A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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Staf(f, n. Also: staffe, stafe, staif(f)(e, stalf(f, stalfe, stauf(f, staulff, stauft. Pl. also stavis, stawis, stalvis, etc. stowis, staffis, -eis, -as, staeffis, etc. [ME and e.m.E. staff (Orm), staf (Layamon), staue (c1250), staffe (1530); pl. stafess (Orm), staues (c1290), staeffs (1598), OE stæf, ON stafr. Also in the later dial.]

1. A stick or pole carried as an aid to walking, means of support, etc. Also fig. See also Bressale n. for further examples. sing. His staf as a palme tre Fluryst; Leg. S. xix 273.
[He] … Tuk his staf & mad na bad; Leg. S. xxvi 840.
Thair com ane fair ȝoung man rycht fast gangand … ane schort staf in his hand; Hay Alex. 961.
Euery man … bure ane staff of ane consumyt muskane tre quhilk in the nycht castis ane suddane licht; Boece 364.
Quhar that he gat ony chasbollis that greu hie, he straik the heidis fra them vitht his staf; Compl. 94/15.
Preistis, tak ȝour staffe, And preiche the Euangell on ȝour feit; G. Ball. 195.
Than cumis conscience with crukit staf in hand, Greitand for byganis; a1568 Sempill Sat. P. xlvii 55.
Bacillum, a little staffe; Carmichael Etym. 46.
My staf with mortheid; 1592 Edinb. Test. XXIV 214.
Quhairupon thai cutit his ganging staf; 1602 Paterson Ayr & Wigton II 426.
Robert Logie … liftit his ganging staff to Howiesone; 1643 Justiciary Cases III 580.
For a blew cock to a hat, for a ruban to a staf; 1696 Household Bk. Gr. Baillie 191.
(b) With the stafe, in hand … A circle a-bout thaim he mad; Leg. S. xl 439.
Beggar with skrip and staif; Henr. III 131/39.
Leving [I. leaneing] wpoun ane brukill stafe; Pitsc. I 112/27.
(c) Sum, levand hors and armour, tuke ane stauff, In buskis and brais sum hid thame quhare thai micht; Hay Alex. 4085.
(d) I tuik my stalf … And walkit hame; Henr. Fab. 1824 (Bann.).
[He] rasit vp … ane vther candill vpoun the stalff quhilk the man had in his hand; 1590 Dalyell Darker Superst. 242.
Ane siluer hude of ane stalff; 1623 Edinb. Test. LII 21.
pl. Item, gevin to the wrychts for v dosoun viij staffs to convey the playaris, iij li. viij s.; 1558 Mill Mediæv. Plays 186.
fig. Stafe of myne elde thu suld haf ben, My ledare & my licht of ene; Leg. S. xxiv 425.
A parlage cur, a brokin staffe for stay … Quho, for his faults, sall render count one day; Mure Sonn. xi 9.

b. A crutch; also, pl. crutches. Scho becam crippil on ane of hir feit, and walkit vpone staves; Spalding I 297.
Counterfeiting herself a criple by going on a staff; 1702 Boharm Kirk S. 31 May.

c. A shepherd's crook; also, transf. a plant, see Schepehird n. 3.

2. a. A stick or pole used as a weapon. b. A heavy or stout stick or pole; a club or cudgel; an armed weapon, lance or the like. Also attrib. See also Rung n. for further examples. sing. A strak with a staf [L. baculo] viij penijs; Acts I 376/1.
Sum with ane staffe he straik to erd in s[w]oun; Henr. Fab. 1878 (Bann.).
I … had nocht in my hand sa mekill gude As staff or sting ȝone truker for to stryke … With that … he lap out ouer ane dyke And snakkit … doun ane staff … That heuie wes and off the holyne grene; Henr. Fab. 2101, 2103.
A longe staff a spere [etc.]; 1488 Acta Conc. I 98/2.
Hic fustis, a staf; Makc. MS xiii 57.
That … nane … with staff schot of arrow or vthir instrument vnwerly sla hir [sc. a hare]; Boece 177.
Ȝe mone be … Neirhand besyd with staff in to ȝour hand; Freiris Berw. 478 (B).
They saw the men of wear all sett in ordour; the captan, with a lytle cut of a staff in his hand, takin doun ower the wall; Melvill 34.
[The servant] … drew his staf to him; 1679 Ellon Par. 138.
The said persewar conforme to his dewtie and office commandit the defenders in the kings name to keep off and baite them from the said door with his staffe; 1682 Melrose Reg. Rec. III 3.
(b) The said David … bled hir upoun the eie with ane staiff; 1602 Shetland Sheriff Ct. (ed.) 2.
Gilnow M'Caw … Confesses that Patrick M'Kaw did take his stafe violently from him … Compeirt James M'Kaw as witnes that Patrick MacKaw took the rode from Gilnow [etc.]; 1670 Kingarth Par. Rec. 63.
That … Johne … came out with ane staiff and said … the sheepe sould goe over his bellie befoir they were taken and that Johne his sone came out with ane peit spaid; 1672 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Processes No. 136 (11 June).
(c) James Cokkare, 1 lance, stauf … William Kelle, 1 speir, stauf, bonet, swerd; 1572 Peebles B. Rec. I 339, 340.
Stauft; 1572 Peebles B. Rec. I 340.
‘Quhair is my speir?’ Sayis Sym the knycht … ‘He sall rew my stalf has stowin’; Scott ii 73.
(d) He kepit the straik of the stalfe be casting wp the gairdis of the sourd, and … thairvpoun the staif brak; 1602 Dundonald Par. Rec. 20.
The pannell … haifing ane littill stalff in his hand, strak the defunct thairwith; 1619 Crim. Trials III 469.
pl. [He] gerte the apostil … With gret stawis be dongyng sare; Leg. S. ix 289.
For v hors vagis in carying of the halbertis and stavis to the said hunting; 1538 Treas. Acc. VII 88.
Staves or masis; 1580 Exch. R. XXI 4.
Stalvis; 1634 Reg. Privy C. 2 Ser. V 376.
Inraged women … are about him, with neaves, and staves and peats; 1637 Baillie I 21.
(b) [They] sal gang dure be dure wyth pluykis stafys speris wyth brogys and armys; Bute MS 161.
Staffeis [L. baculo]; Bernardus 160.
George Home … for coming … with nettis and staiffis for slauchter of cwningis; 1557 Digest Justiciary Proc. B 140.
Our souerane ladeis liegis … bodin in feir of weir … crewelly strak and dang thame with rungis and stalffis, mony … bloody strekis; 1563 Crim. Trials I i 431.
Stalffs; 1569 Crim. Trials I ii 11.
For sex quair of paper to put vpoun the stalffis for the hunting of redeir; 1585 Treas. Acc. MS 75.
For carying of speiris and stalffis to fairis; 1585 Whitelaw Sc. Arms Makers 298.
xl speiris & stalffis price of the hundreth xij li.; 1591 Edinb. Test. XXIII 202b.
With swordis, lang staulffis etc. [attacked Corheids tenants]; 1609 Douglas of Morton 110.
Geving to hir of dyuers straikis with kentis, battones, forkis, rungis, staeffis and uther wapponis; 1631 Justiciary Cases I 153.
Two of his men servands … boddine with staffes and uther invasive weapones; 1664 Melrose Reg. Rec. II 112.
attrib. The making of thre scoir of spenis [? erron. for speris] and staf shaffis; 1564 Perth B. Ct. 26 Sept.
100 stalf schaftes; 1578 Whitelaw Sc. Arms Makers 298.
fig. Thus enforsit he his fa and fortifyit in strenth And maid a stalwart staff to strik him selfe doune; Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 384.

c. As in b above, with defining words or phrases indicating type, purpose, etc. of the weapon. See: Bandit ppl. adj., Brogit adj., Brog-staff n., Buge n.2, Burdoun n. 2, Gedward staf n., Gissarne n., Hunting vbl. n., Jedburgh(t)-staf(f n., Jedstaf(f n., Jedwart-staf(f n., Lance-staf(f n., Partisan n. 2, Pikstaff n., Slot(t n.1 3. Also fowler's staff, sport staf(e, suord staff. (1) Dartis and staffis heidit with steill Thay bair; Alex. i 1671.
The wachman had a felloune staff of steill At Wallace strake; Wall. iv 245.
That staff … forgyt new; Wall. iv 251.
[He] with ane grite plot staulff or padill in his hand, haveing a shairp broad irne on the end thairof [gave each of them a deadly wound]; 1611 Reg. Privy C. IX 241.
(2) [Armed with] swords, bandit stalffes forkes, great kents and rungs; 1627 Reg. Privy C. 2 Ser. II 163.
Ames, a fowlers staffe; Despauter (1579).
Morris Gibsone, a gedward staf … Thome McCovlacht, astaforb[blank] [? a staf or b—]; 1514 Wigtown B. Ct. 23a.
For v dosane shaftis to Jedburcht stavis; 1533–4 Treas. Acc. VI 188.
To pay for trubling the peace … cumeing out with ane Gedburs staff … xxvi s. viii d.; 1625 Linlithgow B. Rec. 25 Feb.
Ane of thaim … drave him throw the body with ane hounting staffe [M. iedward staff]; Bell. Boece I 205.
Venabulum, a hunting staffe; Carmichael Etym. 6.
Sir Alexander Boyd … struck the reverend governour with a hunting-staff upon the head; Drummond Wks. (1711) 42.
Hirdis … vsit to fecht mare with landwert staffis and axis than ony marciall wappynnys of armour; Bell. Livy I 90/24.
To Johnne Robesoun … in hambringing … the sport stafes and gownes; 1634 Stirling B. Rec. I 172.
A pick or spear [¥3], a suord staff [¥10]; 1645 Aberd. Sheriff Ct. III 43.
Ane sword staff with silver rivalls worth tuelve punds; 1699 Misc. 3 Spald. C. II 101.

3. A small or thin rod of wood, a wand; also, specif. translating L. virga in Psalm xxiii. Thaire fadir tuik 3 staf and … gaif thame to brek; Abell 37a.
Thy staffe, quhair of I stand greit awe, And thy scheip huke [Vulg. virga tua et baculus tuus] me for to fang; G. Ball. 92.

4. a. A pole, rod or wand in ceremonial or symbolic use. b. specif. The insignia of office of a bishop; also, of officers of various sorts, esp. the town or church officer concerned with the maintenance of order. Cf. Staf(f)man n. a. The remanent of the maseris to stand owtwith the dure and the dure to be patent and ane staff to be put in the samyn; Instit. Ct. Sess. in Edinb. Univ. MS La.iii.388a, 4a.
Tuentie-fyve poore in gounis and hoodes, with staues, quheron were lozinges of the defunct's armes and ciphers; 1637 Bk. Carlaverock II 500.
b. (1) Byschape staf gef hyme; Leg. S. xxvii 689.
Til a man that past to Dunfermeling for a mytir and a stafe; 1488 Treas. Acc. I 101.
Bischope James Kennedy cursit solempnitlie with myter & staf, buke & candill; Asl. MS I 220/23.
How the bischopis stalf tuke neidfyre; Stewart 32993 heading.
2 staffs of silver pertaining to the bishop's pontificall; 1559 Reg. Episc. Aberd. I lxxxix.
(2) Constitute vith thair quhyt staffas as sergeantis; Hamilton Cath. Tr. in Cath. Tr. (STS) 90/19.
[The] sheriffs of the city [sc. York] … presented him [sc. James VI and I] with their white staves; c1605 Pitsc. Add. (1728) 227.
Na deacone nor uther craftisman sall … carie in thair handis as commanderis or ledaris ony quhytt stalfes; 1616 Stirling B. Rec. I 143.
The elderis and deacones … desired him [sc. the beadle] … that he carie ane staff and awok thes quho sleep in church; 1639 Lorimer St. Cuthbert's 12.
Jhone Borthwick was this day receavit staffman and under bedill viz. … to keep a great staffe in his hand and … cleange the towne of sturdie … beggers; 1646 S. Leith Rec. 74.
Payit for staves to the officaris, ¥1 7 s. 0 d. … Item to William Lapsley, quho undertook to be hangman for ane staff and in arrallis, 8 s.; 1652 Stirling B. Rec. II 315.
The counsell … appoynts the said Thomas Herroun and Richard Johnstoun to weir for the touns livery ane syde grey coatt [etc.] … and to weir a culloured staffe in their hand markit with the castle marke as the touns armes and appoynts the thesaurer of the kirk sessiouns to furnish them coatts and staffs; 1660 Edinb. B. Rec. IX 189.
The kirk beddelles being conveined … ordaines ilk ane of them to carie … ane whyt staff … for wakining thois that sleips in the kirk … for removing of bairnes [etc.]; 1663 Glasgow B. Rec. III 23.

c. Be (with) staff and bastoun (stick, burdoun) rendering L. per fustem et boculum, denoting the symbols by which the possession of land, etc. was resigned. See also Baston n. b, Burdoun n. 1 b for many further examples. Richart Jonsoun whilum lard of a quarter of Colstoun … resignit and vp gaf … be staf and bastoun al the rycht that he had or mycht haf of the forsayd quarter of Colstoun; 1384 Misc. Hist. Soc. V 33.
Syr Robart … throw vertu of the forsayde obligacyoun … vpgefe, wyth staf and styk, to the forsayde John the landys before nemnyt; 1385 Red Bk. Grandtully I 139.
Gilbert giffis vp that ilke land … with staff and stik in til the handis of that ilke Thomas; 1398 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 37.
Efter the ressavyng of the said soum of mone I … sal vpgyf … with staf & baston the said land; 1453 Douglas Bequest 10 June.
Staffe; 1464 Aberd. B. Rec. MS V i p. 501 (29 March).
Jonet Cuthbert … gaf our hir franktenement wytht staf and bastone in the said balyeis hand; 1494 Dunferm. B. Rec. I 50.
In defalt of the termly payment … I … sal resigne and vpgeve be staf and baston charter and sesing the land; 1497 Charter (Reg. H.) No. 611.
Quhilk office … wes … resignit be him purelie and semplie be staff and bastoun personaly in our soverane lordis handis; 1531 Reg. Privy S. II 115/2.
Quhilkis eschaete gudis [sc. movable and unmovable, dettis, takkis, obligationis, soumes of money and uthiris gudis quhatsumevir] … is resignit be thame purelie and simpillie, be staff and bastoun, in oure soverane lordis handis; 1541–2 Reg. Privy S. II 668/2.
The quhilk day Andro Fergushill … resignit & ourgaif … be staf & bastoun & ane penny as vse is all and haill ane annuelrent of xxij merkis money; 1576 Prot. Bk. J. Mason MS 5.
And maid resignatioun purele and simple to the said nobill Lord, as superior off all and haill his heretabill landis … be staff and bastoun conforme to the ordour of resignatioun; 1580 Orkney & Shetl. Rec. I 197.
James Moresone … grantit hym self lauchfully ramovit fra the said tak & rowme … & deluerit reall actuall & corporall possessione thairof to … Gilbert Barclay … be staiffe & burgone; 1599 Prot. Bk. J. Inglis 19 June.
Johne … maid resignatioune of the landis of maissonnparkis, … by delyuerance of stalff and bastoun; 1628 Linlithgow B. Rec. 22 Feb.

d. ? Reduced form of prec. It is to wyt that bludewyt stafis dynt merchet herȝelde na sic thingis acht nocht to be herd in burgh; Burgh Laws c. 14 (A).

e. Be staff na ryng, see Ring n.1 1 b.

f. Perhaps of some special significance in sorcery, or, a further example of 1 or 2 above. Eftir quhilk, be thair insorcerie and inchantment, the boit perischit … quhilk thing the Dewill did, and went before, with ane stalf in his hand; 1590–1 Crim. Trials I ii 237.
Whatever incantation was in his staff, is not for me to discuss. He could not officiat in any holy duty without this rod in his hand; Sinclair Satan's Inv. World 230.

5. A pole, etc. used as a support in various contexts; also, (borne, carried upon staves) used of a corpse being transported to burial. (1) To the tapescher to cover the stavis of ane bed; 1541 Treas. Acc. VIII 41.
A blacke veluet pale was caried ouer hir corps … vpon sex staues; 1654 Lamont Diary 79.
Ten long staffes for hinging of cloathes; 1666 Edinb. Test. LXXII 194.
Four globb lantrons upon stafes; 1683 Inv. in Donibristle Mun. (Earl of Moray's MSS) 2 (9-10 May).
A tent with staves & pins belonging therto; 1685 Soc. Ant. LVIII 357.
(2) Ane child not borne vpoun staves, sex punds; ane child borne wpoun staves … ten punds; 1653 Aberd. B. Rec. IV 135.
For ilk borne on staves quhen the bell rings not, 13 s. 4 d.; 1655 Lorimer St. Cuthbert's 17.
These persones that hes there childring caried [to burial] upon staves; 1676 Edinb. B. Rec. X 264.

b. A rest for a musket or other similar type of gun. See also Hagbute n. b. The posturs of the musquetier are those following, our Scots in the right hand columme the English in the left: 1. Take vp your musquet and your rest. 1. Take vp your musqut, and your staffe. 2. … joyne your rest to your musq. 2. … joyne your staffe to your mus.; Kellie Pallas Armata 25.
Muskatter wit[h] staff bandeleris and suord; 1629 Linlithgow B. Rec. 20 March.
Ane sufficient muskat, furnissit with bandolars, stalfe, poulder, [etc.]; 1638 Stirling B. Rec. II 389.
For dressing the muskatis, mending sum of the staffs [etc.]; 1639 Whitelaw Sc. Arms Makers 237.
Ane indenit musket … with the stalf and bandeleirs conform thereto, ¥12; 1646 Whitelaw Sc. Arms Makers 296.
Spalding I 144 (see Muscat n. c).

c. Luntstaff, see Lunt n. c, a linstock.

6. a. A post planted in the ground, esp. to support a net. Cf. prec. Cf. also later Sc. staff-net (1795). The nettis of the calate sall set thare stavis and lend abowne the thre stanis; 1467 Reg. Dunferm. 359.
And the grene eird, quhilk wes cuttit wes laid abone, and haldin doune with stalfis; 1590 Crim. Trials I ii 203.

b. A pole attached to the top of a building for use in displaying an emblem. For makeing the tounes armes in brass to put on the staff of the tolbuith steipill; 1628–9 Misc. Spald. C. V 146.

7. Kirne staff, a rod for agitating milk to make butter. Ane kirne staff with ane marking stik; 1636 Edinb. Test. LVII 259b.
In the milkhouse … 2 kirne staffs; 1685 Soc. Ant. LVIII 362.

8. Golf staff = Golf-club n. The sense of the second quot. is not certain. Ane golf-staff to driff the ball withall; Hay Alex. 4327.
Twa golf clubbis twa stalffis and four rakkettis; 1600 Treas. Acc. MS 50.

9. An implement of some sort or an example of next. That the fowle clengers in the mwre haif ilk ane ane stafe with a wikker at the heid, and the stafe to be ane elne abone thair heid; 1585 Edinb. B. Rec. IV 432.

10. The shaft of an implement, weapon, etc. Pro stoffa vnius haste pro hastiludiis; 1343 Exch. R. I 528.
Ane Inglis man had apon a staff Ane hammyre heid; Wynt. viii 6753.
For tua staffes to the Kingis batale axes of tre ij s. viij d.; 1501 Treas. Acc. II 22.
1512–13 Treas. Acc. IV 471 (see Moppat n. (1) (b)).
Item for the making of ane pair of torchis the walx being our ain for the stallis [MS stawis] & werkmaneschip ij s.; 1517 Edinb. Hammermen (ed.) 64.
Assayis quhilk of the croces war fynast mettall, which staf was strongast [etc.]; Knox I 146.
Hastile, a stafe; Carmichael Etym. 23.
For a roche heid and a staf to put it on for sweiping of the windows and jeastis; 1631 Buccleuch Household Bk. 29 Oct.

11. Bow staff, see Bow staff n.

12. A stave of a barrel, etc. See, also, Pipe n.2 b. Sevine stawis & ane yrne gyrth of the said fat; 1556 Dundee B. Ct. III 89b (16 Dec.).
1566–7 Inverness Rec. I 146 (see Girthsting n. (b)).
Four punschonis … tint … be resoun thai brak thame all in stalfis; 1598 Mill Mediæv. Plays 205.
Thrie boddomes to buckattis with new stalfis; 1609 Hilderstoun Silver Mines I 114b.
Of ilk thousand barrell staves, tua s.; 1617 Conv. Burghs III 47.
[Salmon barrels] that they keipe the rycht jedge both in the leanth of the staves [etc.]; 1641 Acts V (1817) 506/1.
Old broken fatt staffs; 1663 Edinb. Test. LXX 102b.

13. a. ? A writing implement. ? A ruler. b. ? A needle or spindle. a. Box, writs, bonds, pencills and staves with all other kynd of necessaries; 1672 Aberd. Trades 301.
b. To aucht wemen … to mend ther poikis … Item to buy them staifes and threid; 1618 M. Works Acc. (ed.) II 114.

14. A bar or rod of wood a. Whose purpose is not specified; a commodity. b. Having some function in a weigh-house, perhaps ? as a counter-weight. c. Used in measurement; a rod. a. Andro Kemp hes enterit his ship with this timmer following … Twa thousand stowis. Four dusson of Swethine buirds; 1552–3 Old Dundee II 312.
For leder to ane of the staues v Ss.; 1594 Skipper's Acc. (Morton) 3b.
b. Conform to the inventar [of the weighhouse and packhouse] … In the first four great staffs within the great barrowes, with four nets [etc.]; 1645 Aberd. B. Rec. IV 46.
A pair of litle barrowes with sex staffis and aucht nets; 1645 Aberd. B. Rec. IV 47.
c. Ane rod is ane staffe, or gade of tymmer quhairwith land is measured, in Latin pertica; Skene Verb. S. s.v. Particata.

15. In proverbial or allusive use, chiefly in senses 1 and 2. To stand at the stave's end against (something), to stand as far away as possible, to disassociate oneself from (it). [Cf. ME (Chaucer).] Sum bringis ane staffe for to brek his awin heid; Rolland Seven S. 4050.
Carmichael Prov. No. 1175.
All things hes ane end and a staff hes twa; Carmichael Prov. No. 216.
Hap weill vaig weill as the blind man cuist his staf; Carmichael Prov. No. 637.
Is there any of you but ye are obleist to be holy … Ye must stand at the stave's end against the corruptions of the time; Henderson Serm. 23.

16. A stick (of pigment or wax). Complanis John Cristesoun litster … that … the said Andro hes intrometit with … item, colour staffis and luyttis, price viij s. with certane wther varklummes [etc.]; 1548 Aberd. B. Rec. I 259.
Fyve wax stalfes estimat all to thrie pund; 1643 Edinb. Test. LX 239b.

17. Appar., a platform upon which a siege tower is constructed; the entire construction including the siege-tower. Only in Hay Alex. Ordanid thar ane staff of grete larges Off wele ane hundreth faddum and na les And maid on it ane somer castell stout Quhare wele ane thousand men micht fecht; Hay Alex. 4186.
Thay brocht the staff, wele garnist, to the wall, And sett the staff quhare that the benfrey was Quhilk was the gretest [tour] of all the place And ankerit it with irin chenȝeis … And quhan the sey rais and the tyde and houre The staff was hyare na the hiest toure; Hay Alex. 4191, 4192, 4199.

18. Appar. the name given to a stretch of road. Passand … to the Kingis uther streit that pasis fra Lanerk to Carmichaell at that pairt therof callit the turning of the staff; 1632 Lanark B. Rec. 324.

19. a. attrib. With end. Paulis hed … a hyrd has tane One his staf end; Leg. S. ii 352.
The Erle of Morton was standing gnapping on his staff-end; Melvill 82.

b. In various combs.: Staff hede, a metal tip for attaching to the end of a staff. Staff schaft (cf. 10 above). Staff herd (hird), a herdsman in charge of animals grazing on common land. Staff money, ? expenses paid on the basis of the number of soldiers armed with a staff. Staff suerd, wepoun, a staff with a short sharp iron point, a pike. (1) To Robert Selkyrk, cultellar, for xij staf hedis; 1506 Treas. Acc. III 355.
To the smyth of Cambuskinneth for … spere hedis and ane staf hede; 1507 Treas. Acc. III 383.
Staf schaftis; 1506 Treas. Acc. III 358.
(2) Allane Leppar accusyt the sex tennandis … that thai wrangwysly … et his gers … & thai denyit & alegyt thai haid j staf hyrd to keip thair guiddis, & the staf hird suld haif keipit & nocht thai; 1510 Prestwick B. Rec. 42.
It is statute and ordaynit that nane keip staif hirds on the commoune of the towne; 1655 Rothesay B. Rec. 257.
(3) Debursit to the Earle of Lanerikis regiment of stalf money … lv li. xvij s.; 1645–6 Glasgow B. Rec. II 511.
Acte discharging all officers from lifting of moneyes for quarters … nor that they lift no dray quarters nor staffe money; Balfour Ann. IV 268.
(4) Fra the coursour he fell on the fer syd With a staff suerd Boyd stekit him that tyde; Wall. iii 178.
Schir Jhone the Grayme, with a staff suerd off steill … stekit him; Wall. vi 737.
Confessit the striking of the said George Ramsay with ane stalf wepoun; 1605 R. Brown Paisley I 204.

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"Staf(f n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 19 Oct 2021 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/staff_n>



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