Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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SYNE, adv., n.1, conj., prep. Also syn, sine, †sayn, ¶saen; sin (see also Sin), and, chiefly ne.Sc., seen. [səin; ne.Sc. + sin]

I. adv. 1. Thereupon, directly after, next, afterwards (Sc. 1808 Jam.; Per., Fif., Lth., Ayr. 1915–26 Wilson). Gen. (exc. I.) Sc. Sc. 1724  Ramsay T.-T. Misc. (1876) I. 22:
Syne far ben the house I rin.
Sc. 1745  R. Mackenzie John Brown (1918) 34:
Did he do it syne?
Abd. 1768  A. Ross Helenore (S.T.S.) 61:
Twa mile she ran afore she bridle drew, An' syn she lean'd her down upon a brow.
Ayr. 1785  Burns Jolly Beggars Recit. iii.:
[He] turn'd, an' laid a smack on Grizzie, Syne tun'd his pipes wi' grave grimace.
Per. c.1800  Lady Nairne Songs (Rogers) 207:
Ye'll cross the burn syne doun the loch side.
Rxb. 1821  A. Scott Poems 123:
Syne frae the ambrie braught the chiel Out cheese and bread.
Sc. 1828  Leesome Brand in
Child Ballads No. 15. A. xxx.:
Till by it came that milk-white hynde And then he mind on his ladye syne.
Fif. 1841  C. Gray Lays 146:
They wavered — turned — syne ran awa.
Lnk. 1885  F. Gordon Pyotshaw 258:
Breakfast first, though, syne business.
Uls. 1900  T. Given Poems 141:
Alang the pad he pip't a tune, Syne ower the auld stane brig.
Abd. 1955  W. P. Milne Eppie Elrick vii.:
He pat oot 'is heid an' seen put it in again. Common in phrs. in opposition to sune, as sune or syne, now or afterwards, sooner or later, sune as (good as) syne, sune nor syne.
Sc. 1700  J. Clark Christ's Impressions 19:
Soon or syne the Believer comes to Understand.
Sc. 1722  W. Hamilton Wallace xii. iii.:
Each rogue, altho' with nick he should combine, Shall be discover'd, either soon or syne.
Sc. 1818  Scott Rob Roy xviii.:
Now I am o' the mind to gang in gude earnest — better soon as syne.
Dmf. 1824  Carlyle Early Life (Froude) I. 228:
The world must be fronted some time, soon as good as syne.
Gsw. 1863  J. Young Ingle Nook 14:
Sin wed I maun dae, sune or syne.
Kcb. 1895  Crockett Bog-Myrtle ii. ii.:
They had as lief learn sune as syne.
Per. 1915  Wilson L. Strathearn 189:
Better sune nor syne. Better soon than late.

2. Used inferentially: in that case, so, hence, then (ne.Sc., emS.c. (a) 1972). Abd. 1871  W. Alexander Johnny Gibb vii.:
Fa did yer aunt an' you bide wi' syne?
Ags. 1891  Barrie Little Minister xii.:
Syne he would be able to haud up his head.
Per. 1898  C. Spence Poems 22:
Were I “Lady Hillburn Head,” They widna brag me syne.
e.Lth. 1903  J. Lumsden Toorle 59:
Ha! ha! ha! Wha's sneer'd at syne!
Sc. 1920  A. Gray Songs from Heine 22:
In the nicht-time it was better, For syne the streets were toom.
Abd. 1929  Abd. Weekly Jnl. (28 Feb.) 6:
It wis idder fowk seekin' siller fae me 'at garrt ma stop cairryin' ony on ma, an' seen Aw never cairry mair nor Aw think Aw'll need.
Per. 1972  :
And syne, ye're no gaun.

3. Used retrospectively from the time of the statement: ago, since, before now (Per., Fif., Lth., Ayr. 1915–26 Wilson; Bwk. 1942 Wettstein; Rxb. 1942 Zai). Gen. (exc. Sh.) Sc. Lnk. a.1779  D. Graham Writings (1883) II. 50:
Willie and Charlie is to the hill an hour syne.
Fif. 1798  R. Flockhart Sketch 8:
Sure I am they double are, Of what they twenty year syne were.
Sc. 1819  Scott Bride of Lamm. vii.:
It was but twa days syne.
Dmf. 1823  J. Kennedy Poems 46:
Some years syne, baith crap and cattle Yielded nearly cent per cent.
Abd. 1829  A. Cruickshank Poems 25:
The tither night nae langer sa'en, Fan sittin jest my leefu' lane.
Sc. 1879  Stevenson Deacon Brodie i. i. 2:
A week syne it was auld Andra Simpson's in the Lawnmarket.
Bnff. 1887  G. G. Green Gordonhaven 90:
We a' mine o' yer glorious mairchins here twinty year seen.
Ags. 1891  Barrie Little Minister xxxi.:
We saw her oursels a short year syne.
Gall. 1900  R. J. Muir Mystery of Muncraig xix.:
Naething has been heard frae the room till three months syne.
Lnk. 1922  T. S. Cairncross Scot at Hame 11:
Nae further than a week syne gane.

Hence (1) lang syne, long ago. See also Auld, 9., Phrs., Lang Syne; (2) short syne, a short time ago, recently. See also Short, adv., 2. (4). (1) Sc. 1815  Scott Guy M. xi.:
The Bertrams of Ellangowan are the auld Dingawaies lang syne.
Ayr. 1821  Galt Annals ii.:
Just as the witches lang syne had their sinful possets and galravitchings.
Sc. 1889  Stevenson M. of Ballantrae xii.:
I would have told ye this long syne.
Abd. 1917  E. S. Rae War Poems 83:
It's nae sae verra lang seen sin' they a' waur at the skweel.
(2) Slk. a.1800  Hogg Mountain Bard (1807) 180:
Short syne we war wonderfu' canty.
Wgt. 1804  R. Couper Poems I. 54:
Man, Nature's prince, short syne right proud.
Abd. 1824  G. Smith Douglas 64:
Ye were as thrang short syne as twa creel heads.
Dmf. 1894  R. Reid Poems 43:
Short syne, in the gray o' the dawin'.

4. Used prospectively (1) from a time in the past: from then, since, thereafter (ne., em.Sc. (a), sm.Sc. 1972). Per. 1897  C. M. Stuart Sandy Scott's Bible Class 77:
He was never so thrawn afore or syne.
Rxb. 1897  J. C. Dibdin Border Life 61:
I hadna selt ony fruit there for some years syne.
Fif. 1899  E. Heddle Marget 8:
I've been a' o' a tremble ever syne.
Lnk. 1922  T. S. Cairncross Scot at Hame 54:
I've had back-sets syne, as ony chiel may ha'e.
Abd. 1935  D. Rorie Poems 85:
Gie't ye on tick? I ken ye fine An' whustle on my fingers, syne!

(2) from the moment of speaking: from now, hereafter. Edb. 1895  J. Tweeddale Moff 210:
It maun be shortly sin if he dis.

5. Before, previously, on an earlier occasion. Sc. 1880  L. B. Walford Troublesome Daughters I. ix.:
Ye'll tak' us as we are, as ye did syne.

6. Now, the present time. m.Lth. 1894  P. H. Hunter J. Inwick 97:
Ye're at the lug o' the law noo, an' nae dou't ye'll ha' heard a' aboot it or syne.

II. Construed as a n., governed by preps. afore, frae, sin = that time, then. Cf. similarly Eng. then. See also Frae, prep., 1., Sin, prep., Comb. Per. 1899  C. M. Stuart Sabbath Nights 20:
Aforesyne I didna see how it was possible for me to love the Lord wi' a' my heart.
Sh. 1914  Angus Gl. 31:
He never da'd a gud day frae syne.
Sh. 1970  New Shetlander No. 93. 15:
Tho' a while fae syne noo.

III. conj. 1. Since, from the time that (Gall. 1972). Sc. 1805–7  Mother's Malison in
Child Ballads No. 216 A. addition. xv.:
It's na the space of haf an hour Sayn he gade fra your hall.
Lnk. 1887  A. Wardrop Mid-Cauther Fair 196:
I've made galores [o' siller] syne you were here.
Kcb. 1890  A. J. Armstrong Musings 19:
A towmond's gane syne my lad set sail.

2. If, whether. Prob. due to confusion with Gin, conj.2, 1. Kcb. 1885  A. J. Armstrong Friend and Foe i.:
I wadna wunner syne ye baith get mates that'll gang up the lum like a tap o' tow.
s.Sc. 1896  J. C. Dibdin Cleekim Inn i.:
Syne ye dae come back, I'll hae yer dinner het.

IV. prep. Since, since the time of. Ags. 1826  Drama of John o' Arnha' (1878) 28:
I hae born My honours brawly syne this morn.
Fif. 1896  D. S. Meldrum Grey Mantle 155:
Ever syne that 'tillery ball.

[O.Sc. syne, thereafter, afterwards, 1375, ago, c.1620. since, conj., 1475, North. Mid.Eng. sein, thereafter, since then, ago. The forms arise from Mid.Eng. sīn, sen, reductions, with stress accent, of O.E. siþþan, seoþþan, since then, the first giving syne, the second seen. Eng. since is from the adv. gen. si(þþa)nes. Cf. hence, thence. In unstressed position the vowel was shortened to produce Sin, adv., q.v.]

Syne adv., n.1, conj., prep.

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