A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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Licht, v.1 Also: lycht, lytht; lecht; leicht; light, lyght; lich. P.t. and p.p. lichtit etc. also licht, lycht. [ME. lihte(n, lighte, liȝt etc., (15th c.) leyȝt, p.t. lihte, liȝte, light(e, and (14th c.) lihtid, lighted, p.p. liȝt, light, lyght and (15th c.) y)lyghted, e.m.E. lighted, OE. líhtan, p.t. líhte.] In the (much more common) intrans. uses conjugated in the perf. chiefly with to be.

I. tr. 1. To lighten, relieve of weight. a. To reduce the load of (a boat). I rede … We kast our thing all in the se, And fra our schip swa lychtyt be [etc.]; Barb. iii. 616.
Thar schip thai lychtyt sone; Ib. 624.

b. fig. To relieve, gladden, cheer (the spirits etc.); to mitigate, assuage (suffering, an injury). (1) It is richt profitabill Amangis eirnist to ming ane mery sport To licht the spreit; Henr. Fab. 21.
If any tell them of a pardon Although their heart be lighted somewhat [etc.]; Colvil Whig's Suppl. ii. 23.
(2) Vhilk slaiks my sorou … And lights my louing langour at the leist; Montg. Sonn. li. 6.

c. fig. To slight, belittle: cf. Lichtly v. Also in the later dial. (Galt). [Whenever a prince] lichtest [a poor man, the world esteems the poor man to be in the wrong]; 1586 Cal. Sc. P. IX. 201.

II. intr. 2. To get down or dismount from one's horse. With adverb. complements. (1) The erll … Lichtit on fut with his menȝhe And apertly the plas tuk he; Barb. xiv. 121.
Wynt. vii. 54, viii. 6746.
Wall. i. 390.
Befor the portis dovn lyghtis the queyn; Doug. xi. x. 31.
Two knichtis at the ȝet ar lichtit doun; Clar. i. 1361.
[The officer] lychtit doune to haiff laid furth thair gwiddis and insycht of house; 1551 Prot. Bk. W. Corbet 14.
The Inglismen war forcit to licht on fute quhan thair horsis micht nocht serue; Pitsc. I. 275/24.
Descendo, to go down, to licht off; Duncan App. Etym.
(2) (a) Off hys hors than wald he lycht, And on hys fute he wald ga rycht; Wynt. vi. 274.
Thomas Hardie … tuik his horse be the heid and causit him lycht fra his horse; 1604 Crim. Trials II. 441.
(b, c) With that he lichtit doune of his pallefray and salust the noble knycht; Hay II. 7/20.
Bot laitly lichtit of my meir; Dunb. xiii. 6.
The Kyngis grace … never lechtit of his hors oneto he come to Dunbar; 1528 Douglas Corr. 136.
(b) Furth of ane carne … Thir ladyis licht fra thair hors And band thame with raipis; Montg. Flyt. 422 (T).

b. absol. To alight from horseback, dismount. Schir Johne Bretane, That lichtit wes abovyn the bra, With his men gret defens can ma; Barb. xviii. 463;
Ib. xiii. 588.
Wynt. viii. 3151.
That quhat tyme it is sene speidfull that the oist licht doun and array thaim that ilk man licht at commandment and na man byd on hors; 1448 Acts I. 351/1.
Thai lufly ledis belife lightit on the land, And laught out suerdis; Gol. & Gxw. 623.
Wall. i. 409, v. 780.
Aucht score of persons quhilkis lichtit and put thar hors in thar cornis; 1501 Acta Conc. III. 60.
And lichtand before him on Glasqw mure for subverting of him; 1549 Reg. Privy S. MS. XXIII. 96.
Ay lichtand and pischeand the knave cumis behind; Bann. MS. 158 a/29.
The goodman lightand drew his sword and [etc.]; c 1625 Lett. & St. P. Jas. VI 381.
Thay cam ryding … up the get and lichtit; Spalding I. 40.
He … rode up throw the streit quhill he lichtit at Mr. Alexander Reidis houss; Ib. II. 293.

c. To dismount at the end of a journey, to halt; also, to arrive. Thai raid furth … Syne come agane … And quhen thai sammyn lichtit war, Thai tald thair lordis [etc.]; Barb. xiv. 183.
Fra Crawfurd Jhon the wattir doune thai ryd, Ner hand the nycht thai lychtyt apon Clyd; Wall. v. 1068.
On Lammes day thai lycht on Caram mur, Thar lugyt thai with plesance; Ib. viii. 1574.
The xj day of September, in Tayn, quhen the Kingis grace lichtit; 1506 Treas. Acc. III. 282.
Thair is now [B. new] lichtit on the grene, Dame Veritie; Lynd. Sat. 1079 (Ch).
Dame Veritie hes lychtit, now of lait; Ib. 1091.
The Erle of Douglas … heirand tell that Schir Patrick Gray … was lichtit at the ȝett; Pitsc. I. 90/34.
Quhen ye lichtit in Glesgow; 1591 Thanes of Cawdor 202.

3. Of the Holy Ghost or the Incarnation: To descend or alight into (in) or on. The haly spyrit of Criste come done … & in ilkane of ws cane lycht; Leg. S. x. 132.
The Haly Gaste lichtyt on hym thare; Ib. xxxvi. 327.
Quhen God him self has lichtit in this warld and tane mannis flesch; Hay I. 298/30.
The God abuf, from his hie maieste, … law in a maid dyd lycht; Doug. iv. Prol. 39.
Maitl. F. lvi. 43.

4. To descend or be brought low; chiefly fig., to be degraded or humiliated. Quha that wyll draw hym on hycht, Lawch downe behowys hym for to lycht; Wynt. v. 2594.
Clym nevir our hie, nor ȝit to law thow lycht; Doug. ix. Prol. 16.
Mony cruell knycht Wes maid to kneill and sum to licht full law; Stewart 4761.
Thocht men throw murther mene to mount on hicht, Law sall he lycht downe; 1570 Sat. P. xxiv. 64.

5. a. To come down to land or on to a surface, to alight (as a bird, a hailstone or the like). Hou that the angelis in that place Lichyd quhare the Magdelan was & had hyre vpe … in to the ayre; Leg. S. xvi. 830.
Haylstanys gryt in to that flycht Sa hewy thyk and hard can lycht That [etc.]; Wynt. ii. 1173.
This haly byschope … Slepand saw … The ymage off oure Lady brycht Downe [out] off ane tabernakyll lycht; Ib. v. 3456.
The martoune the murcoke the myresnype … Lichtit as lerit men law [B. of law] by that laike; Howlat 214.
The samin birdis … I hoip because it wes thair hanting place … Thay lychtit doun; and, quhen thay lychtit war [etc.]; Henr. Fab. 1779.
The beryallis on the land of bracheris [they] gart light; Gol. & Gaw. 994.
From the hevin fell … A fayr brycht starn … Quhilk on the top of our lugyng First saw we lycht; Doug. ii. xi. 29.
Als mekil [land] … as ane falcon flew of ane mannis hand, or scho lichtit; Bell. Boece II. 220.
On ane tre lichtit doun … Ane nichtingail; Rolland Seven S. 8387.
To this fowle the sey is sa natural that gif … sche lycht on the ground … sche can nocht rais her selfe; Dalr. I. 26/15.
Ane expert player [of tennis] wald se … wher the ball will leicht … and with small trauell will let it leicht in his hand or racket; Melville Mem. 222.

b. Of persons jumping or falling from a height, also of things: To come down, ‘land’, come to rest, in a certain place or position. Also in fig. contexts. (1) That swayne he swakyde oure that hycht That on hys crown he gert hym lycht; Wynt. i. 366.
Innumerabyll with him thare fell, Sum lychtit in the lawest hell; Lynd. Mon. 886.
I saw ane rever rin Out ouer ane craig … , Syne lichtit in ane lin; Montg. Ch. & Slae 80 (L).
With that me thocht hir nichtgowne of sche cuist, Liftit the clais and lichtit in my armis; Montg. Suppi. xxi. 10.
(2) fig. Pandaris [etc.] … Loupis vp frome laddis, syne lychtis amang lardis; Lynd. Test. Pap. 391.
It is full weil thy kind to loup and licht in a ledder; Id. Sat. 1951.
Thair wes a jowell send to our Quene from my Lady Atholl … bot it is lichtit in the Quene of Englandis handis; 1570 Mar & Kellie MSS. 24.
With iouking thay will jangil craftelie And on thair feit will ay licht quhen thay list; 1573 Sat. P. xl. 51.
There is mutche dealling from Spaine, France and Savoie for to have the Prince in mariage, but I think he shall licht in France, if my intelligence be true; c 1613 Mar & Kellie MSS. Suppl. 52.
(3) proverbs Luik quhair thow lycht befoir thow loip; Montg. Ch. & Slae 444 (L).
He that looks or he loups wots quhar he lichts; Ferg. Prov. MS. No. 584.

c. Of a weapon, also a blow: To fall or strike on a particular place, to hit. Ane arow done cane lycht & rewyt the King of ane ee sycht; Leg. S. xix. 657.
On basnetys schynand brycht Men mycht se pollaxis lycht; Wynt. iv. 728.
Fra he [Death] begyn to schute his schot, Thow wat nocht quhen that it will licht; Dunb. App. ii. 18.
Now, hand to hand, the dynt lychtis with a swak; Doug. v. viii. 10.
The Scottis schip scho wes sa law That monie gunnis out ouir hir flaw, Quhilk far beȝond thame lichtit doun; Lynd. Meldrum 731.
Ane peice of artalȝerie … chancit to licht upoun … Lord Methwene; Diurn. Occurr. 260.
So fers Ferragus … Claife all aschunder quhair his glawe did lycht; J. Stewart 62/178.

6. fig. Of a piece of good or ill fortune, a blessing or curse, a spell etc. a. To take place, come about, eventuate. And syne worthy personis … makis mariage betuix worschipfull vertues in hye parage and knychtede, quhilk aw nocht to lycht bot in noblesse; Hay II. 37/17.
Vengeance will wirk and will nocht licht in vaine, Bot thé … sall bring to nocht; 1572 Sat. P. xxxvi. 151.
Quhair luiffe doith licht sould nane be miscontent; Montg. Suppl. vii. 27.
For the longer that judgment is delayed, it shall be the heavier when it lighteth; Bruce Serm. 253.
When shoe gave her malisone to any persone or creature it usually lighted; 1661 Soc. Ant. XXII. 246.

b. To licht on or upon (also, in), To fall or descend on, to fall on the head of, to ‘strike’. Ȝet Stewene for thame euir can pray Bot it mowcht nocht on thame lycht For thar gret wikitnese; Leg. S. ii. 515.
It is sum wyfis malesone … For pultrie pyking that lychtit hes on ȝow; Henr. Fab. 2061.
For the quhilk the fyry wengeans of hell lichtis on thaim; Asl. MS. I. 322/19.
All … malysonis … lycht apoun thame; 1525 St. A. Formulare I. 269.
Gods blissing sall lycht vpon his head; Lauder Minor P. i. 488.
As thow may se, thick scurgis monyfald Lich vpon thame that proudly dois disdane; 1570 Sat. P. xxiii. 134.
The said Dauid being stayit to cum that day, … the wrak lichtit in the hyndis gudis; 1591 Crim. Trials I. ii. 238.
The witchcraft appointit for ane vther hes lichted upone him; 1623 Ib. III. 556.
The said prejudice … to seaze and licht upone the said Robert Beithe himselff be reasoun of not cleiring his accoumpts; 1660 Rothesay B. Rec. 43.
Wae and vondra light on thee; a 1700 J. Maidment New Bk. Old Ballads (1844) 15.

7. To licht on or upon. a. To be laid to the charge of, imputed to. Thay cryit, His blude licht upon us And on our generatioun; Lynd. Mon. 4074.
I pray God that thais faltis lycht not upon his Majestie heirefter; 1604 Crim. Trials II. 436.
And stryve quhat ye can to mak the chargis licht on them for I know the panis will be yours; 1653 Hossack Kirkwall 254.

b. To fall to the lot of. [That one should go to France with the treaty for ratification by the sovereign:] I think that voyage shall lyght on the Lord off St. Jhone; 1560 Cal. Sc. P. I. 459.

c. To set upon, to attack. He gangand apoun fuitt, and the said laird … on horsebak, lychtit apoun him and chasit him; 1533–4 Melville Chart. 76.
Sua that the people … tuik armes and war nocht we stayed thair faird thay had licht na dout upoun mony of the counsallouris; 1596 Mar & Kellie MSS. 46.
He preparet a gret nauie and land armie to lycht vpon France baith be sey and land; Dalr. II. 183/4.
In end he lichted vpon the lymmaris … and efter a lang and hett combatt … the said Allaster wes apprehendit; 1607 Highland P. III. 97.

d. To come upon, fall in with (certain companions). In his first uprysing his hap was to leicht upon the best sort; Melville Mem. 222.

e. To come to, arrive at, in working through a list (of names). [They] named all the names in the shipp and when they lighted upon the man whome they suspected the key turned about; 1646 Kirkcaldy Presb. 293.

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"Licht v.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 22 Jan 2022 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/licht_v_1>



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