A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)
Graith, n. Also: graitht, grayth(e, grayth(t, grathe, greth. [Northern ME. graith (a 1300), ON. and Icel. greiðe, greiði, only in abstract senses (arrangement, order, hospitality), but mod. Fær. greiði requisite articles, Norw. greida implements, tackle, greide harness.] Graith is also used with a large number of defining terms, as car, cart, chapell, coach, harrow, irne, kirk, knok, mill, miln, play, pleuch, schip, smiddy, timber, wain, work graith; clengeing, labouring, riding, rowing, sailing graith. See also sense 2 b below.
1. Materials or equipment (for a particular purpose); apparatus or tackle; tools or implements.
(a) Of Pirrus … The story ȝit maid no memore, Bot now we dres our graith tharfore; Troy-bk. ii. 2360.
Thai [the tailors] sow with fals graith; Acts I. 336/2.
Thai [the skinners] hunger thar lethir in defaut of graith, that is to say, alum, eggis and other thingis; Ib.
That he sall haf gud and sufficient graith and werklomys to wirk with; 1512 Dundee B. Laws 506.
Ther folkis proposis to bryng graitht and werkmen to sett up fortilis; 1547 Corr. M. Lorraine 188.
All graith that ganis to hobill schone; Bann. MS. 138 a/67.
Cariage horsis and thair graithe for … beiring of cadgeattis; 1585 Reg. Morton I. 145.
For lennyng of his currok and vther graith … to slay the reid fische; 1594 Breadalbane Ct. Bk. 59.
The barbouris … haill wark lumes with droggis and all uthir graith pertening to him; Bisset II. 259/32.
I cannot find pen to wrett heare at present, yet would not neglect wretting to your grace with such graith as I could have at present; 1689 Melville Corr. 138.
fig. Ȝe wald nocht spair to preve my graith With hobbing of ȝour hippis; Lynd. Sat. 4424 (B).
(b) The commuuyte … fyndand al coste and al grayth tyl that werk; 1387 Edinb. Chart. 35.
Tua bellesis, with all vthyr grayth pertening to ane smyth; 1517 Misc. Spald. C. II. 79.
Werk lwmis and all vthir grayth pertenyng to the smeddy, viz. studeis, hammeris, weyis, bellesis; c 1564 Glasgow Test. II. 12 b.
To tak ane maling that grit labour requyris, Syne wantis grayth for to manure the land; Maitland Maitl. F. xxxi. 30.
(c) Thane tuk thai ten oxine wicht, And [made] grath be to thame dicht; Leg. S. xxxiii. 308.
The abbot and the conuent sall fynd al maner of gratht that pertenys to that werk quhilk is wyrkande; 1394 Liber Aberbr. 43.
He sal leid with his grath xiiij fuder of petis; 1486 Reg. Cupar A. I. 239.
Thre cellaris to kepe the burdis and the wrychtis grathe in; 1494 Treas. Acc. I. 249.
Thai sal haf all thair gratht redy for our fischin; 1508 Reg. Cupar A. I. 274.
To Johne Gillaspie traveller for carying of the nyne meassounes haill grathe and warklumes to Glasgow; 1633 M. Works Acc. XXVII. 15.
(d) That tha sall trawell alandwart and by thair greth; 1562 Inverness B. Rec. I. 72.
b. Means to do something.
Thair's ȝit sum graith to find Ane prick into ȝour nois; Rolland Seven S. 7581.
2. Accessory equipment, apparatus, tackle for pieces of mechanism of various kinds, as a mill, plough, clock, loom, etc.
(a) As to the brekin of the said myln … the said Henry to … mak hir als gud of all graith pertening to hir [etc.]; 1478 Binns P. MS. (No. 17).
The graith of hir pleuch that is to say somys, syderapis, culter, sok, schone, bridill, ȝokkis & bollis; 1516 Fife Sheriff Ct. 26.
Ane husband man … his awin pleuch irnis staw … That samin graith sone eftirwart he staw; Stewart 51542.
Ane wovin luyme, wyth al graith at pertenis to the said lwym; 1538 Prestwick B. Rec. 54.
Mackand all maner of graitht thairof [i.e. of the clock] new forgit; 1547 Stirling B. Rec. I. 45.
The said myln with hir geir and graith belanging to hir; 1589 Glasg. B. Rec. I. 136.
(b) To Jok of Stirling to mak grayth to the Kingis cors bowis; 1488 Treas. Acc. I. 92.
For the making of ane new key to the lok of the Grayfreir Portt, and mending of the irne grayth thairof; 1565–6 Edinb. Old Acc. I. 495.
(c) The said myl irnys, and vther grath tharof; 1486 Red Bk. Grandtully I. 170*.
b. With the adjs. gangand or ganging, standand or standing (see these words), usually of mills.
1485 (see Gangand ppl. a. 2).
[The fermorar] sall vphald the saidis mylnis in all maner of gangand grayth; 1497 Edinb. B. Rec. I. 70.
That thai had maid expensis vpoun the standand graith of the commoun mylnis; 1525 Ib. 221.
The tyme thai stude in mending of thair standing graith; 1554 Ib. II. 309.
The said mylnis is becum falteis in the ganging grayth; 1593 Ib. V. 102.
To rewll the Hie Kirk knok and keip the same in gangand grath; 1609 Glasgow B. Rec. I. 308.
The tovne vphalding all ganging greth [of the wells] quhen ather it weirs or breckis; 1656 Ib. II. 351.
c. A leaf of heddles for a loom. (Also wobsteris graith, q.v.).
To deliver to the vobster ane grayth of iiij c.; 1548 Aberd. B. Rec. (MS) XX (J).
Ane nyne hundreth grayth and tua pilleis pertening to the vobsteris craft; Ib.
[The weavers] having compaired the wob … with ane uther peace of it finds them agrie both in reid and graithes; 1672 Melrose Reg. Rec. II. 309.
3. The rigging or tackle of a ship.
Eftir at the Kingis schip … tynt hir cabillis and odir grayth, sende with Johne of Haw to vittal hir and beyt hir grayth that wantit; 1489 Treas. Acc. I. 129.
The expensis … for the macken of the erne grathe of the barge; 1494 Ib. 250.
Thi schip, quhom that I knew ful quyte Spulȝeit of hir graith; Doug. vi. v. 122.
The graith of the schip quhilk thai coft fra the Duchemen, viz. mastis, ankeris, towis, takle, saill and all vther graith; 1527 Edinb. B. Rec. I. 229.
Ane feiching boit with airis and graitht; 1550 Glasgow Prot. I. 8.
Nather was thar handes to takle the sealle, nor was the grathe haill and freshe to byd the wound [= wind]; Melvill 253.
4. a. The accessory apparatus of a gun or cannon; ammunition generally.
It is thocht spedfull … to mak cartis of weire and in ilk cart twa gunnys and … twa chaumerys with the remanent of the graith that efferis tharto; 1456 Acts II. 45/2.
For irne grath to the brassin gun; 1496 Treas. Acc. I. 292.
iiij hors to turs the bulletis and uthir graith; 1532 Ib. VI. 158.
Maister & cuir berar of the townis artailyere and graytht thairof; 1545 Aberd. B. Rec. MS. XIX (J).
b. The priming materials of a fire-arm, powder and shot; small graith, small shot.
The powlder and graith was carryed inwart; 1567 Crim. Trials I. 495.
Ewerie … man sall have ane hagbut, witht graitht, pulder and bullet effering thairto; 1578 Glasgow B. Rec. I. 66.
They … tooke a goune from him, with some small grathe for shoot; 1653 Lamont Diary 76.
A litle barrell of pouder with a pock full of small graith; 1685 Soc. Ant. LVIII. 355.
He acknowledges that he shoot his pistoll … at ane mark, but denyes that he had ball or graith in her; 1687 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. XIII. 180.
5. Furnishings, effects, for part of a building; houshald graythe, furniture.
Ane alter … with buke and chalice of siluer and al vthir grath belangand tharto; 1454–5 Edinb. Chart. 79.
For the carying of the Chapell graytht to Lythgow; 1488 Treas. Acc. I. 100.
All grayth pertening to the altar for saying of mess; 1527 Misc. Spald. C. II. 79.
Off houshald graythe sum rycht skant war, With vther menis geir now planeist ar; Maitland Maitl. F. xxvi. 9.
6. Personal equipment. a. Clothing, articles of dress, esp. of a minor or accessory nature; trimmings or accessories for articles of dress or drapery of any kind.
Of sowtaris … that thai mak schone, butis, and vther graith of the lethir or it be barkit; Acts I. 336/2.
A vestment of red colour, with the alb and the graith perteining thereto; 1454 Old Dundee II. 14.
To by graith to the Kingis dowblat of blac velious; 1473 Treas. Acc. I. 13.
To by lynyng and smale grathe to the Kingis litle lutare; 1474 Ib. 59.
Nor ȝit na tailȝour that schapis with scheiris … Maist principillie to schaip thair grayth In hell for steiling heir of clayth; Rowll Cursing 237 (M).
The orpleis of blak welwote and graith pertenand thairto; 1559 Reg. S. Giles p. cviii.
Tua boxis with sum small graithe as bairnes schuitting gloves and menis schuitting gloves; 1627 Edinb. Test. LIV. 117.
What meanes … this short skarlet cloake, and all this gay graith of yours? Row 462.
b. Warlike accoutrements, arms, armour.
This knycht … suld be helmyt weile, … With vthir graith … As leg harnes and gluffis maid of plait; Bk. Chess 832.
The auld grayth, al for nocht, to him [he] tays, Hys hawbryk quhilk was lang furth of usage, [etc.]; Doug. ii. ix. 6.
Go dres yow in your graith, And think weill … This day ye sall wyn vassalage; Lynd. Meldrum 414.
c. Accoutrements for a horse: fittings for the harness; trappings, caparisonings; also, the equipment worn by a falcon.
As the sadill, with the grathe that langis to it, haldis him ferme; Hay II. 48/26.
A man to mak him … graith ganand for his hors; Bk. Chess 1367.
Tua clathes of stait for the King and Quene, the caprison and othir graith; 1503 Treas. Acc. II. 245.
Twa summeris with twa sadills & all wder graith ganand for tham; 1530 Lindores Chart. 33.
The laird of Drummis falconne with hir graith; 1547 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 253.
7. Goods of any kind; supplies, provisions; personal articles, luggage; also, the goods carried in a ship, cargo. Also fig.
All ald graith and geir to be vsit and sauld in the Friday merkett; 1477 Edinb. Chart. 141.
For certane graytht boycht be the King fra a cremar; 1491 Treas. Acc. I. 184.
Now … from distructioun deiyvir … Thir sobir trumpys, and meyn graith of Troianys; Doug. v. xii. 47.
Virgilis sawis … Full riche tresour thai bene and precius graith; Ib. vi. Prol. 69.
All … graith pertening to his said schip, … hering, hering nettis, salt, abilȝeamentis, barrellis and vtheris gudis; 1540 Acta Conc. MS. XIII. 183.
Ane car with graith bund thairon with ane tedder; 1557 Digest Justiciary Proc. B. 144.
That na howkstairis sell butter and cheis with trois weycht vnder the pane eschitting of thair graythe that thai sell; 1566 Peebles B. Rec. 304.
Gevin to Cuthbert Herbertsoun to gett ane robour wyne and wther grayth; 1574 Glasgow B. Rec. I. 450.
Ane mett kettil, ane wly kettil, ane aill barrel, … being the grayth of ane boit restand ondelyverit; 1597 Ib. 186.
Killochs man to carye my grayth to Edinburgh; 1613 Edinb. B. Rec. VI. 359.
To the cadgear that brocht haime the saip, … and sum wthir graith; 1621 Maxwell Mem. I. 334.
The Erll of Sutherland in the Querrell wod besyd Elgyne directit thairfra his led hors with his graith to the Bog; Spalding I. 27.
b. Possessions, goods, wealth, money.
Greit abbais grayth I nill to gather; Dunb. lxvi. 85.
Bot thay have spred thair net with huik and lyne, On rentis ryche, on gold and uther graith; Lynd. Mon. 4753.
Inuentit wayis to get thame graith, Lyke as the Mes; G. Ball. 210.
Be fenȝeit causis I confiscat graith; 1571 Sat. P. xxviii. 83.
Filling thair purses with the spirituall grathe; 1584 Ib. xlv. Pref. 11.
Ane ground-riche man and full of graith; Philotus xi.
Giue him ane geck, Aud tak another be the neck, Quhen ȝe the graith haue gottin; Ib. xiv.
8. In graith, properly, in good order.
I faucht ay for the faith, And ay I kepit it in graith; Wynt. iv. Prol. 20 (W).
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"Graith n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 20 Apr 2019 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/graith_n>
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