A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)
Sand, n. Also: sande, sainde, saynd, sawn. [ME and e.m.E. sand(e, OE sand.]
1. Sand as a material. Also pl. in same sense; freq. as used in building.
(a) He [sc. the conjurer] couth … Mak … Nobillis of nutschellis & siluere of sand; Howlat 788 (A).
Wyth ledyng of sand; 1475 Reg. Cupar A. I 202.
1512 Treas. Acc. IV 279.
For iij dosane of lyme and vj dosane of sand to poynt the palais; 1513 Ib. 528, etc.
To xii verkmen this olk at the werk the quarellis and sand casting; 1529–30 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 5, etc.
For the casting and wynnyng of the sand; Ib. 36.
Quhen this tempest was mytigat, the landis of Godwy … with sand war all coverit and bedrevin; Boece 479b.
Grete burdingis of erde and sand; Bell. Livy I 136/14.
[Sowing corn there] quhar the sand blew; 1535–6 Ayr B. Acc. 76.
Gabyounes [etc.] … to beir sande; 1549–50 Treas. Acc. IX 364.
Me thocht the king of farye had me tane And band me … in ane lang raip of sand; Lichtoun Dreme 8 (B).
Necessaris to the gunhous … viz. colis, wyre, hair, clay, sand and talloun for castin of certane grete hakbuttis of found; 1552 Treas. Acc. X 101.
1603 Deer Presb. in Buchan Cl. IV 182 (see Sandit ppl. adj. a).
To 8 wemen that bore sand and sklaitt for ten locht; 1617 M. Works Acc. (ed.) II 44.
When … the last pickle of sand shall be at the nick of falling down in your watch-glass; 1637 Rutherford Lett. (1894) 387.
As you break off their roots for use, lay their tops or sets in ground covered a little till the Spring for planting; … these you spend not e're the frosts come, hard house among very dry sand,that you may have them when you will, rather as be barred from them by the frosts; 1603 Reid Sc. Gard'ner 106.
(b) And thocht ouir synis monyfawld In nombir pas the saynd [: onderstand, staynd (= stand)]; Cullen Chron. Aberd. 48.
(c) To poynd the deficients … for not drawin staine & sawn to the calseys; 1656 Dumfries Council Min. 7 April.
pl. The saidis gummis and sandis proceding of the gold and silver mynis being affynit; 1575–6 Reg. Privy C. II 512.
b. Deid sand, ? sand of a firm and unyielding consistency (as used in the laying of foundations).
For the inbringing of deid sand to the laying of the said lystis; 1530 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 36.
Holand and wynnand clay and deid sand for bigging of the samen [oven]; 1531–2 Ib. 71.
For deid sand to lay the fluris within the barris xxiiij s.; 1563–4 Edinb. Old. Acc. I 444.
For fyve scoir nyntein laides of deid sand for laying the pavement in the counsallhous; 1627 Ib. II 206.
2. The sand of a shore, or of an expanse of sandy ground; a stretch of (chiefly shore) sand, the shore itself, a beach, also ? a sandbank. Also pl. in same sense. Also se-sand, Se n.
Small stanis of the sand [L. littore maris] He gadderit vpe in-to his hand; Leg. S. v 155.
And as the king apon the sand Wes gangand wp and doun [etc.]; Barb. iv 632.
Thai … fand a kyrk in-to the sand; Leg. S. xxi 887.
Before the listis … thay come prekand throw the sand; Alex. ii 1321.
Henr. Fab. 740.
Quhill on ane sand the schip did brist and claif; Doug. Pal. Hon. 1368.
Our schippis … we gart adres And lay almaist apon the dry sand; Id. Æn. iii ii 135.
The see was furth; the sand wes smoith & dryye; Lynd. Dreme 115.
Fywe thousand men war suckin be the sand; Stewart 33327.
Throw aduenture [and] tempest of the se, … ane schip … wes brokin on ane sand; Ib. 36299.
This ferriar … did … row … quhill he come to that sand; Ib. 53941.
Vpon the sand or craiges foreanent his landes; Skene Verb. S. s.v. Ware.
pl. That he … ly onerdyt in myddis of the sandis; Doug. iv xi 75.
Sa huge wilsum rolkis and schawd sandis; Ib. v xi 56.
The flowand sey … with his iawpys coverys in and owt The far sandis our the bay abowt; Ib. xi xii 68.
b. With the definite article as the name of a particular stretch of sand. Chiefly pl.
Freq., ‘the Sands’ adjacent to a place or belonging to a particular community.
pl. The forsaid masonys … sall delyvir frely thaim at ony key of Abirden or ellis at the sandis at Laurence of Lethis hows; 1399 Aberd. B. Rec. I 377.
1446 Reg. Dunferm. 304.
That xii personis … sal set & dele the hale sandis tyl al … induellaris; 1459–60 Ayr B. Ct. 14 March.
1506 Treas. Acc. III 203.
Sum … Wald ryid to Leith … And wychtlie wallope ouer the sandis; Lynd. Complaynt 179.
The teyndis of the sandis of Mussilburghe; 1561 Reg. Dunferm. App. ii 460.
The tymmer in Leyth quhilk wes be the Lambeth fluid chiftit athort the sandis; 1598 Edinb. D. Guild Acc. 675.
Accuisit of … playing on the sandis in tym of preaching; 1615 Fraserburgh Kirk S. 43b (10 Jan.).
Ane barne … was exponitt & found in the sandis within the fluid mark; 1618 Ib. 83 (9 Dec.).
1625 Justiciary Cases I 28.
In respect the Inglish schipes haid chaist in ane barque … on the sandis; 1651 Aberd. B. Rec. IV 120.
A vessell … driuen in vpon the plaine sands a litell be-east the Black Craigs; 1655 Lamont Diary 84.
A worm called lug digged out of the sands at low water; 1683 Acc. of the North Side of the Coast of Buchan in
Coll. Aberd. & B. 100.
sing. John Wat ȝid to the sand … to gather bait; 1621 Fraserburgh Kirk S. 124 (11 July).
c. To leave or put (a person) to the lang sands, appar., to leave someone in a difficult situation.
Udney transacts for the haill, pays himself, and leaves Pitreichy to the lang sands; 1671 M. P. Brown Suppl. Decis. II 539.
The accomplishment seemed hard at hand; yet how quickly were they [sc. the people of Egypt] put again to the long sands (as we say,) when they … were put to wander in the wilderness fourty years in end; J. Brown Life Faith i (1726) 42.
d. In other place-names.
Recium meorum trahencium super Joymersandes; c1240 Lindores Chart. 84.
Burch-in-the-sand Men callis this toun; Barb. iv 203.
Oure Solouay sand Ane Inglis ost com in Scotland; Leg. S. xl 1087.
De terris de Sandhalch; 1435 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III 582.
Sandfurde; 1449 Reg. Dunferm. 310.
Cum piscariis de Newscaris et Sandis de Edin; 1517 Treas. Acc. V 102.
[In the] sandegat [of Ayr]; 1518 Prot. Bk. Gavin Ros 42.
For carage hyer … furtht of the castell of Edinburght to the lang sandis of Leith; 1544–5 Treas. Acc. VIII 360.
Of James Williamsons rig in the sandhalff; c1616 Montrose Treas. Acc. (Mary Hospital Rental) MS.
Betwixt the sand port and the port of the Cittiedaill; 1682 Edinb. B. Rec. XI 35.
3. Attrib. and comb. a. With cart, chist, hous, b. With beirar, ledar, c. With flure, appar. = 2 above, d. In sand-colour, -colored, sand-coloured. Also Sand-bed, -glas, -man, etc.
a. Ane stirrop to ane sand cart; 1530 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 40.
Ib. 41, 48.
For twa laid of brume to mend the sande housis; 1555–6 Edinb. Old Acc. I 185.
Samuell Hoyle coppersmith … tua sand chists; 1668 Edinb. Test. LXXIII 224b.
b. To the brether Ruidmen sandledderis for ic vi dosane vi ladis sand; 1536 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 192.
1538–9 Ib. 244.
Sand ledaris; 1540–1 Ib. 270.
[For sand] to John Horne, sand ledar; 1592–3 Ayr B. Acc. 177.
Tuelf sand and lyme beiraris; 1629 M. Works Acc. (ed.) II 297.
c. In parochia de Ruthven, Ruthventoun [appar. = Ruthwell in Dumfriesshire.] nuncupat cum lie salt cott, sand flure et marresia earundem; 1542 Reg. Great S. 606/2.
The towne and lands of Revell [= Ruthwell] with the saltcott sandfluires and hous stead thairof; 1633 Acts V 146/2.
d. Ane govne of sainde coeiller schairge; 1640 Tailor's Acc. Bk. B 33b.
Ane gray sand colored naig; 1670 Kelso Baillie Ct. 70b.
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"Sand n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 18 Jun 2019 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/sand_n>
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