Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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SIN, adv., prep., conj. Also syn, sen, san(e), sene. See also Syne. [sɪn, sən]

I. adv. Since, ago, from now, from that time (Cai. 1904 E.D.D.). Gen.Sc. and in Eng. dial. wm.Sc. 1835  Laird of Logan 132:
Ae Sabbath morning mair than thretty years sin'.
Abd. 1894  Mrs Jackson A Bundle of Old Stories 99:
The doctor gaed bye o' the meer an 'oor sin'.
sm.Sc. 1923  R. W. Mackenna Bracken and Thistledown 6:
It was maybe three year sin'.
Rxb. 1965  Hawick Express (21 July) 4:
Exactly a hunder and fifty eer sin.

II. prep. Since, from the time of, after (Per., Fif., Lth., Ayr. 1915–26 Wilson). Gen.Sc. Abd. 1777  R. Forbes Ulysses 22:
Sin the first fight these ten lang years.
Ayr. 1785  Burns Address to Deil xix.:
Sin' that day Michael did you pierce.
Sc. 1805  The Mother's Malison in
Child Ballads No. 216 A. addition xiv.:
I dreamed a dream nou san the streen, God read a' dreams to gued!
Sc. 1818  Scott Rob Roy xix.:
Things were strangely changed in his country sin' the sad and sorrowfu' Union.
Ork. 1880  Dennison Sketch-Bk. 23:
They wur never a right crap i' Orkney sin' that day.
Dmf. 1915  D. J. Beattie Oor Gate-En' 130:
Sin' the day that war broke oot, He's just been fechtin' mad.
Sh. 1919  T. Manson Peat Comm. II. 77:
Mony a bastle we're hed wi dis weary world sin dan.

Freq. in comb. sinsyne, syn-, -seen, since-, adv., since then, from that time (Sc. 1808 Jam.; Gall. 1824 MacTaggart Gallov. Encycl. 95, since-; Per. 1915 Wilson L. Strathearn 107; Rxb. 1927 E. C. Smith Braid Haaick 20; I., ne.Sc., Ags., Per., Slg., Peb., Dmb., Kcb., s.Sc. 1970). Peb. 1703  Burgh Rec. Peebles (B.R.S.) 169:
Sincesyne the said deacon has now been admitted a member of the counsell.
Sc. 1725  Ramsay Gentle Shep. v. iii.:
That gars me like to sing sinsyne, O, corn-riggs are bonny!
Abd. 1768  A. Ross Helenore (S.T.S.) 110:
I am left my lane, An' monie a weary foot synsyne hae gane.
Ayr. 1793  Burns Logan Braes. 3:
Years sinsyne hae o'er us run.
Mry. 1806  J. Cock Simple Strains 130:
O! wae's me, for't, I hear, sinseen, His thigh is broken!
Sc. 1816  Scott O. Mortality xi.:
I have heard your leddyship often speak about that grand morning sin' syne.
Slk. 1819  Hogg Tales (1874) 148:
I have often thought about it sin' syne.
Ork. 1880  Dennison Sketch-Bk. 72:
I saw his speerit flachteran' by the window fower meenits sin' sine.
Ags. 1891  Barrie Little Minister xxiii.:
It has been turned sax times since syne.
Sh. 1897  Shetland News (4 Sept.):
A wrak ship 'at cam i' da bred gios aboot five year sin-syne.
s.Sc. 1925  H. M'Diarmid Sangschaw 2:
But I hae thocht o' that foolish licht Ever sin' syne.
Bnff. 1941  Abd. Univ. Review (Spring) 94:
It's lang years sin syne.

III. conj. 1. Since, from the time that (Sh. 1914 Angus Gl.; ne., m. and s.Sc. 1970). Also in Eng. dial. Sc. 1745  Scots Mag. (June) 274:
Sad things hae happen'd syn ye clam the hill.
Ayr. 1785  Burns Twa Herds iii.:
The Lord's cause ne'er got sic a twistle Sin' I ha'e min'.
Sc. 1805  The Laily Worm in
Child Ballads No. 36 addition iv., ix.:
Seven knights ha I slain Sane I lay att the fitt of the tree.
Dmf. 1817  W. Caesar Poems 148:
But ne'er sin' I was a bit callen.
Ags. 1826  A. Balfour Highland Mary I. xi.:
It's the feck o' twa hours sin' ye left it.
Abd. 1871  W. Alexander Johnny Gibb xv.:
It's half-a-dizzen o' year sin I was at the skweel.
Sh. 1891  J. Burgess Rasmie's Buddie 11:
Da door, sin he left her, wis still a grain open.
Lnk. 1926  W. Queen We're A' Coortin' 19:
I've bidden here sin' I wis born.

2. Since, because, as (Sh., ne.Sc., Fif. 1970). Sc. 1724  Ramsay T.-T. Misc. (1876) I. 232:
His bow he marvell'd sair, Sen blows till then on him but darr'd.
Edb. a.1730  A. Pennecuik Poems (1787) 14:
Sen your gotten out o's grips, Gie John a bucky.
Abd. 1754  R. Forbes Journal 22:
Sin we're speaking o' journals.
Rnf. 1788  E. Picken Poems 45:
Now sin' the gate o' traps I see Foul fa' the trap sall close on me.
Sc. 1791  The Lads of Wamphray in
Child Ballads No. 184 xxxvii.:
Sin we've done na hurt, nor we'll take na wrang.
Sc. 1818  S. Ferrier Marriage xxxiv.:
Sin ye're gawn awa' the morn, I'll see nae mair o' ye enoo.

[O.Sc. sen, = III., 1375, = II., 1576, sinsyne, 1541, Mid.Eng. sen, sin, reduced forms of sithen, sethen, O.E. siþþan, since, after(wards). See also Syne.]

Sin adv., prep., conj.

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"Sin adv., prep., conj.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 15 Dec 2018 <>



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