Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

Hide Quotations Hide Etymology Cite this entry

STA, n., v. Also staa, staw, stau. Sc. forms of Eng. stall, in a stable, a booth at a market, etc. Dim. stallie. [stɑ:, st:]

I. n. 1. As in Eng. (Edb. 1773 Fergusson Poems (S.T.S.) II. 187; Rnf. 1801 R. Tannahill Poems (1900) 11; ne.Sc. 1828 P. Buchan Ballads II. 33; Ags. 1924 A. Gray Any Man's Life 50; Cai. 1934 John o' Groat Jnl. (19 Jan.)). For phrs. stirkie's sta', stook an' sta', see Stirk, Stook. Combs. sta' room, accommodation for an animal in a byre; sta-tree, the stake in a cow-stall to which the animal is bound (Kcd. 1825 Jam.); the cross-beam over the manger in a stable (Cai. 1904 E.D.D.). Cf. ravel-tree s.v. Ravel. Slk. 1822  Hogg Perils of Man III. vii.:
Hearth-room and ha'-room, steed-room and sta'-room.

2. See quot. (Ork. 1971). Fif. 1864  St Andrews Gaz. (19 Nov.):
In the ‘belly of his stall' — as the shoe-makers call the hollow box on which they sit.

3. In dim.: one of the compartments on the deck of a flshing-boat (Bnff. 1971).

4. A surfeit, a feeling of nausea, disgust or aversion caused by satiety (Sc. 1782 J. Sinclair Ob. Sc. Dial. 129; Sh. 1866 Edm. Gl.; Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B.; Fif., Lth. 1926 Wilson Cent. Scot. 268; Uls. 1929; m. and s.Sc. 1971); a jollification involving much eating of tit-bits. Also fig. and freq. in phrs. to get, gie or tak a staw. Abd. 1804  W. Tarras Poems 70:
An' we to haud our Fastren's staw.
Lnk. 1824  Sc. Peasants ii.:
I am no sure about this Union business at a'. Luke Martin has gi'en me a staw o't.
Sc. 1825  Scott Letters (Cent. Ed.) IX. 333:
Talking of Moore he [Hogg] said his songs were written wi' owr muckle melody — they gied him a staw of sweetness.
Ayr. 1892  Kilmarnock Stand. (30 July) 5:
But charmin' nane harmin', Nor giein' them the staw.
Kcb. 1895  Crockett Men of Moss-Hags v.:
He had gotten a staw of the red soldiers.
Sc. 1924  J. Innes Till a' the Seas xlii.:
It gave me a staw and scunner at lawyers.
Fif. 1948  J. C. Forgan Maistly 'Muchty 20:
They'd sent doon for the doctor, wha said he'd got a staw.
Gsw. 1955  Bulletin (26 Nov.):
Ay've taken a pairfaict sta at grated carrots.

5. An annoyance, nuisance; a pest, bore (Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B.; Bwk. 1942 Wettstein). s.Sc. 1836  Wilson's Tales of the Borders II. 167:
It's a perfeek staw the like o' this wark.
Bwk. 1876  W. Brockie Confessional 180:
What does ane live for but to eat? This gairness is a perfect staw.
Dmf. 1917  :
She bides that lang, she's a perfect staw.
Lnk. 1922  T. S. Cairncross Scot at Hame 18:
Nae pictur's, dances. It's a staw To turn a stirk, man.

II. v. 1. In vbl.n. stalling, the setting up of a stall at a market or fair. Hence comb. stalling-maills, the dues paid to the local authority for this privilege. Cf. Stallenger. Rs. 1712  N. Macrae Romance Royal Burgh (1924) 206:
There was produced by the Treasurer a list of stallingers liable in payment of stalling maills.

2. tr. To surfeit, satiate, sicken or disgust with excess of food (Sc. 1808 Jam.; Gall. 1824 MacTaggart Gallov. Encycl. 438; Sh. 1866 Edm. Gl.; Per., Fif., Lth., Ayr. 1915–26 Wilson; Bwk. 1942 Wettstein; Rxb. 1942 Zai; m. and s.Sc. 1971). Also refl. and fig. to tire, weary, bore with monotony, constant repetition, etc. (Per. 1915 Wilson L. Strathearn 198; Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B.; Bwk. 1942 Wettstein). Freq. in ppl.adj. stawed, staut (with o' wi), having had enough (of), sated (with). Compar. stawder. Vbl.n. stawin. Also in Eng. dial. Ayr. 1787  Burns To a Haggis v.:
Is there that o'er his French ragout, Or olio that wad staw a sow?
Sc. 1806  Scots Mag. (Sept.) 696:
Whan onie glaiket wish Stechs an' connachs till it's staut.
Sc. 1827  Wilson Noctes Amb. (1855) II. 27:
When the edge o' the appeteet's a wee turned, and you're rather beginnin to be stawed.
Bwk. 1856  G. Henderson Pop. Rhymes 81:
Your sherny legs wad staw the town Ilka lirk wi' muck is fou.
Cld. 1866  G. Mills Beggar's Benison I. 152:
All the pastry in my shop would fail to staw the youthful appetite.
Slk. 1875  Border Treasury (6 Feb.) 321:
I was sune stawder o' lyin' than ever I had been o' risin'.
Ags. 1894  J. Paul Up Glenesk 74:
Contentment's better than great stawin'.
Rxb. 1914  E. C. Smith Mang Howes 19:
Whan ma lugs are staaed o throapply blethers.
sm.Sc. 1923  R. W. Mackenna Bracken and Thistledown 107:
It's that stawed it can eat nae mair.
Sc. 1939  Scots Mag. (Jan.) 268:
Wouldna the life in yon place staw them?
Dmf. 1956  :
They've stawed theirsels — they've sickened themselves by overeating.
Edb. 1960  :
They get so much shorthand, they are stawed by the time the exam comes.

Adj. stawsome, -sum, nauseous, repugnant to the taste or appetite, of unpleasant or excessive food (Rxb. a.1838 Jam. MSS. XI. 180, -sum; m.Sc., Rxb. 1971); fig. tiresome, boring, wearisome. Bwk. 1801  “Bwk. Sandie” Poems 78:
Sic scrapin', an' shapin' Things out — to gar them sair, Is awesome, an' stawsome.
Abd. 1868  W. Shelley Wayside Flowers 90:
Downricht stawsome grows their din.
Edb. 1881  J. Smith Habbie and Madge 82:
It's turnin' as stawsome to me as castoroil wi' a bap.
Edb. 1915  J. Fergus The Sodger 20:
His meat seem'd wersh an' stawsome.
Bwk. 1943  W. L. Ferguson Vignettes 73:
O! whiles I think on Lesbia's sparrow, A stawsome bird — Catullus' sorrow!

3. intr. To become cloyed or sated with or nauseated by food, etc.; to become bored or fed up (Ags., Per., Lnk., sm.Sc. 1971). Dmf. 1730  Clerk of Penicuik MSS. (22 Aug.):
The sight of gleakry of the town, of which I fancy you would soon stau.
Per. 1857  J. Stewart Sketches 137:
I'll gust ye till ye staw.
Lnk. 1922  T. S. Cairncross Scot at Hame 9:
Whaur I gang I seldom staw.

[In sense II. 2. in E.M.E. as staule, from the notion of an animal kept in a stall and fed to repletion.]

You may wish to vary the format shown below depending on the citation style used.

"Sta n., v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 17 Dec 2017 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/sta>

22806

snd

Try an Advanced Search

Browse SND:

Browse Up
    Loading...
Browse Down

Share: