Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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STEND, v.1, n.1 Also sten(n); ¶steen (Abd. 1813 D. Anderson Poems 82). [stɛn(d)]

I. v. 1. To walk with long, firm steps, to stride, to march forward in a vigorous purposeful manner (Sc. 1801 J. Leyden Complaynt 374; Bnff. 1866 Gregor D. Bnff. 181; Sh. 1914 Angus Gl., Sh. 1971). Sc. 1721  Ramsay Poems (S.T.S.) I. 188:
But ours, he said cou'd Vigour len' And gar them stout to Battle sten'.
Abd. 1768  A. Ross Helenore (S.T.S.) 28:
As this young squire on haste is stending by.
Wgt. 1804  R. Couper Poems II. 251:
The hunter stens o'er burn and brae.
Ags. 1820  A. Balfour Contemplation 272:
He stendit now, wi' courage crouse.
Bnff. 1868  W. Garden Meg's Wedding 93:
Ae nicht I gaed stytin' an stennin' O'er by Tochieneal, i' my glee.
Gall. 1884  D. McWhirter Musings 110:
Wi' stennin' owre yon mossy hag.
Sh. 1906  T. P. Ollason Spindrift 85:
Stendin' hame ower frae her tour i' Wastskerry.

2. (1) Of persons: to leap, bound, spring up or forward (Sc. 1808 Jam.; Ayr. 1923 Wilson Dial. Burns 187). Sc. 1724  Ramsay T.-T. Misc. (1876) I. 8:
The lover he stended up in haste.
Abd. 1739  Caled. Mag. (1788) 500:
He stenn'd bawk-height at ilka' stride.
m.Lth. 1768  W. Wilkie Fables 123:
O'er a dyke A herd came stending wi his tyke.
Sc. 1803  Scots Mag. (Sept.) 639:
He knell'd his head against the wa', An' lap an' stenn'd.

(2) Of an animal: to rear on its hind legs, prance, start (Fif. 1825 Jam. s.v. blort). Ayr. 1786  Burns Auld Mare xiv.:
Thou never lap, and sten't an' breastit.
Wgt. 1804  R. Couper Poems I. 184:
They [cattle] rout, and fecht, and sten.
Sc. 1824  Scott Redgauntlet Letter xi.:
The nag began to spring and flee and stend.
Sc. 1871  P. H. Waddell Psalms xxix. 6:
[The Lord] e'en gars them sten like a stirk.
Uls. 1880  Patterson Gl.:
Stennin' like a tip on a tether.
Sc. 1928  J. Wilson Hamespun 23:
Ilk ord'nar beast a tail that wags, Frae stennin' staig to terrier.

(3) Of a river: to tumble along in its course, to cascade. Kcb. 1897  T. Murray Frae the Heather 92:
When wintry frosts and lang-lain snaws Rush down dissolved by speedy thaws, Ye open wide yer lang-haired jaws And belch and sten.

3. Fig., of emotion, etc.: to soar, mount with excitement; to throb, pulsate. Sc. 1721  Ramsay Poems (S.T.S.) I. 246:
My Saul to higher Pitch cou'd sten.
Sc. 1893  Stevenson Catriona xv.:
The reid life dinnling and stending in their members.

4. tr. To stride across, to cover (ground) in long steps or strides. Mry. 1806  J. Cock Simple Strains 115:
I stately sten'd the Stane-Corse-Hill.
Kcb. 1814  W. Nicholson Poems 241:
The moor-haggs were wide — but he sten'd them.

II. n. 1. A long firm bouncing step, a stride (Sc. 1710 T. Ruddiman Gl. to Douglas Aeneis, 1808 Jam.; Sh. 1971). Also fig. Sc. 1728  Ramsay Poems (S.T.S.) II. 188:
While Sauls stride Warlds at ilka Stend.
Sc. 1776  D. Herd Sc. Songs II. 190:
Then Patie came in wi' a stend.
Abd. 1790  A. Shirrefs Poems 288:
When back he came, wi' yawfu' sten', An ell at ilka stride.
Ayr. 1816  A. Boswell Works (1871) 167:
Forward, ye Crawfords, wi' a stend.
Kcb. c.1880  Vale of Urr Verses MS. I. 50:
An' there will be Gomeral Auchen Wi' check-plaiden breeks an' lang sten.
Ayr. 1892  H. Ainslie Pilgrimage 175:
True to his tryst, wi' loup an sten, Young Jock came whistling up the glen.

2. (1) A spring, jump, bound, “a leap on one foot” (Sc. 1710 T. Ruddiman Gl. to Douglas Aeneis, 1808 Jam.; Ayr. 1923 Wilson Dial. Burns 187; Sh., Ayr. 1971), of persons or animals. Phrs. to gie or tak a stend. Abd. 1739  Caled. Mag. (1788) 503:
The Town Sutor like Laury lap, Three fit at ilka stenn.
Kcb. 1789  D. Davidson Seasons 27:
The cotter's cur Out owre the porritch-pingle takes a sten.
Per. 1802  S. Kerr Poems 41:
I've taen a stend frae aff my stool.
Gsw. 1860  J. Young Poorhouse Lays 88:
Tae bringe upon us wi' a sten.
Ags. 1891  A. Lowson Tales Frf. 168:
The child . . . gave a stend, and fell out of young Peg's arms.

(2) Of a river: a tumbling movement, a fall or cascade. Ayr. 1790  Burns Elegy on Capt. Henderson iv.:
Ye burnies, wimplin down your glens Or foaming strang, wi' hasty stens, Frae lin to lin.
Bnff. 1865  Banffshire Jnl. (27 June):
Syne doun the glen, wi' mony a sten They merrily seaward hie.

3. Fig., of the heart, feelings, etc.: a sudden start or throb, a thrill of excitement, fear or the like. Ayr. 1789  Burns Tam Glen vi.:
My heart to my mou gied a sten.
Dmf. 1823  J. Kennedy Poems 33:
My love burnt heartie in its beatin' Gied mony a sten.
Ags. 1869  R. Leighton Poems 325:
Something within me aye comes wi' a sten'.
Ayr. 1879  J. White Jottings 145:
But they ne'er, in their whispers, Gie my heart sic a sten'.
Sc. 1893  Stevenson Catriona xv.:
There gaed a cauld stend o' fear into Tam's heart.

4. A thrust, shove. Sc. a.1796  Merry Muses (1911) 40:
But on the edge of Errock brae, He gae me sic a sten.

[O.Sc. stend, a leap, bound, 1420, to spring, jump, a.1538, poss. an aphetic form with specialised meanings of extend, to stretch, strain, make a horse lengthen his stride. The n. is from the v.]

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"Stend v.1, n.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 15 Feb 2019 <>



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