Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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WHAR, adv. Also whaur (Abd. 1836 J. Grant Tales of the Glens 183; Ayr. 1838 J. Morrison McIlwham Papers 7; Per. 1857 J. Stewart Sketches 181; Sc. 1889 Stevenson M. of Ballantrae i.; Ags. 1899 Barrie W. in Thrums v.; w.Lth. 1910 J. White Eppie Gray 10; Lnk. 1923 G. Rae 'Mang Lowland Hills 37), whaar (Sh. 1891 J. Burgess Rasmie's Büddie 49, 1914 Angus Gl., Sh. 1974), whor (Uls. 1897 A. McIlroy When Lint was in the Bell v., 1928 Irish Breeder 18), whoar (Kcb. 1901 R. Trotter Gall. Gossip 121); whare (Abd. 1768 A. Ross Fortunate Shep. (S.T.S.) 181, Edb. 1773 Fergusson Poems (S.T.S.) II. 88; Ayr. 1786 Burns To a Louse i.; Sc. 1823 Lockhart Reg. Dalton III. 111), whair-. Sc. forms and usages of Eng. where (Rnf. 1801 R. Tannahill Poems (1900) 22; Sc. 1819 Scott Bride of Lamm. xxiv.; Rxb. 1826 A. Scott Poems 57; Fif. 1841 C. Gray Lays 133; Ags. 1846 P. Livingston Poems (1855) 82; Abd. 1920 G. P. Dunbar Guff o' Peat Reek 19; Sh. 1926 Shetland Times (4 Dec.)). n.Sc. freq. employs whar in liter. use in place of the reg. dial. form Far, adv.2 [ʍɑ:r, ʍ:r; em.Sc. (b) and s.Sc. have now usu. ʍe:r]

Sc. usages in combs., freq. forming relatives and nouns: 1. whaur-aboots, where-abouts (Abd. 1887 W. Carnie Waifs 17, 1935 D. Rorie Lum Hat 30; I.Sc., Cai., Per., wm. Sc. 1974); 2. whereanent, concerning which. on account of which, freq. in legal use, obsol. See Anent, 1. (4); 3. wha(u)rawa, where-awa(y), in or to what place, where on earth, whither (Knr. 1895 H. Haliburton Dunbar 27; Ags., Per., Ayr. 1974). See also Awa, 9. (7); 4. wha(a)rby, whereby (Dmb. 1817 J. Walker Poems 72); whereas; 5. wha(u)re(v)er, wherever (Sc. 1816 Scott O. Mortality vii.; Dmf. 1823 J. Kennedy Poems 43; Per. 1857 J. Stewart Sketches 10; Edb. 1916 J. Fergus The Sodger 30; Abd. 1917 D. G. Mitchell Clachan Kirk 48); 6. whar(e)for(e), wherefore, why (Ags. 1823 A. Balfour Foundling III. 51; Abd. 1879 G. MacDonald Sir Gibbie xxxiii.); 7. wha(u)rfrae, where-, wherefrom, whence (Sh. 1974). Also as a n., the source, origin, cause; 8. whairin. wherein (Rxb. 1740 Proc. Hawick Arch. Soc. (1913) 51; 9. wharof, whereof (Dmb. 1817 J. Walker Poems 81); 10. wharon, whereon; also used elliptically as a n., the means whereon to live, the wherewithal (Ork. 1929 Marw.); 11. whar-pairt, = 12. (Sh. 1974); 12. whar-piece, where, whereabout, where on earth (Ork. 1929 Marw., Ork. 1974), almost universally displacing whar uncompounded; 13. wherethrow, through or by reason of which, whereby. See Throu; 14. whaur til, whither, to what place. Liter.; 15. wha(a)rt(e)u, whare to, for what purpose, why, wherefore (Sh. 1866 Edm. Gl., 1914 Angus Gl.; I.Sc. 1974). Also as a n., the reason, cause. Obs. in Eng.; 16. wharwi', wherewith, with or by means of which. Also wharewitha'. Arch. in Eng. 2. Abd. 1746  Burgh Rec. Abd. (B.R.S.) 383:
The dean of gild to pay out the whole expenses, whereanent thir presents shall be warrant for the haill premises.
3. Sc. 1711  Speech for Mr Dundasse 3:
I sould have been hurry'd to the Tolbuith, and so on to my Trial, and God knaws whereawa afterwards.
Rnf. 1790  A. Wilson Poems 207:
An' do ye really ken the chiel! An' whar-awa's his dwallin?
Sc. 1834  Chambers's Jnl. (Feb.) 25:
What's wrang? Ony body up the water? Whereaway, man?
Fif. 1883  W. D. Latto Bodkin Papers 25:
But whereawa' is the silk coverin' o't?
Lnk. 1887  A. Wardrop Midcauther Fair 240:
Whaur awa' the nicht, Johnnie?
4. Sh. 1933  J. Gray Lowrie 40:
Som' o' dem is flo'ered laek da manse gaerden, whaarby, i' da kyuntry, dir nae need o' pittin onything mair i' da window is maybe a bottle o' reedin' sweeties.
7. Edb. 1811  H. MacNeill Bygane Times 23:
Wharfrae they come, and what they are.
Sc. 1844  Songs for Nursery 13:
What gars the win' blaw? an' whar frae comes the rain?
Dmf. 1877  R. W. Thom Poems 22:
Tae see the wherefrae o' maist waes.
Sc. 1936  J. G. Horne Flooer o' Ling 41:
Guid only kens whaurfrae!
10. Ork. 1880  Dennison Sketch-Bk. 35:
Sheu hed wharon, an' wus behauden tae nee bothy.
12. Ork. 1908  Old-Lore Misc. I. v. 162:
Whaur piece, whaur piece? In his puggie, in his puggie.
Ork. 1929  Marw.:
Whar-piece did thoo lay hid?
13. Lnk. 1707  Minutes J.P.s (S.H.S.) 5:
Wherethrow many debates and controversies hes arisen.
14. Fif. 1827  W. Tennant Papistry 31:
She tauld the friskie fairy thing Whairtill to flee on rapid wing.
Cai. 1872  M. McLennan Peasant Life 154:
Whaur till are ye jamphlin' noo?
15. Abd. 1790  A. Shirrefs Poems 144:
But, whare-to did ye't, oman, lat me hear?
Ork. 1929  Peace's Almanac 138:
Dat's da wharteu am no washin' mine sin syne.
16. Edb. 1773  Fergusson Poems (S.T.S.) II. I67:
Case we git wharewitha' to wink Wi' een as blue's a blawart Wi' straiks thir days!
Edb. 1811  H. Macneill Bygane Times 44:
[They] hae scarce wharwi' to keep in life.

[Whar derives from the short vowel forms O.E. hwar, O.N. hvar.]

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"Whar adv.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 13 Dec 2018 <>



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