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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 2001 (DOST Vol. IX).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Stan(e, n. Also: stain(e, stayn(e, staan, staein, sten(e, stein(e, steyn(e, stean(e, stin(e, ston(e, stoin(e, stoan, stoune. Pl. also stanies, stanyis, stannis, stonns. [Early and north. ME stane (c1175-1411), stan (Orm), ME and e.m.E. ston (c1200), stone (Manning), stoon (Chaucer), stonne (1520), OE stán, ON stein.] A stone.Also in place and personal names. c1616 Hume Orthog. 8.
A, sik as we pronunce in stean, or the south in stain
a1150 J. B. Johnston Place-names of Scotland (1972) s.v. Stenton.
1179–89 Reg. Paisley 89.
Adam de Stanford
1165–1214 Liber Melros in Orig. Par. I 281.
From Fairforde ascending to Staincros
1194–1214 Annandale Fam. Bk. I 1.
Steinreise bech
1214–49 Liber Melros 215.
Domino Willielmo flamatico de stanhus
1214–49 Liber Melros 235.
Sic ascendendo usque ad Thirlestangate
12… Liber Scon 54.
Certam … supra quarta parte piscerie nostre de Stan Inche
c1260 Liber Dryburgh 87.
In territorio meo de Thirlestan
13… Reg. Neubotle 22.
13… Liber Melros 429.
Willelmo de Gledstanes
1466 Charter (Reg. H.) No. 391.
Thre pennylande of Stanbuster
1600 Acts IV 246/2.
In thair courtis at the Stanehyve
1607 Acts IV 374.
Act anent the burcht of Stenhyve in the Mernis
1666 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Processes No. 2.
1705 Foulis Acc. Bk. 392.
For dinner to myselfe … and Mr Da. Carmichaells, Stanebyres
1382–3 Reg. Episc. Aberd. I 165.
Willelmus Thyrlstane

I. 1. a. A stone, a small, freq. loose, piece or fragment of rock, a pebble, a piece of grit. Also pl., rubble, ballast. b. A rock, a large or massy piece of stone, freq. fixed in the ground.Also proverb.There is some overlap with sense 6.a., b. 1375 Barb. xi 24.
A litill stane … May ger weltir ane mekill wane
a1400 Leg. S. iv 264.
The corse … thai … lad … done one a stane
a1400 Leg. S. xxiii 102.
Thai … rest has tane In a hol cowe vnder a stane
?1438 Alex. i 3146.
Sa fast Ferrand than gart he ga That stanis and flagmontis flaw him fra
c1420 Wynt. ii 503 (C).
The erde, and the stanys Ar tharof … the banys
c1420 Wynt. iii 1047.
A gret stane … That for this kyngis sete wes made
c1420 Ratis R. 1193.
He … has a balans … that weil may harbry al at anis Baith vind and wattir, erd & stanis
1471 Peebles B. Rec. I 167.
Women at flytis … sal be led to the four yetis of the town with the seriandis hyngand on thar schowder ij stanys in a irne chenya
a1500 Seven S. 2019.
Small sandy stanys
c1490 Irland Asl. MS 60/10.
Gif all the licht of the son and the heit of it strik apone a stane quhar thair is ane drope of watter, it sone dryis it
1533 Boece 155b.
Stanys ranyt in Athole
1533 Bell. Livy I 111/21.
Thai band ane brandreth of irne with mony grete stanys to his crag, and slang him in the wattir
15.. Wyf Awcht. 94.
He … thocht to haif wechst thame [sc. bed sheets] on ane stane
1560 Rolland Seven S. 3311.
Small stanis like peis, vpon hir heid thay kest, Maist like hailstanis
1563–4 Edinb. Old Acc. I 472.
For xxj faddome of ane greitt tow to draw furth the stanis furth of the glar
a1568 Gyre-carling 18.
Thay gnew doun with thair gomes mony grit stane
1595 Duncan App. Etym.
Scrupus, vel scrupulus, a litle stane, a dowte
1596 Dalr. I 14/1.
Rich in fisch that brede amang stanes
1608 Glasgow B. Rec. II 558.
The … claring the watter of Clyde of sandis, craig, stanis, [etc.]
(b) c1475 Wall. vii 868.
Heich … in Cragmor he maid it [sc. Macfadyen's head] for to stand Steild on a stayne for honour off Irland
1505 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 105.
For … clengeing of the hie streitt … of all maner of mwk … and fulȝie … , staynis and vtheris
1566-70 Buch. Comm. on Virgil Æn. vi 238.
Scrupea, lapidosa (full of littell small staines)
a1605 Montg. Misc. P. xxvi 5.
Not bot shap and cullour ȝit we se … As stains and trees appeiring gray and grene
1605 Glasgow B. Rec. I 237.
That he suffir na stainis nor ballest to be cassin out of boitis … in the wattir
1611 Conv. Burghs II 327.
To caus the fyscher boits … to be ballastet … with chyngill … and nocht with staynes
1613 Edinb. B. Rec. VI 96.
James Arnott [etc.] … to haif done wrang the said James … in bigging and raysing ane fawld and … James Aynisly in gaddering and laying of staynes upoun the touns land; … and thairfore ordanis thame … to remove … thair said fawld and staynes
1643 Glasgow B. Rec. II 60.
1678 Fawside Coal Compt 35.
It. for takeing downe staines [£2]
1681 Sheriffhall Coal Accompt 24 Jan.
Payed … for trilling out a staine
(c) c1520-c1535 Nisbet Matth. vii 24.
A wise man, that has biggit his hous on a staan
(d) 1675 Forbes Baron Ct. 300.
Thair sall neither be dust or stones rye or any refus among the fearm greind
1678 Fawside Coal Compt 37.
1684 Fawside Coal Compt 138.
(e) 1596–7 Misc. Spald. C. I 93.
proverb. a1598 Ferg. Prov. No. 364.
He is twise fain, that sits on a staine
a1598 Ferg. Prov. No. 746.
Spit on the stane, it will be wet at the last
a1628 Carmichael Prov. No. 1346.
Seindle growis there fog on a flittand stane

c. In Orkney and Shetland: Fra the hiest stane (point) of (in) the hill to the lawest (stane) of (in) the eb, a formula used in the disposition of land to indicate extent. 1488 Rec. Earld. Orkney 197.
Fra the hiest stane of the hill to the lawest stane of the eb
1528 Soc. Ant. XXV 191.
Fra the hyest point of the hill to the laues stein off thye ebb
1536 Soc. Ant. XVI 194.
Mr. Eduerd Synclar … fold of Zetland … sellis … fyve merkis land … fra the heast stane in the hil to the lawest in the eb

d. A mass of rock, a rocky crag or hill. 1513 Doug. ix vii 174.
Quhil the famyl and ofspring of Enee The stane immovabill of the Capitolie Inhabitis
1568 Crail B. Ct. MS 26 Oct.
The schip that brak at Maii stoune

e. coll. The ground. 1580 Skeyne Descr. Well Sig. A 3.
The vre thairof as it rynnis vpon the staines and ground ar of diuers cullouris
1558-66 Knox II 358.
Lady Forbes … cam … to vesytt the corps … and seing him ly upoun the cold steanes [etc.]

f. As the type of something inanimate, without life, sense or intelligence. a1400 Leg. S. i 274.
I … ma … Fle, quhen I will, and treis mak, And brede of harde stanis bake
a1400 Leg. S. xxvii 870.
Sancte Machor … strak hym with his staif … And he … turnyt till a stane And in that schape sa standis he A ȝard stane
c1520-c1535 Nisbet Matth. iii 9.
For I say to you, that God is mycheti to raise up of thir stanes the sonnis of Abraham
1549 Lamb Resonyng 29/8.
Wald this vnkyndlie fruit haue the stomok movit maid of a stane!
c1590 Fowler II 163/8.
The sees hes bene oppen, the clud hes convoyed theme, pr[a]yers poured water furth of stains, the heavens hes rayned manna
1598 James VI Basil. Doron 174/8.
Men soulde not lyke senceles staines contemne God in lichleing
1587-99 Hume 15/114.
O mightie God! quhilk for thy gloir, May animat the stains
a1605 Montg. Sonn. lx 12.
The Gorgon bot transformit men in sta[nis]

2. Stone, the naturally occurring, hard, mineral substance (other than metal). Freq. of stone, consisting of stone. Also particular sorts of stone.(1) c1475 Wall. vii 859.
Makfadȝane fled … On till a cave, within a clyfft off stayne
a1500 Colk. Sow iii 23.
Most the erth … as herbis stone or tre
15.. Clar. ii 1132.
The noyse dinlit baith aird and staine
a1605 Montg. Ch. & Slae 79 (W).
I sawe ane ryuer rin Out over ane craig and rock of stane
(2) 1490 Irland Mir. II 6/33.
As the stane or hevy erd may nocht ascend bot it be helpit be man [etc.]
1513 Doug. v iv 104.
Quhar hir sweit nest is holkyt in the stayn
1662 Crim. Trials III 609.
Owt sall the feaveris goe, [som] to the hill, som to the hap, som to the stone, some to the stok
(3) 1501 Doug. Pal. Hon. 1300.
The roche of slid hard marbell stone
1584-9 Maxwall Commonpl. Bk. Prov. No. 156.
The stoine of Scilicia, the more it is beatten the harder it is
1674 Sheriffhall Coal Accompt 21 Feb.
For taking of beiff or whyht stine

b. Erde and stane (stane and mwild), the symbols of legal possession of land. Also, once, pl.Presented to the incoming owner as proof of possession, also taken and presented in court as a symbol of an unpaid debt still existing as a charge on the land. Also, once, appar. in connection with the settlement of a boundary.Chiefly const. be, with. For further examples see Erd(e n. 3 c, Sele v. 3 b.(1) 1443 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III 268.
Findand na guidis … to mak the payment … gert our mairis set a str[es] upon the landis of [etc.] … and gert present to the four heid courtis nixt thaireftir … erd and stane and pro[ff]rit that landis to sell for payment of the foirsaide soume
1456 Peebles B. Rec. I 114.
That Wil Mouat balye … has geyfyng sessyng with erd and stan to Dic Gybsoun of hys land liand in the Cors Gat
1479 Dunferm. B. Rec. I 2.
The said Dauid resignit in the said balyeis hand erd and stane fra the yet est of the said land wytht fre ischay and entra to the halfyard
1485 Lag Chart. 54.
Thir marchiis underwritin to stande … betuix the saides parteis that is to say fra the newk of the house of the gait, a marche set wyth erde and stane quhill it cum to the burn [etc.]
1488 Dunferm. B. Rec. I 10.
The said balye deliuerit heritable stat and possessione be erd and stane
1489 Charter (Reg. H.) No. 545 A.
Herapone I cast furtht erde & stane for my … richtis of the said landis
1509 Prot. Bk. J. Foular I 117.
With the pertinentis in the handis of the said balye be erd and stain
1510–11 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 11.
The … seriand passit … to the said grond and thair fand nathing strinyeable … Thai comperit … befor the said balyeis … bringand with thaim erd and stayne in ane lenyng clath. The said aitht beand … maid the balyeis selit the said erd and stane and gaiff it to the said Rechert for his annuel
1513 Wigtown B. Ct. 11b.
The samyn day Thome Logan brocht erd & stane of Jhone Edarrys hous for falt of pament of tre termes
1537 Ecclesia Antiqua 295.
Robert Robison officiar passed … to ane tenement of land … and thar fand nathing poyndabill for xiii s. annuel awand the chapillane … and thar the said seriand tuk erd and stane of the said grownd and deliverit to the said chapellane quhilk … cum in jugment befor the said balȝeis and present the said eard and stane
1543 Fam. Innes 108.
[To] geiff stait and possessioun … of all and hail the forenemmyt landis … be donatioun of erde and stayne
1555 Grey Friars 83.
He presentit in court as utheris thre erdis and stanis clossit in sekkis under the seill of office
1622-6 Bisset II 134/18.
The chaiplane or kirkman gatt seasing instantlie than in iudgement be deliverance of the foirsaid erde and stane that wes knit or festned in ane littill polk
1693 Irvine Deeds (Sasine, 24/5/1693).(2) 1585 Prot. Bk. T. Auchinlek 14.
Be delywerance of stane and mwild of the grundis thairof

c. A variety of stone. a1568 Bann. MS 211b/7.
Flynt is ane stone althocht … It may not be so pretious as the perle

3. a. As a type of hardness or coldness, hence as an emblem of insensibility, unfeelingness, dullness, stupidity, unwillingness, deadness, etc., freq. in comparative or metaphorical use with related adjectives, as, hard, cald, etc. Cf. Stane-ded(e adj.(1) a1400 Leg. S. xxii 22.
He brak the hartis hard as stane
a1400 Leg. S. xxix 474.
Wa is me! That wyf has tynt & barnis fre, As thing wes sprongyn of the stan Allace I am ful wil of wane
a1400 Leg. S. xxiv 228.
His hart was hardare thane the stane
a1500 Henr. Fab. 1393 (Bann.).
Few … Till Godis word … hes deuotioun; The eir is deiff, the hairt is hard as stane
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (STS) xv 9.
He that dronis ay as ane bee Sowld haif ane heirar dull as stane
1513 Doug. xi Prol. 40.
The tother is namyt schamefull cowardyce Voyd of curage, and dolf as ony stane
(b) c1409-1436 Kingis Q. § 103.
That I, within the wallis cald as stone
a1500 Sir Eger 429.
I fell down dead as any stone
1535 Stewart 41247.
My pen wald irk, my self also to dyte Wald grow als dull and sad as ony stone
15.. Clar. iii 130.
My heart is deid and cauld lyke ony stone
15.. Clar. iii 668.
Scho … Fell into swound alse cauld as ony stone
15.. Clar. iii 1597.
Bot he anone sould weipe thoch he not wold, Suppose his heart war harder nor the stone
1567 G. Ball. 194.
Ȝour hartis is hard as ony stone: Ȝe will nocht leif ȝour hypocrisie
a1568 Bann. MS 225b/6.
With hairt als havy as stone Of covir confoirt had I none
a1605 Montg. Sonn. xlv 7.
Als stupefact as stone
(2) c1500-c1512 Dunb. (STS) lxxv 40.
Ȝour mvsing wald pers ane hairt of stane
1549 Lamb Resonyng 163/15.
We Scottis … haue bettir titill … the quhilk we need nocht moir to proif than the Inglis courtisianis nedis to pruif ȝour selffis maid nothir of stok nor stane
1587-99 Hume 78/351.
My heart is stane within, and yron without
a1578 Pitsc. I 123/23.
Quhilk wald haue movit ane heart of stane to commiseratioun
1611-57 Mure Dido & Æneas ii 755.
Of the hoarse sea wavs, and hardest stane … thow hast essence taine
(b) c1500-c1512 Dunb. (STS) xxi 47.
Hairtis ar maid of hard flynt stone
15.. Clar. iii 2008.
It wald have thirllit ony heart of stone

b. As the type of immobility, or fixity, chiefly in comparisons with Stil(l adj. Cf. Stan(e)-Stil(l adj.(a) a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 108.
He lay, Stok still as ane stane
1560 Rolland Seven S. 2881.
In the twn he fell … In to the nek and thair stak as ane stane
1560 Rolland Seven S. 4122.
He lyis as still beside me as ane stane
(b) c1409-1436 Kingis Q. § 72.
Still as any stone
a1500 Lanc. 1032.
One his hors, als still as ony ston
1513 Doug. ii vi 10.
I … With eris prest stude thar als stil as stone
1535 Stewart 40533.
The sempillest Dene in all Ingland wes kend, Bot to remane ay at the brigis end, Without sterage ay still as ony stone

c. As an emblem of loyalty or stability. ?1438 Alex. i 304.
Thairfor be we als sikker all As stane closit in castell wall
c1500 Rowll Cursing 219 (B).
And ȝit in hell ar mony ane That said thai war als trew as stane

d. As an emblem of what is most basic: (Not to give up doing something) for stok no stone, = for anything. a1500 Henr. Orph. 179.
Seke hir suth I sall And nouthir stynt nor stand for stok no stone

4. Stone as a building material, also, as used in the production of statuary, etc. Also (made) of stane, (biggit, etc.) with (in) stane. Also const. def. art. Cf. 5 h and 6 below. b. Lyme and stane, see also Lime n. 1 for further examples. c. (The) stonework (of a building). d. Const. def. art.: A quantity of stone. e. Dry stane, stane and clay, appar., stone building without lime mortar, see also Dry adj. 5 d. f. Baikyn stane, ? = clay fired in a kiln or brick.The 1622 quot. in c may belong in 5 d. (See source for further information.)For further examples of particular sorts of stone, construction, etc., see also: Fre-stane n., Limestane n., Marbil(l)-stane n., Marbre-stane n., Paiument n., Pathement n., Quhin-stane n.(1) c1420 Wynt. vi 1964.
A gret hows for to mak … Tymbyr thare-till to drawe and stane Off Fyfe and off Angws
1500 Acta Conc. II 416.
[Quarriers … in winning] quarell and stane within the fludemerk of the landis fornent the Seyfeild
1521–2 Old Dundee II 240.
Item, the leding stane, to 4 s.
1532 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 114.
To Johne Turnour cartar … bath haliday and werk day ledand stanis
?1536–7 Rec. Earld. Orkney 222.
Sten and stenquarrell, lym and lymkilles
1539 Treas. Acc. VII 214.
For wynnyng of lx of pece of stane to the said chapell werk
1539 Treas. Acc. VII 217.
George Balglavy for awayting and keiping and tailȝeing of the said tymmer, lyme, sand, and stane
1574 Reg. Privy C. MS XLII 43.
Euerie boit of tymmer … and euerie boit of stane
1636 Dumbarton B. Rec. 49.
Staine, lyme, sand, and uthir materialls for the hospitall
(2) a1400 Leg. S. i 239.
Ymagis … of bras and stane
a1400 Leg. S. xx 337.
Fals godis I honoure nane That are mad of stok ore stane
a1400 Leg. S. xxxiii 402.
Thi godis, … Ar mad bot of handis of men Of gold and siluir & of clay, Of stok, of stane ore of lay
1443 Reg. Cambuskenneth 126.
Makand … ane chymnay of stane
1460 Hay Alex. 11162.
The wallis quhilk was of stane melle Off quhite marbill of iasp and calsdone
1473 Reg. Cupar A. I 173.
To mak a sufficiand bryg of tre with landstalis of stane
c1515 Asl. MS I 237/1.
A kist of stane and syne ane of tre
1521 Dunferm. B. Rec. I 174.
Wytht ane foirlintaill of tre and biggand ane vpone thi lyntail of stane
1523 Treas. Acc. V 220.
v corbalis of stane put in the wallis for bering of tua wall rasis
(b) c1475 Wall. viii 1052.
That castell off stayn
1515 Glasgow Chart. II 489.
To put up ane hewyn spowt of stayne in the est part of the said Mowngous bak wall
1529 Reg. Episc. Aberd. I 395.
Ane substantious brig … laid with brandaris of ayk, bulwark of aik and stain abowt the said brig
1661 Dumfr. & Galloway Soc. II 62.
A milne dam dyke … made up of stain and creills, without lime
(c) 1611 Reg. Panmure I xciv.
That syd [of the cross] quhilk lowkes to the east is dewydit be mwllers of steane in thre stages
(d) a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 644.
The castel of stone
1513 Doug. ii iv heading.
How the hors clam our the wallis of stone
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 559.
He wrait the law, in tablis hard of stone
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 2403.
Ony ydoll maid of stone or tre
1611 Reg. Panmure I xcvii.
Ane hows of earthe and stone, efter the common landwart fashone
1694 Red Bk. Menteith I 429.
Tuo statues of fyne hewen ston
(3) 1387 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 11.
The forsayde v chapellys salbe thekyt abovyn with stane … alswa betwene the chapellis guteryt with hewyn stane
a1540 Freiris Berw. 9 (B).
It is wallit weill abowt with stane
1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 214.
The capitane causit big vp the port of the nethir boll with stane and faill
1596 Dalr. I 15/33.
A verie magnifike wal, al hail with four square stane was walled round about
1607 Rothiemay Kirk S. in J. Gordon Hist. I App. lii.
That the kirkyaird dyk be put up sufficientlie with stean and faill
1616 Inverurie 200.
Ordeint that na person big fire house nor chalmers but they be fundit with stein ane ell hyt round about, and then to get mud and faill to serve the rest of the house
1695 Acts IX 489/2.
He caused make an act for building in stone for the greater security against fire
(4) 1535 Stewart 22387.
Tha … brint all in ane fyre Baith tour and toun … All kynd of thing wes lichtar than the stone, That wald nocht birne, with thame away hes tone
1542 Treas. Acc. VIII 133.
Gevin to four barrowmen wirkand upoune the redding of the clos, and baring of the lous erd and stane furtht of the samin
b. c1420 Wynt. viii 4078.
Dwndarg off lyme and stane He made stowtly
1466 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 22.
He biggand … the twa hous of the mylne with stane and lyme
c1475 Wall. vi 796.
Agaynis him in Galloway hous was nayne Except Wigtoun, byggyt off lyme and stayne
c1475 Wall. xi 680.
Castell was thar nayn, Bot mudwall werk withoutyn lym or stayn
1529 Kennedy Aberd. Ann. I 66.
Fredome … to big … wallis, of stane and lyme
1535 Acts II 346/1.
That euery landit man … sall big ane sufficient barmkyn … of stane and lyme contenand thre score futis of the square ane eln thick and vj elnys heicht for the ressett and defensis of him his tennentis and thair gudis in trublous tyme
1535 Stewart 3968.
Ane strang castell … Quhilk royallie with lyme and stane wes wallit
1654 Lanark B. Rec. 154.
The baillies … ordainit the said James … to build the said lyme hoill with staine and lyme and tua gavellis and ane back
1680 Cramond Ch. Grange 35.
That the churchyard dykes should be pinned with stone and lyme to prevent their ruine
c. 1622 Sc. N. & Q. I 103.
The compt off the pleitt of bress … for the buriall place of … Doctor Liddell … Mair for sinking the same in the steane and laying tharoff to Alex. Wyisman … 10 lbs.
1652 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. II 916.
To build and repair ane hous … in pan and ruiff and stane
1681 Breaking the Tolbooth in Fraser Lowland Lore (1880) 4.
He … was to maik vse of ane coulter to wring the staple out of the stone
d. 1598 Edinb. B. Rec. V 217.
[The council] ordanis the thesaurer to tak ordour with the stayne lyand in the Kirk of Feyld yaird for keiping thame unstollin
e. (1) 1617 M. Works Acc. (ed.) II 38.
To 3 layers of dry stane with clay morter
(2) 1564 Prot. Bk. W. Cumming 23b.
The vallis abut beigit with stane and clay
1647 Douglas Bequest 25 Sept.
It sall be leasome to ony neighbour … to bring in cowanes for bigging of dykes with stane and clay
f. 1549 Compl. 46/25.
The quhilk art thai grauit … in tua tablis of stane ane of the tabilis vas of baikyn stane and the tothir tabil of onbaykyn stane the quhilk … for that cause the baikyn stane vald thole the fyir & the onbakyn stane vald thole the vattir

5. A particular, identifiable stone; a landmark; a boundary stone; a memorial or monument or a stone perceived as such. Also such a stone used as a meeting place, etc. Freq. in place-names.See also Blak-stane n., Likarstane n.; Lining vbl.n.2 e, March stane n., Pikit ppl. adj. 2, Standan(d) stan(e n., for further examples. c1220 (15 … ) Liber Dryburgh 149.
Juxta Hairestan
c1250 Barrow Anglo-Norman Era App. C. 200.
Villa Gospatric que nunc appellatur Kaldestanis
12… Reg. St. A. Pref. xxi.
Que nunc vocatur Cothilstane
12… Reg. Dunferm. 113.
Johannes Crassus filius Ricardi Crassi de Kaldestanis
12… Reg. Dunferm. 223.
Incipiendo … ad lapidem qui vocatur le Harystane
12… Reg. Dunferm. 223.
Usque ad lapidem qui vocatur Wadestan
1375 Barb. ii 148.
A litill fra Aryk-stane, The Bruce with a gret rout he met
1551 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III 20.
The hie gate that passit … quhil it cum to Clottinpanis Stane
12… Reg. St. A. 379.
Ascendendo … usque ad altam viam que extenditur per le rede stane
1370 Reg. Morton II 87.
Ascendendo usque le caulde stane
1414 Liber Aberbr. II 51.
[Ascendendo … usque ad lapidem curuantem siue inclinantem Anglice] lowtand stane
1467 Reg. Dunferm. 359.
The nettis of the calate sall set thar stavis … abown the thre stanis
1495 Acta Conc. I 394/2.
The wrangwis … vptaking of ther merchis and stannis
?a1500 Steel Roy Robert 77.
The hingand stanis [sc. Stonehenge] Ambrosius set vp … In till ane lestand memoriall
1525–6 E. Loth. Antiq. Soc. V 27.
[Parties to convene at the] Pykit Stane
1533 Boece 63.
That certane grete stanys in diuers partis of euery regioun … suld be invirone and in cirkill
1535 Bamff Chart. 67 (see Stok n.1 5 b). 1537 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III 17.
To a gret gray stane in the bra and frathin est
1540 5th Rep. Hist. MSS App. 609/1.
Fra that linealie carne be carne … to the feild stane
1550 Prot. Bk. R. Rollok 20.
Gart cast hollis … for gret stanis kennabill to be put in … and ordane … quhair holis wes cassin and stanis to be pwt in … to be the merche
1558 Fam. Rose 225.
Ane borit stane at the … north part of the said dyk
1595 Reg. Great S. 91/1.
To ane gray stane callit the Mannis staine [Bamff Chart. 141, Manstein] quhilk staine salbe cairnit about with stannis
1596 (1597) Reg. Great S. 194/1.
And sua passing eist … be certane stainis presentlie set and infixt be the said parties
1600-1610 Melvill 354.
Josua … setts upe a stan under an ake trie in a monument thairof
1609 Dunferm. B. Rec. II 64.
[They have] lynit the saim be placing and inputting lyne stanis betwix the said lands
1615 Aberd. B. Rec. II 326.
The samen is mercheit be stanes markit with the said sauser and key
1647 Kelso Baillie Ct. 88b.
Begyneand at the great stane on the cobilbraeheid

b. A stone forming part of a cairn in similar senses. Also a carne of stane(s. 1512 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III 154.
The carn of stanes that is in the mercat gait quhilk is ane of the marcht cairnis
1535 Stewart 2930.
Towardis the middis of that carne … Ane greit lang stone [he] gart set on end
1535 Stewart 53180.
Of aduenture tha mett Quhair lang befoir ane carne of stane wes sett
1552–3 Edinb. B. Rec. II 275.
To sax men that laubourit twa dayis in the redding of the bekyn and the casting of the stanis thairto agane
1555 Coll. Aberd. & B. 383.
To … restore and reform the said carne and restore and input the stanis therof in the auld naturall lairis on the samen maner as thay wer ofbefor
1595 Reg. Great S. 91/1 (see above). 1630-1651 Gordon Geneal. Hist. 242.
They gathered a number of stonns and throwing them in one place, called the same Carne-Teaghie

c. The stane of Scone, the Scottish ‘stone of Destiny’. c1420 Wynt. iii 1081 (W).
That stane … King Eduard had it away With the langschankis
c1475 Wall. i 121.
That sammyne stane At Gadalos send with his sone fra Spane … At Canemor syne … Brocht it till Scwne
c1475 Wall. i 131.
Quhar that stayne is, Scottis suld mastir be
a1508 Kennedy Flyt. 277.
Than spulȝeit thay the haly stane of Scone

d. A gravestone. Also, the stone placed at the entrance to Christ's tomb.See also Buriall n. 3., kirkstone (Kirk n. 9 d (1)), Lair-stane n., -stone n., throuch stane.(1) 1450 Aberd. B. Rec. I 18.
John Traile … yherly to pay xl s. quhill he bryng hame the blew stane til his fadre; and that to be raiset be the sight and ordinance of his modre
1456 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 15.
Gif sesing … to the said altare for his stane and lair place that he hes befoir the said altare, or ellis to remove the said stane
a1500 Henr. Test. Cress. 609.
Cresseid … Vnder this stane, lait lipper, lyis deid
1498 Halyb. 160.
Item schepit in the samyn schip … 2 throwys … Item schout hir of thir 2 ar rakynit with the gret stan
?1549 Monro W. Isles (1961) 62.
In the stane of the mid tomb thair is writtin Tumulus Regum Scotiæ
1603 Edinb. B. Rec. V 324.
That na staynes aucht to be infixet or sett at ony graiffes in the buriall yaird
1614 Elgin Rec. II 140.
To summond the baksters … for raising the steanes of the graves to build ther oynes
1644 Aberd. B. Rec. IV 34.
To caus put on a fair plait of brase vpon the said stane
(2) a1508 Kennedy Pass. Christ 1324.
His moder, virgin angelicall, … Quhen scho the graif saw with a stane clois laid

e. A gravestone or altar, on which payment was made as a guarantee of good faith. 1497 Treas. Acc. I 336.
Giffin to the king himself apon the stane in Striuelin … vij lib. x s.
1537–8 Dunferm. Reg. Ct. 151.
The quhilk day ves decernit be the decreit of curt Jhone Browne in Sanct Margretis stayne to … pay to Andro Andersone … tuay s.

f. A memorial incorporated in the stonework of a bridge. 1630-1651 Gordon Geneal. Hist. 361.
Upon the north syd of the bridge the Earle of Suthrland his armes wer carved in a fyn ston

g. A stane of salt, with reference to Lot's wife, the Biblical pillar of salt. 1562-3 Winȝet I 12/36.
Lothis wyfe … wes turnit in ane stane of salt

h. As an object of idolatrous worship, chiefly in collocation with stok. Cf. 4 (2) above. a1400 Leg. S. xlii 243.
Suld I honoure stok Or stane or ony thing bot God alane?
a1400 Leg. S. xliii 578.
That thu godis cane cal Ar bot stanis & stokis
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 2469.
Ydolatrye … In grauit stok, or stane
1567 G. Ball. 61.
I haif faultit sore, To stok and stane geuand His glore
a1568 Scott i 81.
Thay lute thy lieges pray to stokkis and stanes
c1590 Fowler II 57/35.
For Hab. in his 2 cha. pronuncis this sentence, malediction aboue him that sayis to tree, stok, or stane, awalke and teache me
1587-99 Hume 77/312.
They are bot stocks and stains, bos, deid, and dum
1580 Hay in Cath. Tr. 59/18.
We wirschip stanes and deade men for godes

i. A stone put in position as a barrier. 1624 Perth Kirk S. MS 27 Sept.
For setting wp stayneis thairin to stay hors with standis to pas thairthrow

6. A stone as used in building, a particular sort of stone or stones used in a particular way. Chiefly pl.For further examples see also: Alabast n., Aslar n. b, Fre-stane n., Limestane n., Marbil(l)-stane n., Quhin-stane n.sing. 1375 Barb. ix 454.
He levit nocht … Tour standand, stane no wall
pl. (1) 1434–5 Reg. St. A. 424.
Leif … to brek stanys and away leid thru the landis of the said Walter
1456 Hay II 45/37.
Rycht as a castell is wallit all about with stanis togedir junyt
c1475 Wall. iii 133. 1496 Acta Conc. II 34.
Hewin stanis sic as rabellis and cunȝeis
a1508 Kennedy Flyt. 291.
Dumbar wallis … Thay stanis of tressone
1536 Haddington B. Rec. (Robb) 17 Nov.
The said Robert sall wyn and lay to the werk, all stanis and hewn stanis that misters is
1545 Treas. Acc. VIII 367.
For hewing and dressing of the stanis to the saidis mylnis
1552–3 Edinb. B. Rec. II 278.
To ane masoun for the dressing of the jc stanis, ane dayis wage
1554–5 Edinb. B. Rec. II 297.
For faill and stanis … to stoip the Borrow Loch
1556 Peebles B. Rec. I 235.
To gar gadder stanis to Peblis brig egis
1565 Prot. Bk. J. Scott 31.
Dauid Orme … kuist vpe agane the saidis staneis and lyme of the brokin wall
1566–7 Reg. Privy S. V ii 267/2.
The toun of Air … disponis to the said Williame … the stanis of the place, kirk and housis of the saidis Gray Freiris quhairevir the samin may be apprehendit to be usit … be him
1579, 1617 Despauter (1579).
Rudus, lapidum frusta, & ruinarum materies, ane lomp of fallin stanis
1579–80 Inverness Rec. I 274.
For … horses to hame bring the commoun stanes wynnyn for reparatioun of the port on the brig
1601 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. I 406.
Thre boitfull of stanes … ilk boitfull to xxxvj s. with ij s. expenses
1610 Dunferm. B. Rec. II 72.
Praying the devill ding it doun and mak the heighest stane thairof the laighest
1682 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. MS 9 Dec.
To bring stanies from the Abacie of Dundrennan for building [etc.]
(b) 1533–4 Dumfr. & Galloway Soc. 3 Ser. I 306.
To leid stains to the brig
1535–6 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 139.
For v lang stainis for soill and lyntell
1547 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. II 127.
Persouns … that hes ony cairnis of staynis, fawlds, or vther red, on the hie gaitt
1590 Burel Pilgr. ii 24.
This temple … The stains thairof wer marbell
1590–1 Edinb. B. Rec. V 32.
Alexander Slowman … to … tak doun … his wester dyke … and siclyk to tak away his staynes
a1597-1617 Hist. Jas. VI (1825) 6.
Staynis of the lenth of ten fut, and of breadth of four futtis
a1597-1617 Hist. Jas. VI (1825) 106.
A hagbute … brak sum staynes of the streat
1653 Glasgow B. Rec. II 272.
Staines … to build the casey
(c) 1492 Peebles B. Rec. I 193.
Ane hundreth laidis of stannis pait to the stepil byggin
1531 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 56.
To the reparation of the said castell viz. stannis lyme [etc.]
(d) 1532 Sciennes Conv. lxviii n.
A pock full of stons, which, he said, wer taken out of the piller to which Christ was bound when he was scourged
1549 Compl. 21/19.
The vecht of it [sc. Rome] signifeit nocht the vecht of hauy vallis, housis, stonis, ande vthir materials
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 2895. 1611 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 335.
Thrie stones for laying the eune of the quens keching
1653 Peebles B. Rec. II 18 (see Stane wecht n. a (2)). 1659 Melrose Reg. Rec. I 251.
[He] hes biggit ane dyke of stounes and phaill thairupone
1678 Edinb. B. Rec. X 336.
For ther paines in redding … to … dispose upon the stons … of the … brunt lands
1683 Meikle Old Session Bk. 224.
That evrie plewgh bring six load of stons for the churche yeard dyke
(e) 1600-1610 Melvill 6.
Thrie thowsand sleads of steanes, and fourtein or fyftein chalder of lyme
1603 Shetland Sheriff Ct. (ed.) 87.
Casting doun diffatis and steanis afe the riging of the house
1641 Aberd. B. Rec. III 271.
The steins taken out of the said John Steuinsones booth for stricking out of the said window, ar declairid heirby to pertein to the said Gilbert
(2) 1551 Hamilton Cat. 28.
A mason can nocht hew ane evin aislair staine without directioun of his rewill
1553–4 Edinb. B. Rec. II 350.
For beirring of the aislar stanis of the Walkar's alter to the maisoun luge
(3) 1503 Treas. Acc. II 274.
Payit to Johne Gelis, Inglisman, for alabast stanis and plaistir brocht hame be him furth of Ingland
1613 Inverness Rec. II 118.
That the cross be mendit and pinnit, and frie stains bocht thairto gif it neidis
1675 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. MS 10 July.
Ane load off frees stanes … for making wp of ane gate to the dead kirkyeard
1681 Stirling Common Good 161.
For wining of craig stones and for leading of the same
(4) a1540 Freiris Berw. 541 (see Dry adj. 5 d). 1572 Peebles B. Rec. I 337.
Euery ane to big thair awne heid-rovme betuix the Tolbuth to Peblis brig … with dry stanis

b. A stone prepared for a particular purpose. Also fig.For further examples see also: Allouring n. b, Anguler adj., Brig-stane n., Calsay n. 2, Ground-stane n., Harth n. b, Hairtis-stane n., Kapestane n., Kaping-stane n., Lintel(l n. 2, Pavement n., Pathement n., Pend-stane n., Pete-stane n., Pettis-stane n., Pinning vbl. n. 1 b, Riggin(g)-stan(e n., tabill stane (see Ballaster n.), wall stanis (Wall n. 4 b), etc. c1520-c1535 Nisbet 1 Peter ii 6.
I sal set in Syon the heichast kirnale staan [P. corner stoon]
1587 Carmichael Etym. 10.
Imbrex, a gutter stane
fig. 1533 Gau 57/19.
He is the fundment and grund steyne quhair apone the halie kirk is biggit
c1590 Fowler II 39/14.
Christe … the sure grund & corner stane thairof
1598 James VI Basil. Doron 119/10.
Paye thaime … uith præmium or pœna as thay deserue, quhilke is the uerrie grounde stane of goode gouuernement

7. a. A stone used as a missile. Also fig. to cast the formest stane, to make the first accusation. b. A bullet, pellet, cannonball, etc. manufactured for firing from a gun, crossbow, sling, etc. c. Gunstane, further examples of Gunstane n., also gunstanes of yrne. d. Jedworth stanes, cannoun stane and bumbard stane.a., b. 1375 Barb. x 57.
[They] schot, and tumlit on hym stanys, Richt gret and hevy
1375 Barb. xv 49.
With so gret felony thar thai faucht … With stok, with stane, and with retrete
1375 Barb. xvii 351.
With stanys, schot, and other thing That nedit till thair defending
1375 Barb. xvii 691.
The gynour … swappit out the stane That evin toward the lift is gane
a1400 Leg. S. ii 512.
To dinge Sante Stewyn with stanis done
?1438 Alex. ii 4863.
[He] hes na hurt, … Bot ane hurt with ane stane of fer, For his defence durst nane cum ner
c1420 Wynt. iv 1621.
The women … Apon the wallis besy wes, Layand stanys … Quhare that thai thoucht mast lykly ware Thame to defend in tyme off were
c1420 Wynt. viii 4339.
The Schyrrawe … gert his men aray thaim … standand in a bra, Qwhare plente ware off stanys rownde
1456 Hay I 52/25.
The ladyes … gaderit stanis to defend the citee for fault of men of armes
1512 Treas. Acc. IV 460.
To the quaryour … at makis stans to the small pecis in the bark
1524 Carnwath Baron Ct. (SHS) 27.
Jok Mosman cuist ane stane at Jame Mennon
1526 Wigtown B. Ct. 179a.
Fore strykyne & dyngin of hyme vyth stanys
1531 Bell. Boece I 229.
Men … schot … stanis and ganyeis, with corsbowis and slongis
1535 Stewart 53183.
With tha stanis thir stalwart carlis … Ane bikker maid
1538 Treas. Acc. VII 28.
Gevin for ane bow for pellokis the gidder wytht jm stanis and ane muld … vj frs. xv s.
15.. Christis Kirk 143 (M).
Sum straikit stingis sum gadderit stanis
c1550 Lynd. Test. Meldrum 185.
Lat neuer spair the poulder nor the stanis
(b) ?1438 Alex. ii 4495.
Stainnes and slyngis hard thay cast
1580–1 J. Lee Hist. Ch. Scotl. (1860) 339.
Casting of staines within the said scuile and … dynging off the barnes … repairing tharto
a1597-1617 Hist. Jas. VI (1825) 70.
Watchemen, who had na uther thing to defend thaymeselfis withall bot staynis
1613 Inverness Rec. II 112.
With ane greit stain … the quhilk brack hir harn pan
(c) c1400 Troy-bk. ii 1936.
Thai … Kest downe vpon him mony stones And slewe him
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 2040.
Thay faucht … with stonis, and treis
1675 Kelso Baillie Ct. 52b.
That … thair be no more pastime above the heuche by casting of stones or bullettis
(d) 1602 Shetland Sheriff Ct. (ed.) 23.
1603 Shetland Sheriff Ct. (ed.) 85.
That Robert Russald hes trublit Donald Sandesoun and hurt him with ane steane
fig. a1568 Sempill in Sat. P. xlvii 81.
Quhat cummer castis the formest stane … At tha peure winschis ȝe wranguslie suspect
c. 1511–12 Treas. Acc. IV 288.
To George Patersoun for the fraucht of vijxxiiij gune stanis
1512 Treas. Acc. IV 305.
In arlis and part of payment of tua gune stanis of all sortis
1512 Treas. Acc. IV 302.
Deliverit in the … schip … iiijcxxiij gune stanis of yrne of the gretest sort for the kingis canonis ilk pece weyand xxxiij½ pund wecht
1515 Treas. Acc. V 25.
Irne pikkis for the hewing and making of gun stanyis
1533 Treas. Acc. VI 165.
For ij pikkis to mak gun stanis
d. 1516 Exch. R. XIV 141.
Leith axis et Jedworth stanis
1545 Treas. Acc. VIII 422.
Ane cannoun stane … quhilk was schot to warne the pyonaris
1573 Sempill in Sat. P. xxxix 101.
Thay thair in mycht not … hyde For pot gun pellettis falland from the heuin. The bumbard stanis derectlie fell sa euin, That in to dykis by dint it deidly dang thame

8. Casting, etc. the (of) stane, the throwing of a heavy stone as a test of athletic prowess, that particular sporting activity. See also Penny-stane n. 1535 Stewart 59014.
To worsill or cast the stane, In all Ingland that tyme maik had he nane
1560 Rolland Seven S. 6965.
He vsit daylie justing … Casting of stane, and als the leidin mell
1663 Ellon Par. 118.
[Rivalry about] casting the stone and louping
1665 Cramond Ch. Grange 27.
Delait for breach of Sabath by throwing of the ston
c1682 Louis de France Music Bk. 56.
He pitch'd the bar and hurl'd the stean na man could him outgang

9. A functional object made of (usu. a single piece of) stone, freq. of a particular sort of stone, and shaped and prepared in a special way, specif. a. A millstone or quernstone. b. A grindstone or whetstone. c. A stone for scouring or smoothing leather. d. Appar. a stone vessel for ? bleeding or ? storing meat (hung appar. on a hook). Cf., however, Stand n. 6 of which this may be a further example. e. A further example of curling stane (Curling vbl. n.).Freq. in comb., for which see: Curling vbl. n., Fontstane n., Funtstane n., Gunstane n. (see 7 c), Knoking-stane n., Leping-on-stone n., Lowping-on-stane n., Miln-stan(e n., Mortar-stane, Mustard-stane n., Sleke-stane n., Sleking-stane n., Stepestane n., Wort n.1a. (1) 1534–5 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. II 68.
[The] myllaris to the sclait myln … ar oblist … to tak thair leill multer, and to keip and deliuer the samyn, and to lay on stanys and to mak the coggis, and do all thingis apertenyng to thame
1556 Edinb. B. Rec. II 248.
[They] ordanis … that the quariouris of the Borrowmure serue the commoun mylnis of this burgh in stanis thairto of the auld price callit the townis price
1578 Inv. Wardrobe 260.
Ane man mylne with hir stanys and hir haill tymmer werk
1613 Misc. Spald. C. V 217.
That all men that baid avay fra the stain is decernit to pey xx sh. … The said day it is decernit that all cottis [etc.] … men … sall pey to the gangaris for the myll stain [etc.]
1623–4 Peebles B. Rec. I 412.
For tua nowe staineis to the Ride Milne
1660 Stitchill Baron Ct. 20.
The said girthe was on the stain as a pairt of the myll graithe
(2) c1630 Macfarlane's Geog. Coll. II 179.
In Barray … everie husbandman … hes ane instrument in their houses called one kewrne and the two stones doth lye on the house floor, and that place is made cleane
b. 1632 Perth Hammermen 29.
That quhatsumevir he be that intercommounis with Thomas Pait … or lattis him wirk in thair boithis to tyne thair fredome … . Patie Balmene, with my hand at the pen, and attour is contentit that the stane be brokin and ever the said Thomas grinds in my boith
c. 1621 Maxwell Mem. I 332.
To by ane stain to dres the butis … iiij d.
d. 1619 Dunferm. B. Rec. II 123.
To delyver to Jonet Dewar ane stane for halding cattall meat with ane irne steipill therin perteining to her and to carie the saim to James Prymrosis clois
e. 1652 Sc. Hist. Rev. XXXI 9.
By goeing rashly upon the yce with two curling stanes in his arme

10. Translating L. petra, or explaining the name Peter. a1400 Leg. S. i 2.
Peter of ‘petra’ may be tane in Latine leid that is a stane
a1400 Leg. S. i 13.
Thu art Petir, at is, oure stane

11. A precious stone, a gemstone. See also Chat(t)on n., Pad(d)ok n.1 c (3), Preci(o)us adj. 1 b and Semy stane n. for further examples. Also pl. without inflection. Also transf. or fig.(a) a1400 Leg. S. v 97.
Costly stanis
a1400 Leg. S. ix 56.
His clathis … Sete with stanis of purpure hew
?1438 Alex. ii 1934.
Ane ryng of rych stane
?1438 Alex. ii 7748.
The palace … Quhare-in thare was neuer ane stane Na the worst was precious
1460 Hay Alex. 788.
Ane crowun … Off massie gold with stanis of merueling
1460 Hay Alex. 11246.
Thare veschell was maist of stanis serpentyne Off cressolit onix and smaragdyne
a1500 Rauf C. 463.
His basnet was bordourit … With stanis of beriall
1488 Treas. Acc. I 81.
A cors of gold with foure stanis
1497 Halyb. 215.
Item for the stan in my Lordis seignet, 26 s.
1498–9 Acta Conc. II 297.
Ane rasure and ane havin stane … ane ryng of gold with ane blak stane
1508 Treas. Acc. IV 113.
Ane hert of gold set with stanes
1533 Boece 430.
Mony fyne stanys … saphire, topace, rubyne [etc.]
1593 Edinb. Test. XXV 160b.
Ane neiddill for hair of counterfute staneis
1596 Dalr. I 47/29.
As in Ingland the jeit stane is abundant
1638 Elphinstone Mun. 194/2.
The said … lordis gold signet and regnne witht his armes cutt and sett in stane within the same
(b) 15.. Clar. i 672.
With croune of gold abune hir hairis bricht Of leming stainis casting pleasant licht
1568–9 Anderson Collect. Mary IV 188.
His Majesties pretious meubles, jewills, and stains of greit valor
1584 Edinb. B. Rec. IV 336.
On the said taiblett ane dyomont stayne and ane emerawld stayne
1621 Acts IV 625/2.
That anye persoun may weare … goldsmith warke haveing no staines … within the same
(c) ?1438 Alex. ii 7637.
The palyce … adorned with rich stones, Jasp, beriall and sardonis
a1500 Henr. Fab. 62.
Ane cok … fand ane iolie stone
1501 Doug. Pal. Hon. 1723.
Of Flanders peis maid mony precious stone
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (STS) xlviii 155.
A coistly croun, with clarefeid stonis brycht
1528 Lynd. Dreme 369.
Stonis precious
1535 Stewart 31187.
Mony pretious stone, … diamontis … and margretis [etc.]
1584-9 Maxwall Commonpl. Bk. Prov. No. 224.
The foull taide hathe a fair stoine in his heide
1640 Innes Sketches 508.
Ane stone of the quantitie of half a hens eg sett in silver
1661 Edinb. Test. LXX 182b.
Item sevin pair of old scheirs worth xvj s. Item thrie stones for cullouring of gloves with thair rewells worth v lib. viij s. Item four pair of glove … worth xvj s.
(d) 1533 Gau 16/18.
Precious stenis
transf. or fig. 1490 Irland Mir. I 102/36.
The secund precius stane and dignite of this crovne was gret nobilite of blud
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (STS) lxxxv 62.
Empryce of prys, imperatrice, Brycht polist precious stane
1562-3 Winȝet II 57/9.
The precious stanis of godlie doctrine
1567 G. Ball. 31.
Gold and precious stanis of pryde
1567 G. Ball. 50.

12. A precious stone, pebble, etc. believed to possess healing or other virtuous or supernatural powers; a marvellous or miraculous stone; a stane of vertew, boird- or curing stane.(1) a1400 Leg. S. xxviii 1.
Qwa wil the vertu wyt of stanis In the lapidar ma fynd ane is [etc.]
c1400 Elgin Rec. I 13.
That helpe of gris gat he nane, Na of charme, na of stane
1494 Loutfut MS 3b.
Yhe suer … that ȝe haue nocht … apon ȝow na apon ȝour harnes stanys wordis erbis cokactis brefieris charmys and othir thingis quhar in ȝhe may haff ony hoip of help
a1538 Abell 91a.
That ȝere fel a stane werray gret fra the hewin. It had in it the takin of the cros with the ymage of Christ imprentit and abone in goldin letteris Jesus Nazarenus Rex Judiorum & it gaif sicht to ane blind man
1584 Sempill in Sat. P. xlv 297.
Reasing the devill with invocationes, With herbis, stanes, buikis and bellis
1597 James VI Dæmonol. (STS) 51/24.
A faire queen … gaue them a stone that had sundrie vertues
1597 Crim. Trials II 27.
Fylit for hailling of syndrie persones diseasit of the falling evill, be hingand of ane stane about thair nek … quhilk stane scho affermit scho gat fra the Lady Crawfurd
1602 Dundonald Par. Rec. 9.
Scho gaif hir the stain again saying scho trowit nather scho [nor the] stain wes luckie
1602 Dundonald Par. Rec. 14.
[The] stain is said to be blak of hew and lyk ane butounn
a1700 Soc. Ant. XXVII 497.
Anent the superstitious vsing of an stene set in selver for the curing of diseased cattell
(b) 15.. Dunb. App. ii 28.
Salamone … knew the vertew of erb and stone
(2) c1460 Thewis Wysmen 38. 14.. Maner of Battale 230.
[I have] nane stane of vertew upone me, na wichecraft … or ony uther maner of sorcery
1494 Loutfut MS 112a.
Nothir erbe no stane of vertu
1591 Crim. Trials I ii 252.
Ane boird-stane to be layit vnder the bowster, putt vnder your heid
1629 Sharpe Witchcraft 99.
The pannels husband was going to the Laird of Lee, to borrow his curing stane
(b) a1500 Sir Eger 2035.
My stones of vertue stemmed the blood

b. A stone or pebble used in witchcraft or conjuration. 1590 Crim. Trials I ii 202.
Sche … gaif yow thre drinkis of walter furth of thre stanis quhilkis sche had
1590 Crim. Trials I ii 203.
Scho … produceit the stanis scho gaif yow watter out of, the quhilk wes the deith of the said George
1591 Crim. Trials I ii 245.
Thair wes ane taid … droppit betuix thre oister schellis and nyne stanis, sottin thre nychtis
1603 Crim. Trials II 422.
[He] inchantit to him nyne stanis, quhilk the said James cuist vpone the said Dauid Libbertones landis for distructioune of his coirnes
1640 Misc. Abbotsf. C. I 165.
[You] brocht with ȝow thrie stones which ȝe put on the fyre [etc.] … Which stones being thus put into the said water; … Jonet Cragie hard on of thame chirme and churle [etc.]
1685 Sinclair Satan's Inv. World 149.
Saying to herself a stane, a stane, for so she pronounced the words. For she had gathered a considerable number of small stones in her lap

c. In the eird and in the stane, into the earth and calld staine, phrases used in conjuration. Cf. 2 b above. 1590 Dalyell Darker Superst. 26.
In the eird and in the stane, I conjure ye in Godis name
1590–1 Crim. Trials I ii 237.
Furth of the flesch and of the bane and in the eird and in the stane
1650 Dumfr. & Galloway Soc. LI (1975) 53.
God teach me to pray to put the ill away, out of the flesh blood and bane into the earth and calld staine and nevir to come again in Gods name

d. A stane of pillare, a relic, supposedly a fragment of the pillar at which Jesus was scourged. 1488 Treas. Acc. I 82.
Ane emmorant, a stane of pillare and ane vthir ring

e. Ane corbie stane.1655 Wemyss Chart. II 242 (see Corby n. 3).

13. Applied to specific minerals. a. A loadstone. b. (Ȝerde (= earth)) stane, coal. See also Bruntstane n., Kelestone n., Limestane n.a. 1375 Barb. v 23.
Thai wyst nocht quhar thai wer For thai na nedill had na stane, Bot rowyt alwayis in-till ane Sterand all tyme apon the fyr, That thai saw brynnand lycht and schyr
b. 1596 Dalr. I 28/8.
The fyre quhither ȝe wisse it war of moss, trie or stane [marg. ȝerde stane or trie wod, that is peit or kole]

14. In senses 1, 5, 6, 9, 11 or 12 above, unidentifiable as to function. 1574–5 Haddington Treas. Acc. 22.
James Twydye to ryde to Broxmouth to speik for ane stane
1683 Inv. in Donibristle Mun. (Earl of Moray's MSS) 20 (9-10 May).
Item ane stone with ane iron frame

15. fig. a. An obstacle; a stumbling block. b. A touchstone, a test or criterion. c. To lefe na stan onturned ower, to try or attend to every possibility.a. c1520-c1535 Nisbet Rom. ix 32, 33.
And thai offendit aganes the staan [Vulg. lapidem] of offensioun … Lo! I put a staan of offensionn in Syon, and a staan [Vulg. petram] of sclandire
1567 Sat. P. iii 109.
God he is all that layis ane stumling stane, Quhilk may the cause be of our bretheringis fall
(b) 1657 Johnston Diary III 60.
Thou hedges in my waye with a heuen ston that I never expected in this lyfe
b. 1562-3 Winȝet II 7/2.
This is … an infallible, as it is a general, reul to al richt, an ewin lyne of lawtay, a tweche stane of the treuth, a cleir licht to schaw the way
(b) 1604-31 Craig i 13.
Of that vnthankfull numer liue anew To promise much, and to performe but few: Be thou the stone (precellent prince) of tuch For to secerne the honest mindes from such
c. 1600-1610 Melvill 141.
He wrot verie craftelie to Geneva … and send tham propositiones and questiones … and finalie left na stan onturned ower that might [etc.]

16. A hard morbid concretion in some part of the body, prob. chiefly the kidneys or gall-bladder; a kidney or gall stone.The quot. for 1662 may, however, belong in 1 or 12 above.(1) a1400 Leg. S. xvii 260.
The stane, That in the neris hym had tane
1496 Treas. Acc. I 305.
To a man … that was new schorn of the stane
c1500 Rowll Cursing 61 (M).
Ane of thir infirmiteis … The stany wring the stane and sand blind
1506–7 Treas. Acc. III 369.
To ane ald man that hed the stane, ix s.
1535 Stewart 51675.
In medicyne that he wes richt perfyte, And speciallie in heilling of the stane
1548 Corr. M. Lorraine 243.
I am subject to sum infermyte of gravaill, and dolour of stayn
1571 Sc. N. & Q. 3 Ser. X 41.
He has bene twyis schorne of the stane and is continewallie vexit with that infirmitie
1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 77.
Hearie bischope of Ros, tuke schipburd to pas to France to get remeid of ane confermeit stein
1595 Edinb. B. Rec. V 136.
To desist … fra all using … of any poynt … of the said craft … exceptand … the cutting of the stayne
1652 Dumfries Kirk S. 29 Nov.
The case of Jon Edgar & his chyld (who is now cutt of ane confirmed stone) to be represented to the congregatione
1658 Glasgow Burgesses 156.
[McNeill chirurgane] speciallie skilled in cutting of the stone [made burgess gratis] conditionally that he … cure the poores ones within this burgh of that deceas
1500-1699 Herbarius Latinus Annot. ii (Adv.).
Item abroranum crocum cum apio in vino et parum dulcoratum cum zucro stanguiriam soluit et lapidem frangit for the braiking of the stane
(2) 1662 Lamont Diary 156.
His mother caused open him and in his heart was fownde a nowtched stone, the bignesse of ones fiue fingers

b. Some object or substance similar to a stone in hardness, specif. part of a parrot's beak. 1494 Loutfut MS 26a.
The papegault … has a stan in hir neb sa stark quhilk in all hir necessite is scheld for keping of hir body

c. A testicle. 1531 Bell. Boece II 479.
He tint ane of his ene at the battall of Homildon and at this feild, he tint ane of his stanis
1535 Stewart 45581, 45584.
The barnis … That sonis war he causit … to cut fra thame thair stanis … Quhair this wes done [now] Bawstane Craig tha call, Quhair all thair stanis hapnit … Cassin togidder
1560 Rolland Seven S. 7880.
Howbeit the theif was haill in bowk and banis Ȝit weill I wait he wantit baith his stanis
1596 Dalr. I 338/7.
King Alexander causes that all thair bairnes be geldit … This day the place may be seine, in quhilke thair stanes war castne
1621 Crim. Trials III 496.
Setting thair feit betuix his leggis vpone his ball-cod and forceing thairby his stanes to loup vp in his liskis

II. attrib. or comb. as adj.

17. Consisting of stone, stony, rocky. 1513 Doug. viii iv 106.
Of Aventynus hill thrys assays he To brek and rent that craggy stone entre
1533 Gau 46/14.
Sua sal the sone af man be iii dais and iii nichtis in the hart of the ȝeird (that wesz in the stene grawe)
1632 Lithgow Trav. viii 375.
Where huge and hilly lands haue stone-fac'd scurrile bounds

18. Built of stone; hewn or made from stone or ? decorated with precious, etc. stones. 1443 Reg. Cambuskenneth 126.
To … big, and agane rais the stane gavill … at the west nuke of that foirhous
1516 Treas. Acc. V 96.
For doun taking of the stane monȝeallis
1521 Dunferm. B. Rec. I 174.
Twa stane corbalis to the widnes of the said Johnne Vilsone chymnay
1535 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 191.
Stane bynkkis
1537 Antiq. Aberd. & B. II 367.
The Hill of Findon … wher ther sal be put ane stain cros
1542 Rec. Univ. Aberd. 577.
ii irne gunnis without stockis, and four chalmeris and stane calmis thairto
1553–4 Edinb. B. Rec. II 286.
Three stane yeitts made in the said park dike
1561 Edgar Hist. Dumfries 238.
Ane haill land, stane biggin and foir tenement in the handis of James Rig
1561–2 Dumfries B. Ct. 50b.
Ane stane land & tenement liand on the west syd of the burcht of Drumfres
1641 Kirkcaldy Presb. 203.
Tuo stone almeries
? 1641 Old Ross-shire I 125.
Ane wirt steane troch
1653 Orkney Antiq. Soc. I 42.
The hous … of Cloustane [with] stane ruiff, walls and pertinentis
1683 Inv. in Donibristle Mun. (Earl of Moray's MSS) 18 (9-10 May).
Ane ston dyell standing on the stair heid
1687 Lauder Notices Affairs II 820.
Mr. Alexander Paterson being heritor of some stone-lands within the Parliament-close
1692 Conv. Burghs IV 611.
Maintaineing the comon milns … ane new house, ane stone stooll and other materials

b. Stanebrig, a stone-built bridge. Also as a place-name. ?c1230 Barrow Anglo-Norman Era App. C 201.
Pontem qui dicitur stanbrig
1596 Dalr. I 276/28.
Thay … erected a fayre stane brig
16.. Hist. Kennedy 12.
At ane pairtt callit Slownk-dub, the quhilk is ane litill steane brig owr ane linne
1628 Dumbarton B. Rec. 29.
The magistrattis to caus repair the staine brig now destroyit
1651–2 Dumbarton Common Gd. Acc. 180.
The staein bridge
1663 Dumbarton B. Rec. 81.
Ane stane brig may be built with ane pen on the said burn
1665 Lamont Diary 178.
It was a buelding that consisted of 14 divers rowmes … a stone bridge for itts entrie

c. Stane calsay, a street surfaced or paved with stones. 1504 (1584) Reg. Great S. 239/2.
Ascendand upwith the said swaill quhill it cum to the littill stane calsay
1665 Irvine Mun. II 191.
Caused heap the samen [sc. stones] at the foot of the staine calsay

d. Stanechope, ? a particular shop identified by its being built of stone. a1633 Hope Major Pract. I 126.
The wares being in the stanechope
1658–1700 Greyfriars Interments 402.
Merchant opposite the stine chop
1658–1700 Greyfriars Interments 449.

e. Stane buik, ? a tablet or table of slate used to make notes, memoranda, etc. or ? a book with a cover decorated with precious or semi-precious stones (sense 11 above). 1602 Cal. Sc. P. XIII 1100.
[I had inspection of a] stane [book of Francis Mowbray's wherein was set down the words following]
1602 Cal. Sc. P. XIII 1104.
This secretary's name is in his stone book or writing tables but for what cause or memory in Francis is not known
1615 Reg. Privy S. 21 Nov.
Item tua staine buikes with lockis; item ane litle boist contenand thairin fyftene litle stanes of litle worth
1643 Edinb. Test. LX 234b.
Nyn gilt stane buikis estimat all to xvj lib. xiiij s.
1664 Inventory 3-4 in Decr. Dalr. XI.
Ane dusson of ston books

19. Consisting of stones. a1568 Sempill in Sat. P. xlvi 22.
1595 Reg. Great S. 110/1.
Thairfra direct north doun ane stane balk betuix the Kilrig of the Middiltoun and the Bankrig of the Nethirtoun

20. Stane quarrell, a quarry supplying stone. ?1536–7 Rec. Earld. Orkney 222.
Sten and stenquarrell, lym and lymkilles [etc.]
1610 Crim. Trials III 84.
In … working in the stane-querrel, wynning and beiring furth thairof stanes and red

21. With reference to the processing or use of stone, specif. a. Stane-barrow, -bot, -cart, -cobill, -slad, -tow, used in the transporting or manipulation of stone. b. Stane-bow, a child's bow or sling for firing small stones. c. Stane-ax, -hammer, tools used for working stone. d. Stane-hewar, -ledar, -man, a person engaged in quarrying, cutting or carting away stone.a. a1500 Henr. Fab. 2915 (see Barrow n.). 1530 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 48.
For vi small akin sparis for stane barrowis
1552–3 Edinb. Old Acc. I 84.
For the making of the thre stane barrois and thre how barrois with the sawaris wage xij s.
1598–9 State P. (Reg. H.) No. 107B/5.
Sex stane barrows
1633 M. Works Acc. (ed.) II 352.
Ane eschin trie to be stain barrowes and spaides
1471 Edinb. B. Rec. I 25.
Of ilk stane bot lossand in the havin j d.
1482 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 44. 1584 Edinb. Test. XIII 127.
To be gevin to Katherine Erskin … ane fische boit & half ane stane boit
1530 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 41.
To Richart Savege [etc.] … cartaris witht the Kingis grace awine stane cartis
1530 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 48.
For viii akin syppyllings … for ane new stane cart
1531 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 62.
To the tua cartaris with the grete stane cartis ledand up leid fra Leyth
1550 Treas. Acc. IX 417.
For carage of ane stane cairt … to Linlithqw with certane querrell mellis upoun hir for my lorde governoures wark thair
1550 Treas. Acc. IX 418.
For carage of ane other stane cairt furtht of Edinburght to Linlithqw, the first send agane becaus it was large
1618 Montgomery Mem. 280 (see Kart n.1 b). 1622 Edinb. Test. LI 151.
Ane stane cairt body
1645 Edinb. Test. LXI 170b.
Two long caird bodies, twa clos caird bodeis, twa staine caird bodies
1638 Aboyne Rec. 285.
Be deliverance to thame of the clap and happer yeard and stone cobill
1535–6 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 184.
For … viii stirrapis to iiii stane sladis
1535–6 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 170.
For x stane towis for gret lyftis of tymmer and stanis at the werk
b. ?1438 Alex. ii 5085.
Ane stain-bow … Quhair-with he birdis and pyets slew
1460 Hay Alex. 8845.
Sa come ane child with stane bow in hand with lanyn pellokis to avenand
c. c1564 Glasgow Test. II 5.
Ane hemmir ax & ane stane ax
1625 Edinb. Test. LIII 114.
Ane staine hammer
d. 1498 Halyb. 216.
Paid to the sten hewar for my Lordis stan
1595 Edinb. B. Rec. V 133.
The querrell of staynes within the burrow mure is becum verray skant and … the suburbs are better servet thairwith nor the toun be the querriouris and stayne ledares
1611 Reg. Privy C. IX 250.
[Gilbert Blak,] stoneleader [at the West Port]
c1650 Spalding II 411.
Alexander Mar, stane leidar
1554–5 Edinb. Old Acc. I 155.
Quariours and stanemen
1622 Misc. Hist. Soc. III 198.
Johne Blak, stanman, … George Bartilmo, stanman

22. a. Stane coles, mineral coal as opposed to charcoal or, perhaps, a particularly hard variety of coal. Stane lime (see Lime n.1 2). b. Stain fisch, prob. a fish found among stones, ? the gunnel (Sir Robert Sibbald The History, ancient and modern, of the Sheriffdoms of Fife and Kinross (1710) in SND s.v. Stane). c. Stone fern, see quot. d. Stainsterrie, appar. the plant fumitory, however, the etymology is not clear.a. 1596 Dalr. I 35/16.
This schire anew of stane coles to burne in the fyre, and abundantlie
b. 1512 Household Bk. Jas. IV 2a.
Item coft lxxx hering pryce ix d. for flukis garweis & stain fisch xii d.
1512 Household Bk. Jas. IV 2b.
Item for flukis crunanys & stain fisch viii d.
c. 1684 Sibbald Scot. Illustr. ii 7.
Adiantum album folio filicis, … B. P. White Stone-fern or Maiden-hair
d. 1500-1699 Herbarius Latinus Annot. lxi (Bot.).
Fumus terre, stainsterrie

23. Stone-mark, a sign or indication cut in stone, only fig. 1644 Petrie Chiliasto-Mastix 52.
The preaching of the gospel has been an excellent stone-mark showing the richt way

24. Stane hartit, having a heart of stone. Cf. 3 above. 1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 194.
It wald maid ane stane hartit man to greit and bevail
a1624 Edinb. Univ. MS La.ii.319.
O stoin hairtit mane crewell & vnkind

25. a. Stone cutter, a surgeon who engages in the removal of kidney, etc. stones. (Cf. 16 above.) b. Stone gravell, = 16 above, perhaps, however, a var. of stonie gravell (Stany adj.) c. Stane worme, appar. a disease of some sort. d. Stane wring, the pain caused by kidney, etc. stones. Cf. 17th c. Eng. stone colick. Perhaps, however, a variant of Stany adj. (cf. stany wring). e. Stane hors, an entire horse, a stallion. Cf. 16 c above.a. 1661 Duncan Glasg. Physic. & Surg. 53.
[It was this peculiarity of lithotomy as an operation tabooed by the profession which perhaps obliged the town council of Glasgow to appoint a] stone-cutter [for the city]
b. 1669 Cullen Kirk S. 29 Aug.
To a poor boy diseased with the stone gravell
c. a1605 Montg. Flyt. 336 (T).
The stane worme, the ringworme, not slaiking of swame
d. c1500 Rowll Cursing 61 (B).
The stane wring stane and stane blind
e. 1562-3 Winȝet I 130/7.
Will ȝe heirfor a man to be as a stane hors or mule?
1631 Justiciary Cases I 170.
Ane inchantit deid foill to be put in the said Sir George his stable in Beruik betuix his stane horsses

III. 26. A unit of weight for goods in bulk, considered as comprising a set number of pounds (latterly 16), the multiplier depending to some extent on the period and the type of produce weighed, which also determined the appropriate pound unit.First defined in the Assize attributed to David I as 15 pounds, where the pound is 15 Cologne ounces, with the stone of wax at 8 pounds. The stone of which 12 make the waw of wool (hence 24 to the woolsack) in the same Assize is of 15 Flemish avoirdupois pounds. The stone of the 1426 Assize is of 16 merchant or ‘Scots’ pounds of 16 Cologne ounces (although defined as 15 trois pounds), and of 16 French or Flemish 16-ounce trois pounds from 1563. The versions of these assizes printed in Acts are defective—for an interpretation of the legislation see R. D. Connor & A. D. C. Simpson, The Weights and Measures of Scotland (forthcoming, 1998). The trone stone, or Lanark stone, of 16 trone pounds, was the weight unit of internal trade, equivalent to 20 Scots pounds to 1563 and subsequently 20 trois pounds. For these units and their relationship to earlier units see A. D. C. Simpson, ‘Scots ‘Trone’ Weight: Preliminary Observations on the Origins of Scotland's Market Weights', Northern Studies 29 (1992) 62-81.(a) c1420 Bute MS 170b.
Gyf it be weyit be wawys … gyf it be weyit be stanys
14.. Acts I 309/2.
The stane for weying of woll and uther geir aw to wey xv pund. Item the stane of wax aw to conteyne viij pund. Item the vaw aw to conteyn xij stane
1511–12 Reg. Privy S. I 363/1.
Wechtis or mesouris as stane pundis [etc.]
1555 Acts II 496/2.
All mesouris baith pynt quart fyrlot peck elnwand, stane and pund
c1575 Balfour Pract. 90.
The stane, for weying of woll and uther geir, did wey xv pund, but now xvi pund
1587 Acts III 521/2.
The pund trois and the stane proportionat and effeirng thairto
1595 Skene in Misc. Stair Soc. I 140.
Comptand v stane for the boll as said is
1597 Skene Verb. S. s.v. Serplath.
The last exactlie weyed will conteine of our Trois weicht sex score sex stanes
1597 Skene Verb. S. s.v. Serplath.
Ilk pak is als great als halfe ane sek of wooll skinnes and conteinis in weicht threttie sex Sprusse stanes. Ilk Sprusse stane conteinis twentie aucht pound Trois weicht
1597 Skene Verb. S. s.v. Serplath.
Ane stane and twa pund Scottish makis ane lesh pund
1622-6 Bisset II 208/13. 1645 Aberd. B. Rec. IV 47.
Tua troise stanes, tua half troise stanes
1656 Dumbarton B. Rec. 71.
Inventor of the wechts … in the custom house … Imprimis sex yron wechts with rings, viz., ane four stane twa pund, another of thrie stane [etc.] … all Flanders wecht. Item ane on stane and half of tron wecht
(b) 1685 Paterson Sc. Arithm. 7.
126 stone make a fider of lead
1688 Cunningham Diary 24.
They say the stone of trone weight will be 21 trois weight, which is the ordinary at which meall is weighted
1696 Cochran-Patrick Coinage II 269.
Lanerk troy weight that is the weight of the stone and its fractions committed to the custody of the burgh of Lanerk and knawen to be the standart of the weight within this kingdome
attrib. 1582–3 Cunȝiehous Acc. 5b.
Payeit for ane pair of ballance and ane twa staine pyle

b. specif. With reference to the weight of bullion. 1617 Reg. Privy C. XI 133.
His Majesteis silver plaitt and veschell … of the weyght following … aucht basines [etc.] … weyand of Inglishe weyght 771 unceis and of Scottis weyght 784 unceis and tua drop weyght; fourtie candilstickis … of Inglishe weyght 1004 unceis and of Scottis weght 1021 unceis and 12 drop [etc.] … extending in the haill of Scottis weght to threttie fyve stanes thretteene pundis lxxiiij unce fyve drop weght
c1650 Cochran-Patrick Coinage I lxvi.
Our ingotts or money weights are subdivyded … 24 deniers goes to ane oz, sextein ounces to a lb, sexteine pounds to a stone, which is the highest denominatione

c. An instance of this: The weight of a commodity. Also stane of weicht.(1) 1474 Cart. S. Nich. Aberd. 332.
Thre futhir of lede, ilke futhir contenand sex score of stanys
a1500 Henr. Fab. 2356.
It is somer cheis, … He sayis it weyis ane stane
1494 Treas. Acc. I 253.
Ane new cabill and four new tollys, weyand xxxv stane
1530 Edinb. B. Rec. II 42.
Fedderis to the quantite of half a staine
1535–6 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 185.
For twa new matokis contenand ane stane and half ane pund wecht maid irne werk
1556 Prot. Bk. Gilbert Grote 12.
Ane chimlay of irne, estimat to tua stene wecht or thairby
1561–2 Edinb. Old Acc. II 160.
The said … gutter of leid … inlakit in the newe casting foure stane
1567 Edinb. Test. I 29b.
Thre boundis of lynt weyand foure stanis price of the stane tuentie s.
1595 Wedderb. Compt Bk. 135.
Fyve peces coper wyis sewin Scottis stanes
1602 Montrose Treas. Acc. 11.
Candill for the kirk extending to ane steane
1628 M. Works Acc. (ed.) II 260.
Cleik naillis weyand tua staine
(2) 1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 103.
He … presentit to hir the foirnameit font of fyne gold of tua stanes of weicht or thairby

d. The (ilk) stane, per stone.(1) 1546 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. II 123.
Pryces of the … guids … the stayne walx, xiij s. iiij d.
1627 Reg. Privy C. 2 Ser. II 556.
The wnlaid woll at aucht pund the staine
1633 Dumbarton B. Rec. 42.
Tallow, xlsh the staine
1697 Glasgow B. Rec. IV 257.
Rough tallow to be sold for 48 s. Scots the stone
(2) 1526 Carnwath Baron Ct. (SHS) 54.
ix ellis of ell braid claith of ilk stane of clene vow

e. Const. of a commodity.sing. 1456 Peebles B. Rec. I 113.
Half a stan of wax
1501 Dunferm. B. Rec. I 115.
Ane stane of bras
1504 Treas. Acc. II 277.
For ane stane of rede lede to it [supra the gret portculis], xxxij s.
1518 Perth Hammermen 2.
Ane stene of walx onforgiffin within fifteen days to Sanct Eloyis lycht
1532 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 91.
For ane stane of horne glew xxxii s.
1541 Treas. Acc. VII 468.
For ane stane of downis to fill the said cuschionis with
1611 Inverness Rec. II 84.
That all bucheris and flesseris sel the stain off talloun for xl s.
1641-8 Skipper's Acc. (Smettone) 5.
For a stin & a helff of candell 4 li. 12 s.
1673 Galloway P. 7 April.
Ane stone of butter
1680 Cunningham Diary 20.
The commissioners did first appoint a moderate price for the straw & hay … being 2 s. for the stane of straw and 30 d. for the stane of hay
1685 Kirkintilloch B. Ct. 135.
Item each stone of chies eight penneys for custom and mercat
1693 Answ. Presb. Eloq. 67.
I'le send you a stone of cheese the morn
pl. (1) c1420 Bute MS 170b.
vi stane of wol i d.
1453 Misc. Spald. C. V 49.
xii stane and a half of irne to the bryg
1460 Hay Alex. 2599.
Of cunȝeit god [sic] thai send ane thousand stane
1542 Aberd. B. Rec. I 185.
vij stane of takkillis … for bynding of the gunnis
1547 Armstrong Hist. Liddesdale App. lxxix.
xv stane of leid to be bullattis
1575 Dumfries B. Ct. 21 March.
xix staine of rosat … price of staine x s.
1617 Urie Baron Ct. 18.
That James Duncan … sall pey to the laird twa stein of brew chres ȝeirlie
1641-8 Skipper's Acc. (Smettone) 4b.
For 3 stin & half of butter 15 li. 15 s.
1681 Kirkcudbr. Test. (Reg. H.) 29 July.
For twa stoan of ȝoull
(2) 1471 Acta Aud. 23/1.
The … withhaldin of … lx stanys of cheis and v corspresandis of the teyndys of the kirk of Stow
1529–30 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 25.
Four stanis of leid
1553–4 Reg. Privy C. I 152.
Certane stanis of silver veschell
c1567 Melville Corr. 232.
Hir Majestie dissirit to knaw quhow mony stayns theyre is of the chayne … theyre is four hundrethe [etc.]
1577 Reg. Privy S. VII 145/2.
Thre staneis of uther fyne silver to be cunyeit in half mark and fourty penny peces
1675 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. MS 16 June.
Nyn shilling for thrie stanes of hay

f. With omission of of.sing. 1394 Liber Aberbr. II 43.
For ilk stane fynyne that he fynys of lede iij d.
1544 Argyll Rentals 11 June.
j stene cheis
1586 St. A. Test. II 65.
Ane staine lint
1589 Prot. Bk. A. Gibson 67b.
Be deliuering of stane beir and meill
1614 Orkney Rentals ii 122.
Ane stin mealling … qlk. pertenit to Will. Meall
1714 Household Bk. Gr. Baillie 91.
For a ston hopes to the said malt
pl. (1) c1456 Edinb. B. Rec. MS (Reg. H.) 2.
Helene Neilsone to preif … that scho bocht fra Marion Moreson 3 stain ȝarne
1512 Treas. Acc. IV 451.
For v½ stane herdis
1595 Edinb. Test. XXVIII 47b.
Tua stane caldroun bras price of the stane wecht iij li. v s.
1597 Exch. R. XXIII 184.
Ten stone harts' horns
1603 Inverness Rec. II 4.
xii merks money as for the price of twa stain lint
(2) 1496 Acta Conc. II 20.
Threscore of stanis cheise
1534 Treas. Acc. VI 235.
ij stanis carvell nallis
1558–9 Edinb. Old Acc. I 286.
Sex scoir of stenis calk
16… Bk. Dunvegan I 119.
Twenti staines butter twelff staines cheis

g. ellipt. or without construction.sing. 1565 Reg. Privy C. I 330.
That thai pay unto hir Majestie the tent stane fre of every ure and mettall that thai sall … win
1650–1 Misc. Spald. C. V 177.
30 lb. butter, 1 steine half at 5 lib. 6 s. 8 d., 8 lib.
1664 Edinb. Test. LXXI 253.
Of Inglis fleis wooll ane stone
pl. (1) 1532 M. Works Acc. (ed.) II 74.
Leyd … deliverit to the said plumbar … , ilk hunder stane inlaikand xv stane
(2) 1551 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. II 155.
[He] weyit the same in small, sic as pund, half pund, and half staynis
1626 Black Bk. Taymouth 316.
Off cunningis, viij; off butter to the laidnar, ij staines
1643 Elgin Rec. I 279.
William Tarres … being accusit for bying of tallone … confessit the bying of sevin or aucht steanes anno 1642

27. A stone or a piece of metal of the requisite weight, used for weighing goods. a. A stone, appar. as in 1 above, appar. of much greater weight than the stone weight defined in 26 above. b. A weight of the standard defined in 26 above.See also Lede n.1 4 a, Pund-stane n.a. 1454 Perth Guildry 13 Dec.
That the crelis [of coal] be made efter the bott the quhilk salbe a selit bott & that to be weyt in ij crelis and a gibbat to be made & a stane weyand the half bott
b. 1494 Treas. Acc. I 252.
For the tursing of xij stane of irne werk to Dumbertane, and ane stane to wey the samen
1533 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 133.
The common throne is set to ane vorchty man, James Bradfut, … and the said James sall leif the veycht stane and all mesouris usit be hyme to his successouris
1534 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 144.
Ane veiff baux vith the veychtis, ane leid stane, ane stane of trois veycht vith ballandis
1556 Peebles B. Rec. I 235.
The commoun stane to be put in sure keping in the commoun kist
1570 Lanark B. Rec. 52.
Tua of thair toun … come and tuik the rycht mussour of our prencipall stain within our brucht
1628 Peebles Gleanings 96.
To cairrie the custume staine to Edinburgh to mak guid with thair staine
1640 Dumfries Treas. Acc. MS 9b.
For mending the tounes halfe stane

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