Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

Hide Quotations Hide Etymology Cite this entry

SPEND, v.1 Pa.p. spent, speint-, spynt-. Sc. forms and usages:

1. As in Eng. Sc. derivs. (1) adj. spendable, applied to animals and things: weak, feeble, that may be easily spent or wasted (Peb. a.1838 Jam. MSS. XI. 175); (2) spendrife, adj., prodigal, extravagant (Cld. 1825 Jam.; ne.Sc., Ags. 1971), n., a spendthrift (Ib.). (2) Abd. 1879  G. MacDonald Sir Gibbie lxii.:
Hap yer bairns frae the muckle storm, Spendrife laverock!
Abd. 1921  M. Argo Janet's Choice 23:
Spendrife fowk trintlin' awa' guid hard-earned siller on dress an' trinkums.

2. intr. Of time: to elapse, pass (Sh. 1971). Obs. in Eng. Sh. 1898  Shetland News (30 July):
I most geng, fir da day is spendin'.

3. In ppl.adj. spent: (1) of a fish, esp. herring: spawned, in poor condition after spawning. Gen.Sc. Rare in Eng. Also as n., spent, dim. speinty, spyntie, a fish that has just spawned (Bnff. 1866 Gregor D. Bnff. 176, speinty; ne.Sc. 1971); fig. as term of abuse. Sc. 1750  Scots Mag. (Aug.) 396:
As soon as the herrings are caught, they are immediately gutted, and distinguished by three different species, viz. 1. The matkiss herring, which is of the smallest kind; 2. The fult herring, which has got a large milt; 3. The spent herring, which is of the poorest sort.
Cai. 1863  St Andrews Gazette (16 May):
Half-barrels of crown and full brands and crown brand spents are difficult to sell.
Bnff. 1866  Gregor D. Bnff. 52:
Fyfteen barrel o' spynties.
Abd. 1923  L. Coutts Sc. Hotch Potch 15:
Ye foul orra besom! Ye spent! Ye slut, ye!
Sc. 1934  W. Moffatt Shetland 116:
There are such classifications [of herring] as Large Fulls, Fulls, Mattjes, Spents and T.B.'s.

(2) wasted, expended to no purpose. Sh. 1897  Shetland News (11 Sept.):
Dy letters, joy, wir only spent.

¶(3) ruined, spoilt. Ags. 1951  C. Sellars Open the Westport vii.:
She worked sore at this suit for me — and I doubt 'tis spent.

You may wish to vary the format shown below depending on the citation style used.

"Spend v.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 17 Dec 2017 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/spend_v1>

22518

snd

Try an Advanced Search

Browse SND:

Browse Up
    Loading...
Browse Down

Share: