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Pend, n.1 Also: pende; peind; also Pen(n. [Appar. f. Pend v.1 Only Sc. Also in later Sc.; also mod. north. Eng. dial. (Cum.) (= block of sandstone), and north. Ir. dial. (= conduit).]

1. a. An arch; an arched roof, vault or canopy. Also fig. ? Sometimes applied to a whole structure, including the supporting side walls or buttresses. Thair bodyis and banys tyll be sepulturyt at the north end of the said alter … and tyll mak a pend as he or thai lykis; 1454 Liber Coll. Glasg. 178.
To flit the pend of the said Frere Wynd for making of neidfull asiamentis in the sammyn [tenement]; 1511–12 Reg. Privy S. I. 359/2.
Putting in the said syde-wall [of the foreland of an Edinburgh tenement] endis of dormentis & geistis cuppling & puttis of pendis; 1512 Old Ross-shire II. 56.
Ane substantious brig … with pillaris pendis doubill. brasis battaling and cawseis; 1529 Reg. Episc. Aberd. I. 395.
Ane cheriot to be sylit in maner of ane pend abone thare heid; Bell. Livy II. 248.
That tyme on Forth thair wes ane brig of tre, But pend or piller, vpone trestis hie; Stewart 33556.
The said maister Johnis tenement … is biggit vpon geistis liand vpon pendis & brasis our the clois betuix thair hous & his; 1538–9 Edinb. Guild Ct. 4 Mar.
I … kest my self richt with ane michtie bend Put throuch the volt and pressit nocht the pend; Lichtoun Dreme 18.
[4,000] tyld to be ane pend and ane sole to ane furnes; 1558 Treas. Acc. X. 440.
The men of weare of the steipill slappit all the pendis of the kirk; Diurn. Occurr. 211.
Fornix, a pend or vout; Despauter (1579).
The said Thomas … sall bring on ane cumlie and perfite pend abone the port; 1589 Trans. Edinb. Archit. IX. 130.
Irne … to lay vnder the pend of the melting furnace; 1610 Hilderstoun Silver Mines III. 28 b.
1610 Crim. Trials III. 91.
And vpoun the foirsaid wall the said Thomas sall big … twa pilleris and thrie bowis, fynelie wrocht with chapture heidis at the beginning of the symmeris of the pendis … and betuixt the pendis to mak sic hewin wark … as [etc.]; 1616 Aberd. B. Rec. II. 338.
1618 M. Works Acc. (ed.) II. 115 (see Divelling).
That no seat be set in the entrie of the queir beneth the pend; 1625 Cramond Ch. Boyndie 9.
That the pendis, skonschonis and mid mingallis of the haill windowis be all weill layit over [etc.]; 1629 M. Works Acc. (ed.) II. 256.
The sylring at the wastend of the pend quhairon the gryte stepill standis; Spalding I. 313.
For 20 dailes to close the pend of the Cheynes ile; 1653 Ellon Par. 142.
Windoores and doores fynlie arched with streight pends; 1672 Soc. Ant. XIV. 330.
Hade laitlie, in the night tyme, brocken the vpper part of the pend of the said tolbuith and chamber wherin they wer; 1673 Aberd. B. Rec. IV. 285.
1683 Craven Ch. in Orkney I. 103.
Of these pinnacles two stood on the west gavell where was an entrie to the church and were … joined by a vault or pend; Martine Reliq. Divi Andreae 185.
That like a pend every part of it supports another; 1688 Tryal Philip Standsfield 31.
For stones to build the pend of the church yeard styl and the louping on stone; 1694 Logie Par. Hist. I. 320.
As many … hewin stones … as will serve a stone pend clost without cupples to the bridge of Belnagowne; 1699 Old Ross-shire I. 195.
The manner of the former pends of the meal mercat being too low; 1700 Edinb. B. Rec. XII. 264.

fig. Said of the sky. — Begaried is the saphire pend [: end] With spraings of skarlet hew; Hume 27/65.

b. Passing into: An arched or vaulted opening or passage; an archway, as of a bridge, culvert, etc. (a) In maid irne werk … [to] the yet toure abone the gret pend; 1535–6 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I. 186.
One to the tyme the vicar … deliver the keis of the stepill and the pende in the kirk maisteris handis; 1539 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 209.
Occupiar of ane uther foir hous with ane pend and bakhous; 1569 Canongate Ct. Bk. 27.
For the … maill of ane laich pend occupiit be hir; Ib. 115.
The keiching abone the clos and pend; 1571 Prot. Bk. A. Millar 8.
Gif it sall happen the town to raise ony new wark upon the pend that putts to the said gavel; 1588 Old Dundee I. 216.
Hichtand the samin [front wall] abone the pend of the yett and cover the said pend with flag stanis; 1589–90 Mylne Master Masons 67.
Hist. Kennedy 12.
[The bridge of Leswade being] now … verie fer decayit [as well in] the pend as in the puttis; 1609 Reg. Privy C. VIII. 336.
The north west pend and bow of the brige of Erne fell down being eveill biggit, … fillit onlie with clay and ȝeard and but ony blind pend as the brig of Tay hes bene in the samen manner foundeit; 1614 Chron. Perth 15.
The Brige ou'r Dea … Knit clos with quadrat stones … Of these the pend, with arches sevene Supported is and borne; Garden Elphinstoun 2105.
To win stanes for bigging a pend to the brig of Scapa; 1644 Misc. Maitl. C. II. 214.
Ye enter into the court by a great pend most curiously built; 1668 Lauder Jrnl. 184.
[That Garmilton should make a stone pend in the park-dyke, sufficient to let the water go out, not being of that wideness to let in or out beasts; 1678 M.P. Brown Suppl. Decis. III. 228.]
In the pend or cell ther are six lead coffins; 1683 Lauder Observes 89.
To this castle we go down a pend from the continent or firm ground which it seems hath been digged and made passable and is laid with a causey; 16.. Macfarlane's Geog. Coll. III. 232.
To cause build ane sufficient ston pend of frie ston over the Raploch burn; 1709 Stirling B. Rec. II. 118.
(b) The litill garding chalmer lychtis abone the peind; 1535–6 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I. 187.

2. Pend-stones (Pend-stane n.) or vault-stones collectively; also, the stone-work of an arch or vault. a. Chiefly uninfl. as coll. b. In plur. a. (a) For certane walstane and pend of the quarell Salisberry; 1529 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I. 7.
1529–30 Ib. 30.
Wynnand nowellis pend ande wal stane; Ib. 32.
1530 Ib. 54.
For twa dozane pend vij s.; 1555–6 Edinb. Old Acc. I. 179.
For half ane hundreth pend; 1591 Edinb. D. Guild Acc. 434.
The vtter course [of a bridge structure] of hewin wark, outlairis, and the pend of baythe the bowes to be of roche wark within; 1610 Aberd. B. Rec. II. 299.
The sydewall of the maynehous to the kithching braiss being saxtein futtis within the walls … compting twa elnes for sewin fuittis with the odyer pend; 1611 Macgibbon & Ross V. 5.
For leiding pend to the owen in the abbay xxviii s.; 1615–16 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I. 362.
To the horsmen for leiding of [154] dubill pend at x lib. the hundreth; 1616 Ib. II. 2.
For leading and winning of xlii peit stanes to the abbay to be coostis and pend for my Lord of Maris oven; 1622 Ib. 147.
Fourtie odger pend at ii s. vi d. the peice; 1633 Ib. 314.
(b) Fra … the quarrell Salusbery … wall stanis flaggis rouch peind and certane band aslaris; 1535–6 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I. 147.
b. Thre dossand of bandstanis & thre leid of pendis; 1538 Aberd. B. Rec. MS. XVI. (J).

3. Attrib. or comb. in sense 1. a. Of an arch or archway. b. Pend ȝet, an arched gate, a gate which has an arch over it. Also Pend-stane. a. Aucht wyndois ovircastin with pend stanchellis beittit and crukit be the said William; 1578 Edinb. B. Rec. IV. 75.
To sweip and keep clein … the pend heidis and pillar heidis abone the counsall sait; 1635 Glasgow B. Rec. II. 31.
b. Ane dyke … about the … chappell yaird of Finlarg quhilk hes ane fair entrie from the grein be ane pend ȝett; 1632 Black Bk. Taymouth 74.

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"Pend n.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 18 Oct 2021 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/pend_n_1>

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