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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1983 (DOST Vol. V).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Outh, Owth, prep. and adv. Also: outhe, owthe, howth, outht, oucht, wth. [Origin obscure; perh. OE. uf- above (see Ove adv.) and -with. Only early.] Above. 1. prep. Above in position, also, in authority, over; above the top of; on top of. 1375 Barb. x. 746.
And wrat owth [E. oucht, H. on] him … In Franch, gardis wous de francois
Ib. xi. 614. Ib. xiv. 352 (E).
A litill outh quhar he herbryit had Schyr Eduuard
Ib. xvii. 597 (C).
Of great gestis ane sow thai maid That stalwart heling owth [E. abowyn, H. outwith] it had
Ib. xi. 614. a1400 Leg. S. ii. 673.
Nero … owth his hevid sittand thar Brandiste a brand
1389 Wemyss Chart. II. 23.
Landys and possessionys … als wele vndyr erd as wth
1394 Argyll Chart. MS.
Outh the erd as under
c1420 Wynt. i. 694.
Sum owth thair fete thare solys hawys
Ib. 1577.
Bot that he wes howth [C. outht, W. outh] vs sete To be rygnand a planete
Ib. iv. 2241.
Haldand owthe the wattyre ay Hys a hand
Ib. iii. 336.
Ib. iv. 2547.
Ib. v. 72, 2566, 3457, vi. 855, etc.

2. adv. Above. Also at outh, above in authority.1375 Barb. xviii. 418 (C) (see Ove adv.). c1420 Wynt. v. 3594.
For at the nawyll it was a mas And outhe and neuthe dyvysyd it was, Wytht … hewydys twa
1456 Hay I. 36/29.
Sum men wenis to be at outhe and abune that is at undir
Ib. 290/29.
And that he … sall halde thair worship and estate at outhe and at hicht

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"Outh prep., adv.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 24 Jul 2024 <>



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