Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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SAUCH, n. Also saugh: saigh (Ork.). [sɑx, sx; s. Sc. sɑxʍ.] The willow tree, the sallow (Sc. 1777 J. Lightfoot Flora Scotica II. 607, 1825 Jam.), specif. the large-leaved or goat-willow, Salix caprea (Sc. 1874 Trans. Highl. Soc. 354). Gen.Sc.: a willow wand or rod, willow wood. Also attrib. Adj. sauchie, -y, made of willow, abounding in willows (Cld. 1825 Jam., sauchie bank, brae, etc.). Bwk. 1719  Hist. Bwk. Nat. Club XXXI. 124:
The Deacon discharges all tanning or barking of leather with sauch bark.
Sc. 1726  W. Macfarlane Geog. Coll. (S.H.S.) I. 199:
A good wood of birks, sauches, rantree, and other trees.
Sc. 1754  Caled. Mercury (7 Jan.):
A large Parcel of seasoned Sauch-wood.
Ayr. 1786  Burns Auld Farmer's Salut. x.:
Nae whip nor spur, but just a wattle O' saugh or hazle.
Sc. 1802  Scots Mag. (July) 593:
But I met a lad by the sauchy burn side.
Sc. 1815  Scott Guy M. xxii.:
Mony a day hae I wrought my stocking, and sat on my sunkie under that saugh.
Slk. 1818  Hogg B. of Bodsbeck ix.:
There's a hantle o' cleckins about the saughs o' the lake.
Edb. 1843  J. Ballantine Gaberlunzie xii.:
Wi' a slopit wood lum an' a twisted saugh riggin.
Sc. 1862  A. Hislop Proverbs 65:
Sauch will sab if it were simmer sawn.
Mry. 1865  W. Tester Poems 105:
What ye want she'll nimbly grant, As soople as a saugh.
Dmf. 1899  Country Schoolmaster (Wallace) 144:
A wooden dish, hooped with “saugh”.
Lnk. 1919  G. Rae Clyde and Tweed 4:
The green-leaved saughs ower the banks are swingin'.
Ork. 1927  Peace's Almanac 136:
A lickin I got wi' a muckle green saigh, laid on wi' a' me faither's birr.
Sc. 1933  W. Soutar Seeds in the Wind 13:
My faither brak a sauchy stick.
Per. 1960 4 :
A bunch o sauchs tae mak baskets.

Combs., chiefly denoting various species of willow, as black sauch; flourin sauch (Abd. 1969), French sauch, the willow herb, Epilobium angustifolium, from the similarity of its leaves to those of the willow (Lnk. 1832 W. Patrick Plants Lnk. 175); gray sauch, the grey willow, Salix cinerea (Bwk. 1853 G. Johnston Botany E. Borders 181); ¶greetin sauch, the weeping willow, Salix babylonica, (Abd. 1930), of doubtful authenticity; hoburn sauch, the laburnum, Cytisus laburnum (see Hoburn); hoop sauch, the osier, Salix viminalis, used for making barrel hoops; laurel sauch, ? the intermediate willow, Salix laurina; privy sauch, the privet, Ligustrum vulgare (s.Sc. 1777 J. Lightfoot Flora Scotica II. 1131); red sauch, the red willow, Salix rubra. Sc. 1706  W. Fraser Hist. Carnegies (1867) 377:
The black saugh, willow, osier, and laurell saugh.
Sc. 1743  R. Maxwell Select Trans. 47:
To plant the Ditches, with Allar, Hoop-saugh.
Dmf. 1794  Stat. Acc.1 XIII. 601:
The gray saugh, which grows to a large size.
Rxb. 1798  R. Douglas Agric. Rxb. 120:
Red saugh or sallow, is esteemed next in value to ash, oak and elm.

2. Gen. combs.: (1) saugh buss, -bush, a willow tree, prob. specif., one of the low-growing varieties (ne.Sc., Kcb. 1969); (2) saugh-creel, an osier basket; (3) saugh road, a road lined with willows (Kcb. 1969); (4) saugh stob, a stake of willow; (5) saugh tree, a willow tree (w.Sc. 1741 A. McDonald Galick Vocab. 66; Sc. 1880 Jam.; Ags. 1969); (6) sauch wan(d), ¶-whan, a twig or branch of willow. Gen Sc. Also attrib.; (7) sauch-weed, persicaria, esp. Polygonum amphibium, from its willow-like leaves (Ayr. 1886 B. and H. 415); (8) sauch whistle, a whistle made from a willow twig; (9) sauch-willie, the willow (Bnff., Abd., w.Lth., Ayr., sm.Sc. 1969). Also willow-sauch, id.; (10) sauch woodie, a withy or rope made of twisted willow wands. (1) Sc. 1791  Lads of Wamphray in Child Ballads No. 184 xv.:
As soon as the Galiard the Crichton he saw, Beyond the Saugh-bush he did draw.
s.Sc. 1898  E. Hamilton Mawkin ii.:
In the wet tangle of saugh bushes.
Kcb. 1901  R. Trotter Gall. Gossip 382:
Lyin sleepin in a saugh-buss.
Abd. 1923  J. R. Imray Village Roupie 18:
Adoon thro' Auchty Donald's haughs An' by the auld saugh buss.
em.Sc. 1949  Scots Mag. (July) 289:
The cool, damp roots of the saugh bush.
(2) Gall. 1824  MacTaggart Gallov. Encycl. 25:
How to mak beeskeps, and wattle saugh-creels.
(3) Ags. 1846  P. Livingston Poems (1855) 73:
Down the saugh road, across the burn.
(4) Sc. 1842  J. Aiton Clerical Econ. 135:
Saugh stobs, four feet long, may be driven into the ground.
(5) Kcb. 1789  D. Davidson Seasons 10:
Saugh-trees blossom on ilk' burnie's brow.
Sc. 1815  Scott Guy M. xxii.:
There was an auld saugh tree that's maist blawn down.
Ayr. 1826  Galt Last of Lairds xxxviii.:
Do you see that saugh-tree at the corner o' the avenue?
Kcb. 1899  Crockett Kit Kennedy xix.:
There by the saugh-tree was oor wee Lilias's garden.
Abd. 1920  G. P. Dunbar Peat Reek 17:
Crooch hunkerin' canny anaith the saugh tree.
(6) Dmf. 1760  Session Papers, Jardine v. Corbet Proof 63:
He has seen the convener walking home with a sauch wand in his hand.
Kcb. 1797  R. Buchanan Poems 32:
A' the mind just like a saugh wan' Pliable.
Lth. 1819  J. Thomson Poems 36:
A saugh-wand creel to haud our spoons.
Gsw. 1860  J. Young Poorhouse Lays 20:
Guid saugh wans tae mak' tattie creels.
ne.Sc. 1881  W. Gregor Folk Lore 180:
With such slender-looking materials as a wooden plough and graith made of “sauch waans”, one unacquainted with the strength of such was apt to look down upon the implement.
Lnl. 1910  J. White Eppie Gray 13:
They mended pitchers, pats, an' pans, An' coopered baskets wi' saugh whans.
Rxb. 1933  Kelso Chron. (3 Nov.) 5:
He'd staun' an' fish withooten hap or biel' Ahint a souple sauch-wand an' a raplach, roosty reel.
(8) Ayr. 1822  H. Ainslie Pilgrimage 166:
To swim, catch trouts, make seggon boats, bourtree guns, and saugh whistles.
(9) Ags. 1934  H. B. Cruickshank Noran Water 10:
To feast amang the willow saughs By the rushin' syke.
(10) Ayr. 1789  Burns To Dr Blacklock vi.:
But I'll sned besoms, thraw saugh woodies, Before they want.

[O.Sc. sauch, willow, 1472, North. Mid.Eng. salfe, O.E. salh, corresp. to Eng. sallow from the oblique case-stem of West Sax. sealh, salȝ-.]

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"Sauch n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 15 Dec 2017 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/sauch>

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