Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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STOUND, n.1, v.1 Also stoun, stoon(d); and Sh. forms sto(i)nd, stuind, st(j)und, dim. sto(i)ndi. [stun(d); Sh. stomd. st(j)ʊnd]

I. n. 1. A period of time, a while (Sh. a.1838 Jam. MSS. XII. 215, 1866 Edm. Gl., stuind, 1908 Jak. (1928), stond(i)), freq. in reference to length of absence. Phrs. a stound o' days, a few days, at or in a stound, in a short time, in a moment, ill-stound, exclamatorily = alas, lackaday, or imprecatively = confound-!, blast-!, bad luck (to-)! (Sh. 1908 Jak. (1928), Sh. 1971). Cf. Ill-oor. Abd. 1768  A. Ross Helenore (S.T.S.) 126:
An' mair nor pleas'd turns in a stound, An' couthily says unto Jean.
Abd. p.1768  A. Ross Works (S.T.S.) 179:
Ay row them [sheep] in, at least a stound o' days.
Abd. p.1768  A. Ross Fortunate Shep. MS. III. 123:
Ill stound, she says, ye reckon that a crack That but his pound yet fetches to a plack.
Sc. 1803  Scott Minstrelsy III. 357:
Syne, in a stound, the pool profound To cleave in twain appear'd.
Sc. 1820  Scots Mag. (May) 423:
I' the mirk in a stound wi' rairan' sound, A spait the river rase.
s.Sc. 1859  Bards of Border (Watson) 9:
When they got a' their corn cut down, They held their kirn — a merry stoun!
Ork. 1880  Dennison Sketch-Bk. 107:
Thu bit coorts me i' starts an' stoonds.
Sh. 1899  J. Spence Folk-Lore 23:
Throwing down the fish, he exclaims “Ill stjund ta dy glyed face.”
Sh. 1908  Jak. (1928):
Du's been dee a stoind: you have been away a long time.
Ags. 1937  Scotsman (29 May) 14:
My spy-gless whaumles roond, The chimleys, at a stoond.

2. A sharp throb of pain, a pang, twinge, an intermittent ache (n.Sc. 1808 Jam.; Sh. 1866 Edm. Gl.; Per., Fif., Lth., Ayr. 1915–26 Wilson; Uls. 1953 Traynor). Gen.Sc. Obs. in Eng. exc. n. dial. Abd. 1801  W. Beattie Parings (1873) 27:
That stouns amo' my taes, Will pit my heart awa!
Gsw. 1879  A. G. Murdoch Rhymes 42:
Her heart felt the grup o' the last fatal stoun'.
Bnff. 1880  J. F. S. Gordon Chron. Keith 322:
“Fat's vrang wi' ye noo?,” asked the Dr. “Ohone! . . . stouns in my Head.”
Uls. 1881  W. H. Floredice Memories 260:
A stoon worse nor the shooting of a corn in the frost.
Abd. 1917  C. Murray Sough o' War 31:
Some nichts fan I've been sleepin' ill, an' stouns gyaun doon my taes.
Lnk. 1919  G. Rae Clyde and Tweed 1:
The stoun o' age creeps through my banes.

3. A pang of mental pain or emotion, a throb of grief (Sc. 1755 S. Johnson Dict., 1808 Jam.), a thrill of pleasure or excitement (Ork., n., m.Sc. 1971). Abd. 1768  A. Ross Helenore (S.T.S.) 13:
Baith their hearts bett wi' the common stound, But had na pain, but pleasure o' the wound.
Ayr. 1789  Burns I gaed a Waefu' Gate ii.:
And ay the stound, the deadly wound, Cam frae her een sae bonie blue.
Slk. 1818  Hogg B. of Bodsbeck iii.:
I just fand a stound o' manheid gang through my heart.
Edb. 1828  D. M. Moir Mansie Wauch iv.:
I had a terrible stound of calf-love.
Dmf. 1847  R. Chambers Pop. Rhymes 222:
This was a new stoond to the goodwife's heart.
Fif. 1864  W. D. Latto T. Bodkin xiii.:
A lood reishil at the front door, whilk sent a stoond through oor stammacks.
Ayr. 1887  J. Service Dr. Duguid 245:
The waff of the wild roses and honeysuckle cam in stoons of sweetness alang the air.
e.Lth. 1892  J. Lumsden Sheep-Head 255:
The stang an' stound o' memorie.
Abd. 1898  J. M. Cobban Angel xvi.:
Then a stound of peril smote me.
m.Sc. 1917  J. Buchan Poems 22:
Dod, man, I mind the stound o' pride Gaed through my hert.
Slg. 1935  W. D. Cocker Further Poems 21:
It brings to my he'rt but a stoun o' regret.
Sc. 1952  Scots Mag. (March) 459:
That broucht a warmth to her cheeks sae wan, And sent a stoond through the glowerin' man.

4. A mood, a whim, a fit of depression, sullenness, etc. (Ork., n.Sc. 1971). Hence adj. stoonie, moody, temperamental (Ork. (stoondie), Cai. 1971). Cf. Stunder, n. Cai. c.1920 4 :
A person, who without any apparent reason, takes into his head not to speak to his neighbour, has taken a stoon. A person who is always changing his attitude without any good reason is stoonie.
Abd. 1968  :
I've teen a stoun o' thrift — a sudden fit of being thrifty.

II. v. 1. intr. To throb, ache, smart, thrill with pain or emotion (Sc. 1808 Jam.; Bnff. 1866 Gregor D. Bnff. 183; Fif., Lth., Ayr. 1923–6 Wilson; Bwk. 1942 Wettstein). Gen.Sc.; also fig. to beat, pound, pulsate. Ayr. 1791  Burns Bonie Wee Thing i.:
And my heart it stounds wi' anguish, Lest my wee thing be na mine.
Lth. 1813  G. Bruce Poems 33:
Niest mornin' a' looks bright an' clear, Nae conscience stoun's.
Sc. 1829  Wilson Noctes Amb. (1855) II. 139:
The ear-ache, tinglin and stounin to the very brain.
Abd. 1868  W. Shelley Wayside Flowers 87:
I'm fashed wi' sic a stoonin' brow.
Per. 1883  R. Cleland Inchbracken xviii.:
I'll gie ye a gouff i' the lug'll gar't stound the next half-hour.
Slk. 1914  Southern Reporter (17 Dec.) 9:
Sobbing aloud in a way that made Sandy's heart stound, she went into the cottage.
Edb. 1931  E. Albert Herrin' Jennie i. i.:
“She went away wi' a slop.” Bennie's head began to stound.
Kcd. 1934  L. G. Gibbon Grey Granite 73:
Your feet beginning to stound a wee.
Dmf. 1938  Chambers's Jnl. (Nov.) 840:
The stoundin' beat o' gallopin' feet Fa's lood i' the mornin' 'oor.
m.Sc. 1954  N. B. Morrison Following Wind vii.:
His heart stounding at each entrance when he saw it was not she.

2. tr. To give pain to, to cause an ache in, to shoot through like pain, to make to throb. Rare and obs. Per. 1830  Perthshire Advert. (28 Jan.):
Whare grief nae mair your heart will stoune.

[O.Sc. stound, a pang of pain, etc., a brief while, 1375, to cause pain to, c.1500, in a stound, 1513, O.E. stund, a period of time, a time of distress. Cf. Ger. stunde, an hour. For the Sh. forms cf. Norw. stund, time, a while, O.N. stund, a short distance.]

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"Stound n.1, v.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 12 Dec 2017 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/stound_n1_v1>

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