A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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Se, See, Sey(e, Sie, n.1 Also: seie, (seyi), sye, sea, seæ, sche. [ME and e.m.E. se (c1290), see (a1225), sea (a1200), OE ; MDu. see, ON sǽ-r, sjá-r, sjó-r.]

I. 1. The sea, the body of salt water surrounding the land masses of the earth; also as a place with locative expressions, as a type of vastness, etc. With indef. art., the sea in a particular condition, as specified by an adj. or modifying phrase. See also Main sé n. for further examples. (1) We kast our thing all in the se; Barb. iii 615.
Thane in the se The carle wod to the bat but bad; Leg. S. xxvii 496.
Lytyll Asy lyis … Nere beltyde wytht the se abowt; Wynt. i 1046.
The se sould birn the mone sould thoill ecclippis; Dunb. Flyt. 14.
And bot my buik be fundin worth sic thre, Quhen it is red, do warp it in the se; Doug. i Prol. 280 (Sm.).
Pasz I to the ferrest partis of the se thow art thair; Gau 54/22.
(b) Of the see the gret tempest; Troy-bk. ii 1005.
Sanct Johne … saw the birnand hill castyn in the see; Hay I 12/5.
All wateris, bathe salt water and suete water cummys out of the see; Hay II 138/11.
Fra the son to the see; Gol. & Gaw. 210.
Hys watry hewyt boyt, haw lyke the see; Doug. vi vi 53.
This goume … throw ithand motioun of the see, it growis als teuch as glew; Bell. Boece I lii.
For ane skin of ane monstour fische of the see, vj li.; 1559–60 Treas. Acc. XI 12.
Thoise placis ar maist subject to the pest quhilkis ar neirby the see; Skeyne Descr. Pest 11.
(c) The sey that is doutowise ay; Leg. S. xxxiv 174.
Als mony synnis as thare is dropis in the sey; Cr. Deyng (STS) 88.
The sey wox red, … The erd trimblit; Hay Alex. 152.
The mater conuenient to it [sc. baptism] is the watter naturale and elementar as is the rane watter of the sey of the ryver of the well [etc.]; Irland Mir. III 11/37.
Thar beand ane sufficient goyll in the said dame for passagis of fische to … and fra the sey; 1500 Hist. Carnegies 523.
Rock the quhilk the sey vpcast; Doug. Pal. Hon. 157.
The seys rage; Doug. vii iv 50.
Lyke as the sey changis … hys hew; Doug. vii viii 118.
Onto the see fordwart I fure … And this fals wardlis instabilytie Unto that sey makkand comparisoun; Lynd. Dreme 130.
Ane heich montane … within the sey callit the Mule; Boece 52b.
Affore the Flude … The sey wes all in to ane place; Lynd. Mon. 1542.
The horribyll soundis of the sey The peple sall perturbe and fley; Lynd. Mon. 5460.
His said new fischeing to be betwix thame and the sea and in the sey forganis the watter mouth of Done; 1580 Aberd. Chart. 238.
For bringing of the sey to the North loch and for making clowssis at the schore; 1593 Edinb. B. Rec. V 91.
A mater that wirkes out of the stanes and hardnes throuch the calde nature of the sey; Dalr. I 47/34.
(d) All the sie vndir the lift that flowis; Bann. MS 258a/3.
[They] tuik furth all that thay micht carrie with thame and cuist the rest ovir burd in the sie; Pitsc. II 258/4.
(e) Creaturis quhilkis had saule and lyf in the see war dede … be the quhilkis … was understandin the grete schippis that was perist in the sea; Hay I 16/4.
At Munrose … was drevin into the sea a grit number of scheip; Bann. Memor. 280.
My truble … is hauiar as the sand of the sea; Burne Disput. 19.
The sea and earth … Sall be brunt vp and euerie thing shall burne; Hume 37/105.
(2) All thir watteris … Baith of salt sey, of burne [etc.]; Liber Plusc. 382.
Eneas … widequhar behaldand the large see; Doug. i iv 42.
Rent me in pecis … Or drown law vndir the large seys brak; Doug. iii ix 34.
Vndre the watir or deip hydduus sey; Doug. vi xii 44.
Throu fludis of the stormy see; Doug. x iv 86.
Watry hewit as the haw wally see; Doug. xii Prol. 110.
The suelland vallis of the brym seye; Compl. 40/1.
The heit into thy hippis the salt sey will not slokin; Rolland Seven S. 1708.
Calme is the deepe and purpour se; Hume 28/81.
The … rageing of the roring sey; Montg. Suppl. iv 26.
(3) Ane calme sey in vyntir; Compl. 140/5.

b. Without the article. Also contrasted with the earth or land and the air. On (be) seis half, ? from the seaward side. (1) The Bane that is ane arme of se [E. of the se]; Barb. xiv 371 (C).
Als far as sey excedes land; Alex. ii 658.
Off batylle, wyne, wynd, and se; Wynt. i 1501.
Ane brokin schip, … quhilk, throw storme of sey, happin to brek; 1501 Aberd. B. Rec. I 428.
In sey desert quhill we wer famist aw; Dunb. Flyt. 95.
Makar of angellis, man, erd, hevin and se; Dunb. App. ix 21.
The swokand swelth sank vnder sey and drond; Doug. i iii 42.
Tary quhil wynd blaw soft, and stabill see; Doug. iv viii 44.
Quhair he be chance of sey hes tynt his pak and fallin in extreme pouerte [etc.]; 1551 Perth Guildry p. 277 (22 Oct.).
The Laird of Wester Weymis … slew sewine hundreth Inglismen be ane ambous quhair thay war deffendit be sie; Chron. Kings 90.
That God sould never let sey nor salt watter beir thame above quho had … injurit hir; Trial Isobel Inch 6.
(2) The maystyr and the schypmen has stowyt thair wynys as thai aw to do Stres of wedrys cummys to thaim on seis half [Harl. 2 be seis half] thai cum in fast to the land [etc.]; Ship Laws c. 7 (B).

c. In collocation with land (also, erd, and, once, sand), freq. with reference to the entirety of the earth, things, a situation. Also be (in, on, our) land and (or) se, by (in, on, over) land and (or) sea; by all possible means; everywhere. Also pl. (1) Al wrangis … That twechit othir land or see; Leg. S. xxxi 444.
Baith erd sey and air; Hay Alex. 145.
Lord of sey and landis, I cry thé marcy; Dunb. (OUP) 17/71.
For all wes trublit, baith se, land, and air; 1570 Sat. P. x 332.
(2) For-thi be land and sey men sowcht; Leg. S. iii 277.
Quhat parele man war in sted, Be sey or land; Leg. S. xxvi 8.
This condicion … sall … be kephit … by see als vell as … be lande; 1384 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 5.
That towne straytly assegede he Bathe be land and be the se; Wynt. viii 3824.
Qwhethir he went be land or se, I wate noucht; Wynt. viii 4752.
All oistis, raidis [etc.] … tobe maid be sey or land within the realme; 1548–9 Reg. Privy S. IV 8/1.
Ȝe lauboraris be sey and landis; Lynd. Mon. 5778.
Suppose he fall be sey, or ȝit be land, God will erect him; G. Ball. 97.
Be land or se, Quhair evir I be; Scott xii 41.
Ilk ane to other keip trew fraternitie Defend ane other bayth be land and sie; Maitl. Q. 22/68.
Seæ; Bisset II 253/27.
pl. Quhat thow hes hard, be landis, or be seis; Lynd. Test. Pap. 756.
(3) A schipman on se & sand; Colk. Sow i 92.
Na man knawis … the place In sey or land; Contempl. Sinn. 547 (Asl.).
Quhat dangeris he suld thoill on land and see; Doug. iii vi heading.
The king Berdok he fure our se and land; King Berdok 19.

d. pl. as coll. See also c above. Donald Owyr Mair falsett had nor udir fowyr Rownd ylis and seyis; Dunb. (OUP) 107/21.
We, quhen that ybrynt war our kynd landis, Careit our fremmyt seys and diuers strandis; Doug. iii v 85.
Ane roche crag, dippand with ane lang hals in the seis; Bell. Boece I xxxi.
Sail, mast, and taikillis wer blawin in the brim seis; Bell. Boece II 52.
Ȝe seyis sa deip! ȝe fludis and fountanis fair! 1572 Sat. P. xxxiii 2.
Flowand Phœbe, Lady of the seyis; Hume Promine 15.
Monsters … From seis he send his peuple till annoy; J. Stewart 40/366.
The surgeing seyis; Montg. Suppl. xxv 5.
Levir sees that syndry shippis devoirs; Montg. Misc. P. xlix 11.

e. The sea with specif. reference to shipping operations, sailing, etc., esp. to tak (sail) the se, to set sail, go to sea, etc. and to keip the seyis, to maintain control over a particular stretch of sea (cf. d above). See also Sail(l v. 4 for further examples. (1) All the havynnis of the sey; Acts I 356/1.
Vnderstanding the seais to be replenischit with piratis; 1575–6 Conv. Burghs I 44.
(2) Anthenor and his menyhe Wyth thare nawyn tuk the se; Wynt. ii 1666.
Amang merchandis gud Wallace tuk the se; Wall. x 795.
Quhowbeit his grace Had salit the sey; Lynd. Trag. Card. 104.
Thir peple with lang schipis … tuke the sey; Dalr. I 87/2.
To saill the seyis; Montg. Sonn. lxi 10.
(3) [They] haveing keipit the seyis this lang tyme bigane; 1610 Reg. Privy C. IX 19.

f. The sea as subject to the ebb and flow of the tide. See Eb adj. a, Eb v., Ebbing vbl. n., Fill v. 4, Filling vbl. n. 1, Flowing vbl. n., Full adj. 2, Furth adv. 3 (1) for further examples. Gyfe mute be rysyn betwene a burges & a marchand it aw to be determynde wyth in the thrid fyllyng of the see; Burgh Laws c. 8 (B).
In fresche watteris quhar the see fillis & ebbis; 1424 Acts II 5/2.
Wythin the thrid flud of the see; Acts I 22/2.
The sey was in, at thai stoppyt and stud; Wall. x 419.
From Ardmurth alongue the costis of Mull, Coll and Terrey the moone south to wast, full sea; Lynd. Rutter fol. 7 (B).
And quhen the sie will nathir eb nor fill; Bann. MS 267a/24.
Bot changeand ay as dois the mone and see; Maitland Maitl. F. 23/63.
Ower the watter bridnit witht the filling of the sie; Pitsc. I 75/32.

g. fig. In to this mortall se, Quhilk is the vaill of mvrnyng [etc.]; Henr. Thre Deid Pollis 1.
The thrid ryuer and flud is the haly scripture and doctrine of Jhesu, that is a greit and merwalus seye; Irland Mir. I 82/18.
Sche was the ark of Noy … and be hire wertu in this present sey we sall surelie pas fra the perill; Irland Mir. I 154/13.
Of fortoun gud I had no esperance So lang I swomit in hir seis deip; Bell. Bann. MS 4b/47.
Gif thow desyris in to the seyis till fleit Of hevinly blis; Bell. Bann. MS 6a/154.
Hir grace's … vndoutit freindis in the stormie seis; Winȝet I 96/17.
Sen from hopped herbrie I mon now Lainche furthe again into the stormie sies; 1601 Melvill 499.
Having to these seas of joy … added this small brook or nymph of mine; Drummond Wks. (1711) 156.

2. With reference to the edge of the sea; the sea-side or sea-shore. Also in a place-name. (1) Alexander Cruyschank dwelland in the burcht sea; 1571 Inverness Rec. I 209.
Bruchsey; 1572 Elgin Rec. I 131.
(2) Til I … Saw men of Luby & Egipe Hast thame to sey, for to schype; Leg. S. xviii 474.
Thai … thare thocht land to tak. Ane Melluma … Come to the se & saw thame thare; Leg. S. xxvii 492.
Besyde the see at the brasin ȝet; Alex. ii 2829.
He bad thame … Fra the se that thai suld fare Ten thowsand pasys; Wynt. iv 1840.
Syne ouer the heuch vnto the see he hyis; Henr. Fab. 747.
All the land fra the bra of Stratirum to the sey; 1488 Acta Aud. 117/2.
Stopping of thame fra taking of wair of the sey to lay apone the sadis landis for the gudeing thairof; 1499–1500 Acta Conc. II 350.
In burghis, to landwart and to sie; Dunb. (OUP) 190/17.
That he … sowd browk fre the lawest of the se and up to the hiest … of the said grownd [etc.]; 1509 Rec. Earld. Orkney 83.
The expensis of certane cariage maid be the carteris of Faulkland fra the se, viz., Lewin, Dysart, Kirkcaldy [etc.]; 1537–8 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 207.
In to this toun the quhilk is callit Berwik Apon the se; Freiris Berw. 8 (M).
Utheris apon the schoirris of the sey or burrows apon the se of this realm; 1548 Corr. M. Lorraine 241.
Ane tenement of land … liand within the burgh of Irwin … the sey on the west parte and oure soveranis streit on the eist parte; 1559–60 Reg. Privy S. V i 161/1.
Quhat berne sould bruke all Bretane be the see? Scott i 194.
Beginand at the sie … at ane merche stane; 1580 (1587) Reg. Great S. 390/1.
Ane little ile callit Inismerog twa myle of sea; Monro W. Isles (1961) 48.
At the wast the skelle and full sie at the south; 1608 Douglas Bequest IV 3 Nov.

3. a. A large wave; a heavy swell. Also pl. The wynd wes thaim agayne That swa hey gert the land-bryst rys That thai moucht weld the se na wis; Barb. iv 445.
Ane hydduus sey schippit at hir stern behynd; Doug. i iii 38.
pl. Ane lustie barge Ouirset with seyis and mony stormie charge; Doug. Pal. Hon. 1359.
That seis als greit as Noyis flude Sall drowne the warld; 1572 Sat. P. xxxi 43.
We were in danger to be over-runne … with two huge broken seas which twice covered the body of the closse boat; Lithgow Trav. iii 93.

b. pl. as coll. Sea-water. And al his weid sowpyt with seys [L. madidaque fluens in veste]; Doug. v iv 35.

4. A particular sea or tract of sea, freq. with defining adj. or proper name. Also transf. The est (easter) se or seis, the sea or seas east of Scotland, the North sea, the Baltic; west se or seis, the western sea or seas, the Atlantic ocean or coast around Scotland. For further examples of est se see Est adj. The grete, also mekill, se, the ‘great sea’, the Mediterranean; the mekill se also = the great outer sea, the Ocean = Oc(c)ean n. 1, q.v. also for ocean se, se ocean. See also Scottis se(e n. See also narrow seis Naro(w adj. b (3). The kingis seye, ? = Scottis se(e n. (1) A myle wes betuix the seys [sc. sea lochs of East and West Tarbert]; Barb. xv 279.
Thare is … a locht nere that cyte As lyk a se nere to be; It is sa mykil, lang & brade; Leg. S. xxxiii 42.
Oure fra hym be-yhonde a se He kend lyand a gret cuntre; Wynt. ii 685.
The warld … was fundyn to haf xxx vncouth seis; Asl. MS I 153/17.
The haboundance of fyschis in our seis; Lynd. Dreme 817.
1548 Corr. M. Lorraine 241 (see 2 above).
For clenging of thair seais and watteris [sc. of pirates]; 1574 Conv. Burghs I 28.
[The] haill lockis and seyis of the Ilis of Ust Lewis and vther ilis; 1617 Yester Wr. 328.
That the seas foreanent the coasts of this kingdome and about the yles thairof [etc.] … ar the Scotish seas properlie belonging to the crowne of Scotland; 1630 Acts V 232/1.
If these seas sould be exhausted … of fishes they [etc.]; 1631 Acts V 235/2.
transf. Thar is alsa a gravel see that ebbis and flowis without watter; Asl. MS I 159/5.
(2) The Red See [F. rouge mer]; Alex. i 1683.
The gret se begynnis in the west at Hercules pillaris, thar the se of the occeane of Athaland brekis out & makis the se Gaditan. The lenth of the se is xvm pas and the breid vm pas; Asl. MS I 156/1.
In the Sycill sey; Doug. Comm. i iv 73.
The Tyrrhene see; Doug. vii xiii 52.
Thai sall … occupy thai boundis oriental Quhar as the ovir see [sc. the Adriatic] flowys; Doug. viii iii 122.
Lochtie risis nocht viii milis fra Lochnes and fallis … in the Almane seis; Bell. Boece I xxxi.
Fra the midstreme of the watter of Cree west to the Ireland see; 1532–3 Acta Conc. & Sess. (St. S.) 19.
The laich sey is callit mare Adriaticum; Bell. Livy II 198/21.
To fecht our mylstane out of Broxmouth sie; 1574–5 Day-bk. J. Cokburn 25.
Broxmouth sie; 1574–5 Day-bk. J. Cokburn 29.
Sche hed to do with Patrik … sindry times … and spetialie amangis the craigis at the partane sey; 1582 St. A. Kirk S. 483.
pl. Scho fischit all the Spanȝie seyis With hir sark lap betuix hir theyis; Interl. Droich 61.
In the reid seis; Bell. Boece I 2.
Betuene the Germane and the Yrishe seyes; Dalr. I 170/19.
(3) Anent the fisching … of hering … at the west sey and Lowis; 1487 Acts II 183/1.
The assise hering of the est sey set to the sade Margaret; 1499–1500 Acta Conc. II 397.
To La Mote, Franche man, quhen he past to Dunbertane to the west see; 1513 Treas. Acc. IV 412.
The marenaris of Dunde and of the est sey; 1513 Treas. Acc. IV 479.
A lettre of tak … of all and hale the assis hering and keling of the west sey; 1515 Reg. Privy S. I 390/2.
He arryvit in Scotland at the west seyi in ane heavin callit Gawrathe [sc. Gairloch]; Leslie 116.
Evin to the west sey, ay quhil it cum to Dunbartane; Dalr. I 52/13.
pl. The eist seys of the realm; 1512 Reg. Privy S. I 371/2.
To wait weyll apone the Abbot of P[ai]slay … for the west syes, and at oder his passages for the est sees; 1547 Cal. Sc. P. I 5.
Quhair in all ageis … the … mercheantis trafficqueing in the eist seis wer … mair favourablie intertenyit then ony uther strangearis … we haif hard that of lait yeiris our subjects travelling throuch the strait of the Baltique sey ar burdeynit with new impositiones; 1564 Warrender P. (SHS) I 37.
Johne lord Flemyng come out of France to Scotland, and landit at the west seyis; Diurn. Occurr. 298.
An other castell called Ardrossen standinge vpoun the west seas for anenst the Isle of Bute; A. Hay Nobility 12.
All merchandis resortand to France, Flanderis or any pairt of the Easter seyis; 1591 Conv. Burghs I 358.
(4) And tyd a tyme, thar-fore, at he For sic cause passit the gret se In to a cunctre far away; Leg. S. v 614.
Fischeis … in the grete see or in the lytill wateris; Hay II 137/26.
Europia strekis dounwart … to the costis of Spane and lestis till the gret see; Asl. MS I 154/25.
Frome the diocie of Perth evin to the grete sey; Dalr. I 35/4.
(5) That is in the mekyll se wyth-out Beltand all the erde abowt; Wynt. i 1251.
Crete, That lyis wythin the mekill se; Wynt. v 4142.
(6) Quhair … thai schuel [? for duel] on this syde the kingis seye he sall haif xxi days be it beȝond the Scottis sey on this syde Drumalban he sall haif twis fourty dais; Harl. MS 4700 269a.

5. Applied to an inland sea, a lake or a river. For a schor crag hey and hydwous Raucht to the se [sc. Loch Awe] doun fra the pas; Barb. x 23.
Thar is … the se of Galile Thebarias and the see of Theberiadis; Asl. MS I 304/16, 17.
Sowpit in Stix, the forcy hellys see; Doug. v xiv 54.
Acheron … that hellis see [Ruddim. sye]; Doug. vii ix 62.
Ganging about the coste of Anandale, quhilke the hiland seyes flowis till; Dalr. I 12/12.

II. In prepositional phrases.

6. At se, at sea, on board ship. Ane poore Zetland man whom God had wonderfully preservad into a storme at sea; 1661 S. Ronaldshay 36.

7. Be se. a. On the sea, at sea. b. By sea, using the sea as a means of travelling. See also 1 c above. c. Be the se, at sea, on the sea, by means or because of the sea. a. Se how I am new cum in … Stormested be sie [Ch. Tostit on sea] ay sen Ȝule day; Lynd. Sat. 609 (B).
That slayers be sey aucht not compair personallie, bot be thair atturnayis; Leslie 88.
Schippis for apprehending of certain pirattis … spoiling and riving all persons be sie; 1610 Conv. Burghs II 305.
b. The erle Patrik … gert … send the king by se To Bawmburgh; Barb. xiii 619.
That nouther ship nor ȝit gallay Sould be sey cum to the toun; Alex. i 11.
The Kyng off Francys swne Wyth a gret nawyne past be se; Wynt. vii 2509.
Al maner of gudes of aventur that cummys be see to this burgh; 1444 Aberd. B. Rec. (SHS) xcix.
Away be sey, he staw out off that place; Wall. vi 798.
Geif it sall happin oure ennemyis to invaid the realme be sey; 1481 Acts II 139/1.
Eneas By sey to tak hys vayage schap to pas; Doug. ix iii 8.
Ane schip wes ordanit to ly before the castell of Sanctandrois … sua that nane of the said castell suld ische be sey; 1546 Treas. Acc. IX 44.
Thay transportit thair be sey … xvij hundreth lancequenetys; Leslie 219.
To put me saiff in Berwik within twentie-four houres be sie; Melvill 168.
Sex bollis meill quhilk com in be sey; 1604 Inverness Rec. II 26.
The bischop of Ross wyf … be sea saillis to hir husband; Spalding I 225.
c. The admirall of richt is ane office that suld ring and be exersit be the sey to wer and lieutenant to the prince on thaim that wald offend or move wer be wattir or sey in his land; Loutfut MS 5b.
Gif thow beis ane marchand man, And wynnis thy living be the see; Dunb. App. ii 42.
To releve his extreme pouertie in tyneyng of his pack be the sey; 1574 Glasgow B. Rec. I 11.

8. Beyond (the) se, on the other side of the sea, abroad, overseas. The partis be ȝond the see; Burgh Laws c. 34 (A).
Of a sartan som … the qwylk he had geyfyng hym beyond the se to kyp; 1456 Peebles B. Rec. I 118.
One aliane come frome beȝond the se; Colk. Sow ii 30.
For expenses made be him in the partis beyond sey; 1496 Acta Conc. II 35.
That letters be writin to the clerkis being in the partis beyond sey [etc.]; 1497 Acta Conc. II 90.
And sitt unsoupit oft beȝond the sey; Kennedy Flyt. 382.
Of France or ony uther port beȝond sey; 1515 Reg. Privy S. I 409/1.
Alsweill beyond the sey as on this syde; 1518 Edinb. B. Rec. I 183.
During the said Johnnis remaning beȝond sey; 1546 Crim. Trials I i 333.
Diuers … schippis cumin furth of … places beyond sey; 1555 Edinb. B. Rec. II 227.
Henrie Mukarsie pure parentles boy … is boun to the pairtis beȝond see; 1624 Perth Kirk S. MS 31 May.
Aill and beir comeing from landward or beyond sea; 1665 Edinb. B. Rec. X 1.
pl. The exportatioun of yarne beyound ses; 1623 Aberd. Council Lett. I 209.
To serve in his maiesteis weiris beȝond sees; 1626 Justiciary Cases I 59.

9. For the se, for use on a sea voyage. For the tursing of the kingis letacampbed, and othir gere for the see, to Dunbertane agane his passing in the Ilys; 1495 Treas. Acc. I 242.
Scloppys and brekis for the see to his graice; 1540 Misc. Hist. Soc. X 47.

10. Fra (fro) the se, from the (direction of the) sea; from voyaging. Quhen he his men mycht se Owte off his schippis fra the se Be slayne; Barb. x 98.
And he was richt sikker that he Frome Troye suld cum home fro the se; Troy-bk. ii 2422.

11. In se, at sea, on the sea. The Gregeois frome Troye myght not pas For gret tempest in see that was; Troy-bk. ii 1186.
The chepmen aw to hafe ilk ane a ton fre of fraucht gyf thai help thaim selvyn wele in the see as thai aw to do; Ship Laws c. 26 (B).
Crymes committed in the seæ or in portis thereof; Bisset II 232/2.
Thair trakboats … crears [etc.] … designed and prepared for taking of fishe … whether they be in sea or herberie; 1632 Acts V 243/1.

12. On (apon, upoun) (the) se(is. a. On the sea, at sea, by sea, in the process of travelling by sea, on a voyage. b. Over the (surface of) the sea. c. lit. On the surface of the water. d. On seys, throughout the region of the sea; with regard to the sea. a. And him selff held him apon the se; Barb. x 34.
Agayne the Romanys … come on se wytht his powere; Wynt. iv 1728.
Sound saland on the se schippis of towre; Howlat 774 (A).
Off fortitud and strenth in hert stithly Thir folk suld be first on the seye for quhy Throw waik spreit of thaim that has the cure Schippis ar tynt mor than with stormys; Bk. Chess 1411.
How on the sey Cadal was trowblit; Boece 9.
For breid to the hors and doggis upon the sey; 1531–2 Treas. Acc. VI 45.
The saidis schippis in thair myd viage vpoun the sey; 1549 Ex. Processes (Reg. H.) (J. de Complude v. Robertson).
Schir James Stewart … was tane wpoun the sie; Pitsc. I 57/31.
The said duik wes on the seie cumane to Scottland; 1579 Menzies MSS in 6th Rep. Hist. MSS App. 697/1.
For performing of thair vow maid upoun sey; 1589 Edinb. B. Rec. V 6.
Vaeik creȝit barge vpon the suelling sie; J. Stewart 97/627.
The stabill ships vpon the sey; Hume 29/123.
pl. Lyke to ane schip that saillis on the seis; 1571 Sempill Sat. P. xxviii 3.
b. Ane man beand on the hede of ane hil, he vil see ane schip farrar on the seye nor he vil see at the fut of the hil; Compl. 52/1.
c. The discipulis of Jhesu saw him gangand on the seye as one the land; Irland Mir. II 27/25.
Christ … apperis be nycht vnto his disciplis vpounn the see; Nisbet I 7.
Nor that our saluiour ȝeid apone the see; Q. Kennedy Breif Tract. (ed.) 127/29.
As quhen He passit vpon the see; Winȝet I 87/11.
d. He has na power nor autorite On seys; Doug. i iii 75.
The office of lieutenandrie vpoun the seyis; 1612 Acts IV 497/2.

13. Our (the) se, over the sea; overseas, abroad. (1) [They] Past … Oure se togyddyre into Frans; Wynt. vii 2930.
The effect oure se he wrate, Cownsale til hawe; Wynt. viii 379.
To Johnne Broune lutare, at his passage oure sey; 1473 Treas. Acc. I 43.
Clething … that he brocht with him our se; Seven S. 2422.
Quhar that … we … set our cowrs our see; Doug. iii ii 160.
(2) That he wald trawaile our the se; Barb. i 325.
Then come tythandis our the se; Barb. i 346.
As [he] passyd … oure the se Fra Denmark; Wynt. ii 778.
Thai … Seikis our the salt se; Howlat 303 (A).
Hym to seik our the sey, that saiklese wes sald; Gol. & Gaw. 3.
He … thaim behude Pas our the sey in pilgrimage; Seven S. 2565.
The tresour … Is thus caryit our the sey; Doug. i vi 102.
Byrdis … Quhom the cald sesson cachis owr the see; Doug. vi v 35.
[They] saillit owr the sea; 1590 Crim. Trials I ii 212.
Ye and thay tuik the sea, … past owre the sea in riddillis to ane schip [etc.]; 1591 Crim. Trials I ii 254.

14. (Out) throu the se, through, over the sea. Ye mycht haiff send … Eftir power, to bryng yow throu the se; Wall. ix 333.
Out throw the frossin se We salit … but steir gyd or glas To paradyce; Lichtoun Dreme 36 (M).
Naveis of schippis outtrocht the sea to sneir; Scott i 190.
Thai … marwellit mekill of the King of Scottlandis comming throw the sie; Pitsc. I 361/6.
God … led them safely through the sie; Hume 60/277.

15. (To put, pas, go, etc.) to (till) (the) se, to embark, set out on a voyage; to put to sea. b. In the direction of, towards the sea. c. For (use on) a voyage. d. To the sea-side or shore: See sense 2 above. Thai put thaim to the se And rowyt fast; Barb. iv 441.
Then in schort time men mycht thaim se Schute all thar galayis to the se And ber to se baith ayr and ster; Barb. iv 629, 630.
To [C. Till] se thai went, gud wind thai had; Barb. xx 589.
That he ger ankeres rasit be And smertly set thame to the see; Troy-bk. i 192.
To the wagis given the nechboris past to the see [etc.]; 1429 Ayr B. Acc. in Sc. Hist. Rev. XXXI 146.
The kingis gracis woll … to be send to the sey; 1535 Treas. Acc. VI 261.
At hir passing to the sey; 1539 Treas. Acc. VII 229.
Gudis … passand furth of the said burgh … to sey; 1542–3 Reg. Privy S. III 9/2.
Ane [sc. whale] him swelleit and bair him to the sie; Lichtoun Dreme 78 (B).
Quhen the greit nauie of Scotland Passit to the sey aganis Ingland; Lynd. Meldrum 92.
Convoyit him to sea his luiftenand; Clar. v 2867.
The rebellis wilbe forcit to leaue all these Iles or then to the oppin seaes; 1615 Denmylne MSS in Highland P. III 250.
The Laird of Echt … causit arreist the schippis careing salmound to France … Thairefter … the salmound wes agane schippit, and so gois to the sey; Spalding II 434.
b. Sum to wod and sum to sey can ga … That mony in the sey men mycht se droun; Hay Alex. 3280.
Apone that riche river, randonit full evin, The side-wallis war set, sad to the see; Gol. & Gaw. 249.
Na maneir of watteris war defendit fra fisching of salmond bot watteris rynnand to the sey; Barounis Lawis fol. 12b.
c. The half quarter of the schip … quhair of William Lathoir is master frie outred to the sie with xx li. of stuilling; 1590 Edinb. Test. XXII 31b.
For irne wark to the seye … For ell to the seye … For twyne to our sallis and to the seye; 1595 Skipper's Acc. (Morton) 9b.
Baikes, or faiges, or bread leawes, to gang to the sea; 1598 St. A. Baxter Bks. 63.

III. 16. attrib. and comb. See also many separate entries, as, Se-box n., Se-side n., etc. Cf. also Scley n. ? = sea-clay. a. Se sand, ȝard, hous, etc., ground, etc. found by or in the sea. Apon the se sand; Howlat 208 (A).
Our Lady Chapell, witht the ȝard and the sey ȝard; 1487 Douglas Chart. 120.
The sehous croft set to Patrik Mwre; 1517 Wigtown B. Ct. fol. 63a.
Salmonum piscariam super le seyschoire subtus villam de Inverbervy; 1528–9 Reg. Great S. 160/1.
King Hary … brint and heryit all the see camp to Haddingtoun; Bell. Boece II 336.
Ane fair castell standand on the se skar; Stewart 32723.
Thate daye thai schote downe all the battellyne and caiphouse of the seytowre; 1546 St. P. Henry VIII V 580.
[Poor persons] gadderaris of wilkis … and uthir small fische upoun the sey sandis fornent the landis of Balcomy; 1549 Acta Conc. Publ. Aff. 588.
Dimedia marcata terrarum de Balcary cum lie sche yair et piscaria earundem; 1565 Reg. Privy S. V i 600/2.
At na man … leyd wrek out of the se or se sand quhyl the sone rys; 1567 Prestwick B. Rec. 70.
Four aker land lyand in the see feyld occupeit be the said Andro; 1569 Inverness Rec. I 178.
1578 Rec. Earld. Orkney 354 (see Oise n.2).
Pharus, ane sey towne; Despauter (1579).
Thatt att the making … of the said [taxation] roll thair be ane equall nomber of dry and sea burrowis; 1587 Conv. Burghs I 235.
Scopulus, rupes marina, a sea craig; Duncan App. Etym.
The yard and pertinentis … haifand … the commoun gait and sie use to the west and the Quoybank to the eist partis; 1595–6 Rec. Earld. Orkney 358.
Dilait for byding amongis the sie craigis on the Sabbothe day; 1621 Fraserburgh Kirk S. 123b (20 June).
Coalles whiche ar wyn vnder the sey and ar vpone the sea shore; 1623 Conv. Burghs III 148.
The free portes and sea places of Bellheaven Lamerheaven and Lamercraige; 1641 Acts V 492/1.
Johne Raith vivar of the seywark and induellar in the Potterraw; 1647 Edinb. Test. LXII 378b.
Ane rigg off land in the sea rudes; 1696 Cullen B. Rec. 175b (21 April).

b. Se wattir, clay, sand, viewed as materials. For twa gang of see watter and iij firlottis of grit salt to mak pickkle; 1560 Treas. Acc. XI 32.
The said schip … wes drevin on schoir … quhair scho skoirit and the sey watter enterit in hir; 1563 Edinb. B. Deeds 94b.
For ten lead of sey clay for my lord chancellaris furnes bigging up; 1627 M. Works Acc. (ed.) II 206.
For iii laid of sie clay to the smythis xxxii s.; 1639 M. Works Acc. (ed.) II 408.
That each puncheon load of lyme be refreshed at least with one or two loads of sea sand; 1698 Acts X 151/1.

c. See tangle, rede, starne, wrack, etc., marine flora. Be adventure [he] liftet up ane see-tangle, hingand full of mussill schellis fra the rute to the branchis; Bell. Boece I xlix.
Oftimes the see tangle is found involvit with this goume; Bell. Boece I liii.
Compl. 66/1 (see Red(e n.2 4).
He saw bred of a sey tangle, mussilis, and quhen thay were apned … in thame was fund … nocht fishe bot foules; Dalr. I 62/1.
[The] sea starne … is an herbe that I know hes oft cured the swelling; 1660 Laing MSS 310.
The sea wrecks … being ropped … libertie is granted to him to take up the said wrack and make his best use therof; 1674 Rothesay B. Rec. 330.
That non should gather war or seawrack from Saturday at skey setting till Munday at skey rysing; 1683 Cullen Kirk S. 5 Nov.

d. Secat, volue, eyl, etc., marine fauna. Thir sey monstreys in thar wod rage; Doug. x x 43.
j secat, ij conguerellis; 1528 Household Bks. Jas. V App. 17.
The selcht quhilk sum men callis the see volue; Compl. 60/22.
As whailes so huge and sea eylis rare; James VI Poems I 12/9.
The lempitt and little kind of mussell, the sea burr, the claim-shell and the great black cockle; 1683 Garden in Macfarlane's Geog. Coll. II 134.
In summer time we see abundance of sea nettles floating in the water with long roots at them; 1683 Garden in Macfarlane's Geog. Coll. II 137.
Keilling and skait and sea-carps; Symson Descr. Galloway 93.
Serpens marinus, the sea-serpent; Sibbald Scot. Illustr. iii 23.
Lyra, quibusdam the crowner, aliis ex nostratibus the sea-hen: quæ appellatio quoque (sea-hen) Germanis communis est, referente Turnero; Sibbald Scot. Illustr. iii 24.
Perca marina, the sea-pearch; Sibbald Scot. Illustr. iii 24.
Cyprinus, the sea-carp; Sibbald Scot. Illustr. iii 24.
Pulex marinus, the sea-flea; Sibbald Scot. Illustr. iii 34.
Catalogum piscium … sea-adder … see-needle [etc.]; Sibbald Scot. Illustr. iii 37.
The several kinds of fishes here are … seath, sea-dogs (here called hoes) and podlocks … which three … are very beneficial by reason of the oyl they make of their livers; Descr. Zetland 41.

e. Se fowle, etc., sea birds. All se fowle and seid fowle was nocht for to seike; Howlat 238 (A).
Thir laithly sey byrdis; Doug. iii iv 65.
Soland geis, nocht unlik to thir fowlis, that Plineus callis see ernis; Bell. Boece I xxxvii.
Sche is a sey guse … commonlie now ane solande guse; Dalr. I 24/28.
Solan-geese … are properly a long-winged sea-haulk, that prey upon fish, after the manner of other sea-eagles; Irvine Nomenclatura 220.
The sea cock, the kitwiack and whap; 1683 Garden in Macfarlane's Geog. Coll. II 133.
Haliæetus, the sea-eagle, or ospray; Sibbald Scot. Illustr. iii 14.
Charadrius, the sea-lark; Sibbald Scot. Illustr. iii 19.
Columba Groenlandica dicta, the sea-turtle dove; Sibbald Scot. Illustr. iii 20.

f. See-tempestes, tide, etc., natural forces in relation to the sea. And sene that so the see-tempestes Lownyt not; Troy-bk. ii 1011.
The see tide, quhen it cumis in maist swiftlie [etc.]; Bell. Boece I xxxiii.
See froith, quhilk is cassin up be continewal repercussion of craggis aganis the see wallis; Bell. Boece I lii.
Be tempesteous stormes and sea gust; 1627 Orkney Rentals iii 63.
How great is the power of the sea-break may appear from this, that … there are … large stones thrown up … a great way above the rock; Wallace Orkney (1693) 19.

g. See pyrate, etc., persons functioning in some relation to the sea. Henry Bardinare … dilatit as ane see pyrate; 1526 Acta Conc. Publ. Aff. 243.
Henry Bardiner … ane sey theiff; 1526 Acts II 315/1.
For twa litill barrellis of Allacant wyne to the kingis grace for the sey partie; 1538 Treas. Acc. VII 40.
Pirates, sie-thives, and rivers; 1610 Crim. Trials III 102.
The maister aw to tak counsall of his fellowes and seæ meittis; Bisset II 241/17.
Sea-sutor obstupuit; Polemo-Mid. 19.
Four sie sojers and a landsojer; 1672 Rothesay B. Rec. 231.
He wreits to me they have good pay, and wil have occassione to be a sea suldier, and a land one; 1683 Stirlings of Keir 520.

h. Sey schip, etc. The sovir sey schip; Doug. v iii 38.
Ane quarter of ane litill sey boit with ane lyne thairin; 1576 Edinb. Test. IV 88b.

i. See kart, book, instrument, etc. The haill universall see kart of Europ, Affrica, and Asaia, and new found landis of America; 1597–8 Aberd. B. Rec. II 158.
David Cowstoune skipper. Ane sea book … ane loadstone; 1667 Edinb. Test. LXXIII 86.
Ane sea glob 2 sea cairts with a great mane sea instruments; 1668 Edinb. Test. LXXIII 204.
Ane old sea quadrant; 1699 Edinb. Test. LXXX 356.

j. Se brekis, claithis, kistis, knyff, etc., clothes, etc. for use, or as used, at sea. Ȝallow carsay to be se brekis to the king; 1506 Treas. Acc. III 51.
Dismontand the artalyary furth of the se stokis in the land stokis; 1538 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 233.
Blak welvot to jeit the kingis sey claithis; 1538 Treas. Acc. VII 23.
To David Avirre to by him se clathis quha wis ordanit to pas in the Lyoun in weirfair xxii s.; 1546 Treas. Acc. VIII 458.
That no cloithis … within sey kistis … sall scatt and lot with the vther guidis; 1579 Conv. Burghs I 100.
Thre sey kistis and remanent baggage and claythis; 1580 Edinb. B. Rec. IV 178.
xxx pair of sea bwtis littill and mekill; 1584 St. A. Test. II 50.
Ane bludy straik giwine be the said Thomas to the said Johine with ane sea knyff vpone the schulder; 1589 Burntisland B. Ct. 17 Oct.
I gead a-land and reposit me in my sie abbat; Melvill 168.
Ane seagoun for a man; 1619 Reg. Privy C. XII 760.
Ane sie kist pryce iij li.; 1628 Edinb. Test. LIV 266.
Scho wold take that watter and cast itt about him and upon him and into his sea caschie … and quhen he cam to the sea he should get fisch; 1633 Orkney Witch Trial in Reg. Privy C. 2 Ser. V 545.
Ye … gropit his breast and back and said he was melt grown … and he was aye the worse thereafter … and was all drawn together as it were with sea cords; 1662 Soc. Ant. XXII 222.
Thrie sea packs of lint in boulk; 1680 Edinb. B. Rec. X 391.

k. Sey lawbour, fecht, tred, etc., activities in some fashion to do with the sea, happening at or by sea, etc. Ane Inglis schip … For sey lawbour that ernystfully was dycht; Wall. ix 202.
Than sall the skipper haue his fraucht for the guidis that ar saif, … according to the custom of sey handling; 1602 Conv. Burghs II 142.
We have hard mutche heir of a sea fecht betyxt the Dunkirkers and the Hollanders; 1623–4 Mar & Kellie MSS Suppl. 191.
Our sea tred and salmound fishing; Spalding I 84.
By shipwrack, pirrating, sea hazard or uther accident; 1662 Decree Arbitral Earl of Rothes in Kirkcaldy B. Rec. MS 21 July.
Johne Gemmill, merchand, … hes lost his stok be sea venter; 1665 Glasgow B. Rec. III 60.

l. Sey borrow, misserage, etc., finance or dues to do with trade by sea. Cf. also Sey custome n. That befor thair deperting that the maisteris, awneris, and capitanis of ilk schip comper befor thesaurar clark and ressave sey borrow and find sufficient cautioun that tha sall pas na uthair way bot upoun the cost and throw the watteris of Scotland; 1550 Reg. Privy C. I 104.
Sey misserage and ankorage; 1614–15 Dumbarton Common Gd. Acc. 1.

m. Sea fewer, seiknes. The sea fewer and the land fewer; 1623 Elgin Rec. II 182.
Sore trublit with the sey seiknes; Spalding II 379.

n. Sey hewis, seights. Crownyt with garlandis al of haw sey hewis [L. caeruleis … vittis]; Doug. iii i 121.
Tuo other landskeps representing sea-seights; 1683 Inv. in Donibristle Mun. (Earl of Moray's MSS) 9 (9-10 May).

o. Sea poor box, = Se-box n. Ther are thrie mortificationes of aikers about the town—one belonging to the sea poor box, one to the crafts' box, and one to the kirk session box; 1691 Pittenweem Ann. 101.

p. Sea-broken. To a poor sea-broken German, 6 s.; 1674 Cunningham Diary 47.

q. fig. Sey wawis, sea wallis, a wave-form pattern used as decoration on cloth. Ane coit of the fassoun of the sey wawis; 1512 Treas. Acc. IV 263.
Ane handsenȝie … to the wse of the gildrie, of the ordinar cullours of rid and yallow, wrocht in sea wallis; 1634 Stirling B. Rec. II 388.

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"Se n.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 25 May 2019 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/se_n_1>



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