Winȝet I. 11/30.
The dountramping of ydolatrie to the outruiting of the quhilk [etc.]
1564 Crim. Trials I. ii. 444.
Except … that the said man owt lattin wer owther convict or fugitive
1620 Misc. Maitl. C. I. 199.
For … casting of the dyce for thair places in outleiding
a1649 Drummond II. 12/4.
These eyes … Their traitrous blacke before thee heere out-weepe
1637 Banff Ann. I. 78.
And outsteilling furthe therof of the guidis … mentionat
c1680 W. Row Blair 250.
Unless there were … a more general outcalling of the body of the people
(2) ?1438 Alex. ii. 9564.
Blude and harnis baith out rushit [F. la cervelle boulir]
c1460 Alex. (Taym.) 1373.
With that ane vther flycht thai leit out staill
a1500 K. Hart 825.
Strenth is away outstolling lyk ane theif
a1500 Seven S. 2004.
Quhill quyte owt chapit was the knycht
1513 Doug. iv. xii. 41.
The blude outbullyrand [Ruddim. outbullerand] on the nakyt swerd
1571 Sat. P. xxix. 44.
Sa, lolarts, ȝour hypocrisy … Ȝe se … dois peice and peice owt slyde
c1590 J. Stewart II. 240 § 162.
Outrottit vas hir toung be canker keine
c1615 Chron. Kings 169.
He lowpis in the watter and out sowmis to the land
(3) 14.. Acts I. 333/2.
At thai mak lardnar in gret and it out tavernis in smallis
(4) a 1586 Sat. P. xxxvii. 20.
As … forcit fyris … out glemis
(5) 14.. Statut. Sc. Ch. 5.
We curs waryis and condamnes and owtstekys fra the fredome of haly Kyrk al conspiratouris that [etc.]
c 1610 Laing MSS. I. 123.
The loss quhilk ye may hawe be outkiping of your cornes
(6) 1640 Misc. Spald. C. V. 228.
And ther masters to satisfie thame … according to ther outbyding [on military service] long or schort
(7) 1560 Rolland Seven S. 6736.
Siclike the first the samin [rumour] gart out spred
a1568 Bann. MS. 64 b/34.
His coistly goun with taill so wyd owtspred
a1605 Montg. Mindes Mel. 252/2.
The firmament And heauens out-stent Thy handywork … proclaim
(8) c1500-c1512 Dunb. lvii. 10.
Sum playis the fule and all out clattiris
15.. Clar. iii. 114.
Out letting siches sair
c1590 J. Stewart II. 259 § 234.
Vith organs great all in His potent praise, And vith ȝour blissit mouths the sam outblaise
(9) 1456 Hay II. 33/22.
For knychthede … suld … outsched the wikkit fra the gude peple pesable
(10) 15.. Wyf Awcht. 28 (K).
Some spottis in the house ye man out spy
1567–8 Reg. Privy C. I. 612.
To the inventing, seking, outspying and discovering of the same [minerals]

b. In various perfective and intensitive applications: cf. senses 20–22. ?1438 Alex. I. 2394.
The thik preis he out thirlit sa [That, etc.]
1537–8 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 188.
That he out coft nocht the hors bot had hyme in preffing
1547 Prestwick B. Rec. 60.
Ylk freman sal cast bot iiij dawork of pettis in the ȝere & that viij days to be owtrownd the fyrst ij dawork & the next [ij] dawork
a1605 Montg. Sonn. liii. 3.
For pitthie poemis prettilie out paintis My secreit sighis
1644 Hibbert Shetland Islands 597.
And becaus ye gat her not, ye outscoldit him and wer verie angrie
1683 Dundee B. Laws 456.
If the bonet be more then 18 ounc working, she is to reseawe spun yarn to out wead it

30. Prefixed to advs. and preps.Also Out-by, Out-our, Out-throuch, etc. 1439 Acts II. 54/2.
And forthir out forth that the said princes had … varry witting of trouth and leaute that was and is in the forsaid Schir Alexander [etc.]

V. 31. Elliptically in out the gait, out the way, on or along the or one's (its) road or way. 1547 Prot. Bk. Sir W. Corbet 8.
Passand … southwart owt the gait to [etc.]
1567 Sat. P. iii. 2.
As I was passand … out the way
1621 Perth Kirk S. MS. 30 July.
[Ane] pure blind woman that hes nane to gyde hir out the way
c 1660 J. Livingstone in Sel. Biog. I. 269.
Or in the chamber at night or ryding out the way

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"Out adv.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 25 Apr 2024 <>



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