A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)
Strek(e, Streik(e, Stre(t)ch(e, v. Also: streek, streak, strik, stra(i)k, strect, streich(e, streitche, streech, streach(e, streatch(e, straiche, stracht, straucht. P.t. also strawcht, strauchit. P.p. also stratched, straught. [ME and e.m.E. strek- (c1250), streyk- (Prompt. Parv.), streak- (1577), streek- (1594); also streche (a1225), stretche (Wyclif), stratch- (Malory), OE streccan (see OED Streek v. for a discussion of the history and development of north. ME strēk- and south. ME strēch-.] See also Overstreke v.
1. tr. a. To extend or pull (something flexible) from one point to another or over a surface, by drawing it out straight.
(a) A cruk … Of irn … fra it in ane kyrnaill ware, And the leddir [of ropes] thar-fra stratly Strekit, it suld stand sekirly; Barb. x 367.
(b) Then upon his hands he streeches Two yellow gloves; Colvil Whig's Suppl. (1681) ii 11.
b. To stretch (a person) on a cross or rack, as a punishment.
(a) Thane one the croice but howne Thai strekyt and band hym sone With cordis; Leg. S. iii 688.
Catife corse is now Nakit strekit in til a frame; Leg. S. xxxvii 167.
He gert strek hire in a frame [L. in equuleum] & torment hir in syndry vyse; Leg. S. xlii 168.
(b) And bad his tormentoris but bad Thane one the croice thai suld hym stracht; Leg. S. iii 645.
& thar-eftyre gert hyme straucht In til framis with al thare macht; Leg. S. xxii 337.
c. Of the hands: To be stretched in crucifixion.
That he syne suld hynge A-pone the croice with handis stracht; Leg. S. iii 453.
2. intr. To extend, stretch (in a specified direction or for a specified distance).
pres. & of his hewyd the lochtris of hare Til his fete strekand ware; Leg. S. ix 220.
The qwilke foure [men] layd the lande wyth lyne and departit tham ewynly in tua … begynand on the west part of the Lowssy law strekand west … in tyl thar toftis the forsayd Gylbert at the sadow and the forsayd Alysonder at the sone; 1388 Bamff Chart. 22.
On the syde as Nessoke strekis vp to the hevid fra the entre of Condoll is the mere; 1391 Antiq. Aberd. & B. IV 379.
All the landis of Asye, That fra the north throw est out strykis Vnto the south quhill at it rekis; Wynt. i 527 (E).
Fra that [finger] to the hart he sayde Ane ewyn strekande wayne [= vein] wes layde; Wynt. ii 432.
The gat at strekis fra the Merkat Cors tyll the he kyrk of Glasgu; 1433–4 Liber Coll. Glasg. in Orig. Par. I 14 n.
And sua furth est as Dunberrow streikis as the Greyne Laich gais to the Greyne Rod on the north syidis of Fallaty; 1434 Liber Aberbr. II 67.
Eysmentis to our warandare of our conyngare, so far as the quarter strekis to, that is for to sa, twa acris of land tayn out of the hale Grange; 1474 Reg. Cupar A. I 194.
Liniali as the mur strekis of lynth betuix [etc.]; 1493 Reg. Episc. Morav. 250.
[As it lies in length and breadth] streakand from the say on the north part till the farrest partis that pertenis to the said tenement; 1513 Rec. Earld. Orkney 334.
The fludis strekis plane our al the see; Doug. v xiii 128.
Strakand; 1526 Orkney & Shetl. Rec. I 105.
Straikand fra hir southmest gavill of hir said tennement unto the commoun loyn; 1575 Rec. Earld. Orkney 138.
The Loch of Carluvay, streeking in almost to the middest of the countrie; c1680 Morisone in Macfarlane's Geog. Coll. II 211.
(b) Hauing no further dominion then their own diosies did streich; 1563 Ferg. Tracts 22.
Sub mornia tendit, [of a road] streatches out under; Buch. Comm. on Virgil Æn. vi 541.
The hill called Ord with a range of other hills which doe streatch from the south sea to the north ocean; Gordon Geneal. Hist. 1.
p.t. Apon the cawse That wes betuix thame and the toune, That strekit lang in a randoune; Barb. xviii 130.
The quhilk kynrik strekit throw-out A gret arme of the se; Troy-bk. ii 1799.
A low out off that ryfft Strak wp evyn nere to the lyfft; Wynt. iv 2086.
From hys belly and thens fordwart dovn The remanent straucht lyke a fyschis tayll; Doug. x iv 131.
Quharthrow thar strekyt a rod or a strait way; Doug. xi x 88 (Sm.).
p.p. Thar was A craggy bra strekyt weill lang; Barb. xviii 366.
Sowth on to Danoy strekyd is A land cald Nedyre Sythya; Wynt. i 1188.
[The Earl of Morton … who, not satisfied to have (by what means I know not)] stratched in his handis [the whole realm of Scotland]; 1572–3 Cal. Sc. P. IV 507.
b. fig. Of something non-material.
(a) Micht he haf lifit quhill he had beyne Of perfit elde … His renoune suld haf strekit fer; Barb. xvii 929.
Godis priuite That be na way ma witine be Ne manis wit ma strek thartill; Leg. S. xxvii 1120.
Als fer as his gudli power may streke; 1435 Antiq. Aberd. & B. IV 189.
As that our sight may vp to hevynnys streke; Doug. vi ix 100.
For we sal nocht haue glorie ouere mesure, bot be the mesure of the reule the quhilk God mesurit to vs, the mesure that strekis to you; Nisbet 2 Cor. x 13.
For the word of God … strekis to the departing of the saule and of the spirit; Nisbet Heb. iv 12.
The valeu therof [sc. an auction of the Friar kirk choir] to be applyit to the common verk and detts payit sa far as it streaks; 1570 Dumfr. & Galloway Soc. 3 Ser. I 314.
(b) Thy grace and thy compassions trew, Which so muche greatar ar, for that they to the worthles streache; Fowler I 277/73.
Streatch; Garden Worthies 149.
Words are not to be stretched, but rather to be impropriated ad evitandum delictum; 1678 Fountainhall Decis. I 14.
Wheir law wes streatched alse farr as it wold goe; 1693 Laing MSS 478.
c. In legal contexts, of acts, etc.: To extend as far as, be applicable to (against, upone) (a particular person or group of persons).
This act to be vnderstand to strect vpone all prebenderis indifferentlie that schawis na impediment to the rest … of thair absence; 1584 Reg. Soltre 240.
Sua that the formar act nor any obleisement maid be the said Niniane sall in ony tyme heirefter streik or extend against the said Ninian or his cautioner for payment thairof but sall be null; 1659 Rothesay B. Rec. 40.
3. To extend, hold out (an object, esp. a weapon). Also, to streik ane vand, (of an official or officer) to wield the baton or rod of office.
(1) Haniball Strakit his spere and spurrit his steid; Hay Alex. 1526.
In middis the stour he strekis his burdoun; Hay Alex. 1535.
Sone thai streikit thair standartis vpon hicht; Stewart 7144.
And naiprie wes weschin clene and fair, In steid of standartis st[r]eikit in the air; Stewart 50220.
Go to than, shirs, and let vs streik a sting; Montg. Misc. P. xlix 29.
(b) Thai straucht thar speris, on athir syd; Barb. ii 348.
With hedis stowpand and speris straucht Richt to the kyng thar vay thai raucht; Barb. viii 297.
Alex. ii 1229, etc.
But mare lete, Thai strawcht thair speris, and thai thaim mete In to the fwrd; Wynt. viii 4690.
— Tendere, to extend, bend, streach out; Despauter (1696).
(2) Eneas … in hys hand straucht furth, at he mycht se, In takyn of peax a branch of olyve tre; Doug. viii iii 47.
(3) The said Andro poyndit the gudis mentionat in the persewaris libell thai beand within the burgh of Kyntor and fredome of the same quhair he had na power to streik ane vand be vertew of the precept producit for thair defenssis nor na uder way; 1558–9 Aberd. Sheriff Ct. I 159.
b. tr. To hold out, proffer (something) (to someone).
Thai haf tane Of that fyngire a litil bane, To Godis son that strekit he, Quhen he come baptist to be; Leg. S. xxxvi 581.
c. To let down, release (nets, anchors) into the sea.
Vndir colour as thai suld begin to streke furth the anchoris [Vulg. anchoras extendere]; Nisbet Acts xxvii 30.
Thir personis vnderwritin payng for ilk net ȝerlie tene lib. afoir hand to the thesaurar or euer thai streik the nettis; 1531 Perth Guildry 373.
d. To streke a borch, to put forward a pledge or surety.
See Borch(t n. 4 (2) for further examples.
The bischop strekyt ane borch; 1410 Reg. Episc. Brechin. I 30.
The sayd Samuel strekyt a borch in the sergeandis hand that he was quyit tyl his princypale thyng; 1430 Ayr B. Ct. 8 May.
John of Lowdoun strekit a borch that the prwff that Johne Mathisone mad on hym til ansuer til a breff of richt til Johne Crukshank [etc.]; 1444 Aberd. B. Rec. I 398.
The actioun of the determinaton of the borch & recountyr strikyt be the larde of Ogstoun; 1452 Aberd. B. Rec. MS V i 163.
James Paterson, ane of the procurator fiscallis of the burcht of Innernis, strekis ane brocht on all and haill the fre wemen of this burcht … that [etc.]; 1577 Inverness Rec. I 258.
[When] the tane [party] strek a borghe apone a weir of law, the tother party sal haf leif to be avisit … quhether he will recountre it or nocht; Bisset III 54 n.
4. Of the sun, planets, a comet: To emit (a beam of light).
Eftir as thair [sc. the planets'] bemys strekit air, Owthir all evin, or on wry; Barb. iv 704.
The sone cane fare bemys strek That fra the hewine til erd can rek; Leg. S. xviii 1319.
The comete … ay the beme it strekys thare Quhare that infortune sall rys; Wynt. v 3124.
5. To extend, stretch ((a part of) the body). Chiefly, const. prep. Also, transf. and fig.
pres. We sal gyf tham leyf to speke, Bot nane a fowt furth to streke; Leg. S. xi 258.
Quhen thai ly on erde to slepe … a fwt wpe thai streke That it fra thaim the weddyr brek; Wynt. i 717.
Baith heid, and feit, and taill ȝe man streik out; Henr. Fab. 2135 (Ch.).
Ye, wnder whome that he most nedis stond, At correccioune sal strek his mychty hond; Lanc. 1898.
Strekand vp my handis towart hevyn; Doug. iii iii 53.
Strekand hyr nek with hyssis lowd in teyn; Doug. v v 64.
‘Now cummys heir,’ said Ene, ‘quha lyst preif To streke thar armys furth, and heys on hycht, For mays or burdon arrayit weil at rycht; Doug. v vii 3.
Ful proude waloppis he, Hie strekand vp his hede with mony ane ne; Doug. xi x 24 (Ruddim.).
(b) Streich ȝe not furth ȝour arme but mair abaid … I sall haue all the hart blude at ȝour hart; Rolland Seven S. 4606.
To put bothe youre handes to your eares and then to streiche them out as the daw doeth when she raxeth her in the morning; 1563 Ferg. Tracts 21.
And streatching owt hir plesant hand, that hand so long desyrd; Fowler I 86/17.
Tendo, to streatch out; Duncan App. Etym.
p.t. That haly virgine but effray Hire faire hals strekit furth mylk-quhyt; Leg. S. l 1172.
He fell doune wpoun his knies and streikit forth his craig to the sword; Pitsc. I 60/26.
(b) Thys ilk Darhes … Hys armys strecht with gret flappys in the ayr; Doug. v vii 26.
Strauchte; Nisbet Matth. xxvi 51.
p.p. His harme, that strekit [wes] on hicht To strik; Leg. S. xxxvi 848.
His arme, that was strekit than On loft with drawin swerd; Troy-bk. ii 2596.
Tholomere, … lyand At eard streikit baith fute and hand; Alex. i 2654.
The cadgear … of the volff gat ane sicht, Quhair he … lay streikit in the gait; Henr. Fab. 2173.
Be my rycht hand, strekit vp inhy, [I] Hecht to translait his buke; Doug. xiii Prol. 150.
Hauing on the softest sand, By chance of meeting found The lyon streaked; James VI Poems I 162/915.
(b) For which guiltines the Lords hand is justlie stretchit out against this place and inhabitants theroff; 1658 Aberd. B. Rec. IV 170.
transf. The byg akis strekyng in the ayr thar croppys; Doug. iii x 46.
Als far as his [sc. the tree's] crop heich on breid Strekis in the ayr, als far hys rute doith spreid Deip vndir erth; Doug. iv viii 80.
Mont Apennynus … ioys to streik hys snawy top on hycht Vp in the ayr; Doug. xii xii 15.
fig. Strik nocht ay furth thi fellony [= anger] Qwhar thow has ourhand ore maistry; Consail Vys Man 341.
b. To streke one's hand (in another's), to clasp another's hand in token of sealing a bargain, etc.
The forsayde Syr Robart and Jon faythfully heht strekand thair handys in myne bodely makand gude fayth [etc.]; 1385 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 7.
With my lordis hand strekit in the deponeris handis; 1608 Crim. Trials III 45.
The communing and agreement was made, and hands straught therupon, before my father; 1677 Cunningham Diary 13.
c. To extend and flex (the limbs) by way of exercise, or to relieve cramp or stiffness.
Quhen thou rysis in the mornyng thou suld first mak thy passyng a lytill quhile up and doune, and strek and rak thy membris suetely and softly and evinly; Hay II 120/31.
I would often fetch a walke, to stretch my legs, that were stifled with a stumbling beast; Lithgow Trav. v 205.
d. tr. To open wide (the throat).
Like caged birds, he utters broken notes. These while loud, (poor things) and streatch their throats; 1687 Fugitive Poetry II xlii 7/6.
6. reflex. To stretch oneself out, lie (doun). Also, with aboue, to straddle.
(1) [The fox] strawcht him doun in middis of the way; Henr. Fab. 2050 (Harl.).
Dovne a bed I me strekyt; Doug. vii Prol. 94.
Dawnus … apon Turnus corps hym strekis doun; Doug. xiii v 23.
The poor sheep … win safely through to the fair green grass on the other side, and there they streik and dry themselves; 1662 Sel. Biog. I 210.
(2) Scho com in to the bed and strauchit hir self aboue him … mumbling sum wordis; 1623 Crim. Trials II 537.
7. To lay or stretch (a person, chiefly or only a corpse) out (downe).
(1) Steiche the dur & cache me, Lay me doun & streche me, Ding me, & dang me; Montg. Suppl. xviii 4.
The faithfull as forfoghten in the wearisome warfair of this militant life, after the victory of dissolution, should be streeked downe in graue; Birnie Kirk-b. iii.
(2) The lady his wyf … vald suffer na man nor voman to twiche him, bot hir self; scho lowked his eyes and streiked him; 1611 Reg. Panmure I xxxvi.
Compeired John Walker who deponed that Robert Bennett he being sick and dead (as was thought) for he was streakit; 1639 Kirkcaldy Presb. 141.
M. J. G. had sayd he would rayther see him streiked then to embrace such a temptation; 1654 Johnston Diary II 210.
b. tr. To urge on (an animal).
Emynedvs his steid thair straucht, And, … plungit in the stalwart stour; Alex. i 1803.
His stottis he straucht with ‘Benedicite’; Henr. Fab. 2237.
His hors he strekith our the larg gren; Lanc. 3080.
9. tr. To streke (a) pleuch, to stretch the harness of a plough; hence, to set a plough in motion, commence ploughing.
The form may be erroneous. Cf. Strik(e v. 7 b.
Ane mere and ane fille lent to him to stretche his pleuch; 1598 Breadalbane Ct. Bk. 190b.
b. To streke a pen, to employ, write with, a pen.
Thar pestilent precheouris … barkcand bauldly like bardis … to preis thair wittis and inginis and to streik all thair pennis in my contrar; Q. Kennedy Oratioune 20.
10. reflex. a. Of a person, in fig. use: To extend one's activities beyond what is normal or desirable; to exert oneself (to a certain degree). b. Of a voice: To project itself, make itself heard.
a. Hithertillis they have not streitched themselfis beyond their lynes bot walked within the compas of their trust; 1646 Glasgow B. Rec. II 104.
Except men will blot out of ther heartes the loue of religion … they must now or neuer appeire actiuely, eache one streaching himselue to the wttermost of his power; 1651 Rec. Kirk Scotl. 640.
b. Now … I persave my voce is not able to straiche the self vnto the earis of the multitude; 1570 Bann. Trans. 44.
11. transf. To exert force on, turn (a screw), in order to stretch (something).
Continued in the agonie of torture, the screw being by space and space streatched and forced, until he appeared near to faint; 1684 Dalyell Darker Superst. 650.
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"Strek(e v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 11 Apr 2021 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/streke_v>
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