Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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SLIPE, n.1, v.1 Also slyp(e), slip. [sləip]

I. n. 1. A wooden platform or drag without wheels used for moving heavy or cumbersome loads, of stones, hay, peat, etc., over difficult or rough places, a kind of sledge (Lth., Cld. 1825 Jam., slyp(e); Uls. 1880 Patterson Gl.; m. and s.Sc. 1970). Also in n.Eng. dial.; specif. in mining: a curved wooden box on iron runners for taking coal away from the cutting-face (Lth. 1842 Children in Mines Report II. 95, 1886 J. Barrowman Mining Terms 62). Combs. slipe-car, id., slype-draught, the load transported by a slipe. Sc. 1712  Fountainhall Decisions II. 755:
The way of importing ale is upon sleds and stypes [sic], whereon the brewers put two nine gallon trees.
Sc. 1749  Session Papers, Petition J. Kincaid (4 Dec.) 3:
Above 1000 Slype-draught of Stones.
em.Sc. 1794  W. Marshall Agric. Cent. Highl. 34:
An implement still more rude and simple than the Highland plow is the sliding cart, or “slipe”; which, for the works of harvest, is now in common use. It is formed of two long poles, framed together shaft-wise. The smaller ends are fastened to the hames, in the manner of other shafts, the larger ends sliding upon the ground.
Slg. 1842  Children in Mines Report II. 479:
My employment . . . is to fill a bogie, or slype, with 2½ to 3 cwt. of coal.
Fif. 1904  Dundee Advertiser (15 Aug.) 6:
The hay ‘slipes' or ‘slids' for shifting the coles or ricks to the shed.
Uls. 1951  E. E. Evans Mourne Country 132:
The horse-drawn slipe is sometimes used for carrying turf.
Gall. 1955  Quest No. 20. 13:
The stones were carried on hand-barrows, and on slypes where the ground was suitable for horses.
ne.Sc. 1957  Abd. Press & Jnl. (4 Oct.):
The slipe proper, however, was a strongly built sledge with concave runners shod with iron used for the conveyance of logs crosscut in the woods to loading places.

2. A rail or wooden runner by which barrels or the like are unloaded from a lorry (wm.Sc., Rxb. 1970).

II. v. tr. To transport by means of a drag or sledge, to haul (a load) on a slipe (Uls. 1880 Patterson Gl.; Sc. 1948 Country Life (8 Oct.); m.Lth., Dmf., Uls. 1970), to drag, in gen.; in Mining: to transport (coal) by means of a slipe; intr. “to move freely, as any weighty body which is dragged through a mire” (Slk. 1825 Jam.). Deriv. sliper, slyper, one who transports by means of a slipe, the driver of a slipe. Sc. 1702  Records Conv. Burghs (1880) 328:
Fees and fraughts of the mettsters, inland skippers, slypers.
Lth. 1842  Children in Mines Report II. 180, 453:
Sometimes I have to slype 100 to 300 fathoms. . . . Slyping is dragging with harness over shoulders and back.
em.Sc. 1926  H. Hendry Poems 96:
Men wha could grab ye, head and heel, And slype ye to the Muckle Deil.
m.Lth. 1935  :
I was slypin stanes on the hill for the dyker.

[O.Sc. slyp, a sledge, 1475; L.Ger. slipe, a sledge, Mid. Du. slijp, a kind of drag or harrow.]

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"Slipe n.1, v.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 20 Oct 2018 <>



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