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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1937 (DOST Vol. I).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

All, Al, a., n., and adv. Also: ale, alle; awl; aw(e; a. [ME. all, al, ONhb. all (WS. eall). In later Sc. the l was vocalized, giving the forms aw and a, current in the modern dialects.]

A. adj. 1. With singular nouns: a. All; the whole of.1375 Barb. viii. 45 (all the nycht); ix. 296 (all Bouchane, fra end till end). a1400 Leg. S. xliii. 345 (al varldis sele). 1389 Liber Melros 449 (all the custume). 1405 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III. 200 (for al the terme of his lyfe). c1420 Wynt. ii. 755 (all that land). 1456 Hay I. 188/15 (all the vituper thai may); II. 60/13 (all the day). 1487 Fraser P. 106 (in ale possible haste). a1500 Seven S. 58 (himself and all the laif). 1535 Stewart 46666 (all his desyr). 1549 Compl. 170/25 (al ȝour gloire, veltht, and dignite). a1568 Scott iii. 39 (all the warld). a1578 Pitsc. II. 44/23 (nocht ane of all his pairtie). 1583 Sat. P. xlv. 1063 (all the wyte).

b. Following, or separated from, the noun or pronoun.a1400 Leg. S. ii. 537 (a lycht vmlappyt hym son all); xxiv. 345 (quhene this was al done). c1420 Wynt. i. 642 (quha that sekys it all atoure); ix. 1440 (thar marcat all; v.r. aw). c1450-2 Howlat 9 (all was amyable, the air and the erd). c1475 Wall. viii. 1336 (the regioun aw). c1500-c1512 Dunb. xlvi. 98 (this luve all is bot vanite). a1578 Pitsc. II. 207/12 (quhais adwyce was all in ane declaired).

c. All time, in all time, at all times, always.1375 Barb. iv. 246 (as he all tyme wes wone). c1420 Wynt. i. 577 (all tyme that ile is grene); 706 (in all tyme). ?a1500 Steel Roy Robert 185 (all tyme befoir). 1513 Doug. ix. v. 50 (all tyme). 1535 Stewart 32002 (that euerie man all tyme sould reddie be). 1567 Acts II. 548 (in all tyme cuming). a1585 Maitl. Q. lxv. 156 (all tyme and houris).

2. With plural nouns: All; the whole number of.Al men is occasionally written as one word.1375 Barb. viii. 514 (the housis all). a1400 Leg. S. iii. 1041 (almen that euir has bene). 1385 Rotuli Sc. II. 73/2 (in all poyntz). c1420 Wynt. i. 526 (all the landis of Asy). 1430 Reg. Great S. 38/2 (all my guddis). c1450 Cr. Deyng 52 (al tormentis); 211 (for hym and al synaris). 1494 Acta Conc. 330/1 (all charteris, sesingis and evidentis). c1500-c1512 Dunb. iv. 51 (Chaucer, the Monk of Bery, and Gower, all thre). 1549 Compl. 4/7 (al the nyne noblis). 1567 Acts II. 548 (all hir gud subiectes). 1596 Dalr. I. 1/2 (al the lyues of the kings). 1609 Skene Reg. Maj. 3 (al barons).

b. Following (or separated from) the noun or used in apposition with a pronoun.(a) 1375 Barb. xii. 200 (all can thai cry). c1420 Wynt. i. 83 (Eve wes modyr of ws all). 1456 Hay I. 230/20 (ȝe ar all at the Inglis fay). a1500 Rauf C. 7 (all thay went with the king). 1513 Doug. xii. Prol. 98 (the hawthorn cled his pykis all). 1562-3 Winȝet I. 2/3 (to al thaim of the nobilitie). 1596 Dalr. II. 278/4 (with men of weir al throuch vther xx thousand).(b) c1475 Wall. xi. 1190 (it was knawin to ȝow aw). c1500-c1512 Dunb. Flyting 95 (quhair we wer famist aw); 178 (loun of lownis aw). 1535 Stewart 689 (the pepill thankit tha goddis aw); 2169 (in middis of thame aw); etc. 1556 Lauder Off. Kings 204 (one and aw). a1568 Sat. P. xlvi. 56 (thir tyddis may tyn ws aw).(c) c1500-c1512 Dunb. liii. 9 M (as he culd lern tham a). 1603 Philotus 127 (the feind resaue the lachters a).

c. In the phrase all as ane, etc. 1387 Edinb. Chart. 35.
The forsaidys … , al as ane, and ane as all, sal mak [etc.]
1442 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 397.
[Thai] oblist thame ane as all, and all as ane, til a honourable knight
1471 Acta Aud. 22/2.
The lordis auditouris of causis & complantis to be ourman all as ane
1531 Rec. Earld. Orkney 213.
Conjunctly and severly, all as ane and ane as all

3. Every kind or form of; every degree of.a1400 Leg. S. iii. 981 (al il presumpcione and all suspicione). c1420 Wynt. i. 107 (abowndande in all delyte). 1443 Highland P. II. 179 (al fraude and gile away put). c1500-c1512 Dunb. lxvi. 34 (all witnes). 1533 Gau 88/3 (keip ws fra al onthankfulnes). 1533 Bell. Livy I. 298/4 (vode of all gude esperance).

b. Every.a1400 Leg. S. xxvii. 344 (of alman but offens). c1420 Wynt. i. 106 (a propyr place at all dewys); 774 (lyk till a man in al degre). c1490 Irland Asl. MS. I. 9/18 (all person havand wit). c1500-c1512 Dunb. iv. 19 (riche and pur of al degre). 1533 Gau 8/21 (al man and voman); 20/22 (in al maner). c1552 Lynd. Mon. 790 (aboue all thyng materiall); 2503 (all creature). 1562-3 Winȝet I. 5/11 (al Ethnik, Turk and Jow). 1567 Sat. P. v. 137 (all vitious wycht).

c. All thing, everything. (Also written as one word; see Althing.)c1420 Wynt. viii. 4230 (all thyng that mycht mak serwyse). c1500 Fyve Bestes 323 (our all thing this tovne he lufit best). 1509 Reg. Privy S. I. 578/1 (al thing that may folow thairupon). a1570-86 Maitland M. Fol. xiv. 33 (attour all thing); clxxx. 2 (aboue all thing).

d. All kind of, every kind of. (Cf. Alkind a.) Also all sort of.c1420 Wynt. i. 480 (all kynd of men). c1450 Cr. Deyng 35 (al kynd of man). a1500 Henr. II. 281/136 (alkynd of pestilence). c1490 Irland Asl. MS. I. 8/15 (aganis allkynd of syn). a1570-86 Maitland M. Fol. cvii. 14 (all kynd of wickitnes). 1596 Dalr. I. 19/32 (with al kynde of armour). 1600 Hamilton Facile Tr. 70 (al sort of heresies).

e. (After without.) Any. 1596 Dalr. I. 55/29.
Schipis may sail baith in and out without al danger

4. absol. All persons or things; the whole number. Freq. with relative following.1375 Barb. x. 231 (he cryit, call all!). 1392 Lennox Mun. II. 48 (til al that thir lettrez herys). a1500 Henr. Orph. 57 (the nynt and last of all). 1493 Antiq. Aberd. & B. II. 215 (til al quhom it efferis). c1500-c1512 Dunb. iv. 85 (he has tane, last of aw, gud gentill Stobo); xxxiv. 84 (welcum all attanis). a1570-86 Maitland M. Fol. xvii. 13 (it is he allane that rewlis aw).

5. With various additions: a. All and hale. 1438 Ayr Friars Pr. Chart. 48.
Al and hale the ta halfe of the tenement
1444 Antiq. Aberd. & B. IV. 194.
Ale and haille his part of the landis
1478 Charter (Reg. H.) No. 471.
All and hale our movabyll gudis
1493 Lennox Mun. 149.
All and hall the lafe of the Iandis
1539 Misc. Spald. C. IV. 33.
Ay and quhil al and hail the days and termis … be fullelie … completit
1543 Fam. Innes 108.
Possessioun … of al and hail the forenemmyt landis
1552 Reg. Cupar A. II. 108.
All and hele [sic] ane auchtane pairt of oure town
1617 Acts IV. 571/1.
All and haill the manis of Grenelaw
1654 in Jedburgh Gaz. (7 July 1916) 3/4.
With all and haill the viccarage of the said haill parochine

b. All and sindry (or sundry). 1389 Wemyss Chart. II. 24.
There thyngys al and syndry … to be fulfyllyt [etc.]
1420 Liber Aberbr. 53.
In al and sundry hostilariis … of … thairis landis
1439 Edinb. Chart. 64.
Til al and sindry to the knawlege off quham thir present lettres sal tocum
1448 Stirlings of Keir 221.
Alle and sindry my landis … withe thayre pertinens
1509 Fam. Rose 180.
My forester of ale and sundry my forestis
1553 Carte Northberwic 67.
All and syndre the poyntis of vrycht craift
1592 Acts III. 624/2.
In all and sindre his and thair actionis
1630 Mem. Skene 198.
Togidder with all and sindrie teindschaues
1654 in Jedburgh Gaz. (7 July 1916) 3/4.
All and sindrie the parochiners of the said paroche Kirk

c. Al and sum. 1400 Maxwell Mem. I. 141.
Al thir thyngis, al and sum and ilkane be thaim self
a1500 Prestis of Peblis 97; Ib. 264.
To ȝow I gif this questioun all & sum, ffor to declair
c1500-c1512 Dunb. xc. 56.
That thow schaw furth thi synnes al and sum
1560 Rolland Seven S. 165/8.
Quhat thairof sall cum, To ȝour plesure ȝe sall knaw all and sum
a1605 Montg. Misc. P. xxvi. 36.
Quhat force is this, subdeuing all and sum?

d. All and ane, every one. c1500-c1512 Dunb. vi. 60.
That wer bot lesingis all and ane
1560 Rolland Seven S. 32/32.
Euin sa we suld be all and ane To our Parents obedient

B. n. Everything; the whole. Freq. followed by that (relative).c1420 Wynt. i. 597 (all that thai wroucht). c1450 Cr. Deyng 56 (al that is profytable to the saull). c1475 Wall. vii. 388 (the Makar of aw). a1500 Henr. Orph. 607 (ale thus gois doun). c1500-c1512 Dunb. lxxii. 77 (quhill cors and corps and all did crak). 1581 Antiq. Aberd. & B. II. 407 (to pay all at anis togidder). 1596 Dalr. I. 21/5 (in passing a riuer al is lost).

b. In all (opp. to in part), in whole.1423 Reg. Great S. 31/2 (nothir in al na in part). 1508 Reg. Privy S. I. 251/2 (in all or in parte). 1512 Ib. 365/2 (the landis in all or part).

c. At all, in all respects, altogether. Also (with negatives or interrogatives), in any respect, to any extent.c1420 Ratis R. 280 (the first [virtue] is stalwartnes of hart at all). c1500-c1512 Dunb. ix. 29 ([I have not] naikit cled at all). 1513 Doug. i. Prol. 31 (my cunning febill at all). c1552 Lynd. Mon. 5896 (thair predecessouris will thame misken at all). c1568 Lauder Minor P. i. 214 (that he may knaw the sam at all).Id. Off. Kings 145 (quhat gret difference is at all betuix ȝow … ). 1680 Seafield Corr. p. xviii (I have little or no money at a).

d. Our all, with all: see Our-all, With-all.

C. adv. Altogether, entirely, completely, quite. All allane: see Allane. All to (= too): see To adv.1375 Barb. i. 392 (all othir contenance had he); ii. 558 (all at ese and sekyrly). c1420 Wynt. vi. 321 (a serpent all wgly). a1500 Rauf C. 101 (all abaisit for blame). a1500 Lanc. 115 (al magre thine). c1500-c1512 Dunb. G. Targe 71 (all to lyte); 141 (all sudaynly). a1568 Bann. MS. 229 b/1 (all for ane is my mane). 1560 Rolland Seven S. 55/7 (al quyte). 1622-6 Bisset II. 246/26 (all alonge).

b. All out, completely, absolutely.Sometimes written as one word: see Allout adv. 1375 Barb. iii. 312.
His hart began to faille all out
?1438 Alex. i. 1110.
He raid … Ane archear-shot all out and mare
c1475 Wall. v. 981.
Wysar in weyr ye ar all out than I
1513 Doug. xi. xvi. 19.
To mekill all owt sa cruell punysyng Has thou sufferit
15.. Clar. v. 2193.
The tyme compleit of monethes two all out
a1570-86 Maitl. F. xlvii. 42.
Quha traistis thairin … Ar schent and schamit syn all out

D. conj. Even if, although. Cf. Albeit. a1400 Leg. S. xxx. 264.
Al be thu neuir sa lele
?1438 Alex. ii. 2738.
All may I nocht be his warrand
Ib. 4167.
All was it maugre thairis baith

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"All adj.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 26 May 2024 <>



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