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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1990 (DOST Vol. VII).

Replege, v. Also: -pleige, -pleadge, -pledge; -plaig, -plage. [OF replegier, -eer, -er to give or become security for a person (1190 in Greimas), f. re- and -pleger Plege v., e.m.E. replegge to take out of pawn again (once, 1479). See also Replegiat(e p.p.]

1. tr. To withdraw (a person) from (fra, furth of, out of) the jurisdiction of another court to one's own, on giving surety that justice will there be done. Also without const.‘Should any person within his jurisdiction be summoned before another court … the lord of the regality could claim jurisdiction over him and demand the right to try him in his own court.’ T. I. Rae The Administration of the Scottish Frontier (1966) 15.In early use, chiefly in documents containing grants of jurisdiction, as in grants of regality, certain charters, etc.Also in fig. context. 1320–1 Reg. Dunferm. 240.
[Primus articulus est que petunt Ballium de progenie sua dari per Abbatem qui replegiabit eos ad curiam Abbatis et Conuentus de Dunfermelyn
1349 Reg. Episc. Aberd. I 80.]
Et eisdem intratis replegiauit easdem per plegium proprium
(1) 1450 Reg. Great S. 84/1.
Gevand … to the said Thomas … full powar … the inhabitantis of … my baronry of Monypeny to borow and replege before quhatsumever juge thai be … arrestit to my … courtis
1493 Reg. Cupar A. I 244. 1521 Dundee B. Rec. in Soc. Ant. XI 165.
His maister askit hym to be replegit to his court and it was fundyn be ward of court that he suld haf him replegit, … and the said lard offerit James Cunningham colreth and cautione
1539 Bk. Carlaverock II 468. 1541 Rec. Earld. Orkney 62.
The inhabitantis within the forsaidis boundis … to the privilege … of the saidis courtis of justiciary … and bailliary forsaidis to replege, reduce and again bring
1557 Aberd. Sheriff Ct. I 149.
James Gordoun … bailȝe of the regalite of Tarves … desyrit … Johnne to be replegit to the fredome and preuelege of the court of the regalite
a1568 Sempill Sat. P. xlvii 60.
Our regalitie Hes power planely to replege thame heir
1573 Dunferm. B. Rec. II 4.
William Kent … was replegit to the land courtt and David Hutcheoun sovertye for his intre
c1575 Balfour Pract. 338, 339.
The said baillie sould desire the defendar to be repledgit to his awin lord and judge's court … And gif the judge … admittis the desire … and sufferis the defendar to be repledgit to his judge competent, the defendar sould leive ane pledge, that is callit culreach, behind him in the court fra the quhilk he is repledgit, to the … end that gif the persewar gettis not … full ressoun in the court to the quhilk the defendar is repledgit, he sall have regres … to the first court
1578 Reg. Privy C. II 699.
To Johnne Erll of Atholl ane Commissioun of Justiciarie … with power alsua to him to replege all personis dwelland within the saidis boundis … arreistit befoir the Justice Generall, unto the … Justice Courtis of the landis foirsaidis
1586 Jurid. Rev. IV 295.
[The] baillie deputt … reqyrit that the said William Scott … might be repledgit to the justice of the said regalitie
1587 Acts III 435/2. Skene Verb. S. s.v. Infangthefe. 1700 Misc. Spald. C. III 175.
[They] craived the saids Patrick and Donald Brounes may be repledged to the said regalitie, and offered cautione of culriach for that effect
(b) 1511 Reg. Panmure II 280.
Giffand … to the said our bailye … powir … to replage them to the privileges of our said barony
1563–4 Perth B. Ct. 3 (14 Jan.).
Nocht admittand the juge compitent & desirit him tobe replagit to the gild court

Plaine power [etc.] … all … our men … fra … juges & thar courtis To … courtis … of … baronie & regalitie tharof.
1600 Fraser P. 232.
To reduce, replage, againe bring and borrow
(c) 1572 Irvine Mun. II 14.
(2) 14.. Acts I 339/2.
That na man of quhat estate he be may repledge his man for foristallinge, fra the Court of the burgh or the Chalmerlane air [etc.]
1526 Liber Aberbr. II 460.
For ministracioun of iustice apon personis replegyt … furth of owr said iustice ayr
1542 Elgin Rec. I 73.
As he that was replegit be John Ȝoung, ȝoungar, baillie of this burgh, out of ane reverand faderis court Patrik, bischop of Murray
1554 Prot. Bk. J. Robeson 61b.
James Bertoun … and James Litser induellaris in leyt … to be replegit fra the court & fredome of the said burcht
1562 Linlithgow Sheriff Ct. 18 Aug.
Desyrit in the said lordis name the said Jhonne his tennent to be replegit fra this iugement & offeris cautioun of tollerance
1597 Skene Verb. S. s.v. Replegiare.
It is not leasum to ony man to replege fra ony vther court ony person bot his awin liege man [etc.]
1627 Justiciary Cases I 70.
The said Robert Andersone … to be repledget fra the justice generall his judgement and jurisdictioun
(b) 1557 Irvine Mun. II 10.
Ane of the balyeis … lauchfully constitute be the burgh … to replaig Jhone Montgumery burgess therof fra befoir the balyeis of Aire
(3) 1531 Bell. 1531 Boece II 277.
Malcolm … gaif to Makduf … iii privilegis … the thrid he sal have fre regalite, to mak officeris within him, and to replege his men, gif neid beis, fra the kingis lawis to his regalite
1548 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III 359.
His tenentis of his saydis landis hes euir bene in tymes bypast replegit fra the schiref of Kincardin … to the fredome and priuelege of the sayd regalite and baillies courttis thairof
1558 Fam. Rose 226.
Wyth power … all … inhabitoris off the sadis landis, fra quhatsumeuir curt thai happin to be arreistit to, to our sad bailye curt repledge and agane bryng
1579 Reg. Privy C. III 241.
They and thair brether heraldis hes bene … exemit and repledgit fra all maner of inferiour judges to thair awin propir judge, lyoun king of armes
1587 Ib. IV 219. 1597 Skene Verb. S. s.v. Cvlrach (see Replegiatio(u)n(e n. a (1)). a1633 Hope Major Pract. I 15.(4) 1507 Reg. Privy S. I 217/1.
Makand thaim balȝeis within the bondis of the lordship foresaid … with power to hald courtis, etc., and to replege the tenentis
1507–8 Ib. 234/1. 1511 Exch. R. XIII 455 n. 1527 Liber Aberbr. II 464.
The abbot appoints … his bailies … with power to … hold courts, … to repledge tenants and servants
1535 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 155.
The commissioun … vas ane generaill commissioun … and maid na mentioun of ony man to be replegit be it in speciall
1555 Digest Justiciary Proc. B 118.
[The] procuratour … desyrit him to be replegit as he that dwelt within the regalite of Kelso and the … assesse wald not him to be replegit
1560 Admir. Ct. Bk. 155.
James Prowde aucht nocht to be replegeit nor remittit
c1575 Balfour Pract. 571.
Bot the Justice … sould bewar that na persoun be repledgit be ressoun of regalitie, thairby to eschew and escaip fra the law
Ib. 340. a1578 Pitsc. II 232/29.
Ane callit Hammiltoune … was repledgit be the rectour
1586 Jurid. Rev. IV 299.
It is alledgit for the rest of the persons that are not repledgit that they cannot be putt to the knowledge of ane assyse
(b) 1535 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 155.
The … inquest fand the commissioun sufficient in generaill, bot nocht in speciall to repleige na man be the deliverans of the samyn
(5) absol. or intr. 1540–1 Linlithgow B. Ct. 17 Jan.
To schaw the said lord powir that he hes to replege togidder with his commission of replegeyng
1597 Skene Verb. S. s.v. Replegiare.
To replege … is quhen ony man … reducis to his awin court his awin man, fra ony vther mannis court, and leauis ane plege or cautioner behinde him
a1633 Hope Major Pract. II 70.
No bailȝie nor stewart of regality may repledge frome the king's justice air
1678 Mackenzie Laws & C. ii iv 1 (1678) 369.
The Earle of Errol was found … to have the sole criminal jurisdiction, and did repledge
1681 Stair Inst. iv xxxvii § 4.
All sheriffs, stewarts, baillies of royalty [etc.] … have criminal jurisdiction … but they cannot repledge
1683 Martine Reliq. Divi Andreae 64.
His lordship and his baillies may repledge from the king's justice generall … to his owne court
16.. Macfarlane's Geog. Coll. III 77.
The Lord of Regality has also … power to repledge from the sherifs and even from the justices
(6) fig. a1585 Maitl. Q. 261/27.
Thocht other loveris doe alledge … Sum other caussis to repledge Thame selfis from absence tyrannie

b. With a legal cause as object. 1531 Bell. 1531 Boece I 178.
All hie offencis to be replegit to his gret justice
c1575 Balfour Pract. 40.
And siclike, the said baron may replege fra the schiref … all sic actiounis
Ib. 407.
Gif … he … desire the samin cause to be repledgit to his master's court [etc.]
1619 Ruthven Corr. 157.
In all actiounes and maters replegit
1678 Mackenzie Laws & C. ii xi 5 (1678) 404.
Actions of deforcement also, in my opinion, being intented before the justices, cannot be repledged

2. tr. To become security for (a person); to redeem. a1500 Seven S. 609.
Bot ȝe sall lat me him replege, Syne heir the resoun that I allege
1540 Lynd. Sat. 5.
Ȝour saluiour … That bocht ȝow frome bailis … Replegeing [Ch. repleadgeand] his prissonaris with his pretious blude
1574–5 Haddington Treas. Acc. 5.
To ryd to Edinburgh to replege Andraweson hame fra the comesaris
c1575 Balfour Pract. 54.
Gif ane burges be takin without the burgh for ony debt or trespas, his nichtbouris sall pas and repledge [Acts I pas to borow] him upon thair awin expensis

3. To take back (something impounded or forfeited) on proper security.(a) 1597 Skene Verb. S. s.v. Recognition.
To craue and aske fra his superiour the saides landes to him to borgh, that is to repledge them
Id. Reg. Maj. ii 37b.
Gif any man will repledge the poynd within the saidis three dayes; the poynd salbe lettin to borgh
a1633 Hope Major Pract. II 150.
Be the old lawes, quhen a man's goods wer poynded for debt, he might repledge them be finding caution to anser … in the nixt court
(b) 1530–1 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 111.
It sal be lefull to Jhone Scot to repleige the forsaid kyst and loum

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"Replege v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 26 Sep 2022 <>



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