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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1937 (DOST Vol. I).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Blude, Bluid, n. Also: blode; blud, bludde, bluide, blwid; bloud, blowd (blood, bloode). [Northern ME. blude, ME. blode, blod, OE. blód.]

1. The blood of men or animals.(a) 1375 Barb. ii. 352.
The blud owt … brest
Ib. v. 405.
Blude and vyne Ran all togidder
a1400 Leg. S. Prol. 74.
Til his hand ran the blud
c1420 Wynt. i. 824.
Adamant … That nevyr ma brek but bukkys blwde
Ib. ii. 571; etc.
Thare wattyre turnyt in blude
Ib. viii. 2062.
He … kest fast … the blode In-till Willame Walays face
1456 Hay I. 196/16.
Durand his breth and hete of blude
Ib. II. 127/6; etc.
That makis gud blud
c1460 Consail Wys Man 396.
Weng [= venge] nocht quhil thi blud be cule
a1500 Gaw. & Gol. 6.
Biggest of bane and blude
a1500 Seven S. 440.
The hous flure was full of blud
1513 Doug. ii. v. 51.
All hys hayr was glotnyt full of blude
Ib. x. 136.
In blude and florist ȝouth
Ib. iii. iv. 96; etc.
Thar blude congelit
1531 Bell. Boece I. 43.
The capitanis … baithit thair handis with mannis blude
a1540 Freiris Berw. 41.
Freir Robert wes ȝoung, and verry hett of blude
a1585 Polwart Flyt. 559.
With … bowels bowden with bruised blude
1596 Dalr. I. 90/1.
Quhen the blude was lattin out
(b) 1533 Gau 66/4.
With members, flesch, blwid and beine
a1605 Montg. Son. xxxvi. 9.
My bluid is brunt
Id. Ch. & Slae 241.
Now na bluid in me remanis
(c) 1569-73 Bann. Memor. 334.
He vomeited like bloud
1587-99 Hume iv. 12.
Within my vaines the bloud is skant and cald
a1598 Ferg. Prov. 104.
Quhair the deer is slain, some bloud will lye

b. In references to the blood of Christ. c1420 Wynt. viii. 915.
Be Goddis blud, he sayd
1456 Hay I. 105/10.
The … lord that boucht it with his blude
c1460 Thewis Wysmen 366.
Thai … mansueris Goddis flesch and blud
a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 1058.
With thi blissit blude
1490 Irland Mir. I. 123/23.
Be his gret merit and precius blude
a1570-86 Dunb. Maitl. F. xxxii. 46.
Be Goddis blud, quod the tauerneir
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 271.
Be the vertew of that precious blude
a1578 Pitsc. I. 310/12.
The blode of Christ Jessus

2. Relationship by birth; consanguinity; kinship, kindred, family, race. 1375 Barb. ix. 732.
He wes till the king in neir degre Of blude, for his sister him bare
Ib. xvii. 319.
The mast party … War of his blud, and sib men ner
c1420 Wynt. v. 1333.
Thare sulde na stat succede be blude, Bot thare ware undyre wertu gude
Ib. 4242.
Thare wes slayne downe the Brettis blud
Ib. vii. 583.
Saxon and the Scottys blude
1456 Hay I. 187/15.
To mak weris apon na Cristyn blude
Ib. 253/13.
The lignie male of the blude ryall of Fraunce
c1450-2 Howlat 384; Ib. 394.
The Dowglas … Baith barmekyn and bar to Scottis blud bene
c1420 Ratis R. 45.
Pure men, cumyne of simpyl blude
1481 Antiq. Aberd. & B. II. 331.
The best vordyast and nerast of thair blud and kyn
a1500 Bk. Chess 1270.
That he was borne bot of a bastardis blud
a1508 Kennedy Flyt. 417.
I am the kingis blude
1509 Antiq. Aberd. & B. II. 266.
For tendernes, alliance and blude being amangis ws
1516 Acts II. 283/1.
That … Iohne, duke of Albany, … is nerrest of lyne & blude
1530 Lennox Mun. 237.
Conforme to thair proximite … of bluyd
1531 Bell. Boece I. ii.
Thocht thay war of oncouth blude
Ib. 146.
Thay war baith of a blude
c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 218.
Of the blude royall of Scotland
?1549 Monro W. Isles 14.
He and his bluid are the best men in that country
1558-66 Knox II. 71.
God … red us from the rest of the Guysiane blude
a1570-86 J. Maitland M. Fol. clxxvii. 75.
Scotland … hes bene alwayis brukit be a bloud
a1585 Maitl. Q. lxviii. 141.
Quha dois not knaw the Maitland bluid The best in all this land
1596 Dalr. II. 268/24.
Lenox, as nerrest the kingis blude, … suld tak a mendis

b. Of or in blude, related by blood. Also (nerrest) air of blude, etc. 1456 Hay I. 191/29.
Suppos he war nocht of blude syb cousingage
a1500 Doug. K. Hart 610.
Gif that ȝe war of kyn and blude to me
c1515 Asl. MS. I. 204/14.
The king of Fraunce partit with his qwene becaus thai ware of blude
c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 1197.
Ane gentilman … The quhilk to him wes not in blude
1613 Crim. Trials III. 262.
The said Robert, as nerrest agnat of bluid to thame
1626 Antiq. Aberd. & B. IV. 252.
Johne erle of Mar … air of bluid to vmquhill Dame Issobell Dowglas
Ib. 253.
Narrest and vndoubtit air of blud to hir

3. With reference to the shedding of blood. c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 472.
Hys temple was Fyled in the effusioune Of mannys blud
c1420 Wynt. ii. 12.
Mekyll off sakles blwde he schede
Ib. vi. 1498.
He gert sla men … And spylt gret blud
1456 Hay I. 57/7.
Sik destruccioun of blude was never … sene in a felde
c1475 Wall. ii. 10.
It was his lyff … To se thaim sched the byrnand Sothroun blude
1508 Reg. Privy S. I. 242/1.
For … passing away with the blude of the samyn slauchter
1513 Doug. ii. ii. 26.
To sched my blude by paynful deth
1533 Gau 104/28.
The voce of his blwid cryis … to the hewine
1535 Stewart 24153.
That was ane taikin gude Of victorie, that thai gat the first blude
Ib. 24155.
Distroyand … baith with blude and fyre
1549 Compl. 27/16.
The end of them that settis ther felicite to skattir & to skail blude
1570 Leslie 24.
The effusion of micle bludde micht be avoided
a1585 Maitl. Q. lxi. 24.
So lat his bluid be on thair heidis
1596 Dalr. II. 291/10.
The slauchter and blode of the cardinal and preistes
1641 Aberd. B. Rec. IV. 256.
To the effusioun of other of thair blodis

b. An act of bloodshed; an assault to the effusion of blood. Also without article: Bloodshed.Bla and blude, blude and bla: see Bla n.(1) 1509 Bishop's Castle (1888) 44.
Act and discharge contra the sheriff of Drumfries for intromitting with any bluids commitid within the toune
1520 Fife Sheriff Ct. 185.
James Sleich … comperit nocht the said day to ansuere … for the committing of the said blud
1546 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 228.
Becaus the bluid wes recently committit within ane priuilegit towne
1565 Reg. Privy C. I. 411.
To preif the allegit bluid and inymitie standing betuix thame
1577 Lanark B. Rec. 73.
The bludis, forcementis, dissobediens, and wardouris breking
1582 Inverness B. Rec. I. 292.
The inqueist … hes convict hir in the blude maid vpon Iames Roy in respect scho lugit … the committaris of the said blude
1610 Glasgow B. Rec. I. 316.
The manifald trublancis wrangis and bludis quilkis … ar committit be notorious tulyeouris
1648 Stirling B. Rec. I. 194.
Trublances, bludes, & injuries to be judgit ony uther day, for bettir keiping of the Sabothe
1662 Lamont Diary 152.
George Mutray, … was absolued of a blood at Lundy, … and the same day was found guilty of the same blood att Cuper
1668 Corshill Baron Ct. 87.
Ane blood comitted … be the said Hew by the throw of ane stone one the face of the said Thomas
1678 Mackenzie Laws & C. (1699) 207.
A blood proven by confession, may be punished by an unlaw of fifty pounds
(2) 1590 Reg. Privy C. IV. 516.
He causis persew thame for blude and convictis thame
1606 Lett. & St. P. Jas. VI 82.
The privilege of constabularie … hes bene to judge vpone bluide and bluidweit
1621 Black Bk. Taymouth 369.
The assyis … convictis the defender in blood, and the persewar in trublance
1674 Justiciary Ct. II. 230.
The resisting of letters of ejection … , whereupon no action of blood followed

c. A fine for bloodshed. (Cf. Bludewite 2.) 1606 Melrose R. Rec. I. 8; Ib. 9.
Thai salbe ansuerabill to satisfe the kirk for payment of the bluids
1617 Aberd. Chart. 361.
All bluidis, vnlawis, … casualties, … belanging to the said office of admiralitie
1641 Acts V. 627/2.
The bluides, bluidweittes [etc.] … to receave and vptak

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"Blude n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 24 May 2024 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/blude_n>

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