A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)
Graith, n. Also: graitht, grayth(e, grayth(t, grathe, greth. [Northern ME. graith (a 1300), ON. and Icel. greiðe, greiði, only in abstract senses (arrangement, order, hospitality), but mod. Fær. greiði requisite articles, Norw. greida implements, tackle, greide harness.] Graith is also used with a large number of defining terms, as car, cart, chapell, coach, harrow, irne, kirk, knok, mill, miln, play, pleuch, schip, smiddy, timber, wain, work graith; clengeing, labouring, riding, rowing, sailing graith. See also sense 2 b below.
1. Materials or equipment (for a particular purpose); apparatus or tackle; tools or implements.
(a) Of Pirrus … The story ȝit maid no memore, Bot now we dres our graith tharfore; Troy-bk. ii. 2360.
Thai [the tailors] sow with fals graith; Acts I. 336/2.
Thai [the skinners] hunger thar lethir in defaut of graith, that is to say, alum, eggis and other thingis; Ib.
That he sall haf gud and sufficient graith and werklomys to wirk with; 1512 Dundee B. Laws 506.
Ther folkis proposis to bryng graitht and werkmen to sett up fortilis; 1547 Corr. M. Lorraine 188.
All graith that ganis to hobill schone; Bann. MS. 138 a/67.
Cariage horsis and thair graithe for … beiring of cadgeattis; 1585 Reg. Morton I. 145.
For lennyng of his currok and vther graith … to slay the reid fische; 1594 Breadalbane Ct. Bk. 59.
The barbouris … haill wark lumes with droggis and all uthir graith pertening to him; Bisset II. 259/32.
I cannot find pen to wrett heare at present, yet would not neglect wretting to your grace with such graith as I could have at present; 1689 Melville Corr. 138.
fig. Ȝe wald nocht spair to preve my graith With hobbing of ȝour hippis; Lynd. Sat. 4424 (B).
(b) The commuuyte … fyndand al coste and al grayth tyl that werk; 1387 Edinb. Chart. 35.
Tua bellesis, with all vthyr grayth pertening to ane smyth; 1517 Misc. Spald. C. II. 79.
Werk lwmis and all vthir grayth pertenyng to the smeddy, viz. studeis, hammeris, weyis, bellesis; c 1564 Glasgow Test. II. 12 b.
To tak ane maling that grit labour requyris, Syne wantis grayth for to manure the land; Maitland Maitl. F. xxxi. 30.
(c) Thane tuk thai ten oxine wicht, And [made] grath be to thame dicht; Leg. S. xxxiii. 308.
The abbot and the conuent sall fynd al maner of gratht that pertenys to that werk quhilk is wyrkande; 1394 Liber Aberbr. 43.
He sal leid with his grath xiiij fuder of petis; 1486 Reg. Cupar A. I. 239.
Thre cellaris to kepe the burdis and the wrychtis grathe in; 1494 Treas. Acc. I. 249.
Thai sal haf all thair gratht redy for our fischin; 1508 Reg. Cupar A. I. 274.
To Johne Gillaspie traveller for carying of the nyne meassounes haill grathe and warklumes to Glasgow; 1633 M. Works Acc. XXVII. 15.
(d) That tha sall trawell alandwart and by thair greth; 1562 Inverness B. Rec. I. 72.
b. Means to do something.
Thair's ȝit sum graith to find Ane prick into ȝour nois; Rolland Seven S. 7581.
2. Accessory equipment, apparatus, tackle for pieces of mechanism of various kinds, as a mill, plough, clock, loom, etc.
(a) As to the brekin of the said myln … the said Henry to … mak hir als gud of all graith pertening to hir [etc.]; 1478 Binns P. MS. (No. 17).
The graith of hir pleuch that is to say somys, syderapis, culter, sok, schone, bridill, ȝokkis & bollis; 1516 Fife Sheriff Ct. 26.
Ane husband man … his awin pleuch irnis staw … That samin graith sone eftirwart he staw; Stewart 51542.
Ane wovin luyme, wyth al graith at pertenis to the said lwym; 1538 Prestwick B. Rec. 54.
Mackand all maner of graitht thairof [i.e. of the clock] new forgit; 1547 Stirling B. Rec. I. 45.
The said myln with hir geir and graith belanging to hir; 1589 Glasg. B. Rec. I. 136.
(b) To Jok of Stirling to mak grayth to the Kingis cors bowis; 1488 Treas. Acc. I. 92.
For the making of ane new key to the lok of the Grayfreir Portt, and mending of the irne grayth thairof; 1565–6 Edinb. Old Acc. I. 495.
(c) The said myl irnys, and vther grath tharof; 1486 Red Bk. Grandtully I. 170*.
b. With the adjs. gangand or ganging, standand or standing (see these words), usually of mills.
1485 (see Gangand ppl. a. 2).
[The fermorar] sall vphald the saidis mylnis in all maner of gangand grayth; 1497 Edinb. B. Rec. I. 70.
That thai had maid expensis vpoun the standand graith of the commoun mylnis; 1525 Ib. 221.
The tyme thai stude in mending of thair standing graith; 1554 Ib. II. 309.
The said mylnis is becum falteis in the ganging grayth; 1593 Ib. V. 102.
To rewll the Hie Kirk knok and keip the same in gangand grath; 1609 Glasgow B. Rec. I. 308.
The tovne vphalding all ganging greth [of the wells] quhen ather it weirs or breckis; 1656 Ib. II. 351.
c. A leaf of heddles for a loom. (Also wobsteris graith, q.v.).
To deliver to the vobster ane grayth of iiij c.; 1548 Aberd. B. Rec. (MS) XX (J).
Ane nyne hundreth grayth and tua pilleis pertening to the vobsteris craft; Ib.
[The weavers] having compaired the wob … with ane uther peace of it finds them agrie both in reid and graithes; 1672 Melrose Reg. Rec. II. 309.
3. The rigging or tackle of a ship.
Eftir at the Kingis schip … tynt hir cabillis and odir grayth, sende with Johne of Haw to vittal hir and beyt hir grayth that wantit; 1489 Treas. Acc. I. 129.
The expensis … for the macken of the erne grathe of the barge; 1494 Ib. 250.
Thi schip, quhom that I knew ful quyte Spulȝeit of hir graith; Doug. vi. v. 122.
The graith of the schip quhilk thai coft fra the Duchemen, viz. mastis, ankeris, towis, takle, saill and all vther graith; 1527 Edinb. B. Rec. I. 229.
Ane feiching boit with airis and graitht; 1550 Glasgow Prot. I. 8.
Nather was thar handes to takle the sealle, nor was the grathe haill and freshe to byd the wound [= wind]; Melvill 253.
4. a. The accessory apparatus of a gun or cannon; ammunition generally.
It is thocht spedfull … to mak cartis of weire and in ilk cart twa gunnys and … twa chaumerys with the remanent of the graith that efferis tharto; 1456 Acts II. 45/2.
For irne grath to the brassin gun; 1496 Treas. Acc. I. 292.
iiij hors to turs the bulletis and uthir graith; 1532 Ib. VI. 158.
Maister & cuir berar of the townis artailyere and graytht thairof; 1545 Aberd. B. Rec. MS. XIX (J).
b. The priming materials of a fire-arm, powder and shot; small graith, small shot.
The powlder and graith was carryed inwart; 1567 Crim. Trials I. 495.
Ewerie … man sall have ane hagbut, witht graitht, pulder and bullet effering thairto; 1578 Glasgow B. Rec. I. 66.
They … tooke a goune from him, with some small grathe for shoot; 1653 Lamont Diary 76.
A litle barrell of pouder with a pock full of small graith; 1685 Soc. Ant. LVIII. 355.
He acknowledges that he shoot his pistoll … at ane mark, but denyes that he had ball or graith in her; 1687 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. XIII. 180.
5. Furnishings, effects, for part of a building; houshald graythe, furniture.
Ane alter … with buke and chalice of siluer and al vthir grath belangand tharto; 1454–5 Edinb. Chart. 79.
For the carying of the Chapell graytht to Lythgow; 1488 Treas. Acc. I. 100.
All grayth pertening to the altar for saying of mess; 1527 Misc. Spald. C. II. 79.
Off houshald graythe sum rycht skant war, With vther menis geir now planeist ar; Maitland Maitl. F. xxvi. 9.
6. Personal equipment. a. Clothing, articles of dress, esp. of a minor or accessory nature; trimmings or accessories for articles of dress or drapery of any kind.
Of sowtaris … that thai mak schone, butis, and vther graith of the lethir or it be barkit; Acts I. 336/2.
A vestment of red colour, with the alb and the graith perteining thereto; 1454 Old Dundee II. 14.
To by graith to the Kingis dowblat of blac velious; 1473 Treas. Acc. I. 13.
To by lynyng and smale grathe to the Kingis litle lutare; 1474 Ib. 59.
Nor ȝit na tailȝour that schapis with scheiris … Maist principillie to schaip thair grayth In hell for steiling heir of clayth; Rowll Cursing 237 (M).
The orpleis of blak welwote and graith pertenand thairto; 1559 Reg. S. Giles p. cviii.
Tua boxis with sum small graithe as bairnes schuitting gloves and menis schuitting gloves; 1627 Edinb. Test. LIV. 117.
What meanes … this short skarlet cloake, and all this gay graith of yours? Row 462.
b. Warlike accoutrements, arms, armour.
This knycht … suld be helmyt weile, … With vthir graith … As leg harnes and gluffis maid of plait; Bk. Chess 832.
The auld grayth, al for nocht, to him [he] tays, Hys hawbryk quhilk was lang furth of usage, [etc.]; Doug. ii. ix. 6.
Go dres yow in your graith, And think weill … This day ye sall wyn vassalage; Lynd. Meldrum 414.
c. Accoutrements for a horse: fittings for the harness; trappings, caparisonings; also, the equipment worn by a falcon.
As the sadill, with the grathe that langis to it, haldis him ferme; Hay II. 48/26.
A man to mak him … graith ganand for his hors; Bk. Chess 1367.
Tua clathes of stait for the King and Quene, the caprison and othir graith; 1503 Treas. Acc. II. 245.
Twa summeris with twa sadills & all wder graith ganand for tham; 1530 Lindores Chart. 33.
The laird of Drummis falconne with hir graith; 1547 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 253.
7. Goods of any kind; supplies, provisions; personal articles, luggage; also, the goods carried in a ship, cargo. Also fig.
All ald graith and geir to be vsit and sauld in the Friday merkett; 1477 Edinb. Chart. 141.
For certane graytht boycht be the King fra a cremar; 1491 Treas. Acc. I. 184.
Now … from distructioun deiyvir … Thir sobir trumpys, and meyn graith of Troianys; Doug. v. xii. 47.
Virgilis sawis … Full riche tresour thai bene and precius graith; Ib. vi. Prol. 69.
All … graith pertening to his said schip, … hering, hering nettis, salt, abilȝeamentis, barrellis and vtheris gudis; 1540 Acta Conc. MS. XIII. 183.
Ane car with graith bund thairon with ane tedder; 1557 Digest Justiciary Proc. B. 144.
That na howkstairis sell butter and cheis with trois weycht vnder the pane eschitting of thair graythe that thai sell; 1566 Peebles B. Rec. 304.
Gevin to Cuthbert Herbertsoun to gett ane robour wyne and wther grayth; 1574 Glasgow B. Rec. I. 450.
Ane mett kettil, ane wly kettil, ane aill barrel, … being the grayth of ane boit restand ondelyverit; 1597 Ib. 186.
Killochs man to carye my grayth to Edinburgh; 1613 Edinb. B. Rec. VI. 359.
To the cadgear that brocht haime the saip, … and sum wthir graith; 1621 Maxwell Mem. I. 334.
The Erll of Sutherland in the Querrell wod besyd Elgyne directit thairfra his led hors with his graith to the Bog; Spalding I. 27.
b. Possessions, goods, wealth, money.
Greit abbais grayth I nill to gather; Dunb. lxvi. 85.
Bot thay have spred thair net with huik and lyne, On rentis ryche, on gold and uther graith; Lynd. Mon. 4753.
Inuentit wayis to get thame graith, Lyke as the Mes; G. Ball. 210.
Be fenȝeit causis I confiscat graith; 1571 Sat. P. xxviii. 83.
Filling thair purses with the spirituall grathe; 1584 Ib. xlv. Pref. 11.
Ane ground-riche man and full of graith; Philotus xi.
Giue him ane geck, Aud tak another be the neck, Quhen ȝe the graith haue gottin; Ib. xiv.
8. In graith, properly, in good order.
I faucht ay for the faith, And ay I kepit it in graith; Wynt. iv. Prol. 20 (W).
You may wish to vary the format shown below depending on the citation style used.
"Graith n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 20 Jun 2019 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/graith_n>
Try an Advanced Search