Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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SKIRL, v., n. Also skirle and met. form †skrille. [skɪrl]

I. v. tr. and intr. To emit a shrill, piercing sound, to scream, shriek. Gen.Sc.

1. In gen. To utter with a high-pitched discordant sound, to cry or sing shrilly, to raise a clamour. Gen.Sc. Derivs. skirler, a screecher, discordant singer; skirlie, skirly, shrill. Combs. skirlie-weeack, n., a shrill cry, a little person with a shrill voice, and as a v., to cry with a shrill voice (Bnff. 1866 Gregor D. Bnff. 158). See Weeack; skirly-wheeter, the oyster-catcher, Haematopus ostralegus (Abd. 1933 Abd. Press and Jnl. (20 June); Bnff., Abd. 1951), also an ill-thriving, unhealthy-looking animal, a youth, youngster (Ork. 1929 Marw., skirly-wheeter, skelly-, Ork. 1970), phs. from the notion of puling or whining (see Wheet, and 2. below). But the Ork. forms may really represent a different word. O.Sc. scurliquitour, a term of abuse, a.1585, may be associated with this. Edb. 1773  Fergusson Poems (S.T.S.) II. 165:
[They] skirl out baul', in Norland speech, “Gueed speldings, fa will buy.”
Ayr. 1786  Burns Ordination iii.:
O' double verse come gie us four An' skirl up the “Bangour”.
Rnf. 1840  J. Mitchell Wee Steeple's Ghaist 118:
Sae I sat down, till through the town The watchmen “twa” were skirling.
Rxb. 1847  J. Halliday Rustic Bard 319:
The skirler's pitchfork unholily tings.
Wgt. 1880  G. Fraser Lowland Lore 163:
Somethin' near me said or skirl'd!
Slk. 1892  W. M. Adamson Betty Blether 58:
As skirly as the whistle o' a railway engine.
m.Lth. 1894  P. H. Hunter J. Inwick 131:
A' his notion o' preachin, was juist to dad the buik an' skirl his text ower an' ower again.
Ayr. 1901  G. Douglas Green Shutters v.:
Out came his mither like a fury, skirling about her hoose, and her servants, and her weans.
Lnk. 1904  I. F. Darling Songs from Silence 114:
Thae trashy foreign sangs ye're skirlin'.
Sh. 1930  Shetland Almanac 196:
“Doon wi' dee dis moment!” she skirled.
Abd. 1931  Abd. Press and Jnl. (11 Feb.):
Aboot Braid Scots o' fader's day I hear a skirlie-weeack.
Bnff. 1933  M. Symon Deveron Days 37:
The paper geat comes skirlin': “The Gordons in a Fecht.”

2. To scream, cry out with fear, pain or grief. Gen.Sc. Sc. 1715  Ramsay Poems (S.T.S.) I. 68:
Fouk wad threep, that she did green For what wad gar her skirle And skreigh some Day.
Abd. 1748  R. Forbes Ajax 10:
Syne, Paean's son, thou'd not been left On Lemnos' isle to skirle.
Sc. 1818  Scott H. Midlothian xxx.:
But then came in the story of my poor bairn, and my mother thought he wad be deaved wi' its skirling.
Slk. 1828  Hogg Shep. Cal. (1874) viii.:
Skirling as if something were cutting its throat.
Abd. 1836  J. Grant Tales 67:
There was a skirlin' aroun' as o' wulcats, and fumarts fechtin'.
Edb. 1866  J. Smith Merty Bridal 5:
Mawsey an' her fourteen weans, Whase skirlin' never ceast.
Ags. 1889  Barrie W. in Thrums xi.:
The women-folk fair skirled wi' fear.
Sc. 1896  Stevenson W. Hermiston i.:
A skirling Jezebel like you.
Abd. 1923 13 :
A lot o' skirlin for little woo' (Too much speech for all the action).
Ayr. 1927  J. Carruthers A Man Beset i. ii.:
Lounder him till he skirls for mercy.

Adj. skirly, addicted to screaming or yelling, puling, in comb. skirly-nackit, a small child. See Nacket, n.1, 2. Sc. 1935  D. Rorie Lum Hat 67:
The wee trachelt cratur's peelin' tatties by the fire Wi' her skirly-nackits fechtin' an' greetin'.

3. To shriek with excitement or laughter, to give vent to (a shrill laugh). Gen.Sc. Ppl.adj. skirlin, shrill-voiced, accompanied by excited cries. Ayr. 1786  Burns Halloween vi.:
He grippet Nelly hard an' fast; Loud skirl'd a' the lasses.
Edb. 1839  W. McDowall Poems 47:
Here todlin wee things skirl and scream, In a' the noise o' play.
Per. 1895  R. Ford Tayside Songs 229:
The bairns but the hoose the noo, Were skirlin' sae wi' glee.
Abd. 1906  Banffshire Jnl. (22 May) 10:
Slidin' doun the braes on snaw An' skirlin tackie, leest o' a'.
m.Sc. 1917  J. Buchan Poems 49:
Nae skirlin' dash frae goal to goal.
Rnf. 1925  G. Blake Wild Men i.:
Mill-girls skirling the rude, frank laughter of their kind.

4. Of birds: to scream, utter a shrill cry, screech. Comb. skirl-crake, skirlie-, -krake, ¶skilricraig, the turnstone, Arenaria interpres (Sh. 1809 A. Edmonston Zetland II. 240, 1914 Angus Gl.); given also as the corncrake, Crex crex (Sh. 1932 J. M. E. Saxby Trad. Lore 199, skillricraig [sic]). See Craik, n. (3). Wgt. 1804  R. Couper Poems I. 194:
The yellow cock's unwelcome scream Skirls frae the bauk right tame.
Sc. 1818  Scott Rob Roy xxx.:
Like the scarts and seamaws at the Cumries, there's aye foul weather follows their skirling.
Sh. 1886  G. Temple Britta 35:
A' da birds comin' oot o' their nests an' fleein' aboot ye, a' skirlin', an' screamin'.
Abd. 1929  Sc. Readings (Paterson) 62:
Like craws skirlin' ower yer heids.

5. Of the wind: to blow with a shrill noise, to whistle. Derivs. skirler, a strong gale (Ork. 1929 Marw., Ork. 1970), skirlin(ie), a slight shower or fall of snow accompanied by high wind (Abd. 1970). Cf. II. 6. (ii). Bnff. 1878  Banffshire Jnl. (23 July) 2:
Fu' loudly lowed the harried steer That night upo' the skirling gale.
Ags. 1891  Barrie Little Minister iii.:
Blasts from the north skirled through the manse.
Abd. 1920  G. P. Dunbar Peat Reek 15:
March skirl't thro' haughs an' hichts an' howes.
Sc. 1923  Sc. Univ. Verses 17:
Harken! Harken! bairnies, Harken at the Wind, D'ye no' hear her skirlin' up the close?
Abd. 1950  Huntly Express (17 Feb.):
Around Huntly this last week we have got a skirlinie o' snaw.

6. To creak, to make a crackling, screeching or whistling sound, as an object at high speed. Sc. 1827  Scott Chron. Canongate iv.:
The painted board that is skirling and groaning at the door.
Abd. 1909  J. Tennant Jeannie Jeffray 246:
Ye wud hae hard the brose gang skirlin' doon his throat.
Ags. 1918  V. Jacob More Songs 15:
It's deith comes skirling through the sky.
Abd. 1929  Sc. Readings (Paterson) 78:
Rheumatics is jist skirlin' in a' their j'ints.
Abd. 1962  Abd. Press & Jnl. (4 Jan.):
A “skirlin' frost.” Could anything be more expressive, for it actually did “skirl” when you walked on it or tried to shovel it?

7. Of a musical instrument, esp. the bagpipes, or its player: to produce shrill sounds (on), to play a shrill tune. Gen.Sc. Comb. skirl-bag, the windbag of the pipes (Abd. 1920). Ayr. 1790  Burns Tam o' Shanter 123:
He screw'd the pipes and gart them skirl.
Peb. 1805  J. Nicol Poems I. 145:
The piper's arm, wi' roarin glee, His chaunter set a skirlin.
Sc. 1819  Scott Leg. Montrose iii.:
Their damnable skirlin' pipes.
Edb. 1828  D. M. Moir Mansie Wauch ii.:
Playing as many pibrochs as would have deaved a mill-happer, — all skirling, scraping and bumming away throughither.
Sc. 1893  Stevenson Catriona v.:
It heartens me like the skirling of the Highland pipes.
Dmb. 1894  D. MacLeod Past Worthies 10:
None o' your wee, skirlin', godless fiddles.
Cai. 1902  J. Horne Canny Countryside 37:
He skirled his pipes again and blew us royally to the door.
Kcb. 1912  A. Anderson Later Poems 38:
Aye the bagpipes skirled an' played.
Mry. 1924  Swatches o' Hamespun 80:
The kilted ban' their feet hae faun, Are skirlin throwe the toon.
Sc. 1946  S. G. Smith Deevil's Waltz 9:
He skirls his pipes, he stamps his heel.

8. Of something very hot, esp. in frying: to sizzle, crackle, sputter (Per. 1915 Wilson L. Strathearn 266, Per. 1970). Deriv. skirler, a frying-pan (Crm. 1958). Combs. skirl-in-the-pan, the sound of frying fat, butter, etc.; any fried dish (Sc. 1825 Jam.), specif. oatmeal fried in fat with seasoning, also called Skirlie, q.v. (Cai., Ags., Per. 1970); a drink of whisky and ale mixed with oatmeal and heated in a pan, given to women attending at a birth (Kcd. 1825 Jam.); skirl-in-the-pottie (Bnff. 1930), skirl-the-fry, in the second sense above, also fig. Rnf. a.1810  R. Tannahill Poems (1900) 277:
Fried twa eggs wi' the ham she had skirlin.
Rnf. 1813  G. MacIndoe Wandering Muse 39:
This mixi-maxi, hug-mug skirl the fry O mish-mash blethers baken in a pye.
Sc. 1816  Scott O. Mortality v.:
I trow ye dinna get sic a skirl-in-the-pan as that at Niel Blane's.
Ags. 1826  R. Chambers Pop. Rhymes 280:
Lorntie, Lorntie, Were n't na your man. I had gart your heart's blude Skirl in my pan.
Clc. 1852  G. P. Boyd Misc. Poems 21:
Fryin' pans skirl here an' there.
Kcb. 1894  Crockett Raiders vi.:
Frying Loch Grannoch trout upon a skirling pan.
Sc. 1926  H. M'Diarmid Drunk Man 33:
Whaur elvers like skirl-in-the-pan sizzle.
Ags. 1934  G. M. Martin Dundee Worthies 21:
Which mak's his fryin' pan richt foo' To skirl baith nicht an' mornin'.
Bnff. 1935  Abd. Univ. Review (March) 121:
Destruction's broom wi' a michty swype Drieve a' the het drush skirlin'.

II. n. A shrill piercing noise, a scream, screech. Gen.Sc. Specif.: 1. A high-pitched utterance or way of speaking, shrill talk. Rnf. 1791  A. Wilson Poems 234:
Her skirle Sets my twa lugs a ringing like a gir'le.
m.Lth. 1884  J. Plenderleith Kittlegairy Vacancy 75:
They thocht he was a lunatic, he had such a gruesome look, and gave oot such eldritch skirls.

2. A scream or shriek of pain, anguish or fear; a squeal, of an animal. Gen.Sc. Sc. 1736  Ramsay Proverbs (1776) 82:
Ye have gi'en baith the sound thump and the loud skirl.
Sc. 1816  Scott Antiquary xxxv.:
That silly fliskmahoy has done naething but laugh and greet, the skirl at the tail o' the guffa.
Fif. 1827  W. Tennant Papistry 127:
His skrilles, and skriechs, and skellochs dreir.
wm.Sc. 1835  Laird of Logan 263:
Every note of the widow's gamut, from the dolorous sob to the hysteric skirl in alt.
Fif. 1895  S. Tytler Macdonald Lass vii.:
Though we were all killed outright You're not to give another skirl.
Knr. 1917  J. L. Robertson Petition to Deil 28:
The women let aff An angersome skirl o' scorn.
Abd. 1928 4 :
A' skirl an' nae 'oo; as the deil said fin he clippit the soo (a great outcry over nothing).
Sc. 1930  Scotsman (21 May) 16:
I h'ard your skirl o' pine and fear.

3. A shriek of laughter or excited merriment. Gen.Sc. Sc. 1718  Ramsay Poems (S.T.S.) I. 80:
The Wives and Gytlings a' span'd out Wi' mony an unco Skirl and Shout.
Edb. 1881  J. Smith Habbie and Madge 15:
The twinnies are rinnin' naked, an' makin' a bonnie skirl in the kitchen.
e.Lth. 1885  S. Mucklebackit Rhymes 23:
When skirl on skirl brak' on my ear Frae little lauchin' Jean.
Ags. 1921  V. Jacob Bonnie Joann 8:
Fine ye'll hear the skreichs an' skirls O' lassies wi' their droukit curls Bobbin' for aipples i' the pail.

4. The loud cry, wail or whistle of a bird. Gen.Sc. Sc. 1816  Scott Antiquary vii.:
The skreigh of a Tammie Norie. I ken the skirl weel.
Edb. 1869  J. Smith Poems 32:
Wi' skirl eneuch to deave the house, My sweet canary birdie.
Abd. 1928  N. Shepherd Quarry Wood iv.:
Gulls screamed — a wild skirl against the drone of the firwood.

5. The shrill sound of bagpipes. Gen.Sc. Gsw. 1856  J. Strang Gsw. Clubs 144:
With a skirl as loud as ever roused the Sassanach from his slumbers, the piper, with the highest pressure on his bag, announced that an elegant entertainment was laid out.
Abd. 1871  W. Alexander Johnny Gibb xl.:
The skirl o' the pipes abeen a'.
Sc. 1964  Weekly Scotsman (16 April) 18:
The drums stopped and the skirl of the pipes began.

6. (i) The high-pitched shriek or whistle of a strong wind; strong wind in motion, gusty weather. Gen.Sc. Abd. 1836  J. Grant Tales of the Glens 64:
The skirl o' the wind, man — a flaff o' the blast amang the auld trees.
Ayr. 1885  J. Meikle Yachting Yarns 50:
There must hae been a fine bit skirl o' win'.
Abd. c.1890  Gregor MSS.:
When wild geese are seen going either north or south the saying is: — “There'll be a skirl i' their arse”, i.e. stormy weather will follow.
Abd. 1929  J. Alexander Mains & Hilly 29:
Aw've seen owre mony blyaavin' days to be fleyt at a bit skirl like this.
Arg. 1949  Mitchison and Macintosh Men and Herring 105:
A skirl of wind from the nor'-east.

(ii) esp. when accompanied by hail or snow, a flurry of snow (Abd. 1825 Jam.; ne.Sc., Ags., Per. 1970), freq. in dim. skirlie, -ey (Abd., Kcd. 1921 T.S.D.C.). Abd. 1801  W. Beattie Parings (1873) 28:
I ken we'll hae a blash o' rain, Or else a skirl o' snaw.
Abd. 1826  D. Anderson Poems 5:
Bleak an' hollow win's blaw loud an' chill, An' aften brings a skirl o' skyting hail.
Sc. 1888  Royal Caled. Curling Club Ann. 401:
Gin the winter win' blaw thro' a skirlie o' snaw.
Abd. 1929  J. Alexander Mains & Hilly 32:
Yon skirlie o' snaw didna laist lang.
Abd. 1969  Huntly Express (26 Sept.) 8:
Always when we have a fine summer, there is a “skirlie” o' sna' in the back-end.

7. In various contexts, of a screeching whirring noise made by some mechanical means, a train whistle, the whistling of a missile at full speed, etc. Dim. or deriv. forms skirlag, a simple toy, consisting of a blade of grass placed lengthwise between the thumbs with the hands clasped, so as to form a musical reed which shrills when blown through (Cai. 1904 E.D.D.); skirlo, a toy propeller, a whirligig or child's wind-wheel (Ork. 1929 Marw.), a propeller of any kind (Ork. 1970). Ayr. 1879  J. White Jottings 223:
Just see him wi' his rod and creel, And watch the skirl o' his reel.
Cai. 1902  J. Horne Canny Countryside 13:
With an assisting wind, the skirl of the train at Wick can be heard.
Kcd. 1933  Scots Mag. (Feb.) 335:
The skirl of the stone as he'd whet the wet blade.

8. A hard, sudden blow, sc. “one that whistles through the air”. Cf. Sing, n. Kcb. 1789  D. Davidson Seasons 53:
The fu' pow'r o' Elspith's charms Gied his poor saul a skirl.
Gall. 1824  MacTaggart Gallov. Encycl. 200:
Fling the yirth af her whirl, O! strike her a skirl.

9. In phr. skirt of day, the crack of dawn, daybreak. Really a substitution of skirl for Skreich, a shriek, mistaken for its homophone screech, Skreek, q.v. Arg. 1914  N. Munro New Road v.:
I'm starting at the skirl of day myself.

[O.Sc. skirl, to shriek, 1508, a scream, yell, 1513, Mid.Eng. skirle, met. form of scrill, of Scand. orig. Cf. Norw. skryla, to wail, of a child, skrella, to shriek with laughter, cogn. with Low.Ger. schrell, the source of Eng. shrill.]

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"Skirl v., n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 16 Dec 2017 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/skirl_v_n>

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