Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)
STEND, v.1, n.1 Also sten(n); ¶steen (Abd. 1813 D. Anderson Poems 82). [stɛn(d)]
I. v. 1. To walk with long, firm steps, to stride, to march forward in a vigorous purposeful manner (Sc. 1801 J. Leyden Complaynt 374; Bnff. 1866 Gregor D. Bnff. 181; Sh. 1914 Angus Gl., Sh. 1971).
Sc. 1721 Ramsay Poems (S.T.S.) I. 188:
But ours, he said cou'd Vigour len' And gar them stout to Battle sten'. Abd. 1768 A. Ross Helenore (S.T.S.) 28:
As this young squire on haste is stending by. Wgt. 1804 R. Couper Poems II. 251:
The hunter stens o'er burn and brae. Ags. 1820 A. Balfour Contemplation 272:
He stendit now, wi' courage crouse. Bnff. 1868 W. Garden Meg's Wedding 93:
Ae nicht I gaed stytin' an stennin' O'er by Tochieneal, i' my glee. Gall. 1884 D. McWhirter Musings 110:
Wi' stennin' owre yon mossy hag. Sh. 1906 T. P. Ollason Spindrift 85:
Stendin' hame ower frae her tour i' Wastskerry.
2. (1) Of persons: to leap, bound, spring up or forward (Sc. 1808 Jam.; Ayr. 1923 Wilson Dial. Burns 187).
Sc. 1724 Ramsay T.-T. Misc. (1876) I. 8:
The lover he stended up in haste. Abd. 1739 Caled. Mag. (1788) 500:
He stenn'd bawk-height at ilka' stride. m.Lth. 1768 W. Wilkie Fables 123:
O'er a dyke A herd came stending wi his tyke. Sc. 1803 Scots Mag. (Sept.) 639:
He knell'd his head against the wa', An' lap an' stenn'd.
(2) Of an animal: to rear on its hind legs, prance, start (Fif. 1825 Jam. s.v. blort).
Ayr. 1786 Burns Auld Mare xiv.:
Thou never lap, and sten't an' breastit. Wgt. 1804 R. Couper Poems I. 184:
They [cattle] rout, and fecht, and sten. Sc. 1824 Scott Redgauntlet Letter xi.:
The nag began to spring and flee and stend. Sc. 1871 P. H. Waddell Psalms xxix. 6:
[The Lord] e'en gars them sten like a stirk. Uls. 1880 Patterson Gl.:
Stennin' like a tip on a tether. Sc. 1928 J. Wilson Hamespun 23:
Ilk ord'nar beast a tail that wags, Frae stennin' staig to terrier.
(3) Of a river: to tumble along in its course, to cascade.
Kcb. 1897 T. Murray Frae the Heather 92:
When wintry frosts and lang-lain snaws Rush down dissolved by speedy thaws, Ye open wide yer lang-haired jaws And belch and sten.
3. Fig., of emotion, etc.: to soar, mount with excitement; to throb, pulsate.
Sc. 1721 Ramsay Poems (S.T.S.) I. 246:
My Saul to higher Pitch cou'd sten. Sc. 1893 Stevenson Catriona xv.:
The reid life dinnling and stending in their members.
4. tr. To stride across, to cover (ground) in long steps or strides.
Mry. 1806 J. Cock Simple Strains 115:
I stately sten'd the Stane-Corse-Hill. Kcb. 1814 W. Nicholson Poems 241:
The moor-haggs were wide — but he sten'd them.
II. n. 1. A long firm bouncing step, a stride (Sc. 1710 T. Ruddiman Gl. to Douglas Aeneis, 1808 Jam.; Sh. 1971). Also fig.
Sc. 1728 Ramsay Poems (S.T.S.) II. 188:
While Sauls stride Warlds at ilka Stend. Sc. 1776 D. Herd Sc. Songs II. 190:
Then Patie came in wi' a stend. Abd. 1790 A. Shirrefs Poems 288:
When back he came, wi' yawfu' sten', An ell at ilka stride. Ayr. 1816 A. Boswell Works (1871) 167:
Forward, ye Crawfords, wi' a stend. Kcb. c.1880 Vale of Urr Verses MS. I. 50:
An' there will be Gomeral Auchen Wi' check-plaiden breeks an' lang sten. Ayr. 1892 H. Ainslie Pilgrimage 175:
True to his tryst, wi' loup an sten, Young Jock came whistling up the glen.
2. (1) A spring, jump, bound, “a leap on one foot” (Sc. 1710 T. Ruddiman Gl. to Douglas Aeneis, 1808 Jam.; Ayr. 1923 Wilson Dial. Burns 187; Sh., Ayr. 1971), of persons or animals. Phrs. to gie or tak a stend.
Abd. 1739 Caled. Mag. (1788) 503:
The Town Sutor like Laury lap, Three fit at ilka stenn. Kcb. 1789 D. Davidson Seasons 27:
The cotter's cur Out owre the porritch-pingle takes a sten. Per. 1802 S. Kerr Poems 41:
I've taen a stend frae aff my stool. Gsw. 1860 J. Young Poorhouse Lays 88:
Tae bringe upon us wi' a sten. Ags. 1891 A. Lowson Tales Frf. 168:
The child . . . gave a stend, and fell out of young Peg's arms.
(2) Of a river: a tumbling movement, a fall or cascade.
Ayr. 1790 Burns Elegy on Capt. Henderson iv.:
Ye burnies, wimplin down your glens Or foaming strang, wi' hasty stens, Frae lin to lin. Bnff. 1865 Banffshire Jnl. (27 June):
Syne doun the glen, wi' mony a sten They merrily seaward hie.
3. Fig., of the heart, feelings, etc.: a sudden start or throb, a thrill of excitement, fear or the like.
Ayr. 1789 Burns Tam Glen vi.:
My heart to my mou gied a sten. Dmf. 1823 J. Kennedy Poems 33:
My love burnt heartie in its beatin' Gied mony a sten. Ags. 1869 R. Leighton Poems 325:
Something within me aye comes wi' a sten'. Ayr. 1879 J. White Jottings 145:
But they ne'er, in their whispers, Gie my heart sic a sten'. Sc. 1893 Stevenson Catriona xv.:
There gaed a cauld stend o' fear into Tam's heart.
¶4. A thrust, shove.
Sc. a.1796 Merry Muses (1911) 40:
But on the edge of Errock brae, He gae me sic a sten.
You may wish to vary the format shown below depending on the citation style used.
"Stend v.1, n.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 12 Dec 2017 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/stend_v1_n1>
Try an Advanced Search