A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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Call, Caw, v. Also: cal (cale), calle (chall), caul; kaw; p.t. and p.p. callyd(e, -id, cald(e, cauld(e; callyt, -it, cawit. [ME. cal, calle(n, ON. kalla (OE. ceallian, once only).]

1. intr. To utter a call or cry; to call on or to a person, etc. To clepe and call, see Clepe v. (a) The hartis at one Crist will cale; Leg. S. Prol. iii.
We mon … on his mekyll mercy call; Wynt. i. 629.
Quhat ar yhe … callys on me; Ib. v. 2576.
Til Christ we call; Bower II. 474.
Becum Cristin, … and on Christ call; Rauf C. 890.
Balan at his awne ȝet couth call; Seven S. 1991.
Thai answer nocht set thai oft pleyn and call; Doug. i. iv. 104.
Ȝe cal eftir gude wyndis and prospir sky; Ib. iii. iv. 86.
Thow sal … blis the nayme of God and cal apone it; Gau 21/28.
Quhair … ony merchand … callis vpoun any man [etc.]; 1551 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 154.
O gallandis all, I cry and call, Keip strenth [etc.]; Bann. MS. 138 a/1.
Quhen deid callis, than seiknes will the assaill; Maitl. F. lxxxiv. 25.
To call for grace betyms at God begin; Montg. Devot. P. v. 2.
(b) Loud vpoun hicht vpone him he did caw; Stewart 48392.
God is remeid for all that vpon him cawis; Rolland Seven S. 9992.
(b) He … one Crist callyt with petowis stewyne; Leg. S. i. 90.
In till his helpe … He cald till the audyens Off Edward; Wynt. viii. 1584.
He callyt on hym, and said [etc.]; Wall. i. 215.

b. Of hunting dogs: To give tongue. With hornis blast and kennettis fast calland; Henr. Fab. 1512.
Quhen on that beist At thy requeist Thy kennettis will nocht kaw; Balnavis Bann. MS. 139 a/76.

c. To speak in address or greeting. Thai ar … fair calland with gret plesans, And sone wyll compt of cusingage; Thewis Wysmen 327.

2. tr. To summon by a call, or by an order or invitation. The lord the Bruce thar callyt he; Barb. i. 604.
For God has callit ws hym til; Leg. S. xx. 286.
Off Israell … the pepyll alle He gert in hy befor hym calle; Wynt. iii. 72.
He wald the byschopys all Agayne to thare kyrkys call; Ib. v. 4616.
He cald the chyld, as hym to kys; Ib. viii. 1267.
Scho callit to hir cheir … A berward, a brawlar; Colk. Sow i. 65.
Than this man thocht gret schame and callit to him ane preist; Myll Spect. 295.
He callis till hym Eurus and Zephirus; Doug. i. iii. 63.
Onto the palyce … The schowtis and the cryis callys ws; Ib. ii. viii. 2.
Ȝour sone againe gar caw, That he thoili not the vtter charge of law; Rolland Seven S. 3075.
None aucht presume … to preache, … till that ordourlie thai be callit to the same; Knox II. 189.
The Gouernour and sum of the special nobilitie vpon a counsell ar called; Dalr. II. 328/26.
absol. The softe piping wynd callyng to see, Thar schippis than furth settis our menȝe; Doug. iii. ii. 2.
fig. He callis to remembrance the ancient fatharis of the Kirk; 1558 Misc. Wodrow Soc. 158.

b. To summon before (or to attend) a court or similar meeting. Sutis to call: see Sute n. (a) Give thai happyn to doo any scath, thair herbryoures sal be callit and haldyn arte and parte; 1442 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 9.
Ȝe cal hyme and fawtis hym; 1448 Reg. Episc. Brechin I. 114.
The said Wil [being] callit thrys and perit nocht; 1456 Peebles B. Rec. 114.
Bere na wytnes bot thow be cald; Consail Wys Man. 379.
The lordis … ordanis thaim to haue lettrez to cal thare warand to the saide day; 1482 Acta Aud. 97/2.
Rob Gebson … garit chall Rob Boswyll [to] answar to the bowrch; 1497 Dunferm. B. Rec. 80.
Gevand him power … soytis to mak be callit, absentis to amerciate; 1508 Reg. Privy S. I. 234/1.
Granting that euery man mycht before him call quhatsumeuer persouns for iniuris; Boece v. ix. 181 b.
Thai salbe callit and accusit for the samin; 1555 Glenartney Doc.
That the samyn extent be nocht ekit without the counsale and dekins be all callit and hard to voit … thairanent; 1556–7 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 262.
Mr Normond Govrlay was first abiurit, syne callit, and thairefter degradit; Diurn. Occurr. 18.
To call the dittay … and caus justice to be ministrat upon him; 1596 Highland P. I. 158.
Sindrie messingeris of armes beand called for improbatioun of there executionis; Bisset I. 234/7.
To call, persew, arreist and incarcerat all persounes violateris of thair saidis priviledgis; 1641 Peebles B. Rec. 105.
(b) He hes desyrit ane day to caw his varand; 1523 Carnwath Baron Ct. 16.
Gyf scho aw him owcht, to caw hire to the law; Ib. 17 b.
That no secular suld haif power to caw Ane preist or clerk befoir him to thole law; Stewart 34061;
Ib. 41850.

c. To call again or bak, to recall, revoke, or retract. (Cf. Again-call v.) Cal agayne [glossing revocare]; a 1350 Facs. Nat. MSS. II. 14.
Be thame he … wald cal agane almaist the hail warld … to the auld faith; Winȝet II. 23/29.
He … could by na meanes be moved to call bak or deny his doctrine; Melvill 253.

3. To urge on by calling, to drive (a horse or other animal); hence, to drive (a vehicle, plough, load, etc.). Than Bwnnok … callit his wayn towart the peill; Barb. x. 223.
Bwnnok … Gert call the wayn deliuerly; Ib. 227.
The qwhipe he tuk, syne furth the mar can call; Wall. vi. 457.
Thir cartaris … callyt furth the cartis weill; Ib. ix. 718.
Tak keip to my capill, that na man him call; Rauf C. 638.
This teileman has … A wand or quhipe … To call his cattell to thair pastur richt; Bk. Chess 1358.
The cadgyar callis furth his capill with crakkis wail cant; Doug. viii. Prol. 42.
To the gadman that callit the oxin; 1532 Treas. Acc. VI. 157.
Gevin to Tempilton that callis the sowme hors; 1540 Ib. VII. 410.
All the deire … will be callit be tainchess to that narrow entry, and the next day callit west againe; Monro W. Isles 18.
On Furisday last wes I callit ane browne hors … to the vattir; 1558 Inverness B. Rec. I. 20.
Many ȝeald ȝow hast thou cald ouer a know; Montg. Flyt. 73.
An ox, quhilk thow stal fra the guidman of Auchmadeis seruandis … quha var calland guidis to Ross; 1597 Misc. Spalding C. II. 137.
To call thair sheip and led the thack from the said comontie; 1615 Shetl. Sheriff Ct. 13.
Comperit Robert Chalmber for callin leadis to the mill on the Sabbath day; 1628 Elgin Rec. II. 203.
Sic bestis as wold not call thay cruellie killit; Spalding I. 64.
Scars men wes left to hold and to call the pleughe; Ib. 141.
The major … callit all thir rascallis … out of the toune befoir him; Ib. II. 457.
The haill mylinars … with thair servandis that callis the malt; 1657 Glasgow B. Rec. II. 365.
They called them all one gate as cattle of one gang; W. Row Blair 458.
Several times I did see one man both holding the plough and cawing, and one ox drawing; 1686 Erskine Diary 206.
No morning drinks … to any that calls in any lyme, sand, or stones; 1698 Peebles B. Rec. II. 160.

b. To drive on (one's way). Also absol., to let drive at one. The hors thai tuk, … Laid on thar sowme, syne furth the way couth call; Wall. iv. 51.
His spear before him could he fang, … And called right fast at Sir Gray Steel, … And Gray Steel called at Sir Grahame; Sir Eger p. 45.

c. To drive with blows or by force; to fix by hammering. In euery place sevin ply thai welt and call; Doug. viii. vii. 174.
Small irne wedges to call in the bred wechtis; 1558–9 Edinb. Old Acc. I. 279.
For sex wadges to call betuix twa stanis that was lous in the heid of the stepill; 1583–4 Edinb. D. Guild Acc. 212.
He stuid up … besyde the said gibbet, and cald ane naill thairin; 1601 Crim. Trials II. 350.
Aught scheipe skines for demipeices … ; jc taketis to call them on the spounge heidis; 1633 M. Works Acc. XXVIII. 8.
400 nailles to call on the sarking of the knock hous; 1665 Stirling Comm. Good 35.
Betuixt the leg and the timber they caw in wedges; 1665 Lauder Journal 70.
They were most cruelly tortured, being cawed in the boots by the hangman; W. Row Blair 504.

4. To name; to designate by a name or term. (a) Thu ma wele cal thé man; Leg. S. xxxi. 189.
Appolline, that ȝe god cal; Ib. xxxiii. 443.
He … Scotland gert call that ile; Wynt. ii. 762.
Armaryk … That Lytill Brettayne now cal we; Ib. v. 3190.
In haly wrytt God callis the prestis angelis; Hay I. 15/23.
Vthir folk fulys thai call; Thewis Wysmen 410.
Thir hungrie birdis wretchis we may call; Henr. Fab. 1908.
Sum callis me guid, sum sayis I lie; Dunb. xviii. 8.
Arcturus, quhilk we cal the laid stern; Doug. i. xi. 101.
Calland ws sa bestiall bodeis blait; Stewart 12880.
Alexander (quod he) … thay me caw; Rolland Seven S. 8601.
Thai think it weill and thai the paip do call The Antechryst; Maitl. F. xxii. 41.
The banes of a certane persone quhome thay cal litle Johne; Dalr. I. 46/23.
The symbol, then, I cal the written letter; Hume Orthog. 7.
(b) The erll of Glowcister … That men callit schir Gilbert of Clar; Barb. xiii. 466.
God … Of thir warld callit thame the licht; Leg. S. Prol. 129.
That sé That Yndys Occeane callid we; Wynt. i. 738.
He … callyd that land eftyr his name; Ib. iii. 544.
The Scottis men, That he cald ill and wykyd then; Ib. viii. 6536.
Off sic koffre he callit bot wretchitnes; Wall. viii. 526.
The first master thai callit Bantillas; Seven S. 23.
I callit my lord my heid; Dunb. vi. 57.
He kyndlie cousing callit me; Maitl. F. cxii. 30.
(c) This Iacob was callyd Israelle; Wynt. ii. 223.
In-to that buk callyde Genesis; Ib. 226.
The barne wes Ihesu cauld; Ib. v. 25.
Mald Be name that tyme scho wes cald; Ib. vii. 969.
Now is endyt this matere, The quhilk is Ratis Raving cald; Ratis R. 1801.
Ethodeus the tother child wes cald; Stewart 18465.
Duik of that ilk thow suld be cald; Steel Maitl. F. xli. 29.
He wald be cald bot a burrior to bave brocht thame to the skaffold; Moysie 124.
(b) Tharfor that bargane callit was The Chaptour of Mytoune; Barb. xvii. 585.
Angele als callit wes he; Leg. S. xxxvi. 13.
Mars wes god callyt off bataille; Wynt. v. 4871.
The comon venale callit Sanct Leonardis wynde; 1439 Edinb. Chart. 64.
Ane othir colour is in armoury that callit is blak; Hay I. 284/9.
Sic folkes suld erar be callyt bestes vnracionable, than man rasonable; Cr. Deyng 174.
Wallace … The best is callyt this day beltyt with brand; Wall. ix. 232.
To ane callit Thom Turnour; 1488 Treas. Acc. I. 97.
The fest of Beltene, callit Philip and Iacob; 1511 Lennox Mun. 191.
Lat ws nocht be cawit fader war; Stewart 6669.
Ane man of Bewme, that callit wes Paule Craw; Ib. 60693.
The contagius infeckand pest, callit the boiche; 1539 Aberd. B. Reg. I. 165.
The Lordis, callit of the Congregatioun, repared unto the Town; Knox II. 275.
Ane twynter stott callit tua ȝeir auld; 1577 Edinb. Test. VI. 61.
This James the first left bot ane sone … callit James the secund; Pitsc. I. 13/12.
The said uthir tenement callit John Symis barne; 1614 Ayr Friars Pr. Chart. 109.
The lowest classe, callit the bajane classe; 1644 Rec. Univ. Aberd. 424.

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"Call v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 23 May 2019 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/call_v>



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