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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1937 (DOST Vol. I).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Cresche, Creisch(e, n. Also: creche (crechis); creiche, creischie, criesche, creish(e, creash; krish. [Variant (and more frequent form) of Cres n.] Grease, fat, tallow. Also attrib. with candill.(a) Leges Burgorum c. lxviii. in Anc. Laws I. 33.
Gif ony man … dois falset in … weyande of ony thyng suilk as woll, nowte cresche [L. sepo animalium], or swyne sayme
c1420 Wynt. iii. 49 (W).
Than gore and cresche ran till his hand
c1500-c1512 Dunb. xxvi. 99 (M).
With waimes wnveldable … In creche that did incres
1513 Doug. vii. xi. 61 (Sm).
Wyth fat cresche or same
1556 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 231.
Ane kypill of cunnyngis of creche betwix Alhallowmes and Fastroneveyn, iij s.
1558 Treas. Acc. X. 423.
xxx stane … wecht of cresche candill
1586 St. A. Test. II. 60 b.
To James Dischington for cresche to the woll
1603 Aberd. Sheriff Ct. II. 25.
Thow hid sewin heids of the said sheip under furis of rigs, and tuik with the woll and the crescbe
(b) 1513 Doug. vii. x. 61.
Sum polist scharp speir hedis of steill, To mak thame brycht with fat creisch or same
1529 M. Works Acc. I. 7.
For creiche to the cart quhelis
1532 Ib. II. 32.
Creische and ter to the cart quhelis
c1540 Lynd. Kitteis Conf. 89.
Caikis, and candill, creische, and salt
1581 Sat. P. xliv. 141.
His bos bellie, ramforsit with creisch and lie, Vill serue to be a gabion in neid
1595 Duncan Appendix.
Adeps, creash, tallou
1597 Skene Verb. S. s.v. Cepvm.
Cepvm animalium, the taulch, criesche or fatnes of beastes leg
1613 Edinb. Test. XLVII. 338.
Ane barrell of solane creische
1617 Urie Baron Ct. 25.
Ane stain of creischie
1647 Edinb. Test. LXIII. 142 b.
Ane punscheone and ane barrell of creishe
1702 Foulis Acc. Bk. 310.
To Tonie to get creish to the coatch
(c) 1686 Carmyllie Kirk S. 29 Aug.

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"Cresche n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 20 Jun 2024 <>



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