A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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Swing, Swyng, v. Also: sweng. P.t. swang. [ME and e.m.E. swing(en (c1175), swyng(en (?c1390), p.t. suang (Cursor M.), swong (Manning), swange (14th c.), swyngede (a1375), swenged (Trevisa), p.p. suungen (Cursor M.), suongyn (c1450), OE swingan, p.t. swang, swungon, p.p. ᵹeswungen.]

1. intr. To strike a blow by swinging the arm with a sword. Out with suerdis thai swang fra thair schalk side; Gol. & Gaw. 562.
Bot lat the riche man … fecht in his curage, To swyng with suerd quhil he suage; Gol. & Gaw. 828.
Wallace thar with swyth with a suerd out swang. Vpon the hede he straik [etc.]; Wall. iv 314.

2. tr. a. To draw out (a sword). b. To wield (a sword). a. Quhen the … speris failȝit, Thair swordis swyftly out thai swyng [F. recovré]; Alex. i 1027.
b. Thame stowtly he assalit … And euer his schynand swerd about him swang; Doug. x vii 161.
Quhen speirs was past thair … swords drew Quhill plait and maill all into flenders flew. Thair swords thai swang; Rolland Seven S. 9540.

3. To throw forcibly, hurl, fling. Til hyr nek, … Thai band faste a gret mylstan, & in-to Tybre syne hir swang; Leg. S. xxxi 847.
He hint him be the heillis, And with ane swak he swang him on the creillis; Henr. Fab. 2076.

4. intr. To labour, toil. Cf. swink and swete Swink v. His seruand or his self may not be spaird To swing and sweit, withoutin meit or wage; Henr. Fab. 2752.

5. To indulge one's inclination, employ one's time freely (with something). [Cf. 17th c. Eng. swindging (1613). Cf. also Swingeo(u)r n. an idler.] As for my part I salbe reddy to serue, and as willing to lye ydle, and suinge with my bukis, the wyf, and bairnis, gif his Majestie will permit me; 1588 Waus Corr. 422.

6. To move freely backwards and forwards from a fixed point. As for the nettis of the Calate [tributary of the Tweed] sall set thar stavis and lend abown the thre stanis and lend on thar awn land and sweng quhar scho wyll; 1467 Reg. Dunferm. 359.

7. Of a ship: To capsize, keel over. Bot gif the schip … swing ouer in a dry harbery he [the master] sall pay the skaith; Welwod 53.

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"Swing v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 23 May 2019 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/swing_v>



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