Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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UNITED, ppl.adj. Sc. usages in the titles of various churches in the Presbyterian communion which united or re-united after schisms and separations from the 17th c. onwards: 1. United Associate Synod (of the Secession Church), the name taken by the “New Light” parties in the Burgher and Anti-Burgher branches of the Original Seceders (see Secede, v.) on their re-union in 1820 (see Licht, n., 5.) and sometimes reduced to United Secession Church. This body became the United Presbyterian Church in 1847 (see 4.); 2. United Free Church, — Kirk, the church formed by the union of the majority of the members of the Free Church of Scotland with the United Presbyterian Church in 1900 (see Free, IV. 6. and 4.). The majority of this church, separated from the Church of Scotland by the Disruption of 1843, rejoined the parent body in 1929, but a minority stood out and continue in existence under the old name, the epithet Continuing suffixed to the title in 1929 being dropped in 1934. The name is freq. reduced to its initials U.F., applied also to an individual member of the church; 3. (Synod of) United Original Seceders, a body formed by the reunion in 1842 of the “Auld Lichts” in the two sections, Burgher and Anti-Burgher, of the Original Secession Church (see 1.). A majority of this body then joined the Free Church in 1852, the minority remaining out till 1956 when they re-united with the Church of Scotland. See Secede, v.; 4. United Presbyterian Church, the church formed by the union in 1847 of the United Associate Synod (see 1.) and the Relief Church, which again joined with the Free Church in 1900 to form the United Free Church of Scotland (see 2.), freq. abbreviated to U.P., denoting also a member of the church. 5. United Secession (Church), see 1.; 6. United Societies, the Cameronians (see Society). 1. Sc. 1820  Scots Mag. (Sept.) 278:
They may unite with their brethren of the other Synod to be known by the name of ‘The United Associate Synod of the Secession Church.'
2. Sc. 1901  Scotsman (29 Oct.) 6:
Yesterday the congregations of the Free and the United Presbyterian Churches — with the exception of a few Free Church congregations — met for the last time under their old names. Next Sunday they will meet as congregations of the United Free Church.
Rxb. 1913  Kelso Chron. (7 March):
Th' U.F.'s are a' th' same noo. But if they dinna want tae gaun tae th' ither U.F. kirk th' Auld Kirk's big eneuch.
Sc. 1934  J. Barr U.F. Ch. Scot. 172:
The Policy of Disestablishment and Disendowment as declared by the United Presbyterian and Free Churches, and later by the United Free Church.
Sc. 1960  Scotsman (27 Sept.) 6:
The United Free Church holds by the voluntary principle, and asserts that the State, having no religious standing, cannot give sanction to any form of religion.
3. Sc. 1888  J. Rankin Handbook Ch. Scot. 245:
There still remains by itself in Scotland, the “Synod of United Original Seceders,” with about twenty-five places of worship. This last body, small as it is, is a living testimony to old unchanged opinions of early Seceders, for it is still firm in its adherence to Establishment principles.
4. Sc. 1847  Proc. United Presb. Synod (14 May) 13:
The Synod of the United Presbyterian Church composed of the United Associate Synod of the Secession Church and of the Synod of the Relief Church.
Gsw. 1861  Glasgow Past & Present (1884) III. 227:
What we now call ‘U.P.'s' were then subdivided into Seceders, termed Relief Burgher and Anti-Burgher (so termed in reference to Burgess oath), Old Lights and New Lights.
Sc. 1887  Stevenson Underwoods 119:
The public house, the Heilan' birks, And a' the bonny U.P. kirks!
Ags. 1889  Barrie W. in Thrums ii.:
I wouldna wonder though she gets Sam'l to gang ower to the U.P.'s.
Sc. 1896  J. N. Ogilvie Presb. Churches 112:
The flourishing United Presbyterian Church ofto-day, with a membership of nearly 200,000, and ministers numbering over 600.
Ork. 1931  J. Leask Peculiar People 174:
Thurso possessed the only U.P. Church in Caithness.
Bwk. 1947  W. L. Ferguson Makar's Medley 38:
An unco sicht for U.P. kirks This time o' day!
Bnff. 1953  Banffshire Jnl. (13 Oct.):
The U.P. kirk's still standin'.
5. wm.Sc. 1854  Laird of Logan 481:
The Rev. Walter Dunlop was minister of the Second United Secession Church, Dumfries, now the United Presbyterian Church.
Sc. 1896  J. N. Ogilvie Presb. Churches 112:
In 1820 the two New Lights coalesced, forming the United Secession Church.
6. Sc. 1727  P. Walker Remarkable Passages 70:
These Dissenters, for some Years commonly called McMillan's Folk, who were a Part of the United Societies before the Revolution (commonly since nicknamed Cameronians).
Sc. 1896  Trans. Slg. Nat. Hist. Soc. 20:
John McMillan was the first ordained minister whose services were enjoyed by the “United Societies.”

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"United ppl. adj.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 24 Oct 2018 <>



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