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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1937 (DOST Vol. I).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Als, Alse, adv. and conj. Also: hals, alls, allis, ols. [ME. alse, als, reduced form of Alsa adv.]

1. Also, as well. 1375 Barb. i. 413.
Thiddirwart went mony baroune; Byschop Wylȝame off Lambyrtoun Raid thiddyr als
a1400 Leg. S. ii. 975.
To thrillmen & to women, And to ȝoung men als gef he lare
c1420 Wynt. i. 569.
Thar lyis als wythin that se The ilys of Krym and Argwe
c1475 Wall. i. 95.
Eduuard … gert sla hastely, Off man and wiff, vij thousand and fyfty, And barnys als
1513 Doug. i. Prol. 416.
That he admittis … and callys hym traytour als
1535 Stewart 284.
Scota his wife … Ȝeid with him als that tyme
1563-1570 Buch. Wr. 16.
Als the beddel to be payit of the samyn
1596 Dalr. II. 274/26.
Quhil thay war tyret, and he als, of that busines
1611-57 Mure I. 11/84.
Sua, as by the, our lipps els ar vnited, Our herts als to conioyne may be invited

b. Following immediately upon and. 1375 Barb. i. 100.
Landis, that war till him marcheand, As Walis was, and als Ireland
a1400 Leg. S. i. 42.
He resuscit Thabitane; And als he heilytt Anyan
c1450-2 Howlat 699.
Syne all the lentryne … and the lang reid, and als in the adwent
1467 Acta Aud. 8/1.
For himself & als as procuratour for his dochter
a1500 Rauf C. 523.
Oft fair foullis ar fundin faynt, and als freuch
1511 Reg. Privy S. I. 343/1.
Of the gift of the ward … and als of the gift of the releif of the saidis landis
1535 Stewart 23135.
The nobillis all and alls the multitude
1563-1570 Buch. Wr. 16.
The gagis of the rectour … , and als al thyr casualiteis, to be … moderat
a1578 Pitsc. I. 6/12.
The martiall deidis and als the fattell end of his … pregeniture
1614–5 Misc. Spald. C. V. 95.
For reductioun of the tackis … and als for letteris of lousing the fermes
1695 Acts IX. 519/2.
With the customs and other profits … and alse with the power and priviledge of an free Sea Port

c. Nocht ane or anerly (later only) … bot als. (See also Allanerly adv.) a1400 Leg. S. xxxvi. 427.
Abstinence nocht ane of met & drink … bot als of play
c1460 Thewis Wysmen 301.
Nocht anerly … of wys menis thewis, Bot als of fulys
1533 Bell. Livy I. 289/12.
Nocht anerlie the landwart villagis bot als the ciete
1569 Sat. P. x. 350.
Not only lufit he vprychteousnes, Bot als he hatit vice
a1578 Pitsc. I. 14/18.
He nocht onlie spoilȝeit the haill cuntreis … bot als crewelie slew the indwellaris thairof

2. Als … as (rarely als), as … as.For special uses with fer (far), lang, mekill, mony, oft, sone (soon), wele, see these words, and Alsmekill, Alsmony, Alssone, Alsswyth, Alswele. 1375 Barb. i. 161.
I sall als frely in all thing Hald it, as it afferis to king
1387 Edinb. Chart. 35.
With a durre als gude maner as the durre standand in the west gavyl
1405 Lennox Mun. 57.
The patronage of the said Kirk … alse often as it happinys to be vacand
1442 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 8.
That this burgh sal be wachit ilke nyght … als lang tyme as the cuntreth is in trubble
a1500 Rauf C. 252.
Thair may thow sell, be ressoun, als deir as thow will prys
c1500-c1512 Dunb. vi. 55.
We weir als sib as seue & riddill
1526 Misc. Spald. C. IV. 26.
To bruke als paceblie and fre als the said Johne or his forbearis did
1562-3 Winȝet I. 12/22.
To … leue als dum in Godis cause, as ony fische in the watter
1571 Sat. P. xxix. 21.
Ȝitt I beleiff ols mony myndis thochte, ha, loury, ha, ha! Quhen Dauid vnder the sek did loure, as toungs did coy or say
1596 Dalr. I. 19/4.
Thay beir verie schorte tailis, als schorte as the tail of ane hyne
1622 Melrose P. 480.
I come heir … with allis gryt expedition as I could
1659 Aberd. B. Rec. 181.
That ewerie scoller … haue ane antagonist who may be alse equal as can be
1693 Melville Chart. 229.
The children are alse biggott as the father

b. Without as following. a1500 Rauf C. 108.
I trow our gaist be the gait hes farne als ill
1499 Halyb. 162.
A mat to his chamer of xx fut lang, and alls brad
1558-66 Knox II. 274.
Unto such tyme as a law, als publictlie maid, and als consonant to the law of God, have disannulled the formar
1596 Dalr. I. 296/21.
This goldne aple … quhilk als mekle commendes the crafte of the craftesman that wrochte it
1604-31 Craig I. 27/16.
As children do for thryse als good agane
1662 Decis. Lords G. 18.
Sir George ... , having acquired right to a debt due by his pupil, ... was debitor to his pupil in alse much

3. conj. As; while. 1570 Sat. P. xxv. 60.
And, als I argoued all the cais, I hard ane say [etc.]

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"Als adv., conj.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 16 Jul 2024 <>



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