Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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TROYES, n. Also trois. Sc. †forms of Eng. troy (weight), a standard system of weights. Cf. Tron. Edb. 1718  Burgh Rec. Edb. (1967) 347:
All Butcher meat sold in the flesh mercats of this Citie and suburbs shall be sold by trois weight.
Per. 1732  D. Macara Crieff (1881) 205:
A greater burden than 10 stones, trois weight.
Per. 1829  G. Buchanan Tables 246:
A set of weights denominated Scotch Troyes, stamped with the Exchequer mark, and the letters A.B. under a crown, and which have been in the possession of the Guildry of Perth since the period of the Union, gives the weight of the Stone 122811.73 Grains; . . . the Pound Scotch Troyes, or Pound Dutch, as derived from the supposition that it contains seventeen and a half Ounces Avoirdupois — a mode of obtaining the said Pound which appears to be used in many parts of the country — weighs 7656.25 Grains.

[O.Sc. trois, troy weight, 1491, from Troyes in France, a medieval entrepôt of trade with Burgundy, the Rhineland and the Low Countries, which used these or similar measures.]

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"Troyes n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 19 Oct 2018 <>



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