Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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SHAM. v.1 To twist, distort, crook; esp. of the features, to make a wry face, to grimace (Sh. 1970). Hence sham-gabbit, -mou(th)ed, having the ower jaw protruding beyond the upper, with a projecting under-lip (m.Sc. 1970). See also shan-gabbit s.v. Shan. Adj. shammie, crooked, bent, deformed, in comb. shammie-leggit, bandy-legged (Per., Slg., Gsw. 1970). Lnk. 1897  J. Wright Scenes Sc. Life 42:
There were the old “sham-gabbit” bulldogs, and also the Newfoundlands.
Sh. 1891  J. Burgess Rasmie's Büddie 13:
He twisted his face up and girned an shammed.

[Appar. a back-formation from Shammle.]

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"Sham v.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 16 Feb 2019 <>



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