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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1937 (DOST Vol. I).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Culrach, Culrath, n. Also: culraich, -reach, -riach; culleraith, -irathe, -ha(i)th, culrehath, -rahaitht. [Prob. of Gaelic origin. Cf. Colrach.] The surety given on removing a case from one court to another; the person acting as surety or cautioner.(a) 14.. Acts I. 272/1.
Plegium quod vocatur culrach
Ib. 284/2.
Relinquet ibidem vnum culrach scilicet vnum plegium, quod plena lex tenebitur parti in curia domini sui
Vel suus culrach respondebit pro eo
1514 Stirlings of Keir 303.
The … tenentis and inhabitantis … to borrow, replege [etc.], … culraichis to fynd
1518 Fife Sheriff Ct. 131.
The said Thomas Forestar [is] pleige & culrach to the schiref to do iustice in the said actione
c1575 Balfour Pract. 339.
The replegiatioun beand admittit, and the said cautioun of culreach beand also fund
1597 Skene Verb. S. s.v. Culrach.
Quhilk cautioner left in the court be him & behind him quha vsis the replegiation is called Culrach
Id. Reg. Maj. 77 b.
Gif he is repledged to his Lords court, he sall leaue behinde him … ane pledg called Culreach
1700 Misc. Spald. C. III. 175.
[They] craived the saids Patrick and Donald Brounes may be repledged to the said regalitie, and offered cautione of culriach to that effect
Ib. 178.
The bond of culriach for Patrick and Donald Brounes
(b) 14.. Acts I. 371/1.
Et si curiam domini sui recuperet, balliuus domini sui in illa curia intrabit culrehath
1482 Charter (Reg. H.) No. 501.
Fredome till agane bring and borow, and causione and cullirathe thairuppoun to fynd
1484 Buccleuch Mun. II. 82.
Cautionys and culrathis to leif and to fynd
1498 Reg. Great S. 521.
Cum potestate … cautionem … de cullerhath, pro justitia partibus conquerentibus ministranda infra terminum juris dandi
1521 Fife Sheriff Ct. 221.
The said regale court … fand Walter Olyphant in Carny culrahaitht to the scherif deput for the sammyn
1542 Reg. Privy S. II. 737/2.
Cautionem de cullerhaith pro justicia partibus conquerentibus [etc.]

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"Culrach n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 18 Jul 2024 <>



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