A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)
Lat, Let, Lete, v.1 Also: latt(e; lett(e, lait(t; leit; late; (lutt). P.t. let(e, leit(e, leyt(t, (leot); lat(t; let, lait, leatt; lute, lut(te, luit(t, lwit, loot. P.p. lat(t)in(e, -ing, -yn(n, -yng, -en, -ne; let(t)in, -yne, -en; lat(t, let(t, leit. [ME. lat, latte (a 1300), lete(n (12th c.), læte, leate(n (12th c.), leet(e (14th c.), late(n (13th c.), laatyn (15th c.), p.t. let (13th c.), lete (14th c.), lette (13th c.), (pl. (Layamon) letten), lat (14th c.), p.p. i)lete(n (Layamon), leten (13th c.), laten (Cursor M.), let (14th c.), (e.m.E. letten, let(t), OE. lǽtan (ONorthumb. léta), p.t. lét, leort, p.p. ᵹe-lǽten (ON. láta, p.t. lét, p.p. látenn). The vowel-shortening in the pres. t. may perh. have first occurred in the (uninflected) sing. form of the imperative.] The common form of the pres. t. is lat(t and of the p.p. lattin, but let(t and lettin also occur from the beginning and become common from the second half of the 16th c., no doubt by influence of Eng. Except in senses 12 and 14, the pres. t. form lete, leit is rare. The p.t. lute, luit occurs f. about the middle of the 16th c. beside the older forms (esp. lete, leit).
1. tr. a. To leave, pass from, cease to speak of. b. To leave aside, leave to be dealt with on another occasion or by another. c. P.p., left, remaining.
a. Lat I the Queyn to message redy dicht, And spek furth mar off Wallace trawaill rycht; Wall. viii. 1150.
Lat I this King makand his ordinans, My purpos is to spek sum thing off Frans; Ib. ix. 1882.
Ib. x. 547.
b. The ordynar costis not rakynit bot lattis it to his fadris cont; 1498 Halyb. 133.
Lat falset to vntrewth And trest to trow agane; Scott xxiii. 35.
c. I heir than Bot only ane remeid That latt is, and that is, For to cuit of the heid; Montg. Ch. & Slae 456 (L).
d. ? To leave alone or undisturbed.
They leit it, they lift it, they loif it, they lak it; Montg. Flyt. 516 (T).
2. To lat (let) be.
a. To leave alone or undisturbed, also, to have nothing to do with. b. To leave behind, quit. c. To leave aside, cease from, desist. Chiefly const. object, also infin. d. To say nothing about, pass from, cease to speak of. e. absol. To leave off, desist.
a. Bot Petir gert thamelat hyme be; Leg. S. i. 505.
We suld … lat thame be in thair free will; Hay I. 103/24.
Quhat dewyll mowyt ȝon churllys at me? Lang tyme in France I wald haiff lattyn thaim be; Wall. xi. 182.
Sum, forswth, ar so opprest With luve, wer bettir lat it be; Dunb. App. iii. 15.
Sayand in deid, Lat thow me be I sall lat thé be and ay the pure is our halit & birnt; Abell 79 b.
I hard ane sweit full softly say, ‘Ga way, my ioy, and latt me be’; Bann. MS. 134 a/7.
Thair wickitt lawes se ȝe latt be, To thame attend na thing at all; Montg. Suppl. xxxiii. 84.
b. Lat [v.r. Let] be this hole and cum vnto my place; Henr. Fab. 246 (Asl.).
c (1) (a) Than sad Symon, ‘Lat vs this be’; Leg. S. i. 267.
War I chargit with nane bot thé, Thy wordis sould thow sone lat be! (c 1580) Alex. i. 2810.
Ib. ii. 1965.
Lat ȝour siching be! Ib. 3801.
Lat we this speking be, And to our mater turn will we; Ib. 6736.
Lat be thi dull; Liber Plusc. I. 384.
Lat be your wer, thir ar our freyndis at ane; Wall. ix. 173.
Thame … That can not lat sic demyng be; Dunb. xviii. 25.
All lowus langage and lychtnes lattand be; Doug. ix. Prol. 25.
Thairfoir lat be thi dirdum and thi din; Stewart 133.
Thow luifsum lark & gay goldspink, Lat be ȝour heuinly noitis; 1570 Sat. P. xv. 33.
(b) I counsell thé Sic interprysis to let be; Lynd. Meldrum 308.
(b) Thai wald he lete [C. leit] the sege be; Barb. xvii. 850 (E).
The baire … ete and leit the gnawyn be; Seven S. 555.
(b) Thai lute all battell be; Stewart 7412.
(c) All molestatioune cessit and lattyn be; Doug. ii. ii. 29.
(2) With thi complayntis … Lat be to vex me, or thy self to spill; Doug. iv. vi. 159.
To think me nocht constand, My bony burd, lat be; Montg. Suppl. ii. 22.
d. Quharof the proces, as now, we mon lat be; Doug. i. Prol. 377.
To man in erd that mater is ouir hie, Thairfoir as now my self will lat it be; Stewart 23128.
Thair namis now thairfoir I will lat be; Ib. 30014.
e (a) Lat be, lefe, & of bale blyne, & be als mery as thu ma; Leg. S. xxx. 180.
Lat be and speik of vther thing; Alex. ii. 150.
Wys me, lat be! Peblis to Play 67.
My sone lat be, For quhat is it wirth to tell ane feinȝeit taill? Henr. Fab. 1381.
‘Lat be, God forbid,’ the Coilȝear said; Rauf C. 293.
With lowd voce [he] cryis, Lat be; Doug. xii. xi. 174.
In tyme latt be, I counsall thé; Balnavis Bann. MS. 139 a/63.
Now better war lat bee, Nor to begin to gett ȝour selffis ane geck; 1568 Sat. P. xlvii. 84.
(b) Crist … said: Dochteris of Jerusalem, let be! Gret nocht for me; Kennedy Pass. Christ 712.
Let be, fair dame, thy wordis ar in vane; Freiris Berw. 294.
f. From the second half of the 16th c., the imper. lat or let be, with the object following, was used as an adv. = let alone, not to speak of, much less.
Also (once) to let be.
(a) Any thocht that ever enterit in my mynd towards the liffe of ony mortall man, latt be of ȝour G.; 1568 Anderson Collect. Mary IV. 117.
Lat be to maik ane ansueir to that mannis beuk … Christisone of Dondie causit burne the same; Hamilton Cath. Tr. (S.T.S.) 102/13.
To clime the craige it was na buit Lat be to presse to pull the fruit In top of all the trie; Montg. Ch. & Slae 352.
The wallis … ar so decayit … that it cannot hald out beistis, lat be men; 1634 Maxwell Mem. 252.
(b) Quhilk we denye neuir to be thocht be ws, laitt be to spek it; 1575 Edinb. B. Rec. IV. 41.
(c) Bot Christ, let be to bring another exposition … , be the contrare repettis the same eiting of his flesch; Hamilton Cath. Tr. 60.
We wald not haue tholled this word of the masse, let be the very action of it, to be sa rife in this countrey; Bruce Serm. 36.
Or the half-hour be past the sicht of him is away, let be ane day or half ane day; Rollock Wks. I. 324.
He could skarse sitt, to let be stand on his feit; Melvill 246.
They hard not sic a thing mentiounit, let be inactit; Ib. 701.
To empty the bladder, let be the belly, about buriall, … was reput nefas, that is iniquitie, let be inciuilitie; Birnie Kirk-b. vi. 8.
Shall even deanries, let be bishopricks, have the facultie … to metamorphose the minds of men? 1639 Baillie I. 140.
Any man, let be a young man and meer stranger; 1642 Ib. II. 5.
Who wittinglie wold not haue done wrong to any, lett be to him; 1642 Melville Chart. 172.
Ill enough cannot be done to, let be spoke, of men … such as they describe; 1652 Protestation by the Dissenting Brethren 12.
And that without respect had to conscience humane, let be Christian, to law divine, civil or municipal; Jus Populi 7.
She is not able for to come out of her bed, let be to ryde or goe abroad about her lawfull affaires; 1672 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Processes No. 157 (5 Nov.).
Our madness … is not yet acknowledged, let be lamented; Shields Hind Let Loose 127.
3. To leave. With other complements.
a. To lat (let) allane (allone), to leave undisturbed, also, to have nothing to do with. Also absol. Lat (her) allane, = you may rely on her, trust her (to do soand-so).
See also Allane a. 3 for further examples.
(1) (a) Now lat we thame ane quhyle allane; Alex. ii. 4640.
It is neidful that al pepil lat alen the orisons maid be men; Gau 5/19.
John Ker desyrd he sould lait him alon; 1664 Rothesay B. Rec. 79.
Ye might have let alane the precarious principles of Descartes; Sinclair Nat. Phil. 316.
(b) The Scottis … Ȝeid to the wynd, and leit thaim ewyn allayne; Wall. vii. 469.
Than leit the Stewart thaim allane Past furth and maid a sary mane; Seven S. 1255.
Still scho sat and leit thame all allane; Freiris Berw. 427 (M).
(b) Thai wald no moir persew To seig the toun, bot lute it than alone; Stewart 15219.
Quhat evir thay say, scho lute him [sic] all allane; Freiris Berw. 415 (B).
Sathan … nather lord nor knicht he lute alane; 1581 Sat. P. xliv. 93.
(c) Had thay lattin thame allane samyn, Thay suld repent thame of the gamyn; Alex. ii. 1267.
Thai saw … that him behovit be lattyn allane and to passe till his naturale inclinacioun; Hay II. 151/19.
(b) He revived, and he said to them he was weill if they had lettin him alone; Calderwood VII. 186.
Bailly had better lettne it alone; J. Gordon Hist. II. 204.
(2) absol. He heard him say to her that he desyred her to lett allone in her tuilȝie, or otherwayes it should be worse with her; 1668 Ayr & W. Coll. IV. 79.
God will not hear prayers when iniquities are regarded in the heart, and more thanks to let alone; Fraser Lawfulness of Separation 68.
(3) Lat Hamelines … allane, Scho bendit vp ay twa for ane; Lynd. Sat. 827 (B).
(4) comb. Let alane maks manie lorden; Carmichael Prov. No. 1049.
b. With verbs in the infin., esp. (to) ly, normally with omission of to.
(1) To lat ly (also lyg), to leave lying, also fig., untouched, unemployed, discontinued, suspended. (2) To lat stand, lit. and fig. (3) Passing into sense 7.
(1) Thai … lete with[in] thare tentys ly All thaire wytalle swa assayid; Wynt. iv. 464.
In till a pwle … Thai kest hym downe and lete hym lyg; Ib. vi. 802.
For to lat ȝow slepand ly I stall fra ȝow full prevely; Seven S. 1085.
Licence to lat the said sparris ly in the kirk heuch ȝaird; 1548 Treas. Acc. IX. 177.
The said Kait Neill quhen scho sav it leit it ly still; 1604 Dundonald Par. Rec. 66.
Latt the samin ly still besyd him, as ane aw-band; Hist. Kennedy 26.
fig. The byschapys and the clergy Yhit he let [v.rr. leit] in cursing ly; Wynt. vii. 2646.
It wer both sin and shame to lat thame [monies] ly unvared; 1630 Aberd. Council Lett. I. 323.
That matter is lettin ly over till farder tryall; 1631 Dundonald Par. Rec. 338.
[A steeple] to lett it ly as it wes now being brought to such an heicht as it is, it will be a shame … to the toune and hospitall; 1660 Glasgow Merchants House 40.
(2) Now may ȝe cheis to lat ȝour wourdis stand And tyne the cost or tak this tovne on hand; Fyve Bestes 342.
Cuth ȝe … Get it & lat the myrour stand; Seven S. 1789.
The gairdnar … leit the ȝoung tre stand still; Rolland Seven S. 1529.
[This matter] lettin stand over whill they come to the distributioun of the power; Calderwood III. 435.
(3) Gif the awnaris lattis the ground to be vnbiggit; 1555 Acts II. 490/1.
To Windieschoir the King I let furth ryd; Clar. ii. 1775.
So sone flieth Christ away & letteth hir [sc. the mouse] gnow the bread; Knox Ressoning ii.
That none … missay the laboureris of the grund, but lat thame in peax exerce thair laboris; Bann. Trans. 391.
They war the gladder to lat ws rest in peace; Pitsc. II. 111/2.
4. To set free or loose, to liberate. Chiefly with complements.
(1) & lattine var til hire belyfe Barys & lyonnys hir til ryfe; Leg. S. xlix. 207.
(2) (a) That … ȝe lett … Archibald Stewart … to libertie; 1578 Red Bk. Menteith II. 412.
(b) Thomas Cottoun, knycht and admirall, … tuke them and luit all the personis abone-writtin to fredome; 1559 Admir. Ct. Bk. 115.
The saidis … counsall lute the saidis Somervales to libertie; 1579 Edinb. B. Rec. IV. 119.
(c) That ye will ordand me to be lattin to fredome; 1538 Crim. Trials I. i. 218.
Quhan he was lattin to libertie; 1562–3 Edinb. Old Acc. II. 181.
1592 Reg. Privy C. V. 752.
(b) Lettin to libertie; 1572–3 Ib. II. 186.
(3) [He] wes lattin frie; Diurn. Occurr. 186.
Being taken prisoner [he] was condemnit to the death, but thairefter was lattin free; Hist. James VI 74.
In other pleyes of felonie … he quha is accused vses to be lettin frie; Skene Reg. Maj. i. 66.
(4) Johnestoun was also lettin lowse; 1596–1600 Warrender P. II. 431.
Hist. Jas. VI 207.
The witch which wes letten loos; 1655 Brodie Diary 123.
When these winds were let louse; Durham Comm. Rev. 404.
b. To let louse (a hold), to release.
It hes not bein the custome of England to let louse onie grip that they haue hade of Scotland at ony tyme; Hist. Jas. VI 286.
5. a. To let (blood); to let (a person or animal) blood, or const. upon the person, = to bleed (one).
Cf. also Blude-latting n.
(1) And in that tyme is … gude to lat blude in; Hay II. 129/9.
Flebotmo, as to lat blud; Makc. MS. xiii. 87.
Now thow sall feyll how I oys to lat blude; Wall. v. 760.
Quhair he leit blude it was no lawchtir; Dunb. xxxiii. 38.
(2) To Domynico, to gif the Kingleve to lat him blud xviij s.; 1491 Treas. Acc. I. 176.
(b) Seneca … Leit hym-selfe blud of armis bath, And bled to ded; Leg. S. ii. 696.
To deif Andro leit the Kingis hors blude; 1507 Treas. Acc. III. 400.
(c) Me think that hennis ar sa honie sweit, And lambes flesche that new ar lattin [Ch. lettin] blude; Henr. Fab. 694 (H).
Than said the Knicht, Dame, rise for ȝour awin gude, On baith the armes ȝe mon be lattin blude. Scho said, Gude schir, sen my mother me bair, Blude vpon me was lattin neuer mair, And now thairof … I haue na will for to be lattin blude; Rolland Seven S. 4572, 4, 6.
A vayne of my rycht arme vas oppened, I laten bloud, ten or xij unces; 1571 Misc. Bann. C. III. 119.
— Your sait stinks, ye wald your fart were lattin blude; Carmichael Prov. No. 1785.
b. To emit, utter.
Lattand a crak, that men mycht here; Wynt. viii. 3407.
Quhare ony persone committis ony sic trespass that the fischaris lat the cry and al … to folow the sade … reffare; 1497–8 Acta Conc. II. 102.
He let a fart farneyeir and [etc.]; Ferg. Prov. No. 772.
c. intr. To discharge a firearm, to shoot.
[For] bering and wering pistolettis, lettin and schuttin therewith at George Auchinleck; 1582 Jurid. Rev. IV. 109.
6. a. To let (land, property, a ship, an impost, an office, etc.) on lease or hire, to lease or hire out; to lend (money); also, to give for payment, to sell.
Espec. in the formulæ to set and to or for ferme or male (also in assedatioun, ferme, few, feuferm, tak etc.) lat, for further examples of which see the various nouns and Set v.
(1) (a) Our soverane lord … settis and to male lattis to the said Matho samekle of the remanent of the said landis [etc.]; 1508 Reg. Privy S. I. 265/2.
The said Walter … setts & for ferme & maill lattis … all & haill half landis of westir Rariche; 1515 Edgerston Writs MS. (Reg. H.).
Settand and lattand to the said Walter [etc.]; 1557 Reg. Privy S. V. i. 50/2.
To latt furth and sett in few … samekle of thair east and west commoun landis of thair commountie; 1588 Glasgow B. Rec. I. 121.
The … counsall settis and in assedatioun lattis to Eduard Raban … the tounes new foir hous … for the space of ane yeire … and that for peyment [etc.]; 1623 Aberd. B. Rec. II. 382.
The said noble lord … in perpetuall few and heretage heretablie and irredemablie lattis and dimittis to the said Allane McLeane … all and haill the foirsaidis landis; 1631 Highland P. I. 328.
(b) The saide day the aldirman sett and to ferme leytt … the sondais fische; 1493 Cart. S. Nich. Aberd. 338.
(c) Quod dicti abbas et conuentus concesserunt et ad firmam dimiserunt [gl. has letin] totam terram suam de Balgarvi; a 1350 Facs. Nat. MSS. II. No. xix.
Ws … to haif set and for ferme lettin … al and hale the fermes and teind schawis [etc.]; 1502 Curle Coll. (Reg. H.) 27 Apr.
Wit ye ws to have set and for male lettin and be thire oure lettres settis and for maill lettis [etc.]; 1565 Ayr Friars Pr. Chart. 100.
We with avyis … of the said convent … hes sett and letten ane assedacioun [etc.]; 1589 Rec. Kinloss Mon. 151.
The saids … hes sett and in tak and assidatioune lettin and … sets and … lettis … ther twa common ferrie boats; 1673 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. MS. 8 Jan.
[The Council has] granted … and in feufarm lettin and disponed [etc.]; 1680 Edinb. B. Rec. X. 418.
(b) That the saydis … haffis set and to ferme latyn [etc.]; 1392 Lennox Mun. 46.
Tyl haf wede set and in mouabil wede tyl haf latyng … al my landis of the Gallis holme; 1422 Stirlings of Keir 208.
To hafe grantyt, set and for ferm lattyn ane quarter of our toun … to John Sperk for al the termys of his lyve … the sade John … payand … ȝerly to ws fyve pundis; 1472 Reg. Cupar A. I. 164.
Alen Keyne … hes set and to maill laten … thre rigis of land; 1525–6 Selkirk B. Ct. 116 b.
Us … to have sett and in tak and assedatioun lattin [etc.]; 1571–72 Coll. Rebus Alban. 196.
1607 Aboyne Rec. 187.
(c) Ws … to haif set and for maill and seruice latt … to our welebelouittis … our town and landis; 1549 Reg. Cupar A. II. 59.
We … has sett and for maill lat [etc.]; 1550 Ib. 73.
(2) Thair borowage to sell or to wedset or to ferme lat; Acts I. 43/2.
That borowage to sell na to wedset na to lat to fee; Ib.
The said Donald giffand and lattand to the said Alexander in parciale parthe [sic] of the said landis; 1521 Grant Chart. 66.
The said maister Thomas was willing to laitt his said ludgeing for maill; 1559–60 Edinb. B. Rec. III. 62.
The inqueist ordanis the Venlaw to be let in gerssowmes to the maist availl; 1572 Peebles B. Rec. 338.
Whilk in ane innes will be content To leiv and lett ther hous in Lent; Polwart Flyt. 200.
Ane thing lattin and receaved to hyre for rent and profite; Skene Reg. Maj. i. 52 b.
He quha lattis or sets the thing for hyre, to the vse of ane other man; Ib.
Sundrie strangeris … ar ressavit & housis latting to thame but knawledge of the magistrats; 1620 Dunferm. B. Rec. II. 126.
Many horse hirers … doe let for hyre to the leidges many insufficient horses; 1678 Edinb. B. Rec. X. 342.
(3) William Gray hes lattin the inliane schip to fraucht to the frauchtisman for [etc.]; 1497–8 Edinb. B. Rec. I. 72.
Tome Mertene … hes lattin his schip commonly till fraucht till the nichtbouris of the towne for thair guidis to be furit in Flanders for [etc.]; 1518–19 Ib. 187.
Under the pane of fyve li. to be tane of ilk persoun that frauchtis the saidis schippis, and uther fyve li to be tane of thame that lattis the said ship to fraucht; 1525 Ib. 222.
Gif it happynnis that ane burges hes hyred a house or lattin a schip to ane man for certane ȝeiris for ane summe; Bisset II. 254/16.
The said … setis and for the fraught underwritten latis his said haill ship … to the said; 1660 Old Ross-shire 185.
(4) Tene pundis of vsuale mone … to me lete beforehand in my grete myster; 1439 Charter (Reg. H.) C.O. No. 49.
The personis quha lute thair money to proffeit; 1597 Acts IV. 120.
(5) Gyff ye will thoill ony wyin to be lettin to tham for payment, pleis your grace till adverteis; 1543 Corr. M. Lorraine 14.
[To pay … ¥8/13/4d as the price of a boll of bear] lettin [by pursuer to defender in 1661]; 1662 Melrose Reg. Rec. II. 41.
b. To give up (a thing) on security, to release (a person) on bail, to allow security to be given for a person or thing. Also, to lat lous, to release (something arrested or impounded).
Commonly to lat (let) to (til) borch (see, for many more examples, Borch(t) n. 3 c), also to borrowis, to band and to soverte.
(1) Qwha sa … wil nocht let thaim to borgh he sal tyne … the ravnson of that presoner; 1397 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 35.
Rex, … that … yhe recognis in our handis the third part of the landis of Glastir … noth lattand the said landis to borch quhil yhe hafe commaundment of us; 1427 Highland P. II. 157.
The Kingis hienes … suld let the said landis … to borche to … Sir Alexander; 1476 Acta Aud. 53/2.
Quhar ye haff presoners in your dungeon howr servands, we pray yow for to lait ws Gorde Armstrong [etc.] … to boros apon iiij dayes warning; c 1548–9 Armstrong Liddesdale App. lxxxviii.
Skene Verb. S. s.v. Plegius.
(b) For the quhilk he leit the said fence to borgh to the said William; 1554 Prot. Bk. J. Mason (A.A.A. 6) 210.
(c) Al maner of prisoneris … sal be lettin to borght; 1397 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 35.
Lattin to borgh; 1398 Ib. No. 38.
Us … til haf lattyn to borch … til … the Abbot of Melros tha landis; 1418 Liber Melros 540.
The sade Jhone … has consentit that the sade xj hede of nolt be lattin to borch and restorit again to the sade Wilȝeam unto Mychelmes day; 1496 Acta Conc. II. 29.
That the landis … aucht of law til be lattin til borch to him; 1498 Ib. 185.
[The Earl of Bothwell forfeits ¥853/6/8d. as pledge for certain malefactors who were] lattin be our said soveran lord to borgh to him apon the said soum, quhilk eschapit fra him; 1500 Reg. Privy S. I. 84/1.
He may be latten to borgh; Skene Reg. Maj. i. 4.
(2) Desyris the said lard of Farnehirst to latt ws Johne of Craggall to souerte; 1548 Armstrong Liddesdale I. App. lxxxvi.
(3) All personis takin presoners and lettin to band; 1571 Reg. Privy C. II. 84.
That David Bell was first lattin to band to Edward Maxwell; 1573 Ib. 296.
(4) The said Robert alegit that my l. let him the restment lows & my l. deniit at he lait him na mare lous bot als mekill as com to xvi s. & viii d.; 1525 Carnwath Baron Ct. (S.H.S.) 34, 35.
7. With an infinitive verb (normally without to): To suffer, permit, allow.
Occas. with ellipsis of an indirect object.
(a) Your strenth, your worschip, and your mycht, Wald nocht lat yow eschew the fycht; Barb. xviii. 531 (E).
That thai … Of myn entent wald lat me sped; Leg. S. l. 656.
Quhatsaever he be that lattis his borch inrin sic scath; Acts I. 51/2.
Na lat thame never have a fele in quham thou fyes thé maist; Hay II. 147/23.
Thy hostand hippis lattis nevir thy hos go dry; Dunb. Flyt. 200.
[God] Wald no thing frustir put, nor lat be sene, In to his creature; Id. xlvi. 54.
The said Jhone … sall lat nane wncuth gudis cum tharone; 1531 Reg. Soltre 104.
This lady is so gud ane gyd, Scho lattis me nevir gang on syd; Scott xxi. 37.
And gif he be ane het man, I sall lat him play him ane quhile, and syne sall gif him … ane cowp de jarret and lat him ly thair; 1570 Misc. Bann. C. I. 48*.
Ye vse to plenyie that the cair of your childrene and familie lattis you nocht luke ouer your bukes as ye vald; 1581 Burne Disput. in
Cath. Tr. 142/16.
To late any be iniustly condamned or bannisched; 1588 King in
Ye will neither do nor lat doe; Carmichael Prov. No. 1841.
Alexander Hepburne … wald nocht lat him sitt doun; 1622 Elgin Rec. II. 174.
I inclyne to latt him byt on the brydell; 1627 Misc. Hist. Soc. I. 87.
(b) Ȝit leit i neuer that larbar my leggis ga betueen … without a fee gret; Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 133.
(c) He lettis nocht … His fallowis chaissit be to neir; (c 1580) Alex. i. 3041.
Gif anie free tenant … lets and suffers his dogs to runne within his awne land; Skene Reg. Maj. ii. 12.
I haue had a scoulmester who lets non of his scollers go ignorant; 1661 Maxwell Mem. II. 306.
I have his band … which I intend not to let sleep after that day if he pay me not willingly; 1682 Cunningham Diary 21.
(b) Schyr Eduuard let [C. leit] na man chas; Barb. xiv. 306 (E).
Quhy God let Adam … And Eve syne in Paradyce? Wynt. v. 5294.
He lete hym entir in befor the lauchfule tyme of his elde; 1445 Melville Chart. 31.
He … lete thame litill wyn at his hand; Hay I. 60/9.
The Saxonis quhilkis lete him neuer sit a daye in pece; Asl. MS. I. 192/2.
(b) Quhene that he … Leit put hys sonne to passioune; Troy-bk. i. 542.
He … leyt him nocht abide; Wall. ii. 67.
I … leit neuer enter in my thoght that he [etc.]; Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 389.
I wald nocht ȝe leyt … ȝonn Duk steyll hyddyr by ȝou; 1515 Douglas Corr. 69.
The snaw also leit nocht the gait be schawin; Stewart 39162.
Little tent to their tyme the tone leot [T. leit] them take; Montg. Flyt. 497 (Harl.).
(c) [She] lute [M. leit] him kis hir lusty face; Dunb. xxxii. 34.
Deid … lute him nocht his testment mack; Dunb. App. ii. 71.
Into na land with rest thai lut him byde; Stewart 17601.
Thow lut Mathusallem leive nyne hundreith ȝeir; Lynd. Depl. Magd. 22 (L).
[They] lutte tham noway labour bot so money as … payit thame … dewitieis; Pitsc. II. 103/17.
The Kingis maiesties cunsell, quha lut the dyettis approche sa neir; 1582 Waus Corr. 256.
(d) Bot ȝour foirbearis … Luit wanweirdis wirk and walter as thai wald; Maitl. F. clxx. 101.
Bessie Thomson … fetchit hom water … and luit it not touch the ground in homcoming; 1657 Sc. Cal. Customs I. 159.
(e) And than with thay same giftis offir wald sche Hir paramour and lait him want no thing; Weddirburne Bann. MS. 260 b/39.
(c) Had he trowit ony richt, he had nocht lattyn it bene vnfollouit in his tyme; c 1446 Reg. Episc. Aberd. I. 249.
That the rasynis be … lattyn ryspe quhill all the bitternes and sournes be away; Hay II. 140/26.
Tua merkis … quhilkis the said Jhone wald nocht be latting gedder; 1570 Lanark B. Rec. 51.
He … hes lattin tuay kye of myne be stikkit wyth the hornis of vther gudis in fault of hyrding; 1579 Inverness Rec. I. 271.
Negligent counsallouris … hes lattin all common workis … alluterlie decay; 1591 Misc. Spald. C. III. 158.
Thei have lattin nain preatche in Edinburgh hitherto; 1596 Warrender P. II. 311.
(b) That he be not letten reason himself into a pit; 1653 Brodie Diary 52.
Mercy is letten run like a river; Dickson Wr. 119.
(c) It wes quicly … lett to birst out be the countenance of the baronis assembling thaime selves; 1560 Cal. Sc. P. I. 535.
b. Passing into: To cause or make (something to be done, a person or thing to do something, etc.).
(a) [He] bad hym then Lat thame cum hardely hym til; Wynt. viii. 5681.
[He] thar devysit a subtell gyn To lat that hole still opyn be; Seven S. 887.
I salbe laith to lat him le, quhill I may luke furth; Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 308.
The partie sythit as law will lat it be; Rolland Ct. Venus iii. 774.
He lattis his scheip tak in at luife and lie; 1584 Sat. P. xlv. Prol. 104.
Sarie follie lat the laird cut of the roist; Carmichael Prov. No. 1328.
Gif my bearne die that ȝe will lat hir inioy the heretable richt; 1612 Brechin Test. II. 213 b.
(b) That I wald let my … grate mynd be the same appeir towardis ȝow; 1573 Davidson Sat. P. xl. Ded. p. 277.
(b) Scho let tyll hym be browcht no mare The barnys that scho eftyre bare; Wynt. I. 1528.
I leit him be my lumbart to lous me all misteris; Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 362.
This lady liftit vp his cluvis cleir And leit him listly lene vpon hir kne; Id. xlviii. 100.
Thai … slew thame at the sey side … and leit the sea have thame away; 1529 Rec. Earld. Orkney 58.
The officers … tuik the corps of this same heidles knicht On the gallous leit it hing day and nicht; Rolland Seven S. 2964.
— All hir cannounis sche leit craik of at onis; Lynd. Dreme 1023.
In haist ane culuering they leit crak; 1567 Sat. P. iii. 66.
(b) The King bad thaim thai suld ma Na contenance that it war sua Bot lat thaim in to comowne say That thai come in till ewyll aray; Barb. xi. 484 (E).
(c) The bowmen … of thair schutting lute the Romanis feill; Stewart 11925.
Thay lute thy lieges pray to stokkis and stanes; Scott i. 83.
(c) Weill, madin, haif ȝe lattin this be done? Ȝe sall repent itt fra ȝoure hairt; 1591 Crim. Trials I. ii. 251.
[There was] of hæretickis a counsel lattne cum in Edinburgh; Dalr. II. 460/27.
c. With ellipsis of the infin.
He wald haif luvit, scho wald nocht lat him; Christis Kirk 30 (B).
Do ȝour devoir quhen that thay lat ȝow; Scott xi. 50.
He is blinde that eats his marrow, but far blinder that lets him; Ferg. Prov. No. 9.
Na man can thryfe excep his wyfe lat him; Carmichael Prov. No. 1210.
d. absol. To allow, permit, give permission.
Gif laser lat. I wald resoluit be; 1567 Sat. P. vii. 95.
e. To permit to be or remain.
For quhy no leid vnleill thay leit, Vntrewth expresly thay expell; Scott xxvi. 7.
8. With particular infin. verbs or in special phrases and collocations. To allow or to cause.
a. Freq. with verbs of going, passing by or away, etc., in lit. and in non-material contexts.
To let go etc., = to release, set at liberty (a captive etc.); to discharge (a missile); etc.
(1) (a) [To] lat [C. let] him na wys pas thaim fra; Barb. vi. 594 (E).
Quhen men suld lat ga Owte off thare bodyis ryfftys off wynd; Wynt. v. 523.
I reid ȝe lat him Gang hame his gaitis; Peblis to Play 151.
Birdis … lattis thair fulȝeit feiris flie quhair thai pleis; Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 63.
Tak all my geir and lat me gay; Lynd. Sat. Proclam. 259.
To latt thair guidis and geir pas furth of the realm; 1555 Acts & Decr. MS. XII. 221 b.
Gif ȝe lat ga that is in ȝour grippis; 1567 Sat. P. v. 39.
To latt thame pas to Scotland; Dalr. I. 332/19.
(b) All the planettes … He may thame louse & lete go by; Troy-bk. I. 585.
(c) I sall lett all thai flanis fle bay; Montg. Suppl. v. 6.
He lettis thame passe; Dalr. I. 140/30.
(b) The King … let hym with the lettir passe; Barb. i. 629.
Gedeon … lete all the lave ga by; Wynt. iii. 112.
(b) Nero … leit Paule a quhill ga; Leg. S. ii. 173.
Quham he handlyt he leyt no forthir pas; Wall. v. 568.
Thar renȝeis and thetys … With hys awin handys [he] leit do slyp and slakkis; Doug. v. xiii. 123.
Ib. xi. xv. 137.
All kynd of … ire now he Leyt slyp at large … with renȝeis fre; Ib. xii. viii. 133.
Quhair wes my wit that leit ȝow fra me fair; Stewart 576.
I leit thame pas gude chaip; 1571 Sat. P. xxviii. 107.
(c) He lute thame pas ther wa; Stewart 623.
[They] tuik thair geir and luit thame selfis slip; Maitl. Q. lxii. 64.
Quhen he com to the Nether Burn he lichtit and luit the hors gang fra him; 1591 St. A. Kirk S. 714.
(d) [He] Gave him the geck and lat [v.r. let] him gea; 1584 Sat. P. xlv. 898.
(e) The laif he let to Forray ga; Alex. i. 52.
(c) First he tholit hyme-self ta, At as man suld be lattine ga, That had bene haldine lang in syne; Leg. S. xliii. 274.
Wallace wald haif lattyn thaim ga; Wall. ii. 389.
The men was lattin pase frelie fortht … and the castell cassin doun; Pitsc. I. 53/10.
The innocent put doun, the giltie latne gang frie; Dalr. II. 205/29.
(b) The English schippis … thair goodis war loissit … and the men lettin go; Spalding I. 269.
(c) Scho that had now leit him eschaip to go and die; Buch. Detect. 63.
(2) The men lat thair gripis gang thair, that he mycht gange in him alone; 1581 Bann. Memor. 334.
(3) Lyons los [they] lat to thaim ga; Leg. S. xxix. 976.
(4) Ȝong Hippocaon … A quhidderand arow leyt spang fra the stryng; Doug. v. ix. 29.
Turnus … Ane byrnand bleis leyt [R. lete] at the fortres glyde; Ib. ix. ix. 23.
The Scottismen … Sa mony arrow ouir the wall luit pas; Stewart 54154.
Ane sudden fray … throw occasion of ane shot rakelesslie lettin go; Spalding (B.C.) I. 109.
(5) Thys wikkyt goddes towart hir alsfast Ane of hir slymy serpent haris dyd cast, Deip in hir bosum leyt inslip; Doug. vii. vi. 13.
Dovn from the hevyn scho leyt hir selvyn slyde; Ib. x. xi. 74.
(6) (a) The Bybyll tellys it opynly, Thar-for I lat it nowe ga by; Wynt. i. 170.
Sen it plesis thaim, the best is to lat it pas throu dissimilacioun; Hay I. 275/6.
The fyfte eild … waistis wynyng al away And lattis our-dryf fra day to day; Ratis R. 1423.
Our antecessowris, that we suld of reide … We lat ourslide; Wall. i. 3.
Latting wirschep to go will; Colk. Sow i. 24.
Madam, ȝour men sad thai wald ryd And latt this fasterennis ewin ower slyd; Dunb. lv. 2.
Gif it sal happyn the said James … to lat thre termes annuel byryne vnpayit; 1520 Dunferm. B. Rec. 205.
Elie … Of quhame I follow the sentence And lattis the uther bukis ga hence; Lynd. Mon. 5286.
The wardane … sall nocht latt ony denier of gold and siluer pas without it be of the richt wecht; 1560 Reg. Privy S. MS. XXX. 50 b.
Thair is na punissing bot latis it our pas; Maitl. F. xxxix. 245.
In the meane tyme I latt passe quhat he did in S. Jhones toun; Dalr. I. 346/30.
(b) [You] rin schutand frome schell to schell, … lettand the tyme ouerslyde; Lynd. Answ. Flyting 46.
It war prolix, thairfor I let it go; Clar. iv. 1655.
[To] let the deid hyne ga; Rolland Seven S. 7633.
(b) He leite that haly tyme ga by; Leg. S. xviii. 1148.
Bot for the tother part, … He leit do waif with the swyft wynd away; Doug. xi. xv. 24.
Lyke ane dreme he leit all by him pas; Stewart 17277.
(c) Sumtymis … ourlukyt and lattin pas but redres; 1527 Armstrong Liddesdale App. xxiii.
b. To allow or to cause (a liquid to flow out).
[Or] lat the venim ische all out; Dunb. lxiii. 85.
Jhone, Erle of Marr … was conuict of conspiracie … a vane thairfor cuttit in his body, al the blude of his body is lattne out bleid at the samyn; Dalr. II. 95/3.
c. To lat fall, to let fall, drop. Also transf. and fig.
(1) (a) Thai flaggatis … gif the sow come to the wall Till lat thame byrnand on hir fall; Barb. xvii. 622.
Hys taill … Vnder hys waym [he] lattis fall abasytly; Doug. xi. xv. 104.
The maistir … cryit, Tua men abufe to the foir ra … and lat the foir sail fal; Compl. 40/27.
Byting of hir throuch the arme and latting the peice flesche quhilk scho bait fall in the watter; 1590 Glasgow B. Rec. I. 151.
And [they] sould nevir latt ane teir fall fra thair ene; 1590 Crim. Trials I. ii. 211.
(b) He than lete [C. leyt] the gad wand fall; Barb. x. 232 (E).
Scho … A soudly courche our [sc. Wallace's] hed and nek leit fall; Wall. i. 241.
Thai cutt the brays & leyt the harnes faw; Ib. iv. 39.
Scho grat and leit the teris fall; Seven S. 1040.
Sum in the fyre thar irkit bodeis leit fall; Doug. ii. x. 13.
Ane bill of lufe to him scho leit doun fall; Rolland Seven S. 6960.
Ane small gold ring … [he] into the coup leit fall; Ib. 9820.
(b) Tha … Drew draw briggis, and lute portculȝeis fall; Stewart 20538.
Mr. Thomas … being jowp alane, lwit his clok fall and … drew furth his suord; 1600 Crim. Trials II. 156.
(c) In Damase atoure the wall In a creile he wes latin fall; Leg. S. ii. 20.
At a trape within hire chalmare … thai ware lattyn fall doun; Myll Spect. 289/9.
Great gistis … lattin fall on thame clymmand; Diurn. Occurr. 297.
Except it be that the buy raip brak sen the anker was lattin fall in the watter; 1602 Conv. Burghs II. 144.
(2) transf. and fig. That God for syn will lat ws fa Into mischeif and oft perrell; Maitl. Q. xxvii. 14.
Ȝit leit thow nocht me fall in sic ane sort; G. Ball. 103.
This is done very secretlie; to the gentry and ministrie is letten fall only a small generall; 1638 Baillie I. 35.
The process being let fall when Mr. Cobham went hence, the Session thinks fit to revive the processe again; 1697 Penninghame Par. Rec. 9.
d. To lat se, to show.
(a) I suld … lat thame se my ȝallow hair; Clapperton Maitl. F. lxxix. 43.
The text this latts ws se; Lauder Minor P. i. 130.
He wald lat the king sie that he cuild break thame; Pitsc. I. 117/26.
Lattand thame sie the order of his schipe; Ib. 252/17.
Thairfoir the king left the effectt of the instrumentis behind him to lat Lord William sie that he had beine thair; Ib. 344/3.
To lat sie quhan danger is, thay kindle bleises in tour heidis; Dalr. I. 10/13.
Ye sall … latt thame sie the saids evidentis … and thairefter to schaw thame to the Erll of Mar; 1630 Aberd. Council Lett. I. 314.
(b) I am assurit that neuer he or na vther man is hable to lait see any sic lettres of myne; Diurn. Occurr. 207.
(b) His ferlyis he leit thame se; Leg. S. ii. 1044.
Quhat old men leatt you sea and told that thes was the merches; 1670 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Processes No. 82 (14 ? July).
(b) Swa God lute thé sie; Maitland Bann. MS. 13b/152.
Peter Hammiltoun … lute him sie ane pair of hals beidis qwiche [etc.]; 1567 Digest Justiciary Proc. F. 39.
This bischope luil this nobill prince sie … how he micht invaid aganis the vproir of the conspiratouris; Pitsc. I. 117/13.
[He] lut thame sie the wreitting quhat was to happin; Ib.II. 51/1.
He … luit him sie his sonis sonis seid; Maitl. Q. xlvi. 165.
Quhair the deponer lute my lord see the lairdis answer in wryte; 1608 Crim. Trials III. 45.
To ane man that lutte ȝour mastership sie the castell; 1621 Maxwell Mem. I. 328.
(c) God had latine hym se that sycht; Leg. S. xxvii. 91.
I … culd nocht gudlie send ane anser with the bearare, quhill I had lettin Balmaghe se the samyn; 1591 Waus Corr. 475.
(b) I assure you they ware let sie to severalls; c 1690 Dunlop P. III. 65.
e. With verbs of knowing or understanding: To lat (one) wit, knaw, understand etc., to make known to (the person), to make aware or to inform (of); to lat wit, to let it be known; to lat to understand, to give to understand. Variously const.
(1) (a) We lat ȝow wyt, … That of Lord Criste Jhesu … We are the seruandis; Leg. S. xv. 70.
He to thé thare suld apere Thé latand wit … That thu had fundyne that thou socht; Ib. xix. 204.
Of thire twa ches thé ane … & lat me wit but fengeit fare; Ib. l. 818.
We lat yhow fully wyt [etc.]; 1390 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 20.
Sends ws word and we sal late hym wit; 1401 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 380.
As the berare of this letter … sale lat yhow wit; 1416 Red Bk. Menteith I. 286.
Latand ȝhow wit that we hafe tane souertee … of the said Robert; 1446 Charter (Reg. H.) No. 312.
I lat ȝou wit, thair is richt few thairout Quhome ȝe may traist; Henr. Test. Cress. 563.
I latt thé wit I have land, store and stakkis; Kennedy Flyt. 362.
Latt no man wit that I can do sic thing; Freiris Berw. 56.
I latt ȝow wit schos nocht miskareit; Jok & Jynny 43.
To latt yow to wit that ye abuse his godlie law; 1599 Warrender P. II. 170.
(b) I bad him tak heid that he leit na body wit thairof; Buch. Detect. 140.
(b) Scho let hym wyt … that he wes but a fundlynge; Leg. S. xii. 114.
He leit hyr wyt in sum party His wil; Ib. xxx. 89.
He hyr leit wit vtrely That othyr worthyt hym to sped [etc.]; Ib. 96.
Thai … leite him wit … qwar the schip was rydand; 1400 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 48.
The lord of Keth arestit yhur wyn and yhur oxin, and for gud causis as he lete ws wit; 1401 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 380.
And the Kyng … Let na man wyt off thare discord; Wynt. vii. 110.
He was yneuch for baith, he lete thame wit; Doug. vii. vii. 140 (R).
(c) Fra scho haf lattyn hym wit hir wil; Leg. S. xxxi. 508.
(2) Ane key ȝe sall into the buirdclaith knit, … not latting wit That ȝe did sa; Rolland Seven S. 4490.
Alexander tuik gude nicht, Latting na wit vnto his ladie bricht; Ib. 9383.
To put by al suspitione or ony way to lat wit that he was to begyle; Dalr. II. 454/19.
(3) Thai … lete the remanent armye … haue knaulege thareof; Boece vii. i. 220 b.
I suld prease to latt the world know Quhat furious rage [etc.]; Fowler I. 241/43.
We … beseik ȝour Maiestie to latt us knaw hou far we sall go with the Marquis; 1607 Highland P. III. 101.
To latt your lo. know that we had [etc.]; 1614 Ib. 147.
(4) Yesterday … thow lete ws feill thi mynde; Boece i. vi. 47 b.
(5) In this realme, I lat thé vnderstand, And thow layk … geir, Thow will be lytill regardit; Lauder Minor P. iv. 6.
Quhat other thing ȝe think mete to be done … we pray ȝow latt us understand; 1566 Anderson Collect. Mary I. 46.
[He] wald bring thame … in the Kingis sicht to lat him understand his michtie power; Pitsc. I. 25/8.
To lat thame undirstand that the welth of our King may [etc.]; Dalr. I. 114/24.
He latis the King vnderstand [etc.]; Ib.II. 419/18.
Farder ye may lat the lordis understand [etc.]; 1632 Aberd. Council Lett. I. 368.
(b) For laweris luit his Maiestie to wnderstand that [etc.]; 1615 Black Bk. Taymouth 48.
(6) We lat to understand [F. scauoir faisons] that … [we] haif permitted [etc.]; Bisset I. 38/30.
g. To lat fle, lat gird, also draw, dryfe, to let fly, strike out.
See also Fle v.1 2 (1), Gird v.1 3 b, for further examples.
(1) With ane bright brand … He leit fle to the freke; Gol. & Gaw. 978.
Troianys … At euery part … The grundyn dartis leyt down fle; Doug. ix. ix. 21.
The tother tho a huge speir of haill tre leyt fle In al his fors; Ib. xii. 43.
With that Symon ane felloun flap leit flie; Freiris Berw. 526.
The Scottis … Of gunnis … leit fle ane flicht; Lynd. Meldrum 726.
(2) With ane bitand brand … He leit gird to the grome; Gol. & Gaw. 934.
A bustuus lance … he … Leyt gyrd at Pallas; Doug. x. viii. 103.
(3) The fyrst leit draw at Wallace with his sith; Wall. xi. 112.
James leit dryfe at Johne with boith his fystis; Lynd. Justing 47.
h. In other phrases, without indirect object.
To let draw, to withdraw. —
‘For Goddis lufe, my lord, gif me the law Of this lurker’; with that Lowrence let draw; Henr. Fab. 1067.
When irefullie Antiochus from Persia lute draw; Hume Hymnes v. 43.
— The carling luche and lut fart North Berwick Law; Gyre-carling 12.
— Rycht betwix the rolk and Gyas schyp On bawbord fast the innar way he leyt slyp; Doug. v. iv. 20.
9. In the imperative: Permit or cause.
(a) Lat me ta the state on me; Barb. i. 498.
Gyf thu king will be, In thocht lat resone gowerne thé; Leg. S. l. 218.
Fro thi gre to this ground lat thi grace glyde; Howlat 742.
Lat the riche man rage … Syne dele ye your dynt; Gol. & Gaw. 826.
Lat him lay sax leichis on thy lendis; Dunb. Flyt. 45.
Behold and heir, and lat thy tung tak rest; Id. xx. 3.
Schir, latt it nevir in toun be tald [etc.]; Ib. lxi. 59.
Lat ane message to thame be send; Rolland Seven S. 236.
Lat your werks and wourds aggre togidder; Lauder Minor P. i. 638.
Preistis … lat abiuring go; G. Ball. 196.
Be nocht sylitt … Nor latt thy selff be led vpoun the yce; 1571 Sat. P. xxvii. 116.
And withall lat him onderstand that albeit sche wold spair hir lyff [etc.]; 1586–7 Rait & Cameron King James's Secret 48.
Lat thea childer want the heidis; Bann. Memor. .
Late ws haif your ansuer; 1594 Maxwell Mem. II. 6.
‘How dois his Majestie? Lat us sie his face’; 1600 Crim. Trials II. 198.
(b) Lett her L. be satisfeit anentis thai x chalderis victual; 1565 Reg. Morton I. 14.
Let not the lufe of this lyfe temporall … Stay ȝow to cois with lyfe celestiall; 1573 Sat. P. xl. 361.
(c) Lord … leit this cup frome me depairtt; Montg. Suppl. 244/32.
b. Passing into a usage where the imper. with noun or 3rd or 1st personal pron. object serves as an auxiliary with imperative or optative effect: Let or may (something come about), let (us do so-and-so), etc.
Here the imper. is no longer addressed to a specific person, rather the person addressed is quite lost sight of (though the imper. may be thought of as addressed vaguely to some abstraction such as Providence or Fortune or to the Deity).
(1) Lat him ryng that had the rycht; Barb. i. 78.
Lat Petir tel quhat I think now! Leg. S. i. 435.
Lat God wirk syne quhat euer he will! Alex. i. 340.
Lat the cop raik for my bennysoun; Rauf. C. 212.
Scho said, Lat him ga to the devill; Seven S. 1452.
Lat no fowll of ravyne do efferay; Dunb. xlviii. 125.
I pray God lat hym neuer do weill; Lynd. Compl. Bagsche 19.
Latt poetis schaw thare glorious ingyne, As euer thay pleis, in Greik or in Latyne, Bot lat ws haif the bukis necessare To … our saluatioune Justlye translatit in our toung vulgare; Id. Mon. 676, 8.
Quhat strenth had his armour of defence thair, lat cunning men iuge; Winȝet I. 37/13.
Quhatsumeuir thing … be brocht in of new … that thing lat him vndirstand to pertene nocht to religioun; Ib.II. 52/23.
Latt heir be an end of this memorial; Ib. 72/21.
Lat euerie man examine him self, and lat him eit of this breid, & drink of this coupe; G. Ball. 6.
I pray God lat thame se ane ioyfull houre; 1567 Sat. P. iii. 104.
Cause them approtche vith speid and lat me die; J. Stewart 35/175.
Lat be in euerie prouince of our cuntrey men of law … The law tables … onlie thir lat keip … . Lat him quha is conuicte of thift be hanget … [etc.]; Dalr. I. 120/25, 31, 121/3, etc.
Sum will say it [the weather] is nocht guid, lat it our pas; Bisset II. 241/19.
Latt it be ane refer to the nixt conventioun general; 1629 Aberd. Council Lett. I. 304.
(b) Let the Emprice now bluster, bleir, and bark; Rolland Seven S. 2715.
Let vice ay in the awin cullouris be kend; 1573 J. Davidson Sat. P. xl. 338.
Let nevir this vndoche of evill doing irk; Montg. Flyt. 454 (T).
Let readers think they … graithly see the earth … so gaigged all; James VI Ess. 14.
Let thame … afford unto me a gramercye; Fowler I. 309/14.
Let them cair that comes behind; Carmichael Prov. No. 1036.
(c) Mee place where Fortune doth her darlings crowne … Or late outragious Fates vpon mee frowne; 1616 Drummond I. 48/11.
(d) The heraldis cryit … ‘Lutt thame go, God schaw the right’; Pitsc. II. 140/15.
(2) Lat ws wyth oure fayis fycht Quhill that oure goddys dele the rycht; Wynt. iv. 904.
Lat us than se quhat resoun wald; Hay I. 229/7.
Lat me wirk as I will, the weird is mine awin; Rauf. C. 377.
Lat ws in hairt nevir moir be sary; Dunb. xxiv. 37.
Lat ws notht eit the pwir widous houssis; Gau 93/22.
He heard the Laird of Barre say openly, ‘Latte theyme taike the bischopis & preistis’; 1547 Cal. Sc. P. I. 15.
Na than, lat ws ga play our fill; Lynd. Sat. Proclam. 175.
Quhair twa illis dois appeir, Lat vs that tak quhairin lyis leist dangeir; Rolland Seven S. 789.
Lat ws go and follow strange godis; Winȝet II. 32/30.
Now lat vs sing with myrth and jo; G. Ball. 53.
Now lat vs retourne and speik of France; Fowler II. 81/23.
Lat me humblie intreat your Majestie to apardone me; 1633 Red Bk. Menteith I. 376.
(3) Lat fall how euer may happin syne; Alex. ii. 4026.
(4) Call furth the gude wyfe, lat pay hir or we ryde; Rauf C. 291.
And ay scho said, ‘Latt preif of that’; Dunb. xl. 9.
Lat pruve gif it be wyid annewch; Lynd. Sat. Proclam. 225.
Thairfoir, gude freinds. let put ȝour minde to rest; Rolland Seven S. 7647.
(5) quasi-conj. Lett any messe-sayare … be deprehended in any of the foirnamed crymes, no executioun can be had; Knox II. 339.
c. Lat se, let me or us see, let us find out.
Chiefly with interrog. clause as object.
(a) Quhat medycyne can thow, lat se; Wynt. v. 3818.
Lordingis, lat se quha will assay! Alex. ii. 3715.
Thir Southland hors latt se gif I can ride; Wall. i. 442.
Lat se how we may … catche crabitnes away; Rauf C. 526.
Gif I sall dance, haue doun, lat se, Blae vp the bagpyp than; Peblis to Play 193.
Quhat is, he says, a ioculatour, late see; Bernardus 10.
Lat thame array thar ostis now lat se; Doug. viii. viii. 194.
Quhat purposis or etlys thou now? lat se; Ib. xii. xiii. 14.
Quha can do bettir, lat se, quhar I forvayt; Ib. Exclam. 27.
Be quhome, lat se, wes pirats sa opprest? 1570 Sempill Sat. P. xii. 22.
Ye are anes entered, lat se quha dar put vs out agane; Burne Disput. 128 b.
‘Lat sie our prouest! How dois our prouest?’ 1600 Crim. Trials II. 198.
(b) Be the Haly Gast now let se Gyff in thi state wes thi entre; Wynt. vi. 1376.
Speak on, Experience, let see; We think you hold you dumb; Montg. Ch. & Slae 819 (Wr.).
Now let see quhat inconvenient can follow upon this ground; R. Bruce Sermons 48.
Schaik it, let see, off hir foundatioun; Rollock Wks. I. 371.
d. With ellipsis of ‘go’.
Latt ws to the house; 1600 Crim. Trials II. 198.
10. With adverb complements: To allow or cause to go.
a. To lat away, furth by, hame, of, on, to. b., c. To lat furth, out, to let out, release, discharge, set free, deliver; to put or lay out; to let be known, divulge. d. To lat in, to admit; also, to lay, put or set in. e. To lat doun, to let down, lower; fig., to allow to decline, fail to keep up; to reduce (overfed beef or mutton) by bleeding the animal before killing it (before = by bleeding from the breast as opposed to the rear parts); (of a cow) to yield (milk). f. With prepositional phrases.
a (1) Do wait, and lat him nocht away; Dunb. xlii. 21.
The duke wes lattin awa; Abell a.
The schip sall nocht ly idill; … thai will … slip hir and latt hir away; 1602 Conv. Burghs II. 144.
(2) Neuir ane of thame he wald lat furth by; Stewart 38519.
(3) This Dauid … was … haldin xj ȝere in Yngland and than lattin hame; Asl. MS. I. 267/24.
Presoneir in Ingland and be the said erle … lattin hame in Scotland; 1559 Reg. Morton I. 8.
(4) Ane rak of fartis lyk ony thunder He leit of blast for blast; Dunb. xxvii. 36 (M).
They loot off a flight of arrows; Reid Swire 72.
Thir torments … quhilk, gif God would let off in full measure, [etc.]; Bruce Serm. 190.
(5) He … luit on the wattir to the myln; 1570 Canongate Ct. Bk. 264.
(6) Scho … lute to the flaik ȝett behind hir; Pitsc. I. 208 n.
b (1) To lat furth the borrow loch; 1555 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 215.
The same [loch] to dame in or latt furth; 1581 Ib. IV. 558.
1601 Ib. V. 284.
(b) To twa warkmen to stoip the borrow loch quhen it was lettin furth; 1554–5 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 297.
To the warkmen that leit furth the louche quhen it overȝeid the land; 1558–9 Edinb. Old Acc. I. 287.
To vj men quha laid the fale at the loche quhair it wes lattin furth be Dame Lawsone; Ib.
(2) Efter that the saidis portis be alhaill closit, that nane be latting in nor furth thairat; 1557 Peebles B. Rec. 242.
Ye haue ane puir fallow of myne … in your tolbuth, quhairfor I desyre him to be lattin furth; 1560 Edinb. B. Rec. III. 80.
The Countess of Lennowis … was lattin furth of the towne [sic] of Londoun; Pitsc. II. 192/16.
(3) Wo be till him that hurdis vp his corne, … Bot Gods blissing … vpon his head That latis it furth; Lauder Minor P. i. 488.
c (a) For to lat out the wynde At mouythe befor or than behynde; Wynt. v. 527 (C).
Tharat goddis infernal lattis owt The fals swevynnys to the warld about; Doug. vi. xv. 115.
The Lord … restraining Satan and ceasing himself to let out his hand against me; 1675 Sel. Biog. II. 105.
(b) This fals tratour his men had maid … The ysche of a louch to den And leit [E. leyt] it out in-to the nycht; Barb. xiv. 355.
Scho wes cristine, bot fore doute To that tyme scho leit nocht owte; Leg. S. xxxviii. 104.
The wolf let out his taill on lenth; Henr. Fab. 2518.
(c) For ilk pak of woll lattin out of the loft, carting and weying of the samyn iiij d.; 1520 Edinb. B. Rec. I. 197.
Corrupt blude that mon be lattin out; Rolland Seven S. 4591.
Grettest delyte thay had in oxin flesche … and cheiflie quhen the blude was lattin out; Dalr. I. 90/1.
Agnes Fimister being in ward … scho was lattin out; 1642 Elgin Rec. II. 243.
(b) The burrow loch was lettin owt at the north west end, dryit and becum medow; 1598 Warrender P. II. 435.
Sanctification … and comfort are but sparingly letten out to me; 1675 Sel. Biog. II. 233.
(c) Shee answered, I am come to let out your kow; then he replyed, Will not I gett my kow let out by you, yee common theyf; 1650 Brechin Presb. 22.
d (1) (a) Lat him in glaidly; Rauf C. 617.
The rewlares of Leyth that thai latt in na persouns thairin to by ony maner of vittales; 1499 Edinb. B. Rec. I. 76.
Ane number of scolleris … refusit to lat in thair maister; 1596 Crim. Trials I. ii. 362.
(b) His knok scho kend, and did so him in lett [: ȝett]; Freiris Berw. 154.
(b) The maister portare … frely lete vs in; Kingis Q. 125.
Thai … leyt in thar feris; Doug. ii. v. 31.
Leit; Rolland Seven S. 7703.
(b) Thai … Opnit the ȝettis and luit Vespacian in; Stewart 7440.
[He] oppinit the dur and luitt in the people; 1582 Edinb. B. Rec. IV. 252.
She … Arose and loot me in; 16.. Sempill P. 71/8.
(c) Bot he be lattin in beliue, him lykis not to leif; Rauf C. 613.
That na maner of persoun be lattin in to him bot men of honour; 1560 Edinb. B. Rec. III. 82.
He causit oppin his ȝettis to have lattin in the said boy; 1592 Crim. Trials I. ii. 279.
[They] wha wer lattin in to the wairdhous to visite the said Alexander Keith; 1638 Aberd. B. Rec. III. 130.
(b) Ȝe se how Sensualitie, With principals of ilk cuntrie, Bene glaidlie lettin in; Lynd. Sat. 1829.
(c) Comeing to the chalmer beds … we wer lett in; 1619 Misc. Bann. C. I. 201.
(2) Gyf thai wyl lat in a ton of watyr thai may; Bute MS. fol. 172.
The saidis masonis … lattand in tymmir for cleithing of the galry; 1535–6 M. Works Acc. (ed.) 166.
He … tuke away the clapper and luit in the said malt at the scho of the said myln to grind; 1570 Canongate Ct. Bk. 264.
e (1) Thai of the doungeoun Durst opyn na yhat, na brig lat [C. let] doun; Barb. xv. 212 (E).
[To] lows the rabandis and lat down the saill; Doug. iii. iv. 109.
The latter marinaris … to lat down ane grete dele thair hie sailis; Winȝet I. 3/24.
That thai mot lat doun the sailis of thair proud consait; Ib. II. 53/33.
Ane kabill tow … to lat doune the bell; 1591 Edinb. D. Guild Acc. 429.
(b) Corspatryk rais … Leit breggis doun and portcules thai drew; Wall. i. 90.
Ib. iv. 483, 823.
(c) Be a windo in a bascat I was lattin doun be the wall; Nisbet 2 Corinth. xi. 33.
Ladie Reres … being … vnhabell to clyme wes lattin downe in ane belt; Buch. Indict. 35.
[They] escapit furth of the castell of Edinburgh, being lat doun be thair awin bedscheittis; 1654 Nicoll Diary 128.
(2) That scho lattis doun his tenement that scho suld vphald; 1497 Dunferm. B. Rec. 77.
Considerand that Godis seruice was lattin dovne in a part be caus thar was not ane that attendit … to thar sang schoull; 1519 Cart. S. Nich. Aberd. II. 353.
Becaus men hes lattin doun The fair & market of our toun; Maitl. F. clxxviii. 35.
(3) That nane of the saidis fleschouris blaw nor lat doun ony of the said mwttoun; 1552 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 166.
That all flescheouris bring thair flesche to the mercat croce … and that thai blaw nane thairof not yit let it doune; 1555 Peebles B. Rec. I. 215.
That thair be na muttoun scoirit on the bak … nor yit lattin doun before … and that na martes be bowbredit nor lattin doun; 1574 Glasgow B. Rec. I. 26.
(4) Ther be some kye that will not leit down ther milk unless they sie the calf standing besid them; Skene Agric. MS.
f. That he lat na man in the said castell; Pitsc. I. 201/18.
After ye haue chewed that meat, letten it over your halse; Bruce Serm. 126.
[The Master of Maxwell] was latne doune the wal in a cord behind bakis; Dalr. II. 408/2.
A sheaf of corn … when it is thrashen, is letten through the wind; Dickson Wr. 134.
g. absol. ? To lay or set in place. Cf. d (2) above.
To … masonis … hewand and lattand certane caisis; 1537–8 M. Works Acc. (ed.) 225.
11. a. intr. To strike, deliver a blow or blows (about one, at another). b. tr. To deliver (blows).
a. [He] gat a chek bane off ane as … And fra he gat that in his grype He leyt [C. let] abowt hym, quhype for quhype; Wynt. iii. 294.
Wyth ane straik he leit at him; 1568 Inverness Rec. I. 163.
b. With forkis and flalis thay leit [B. lait] grit flappis; Christis Kirk 118.
12. tr. To behave as if; hence, to pretend. Const. noun-clause with that, as, gif, or without conj.
(a) Fals pervertaris of the lawis … Leitand [v.rr. Lettand] that all wer gospell that thay schawis; Henr. Fab. 2710 (B).
I cast on him a crabbit E … And lettis [M. leitis] it is a luf blenk quhene he about glemys; Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 228.
At langage of lichory I leit as I war crabit; Ib. 445.
(b) Comendyt off rycht honeste fame, And lete ay that scho wes a man; Wynt. v. 1665.
[She] lete [C. let] gyff scho had hade a knyff; Ib. 1975.
Wallace assayed at all placis about, Leit as he wald at ony place brek out; Wall. xi. 502.
I lufit him wele and sa he lete He lufit me attour all wicht; Seven S. 693.
b. reflex. To pretend to be, make oneself out to be.
Ȝe ar not sik ane fule as ȝe let ȝow; Prestis of Peblis 638.
Of weillie persons … He is not so daft as he lets [MS. letis] him; Ferg. Prov. (1641) 10 b.
c. To let on (oneself), (1) = prec. sense, (2) to act as if, to betray by one's action or appearance (that etc.), to ‘let on’.
(1) Of wily persons … He is not so daft as he lets on him; Ferg. Prov. (1706) 272.
(2) While I pray, Christ letteth not on him, that hee either heareth or seeth mee; Boyd Last B. 116.
He will not be entreated, but let a poor soul stand still and knock, and never let on him that He heareth; 1637 Rutherford Lett. (1891) 355.
13. To reckon, consider, suppose, believe, expect. Variously const.
(1) The man leit [E. leyt] him begilit ill; Barb. xix. 680.
Thai sall let thame trwmpit ill; Ib. 712.
He … lete [C. let] hym japyt fullyly; Wynt. viii. 4954.
Thus leit he no man his peire; Howlat 907.
Sic dintis he delt to that doughty, Leit hym destanyt to danger and dreid; Gol. & Gaw. 948.
(2) In ilkane [batallion] war weile ten thousand That lete [C. thoucht] thai stalwartly suld stand In the bataile; Barb. xi. 157 (E).
The Erle off Athole … gert his folk … Ryot halyly the centre And lete that all hys awyne suld be; Wynt. viii. 4556.
Na yhowng man … na lete that he mycht prysyde be Bot gywe a qwhill wyth hym war he; Ib. 5759.
(3) Thay leit to haue thare will but bade, But thay wist nocht quhat help thay hade; Alex. ii. 4051.
b. ? To mean, intend (to do something).
Scho tuik the tippet be the end To lat it hing scho leit nocht; Peblis to Play 22.
14. To think (lightly, little, less, nothing) of (a person or thing).
(1) (a) Scho lattis of me, as sho na rocht; Alex. ii. 2634.
Lat nocht lichtly of a lytill fa; Consail Vys Man 331.
Into this warld of it we lat leichtly; Prestis of Peblis 1325.
The King of France … Suld lat of Scottis men bot lichtlye; (Wynt.) Maitl. F. xl. 18.
Latt nocht lychtie of this verteisment; 1592 Warrender P. II. 173.
(b) Thai … for thai leit [E. lat; H. set] of ws lichtly [E. heychtly] … Mais thame to ficht; Barb. xii. 250.
Thai … clamys of kyne to mychtty men … And of vtherys na-thing thai leit; Thewis Wysmen 392.
(b) Thai lete off thame rycht lychtly; Wynt. viii. 3410.
Leit; Ib. 6653.
The thrid freind I leit lichtly of ay; Prestis of Peblis 1051.
[I] lelely and lichtlie of him leit; Ib. 1163.
He lute nathing of that band; R. Bruce Serm. 66.
(c) Than sall he be … put to perpetuale defame and nocht lattyn of; Hay II. 90/18.
And thou suld be the mare lychtlyit and lesse lattyn of; Ib. 147/29.
(2) absol. Quoth Hope, ‘For feare folke must not fash’; Quoth Danger, ‘Let not light’; Montg. Ch. & Slae 1436 (Wr.).
15. ? To declare, avow.
Quhat, quhyne & of quhat state & for quhat cause, thu me late, Thu has bene sa lange tym here; Leg. S. xviii. 394.
Fra thus this lordys dayis ware past, The Kyng, hys fadyr, alsa fast, Let, that all the dule wes dwne Be sycht, that he had for his swne; Wynt. vii. 1163.
Letand [C. Lettand] that he suld beris bynd, Mycht he on feld the Scottis fynd; Ib. ix. 991.
Of this court ȝe memberis all, … To me and myne ar enemeis mortall, And ay hes bene, thocht I mycht not it lat [: aduocate, feriat]; Henr. Fab.
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