Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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ROAD, n., v. Also rode (Abd. 1768 A. Ross Helenore (S.T.S.) 62), rod (Sc. 1834 Wilson Noctes Amb. (1855) IV. 207; Abd. 1867 A. Allardyce Goodwife 13; Kcb. 1911 G. M. Gordon Clay Biggin' 26), rodd (Sh. 1916 J. Burgess Rasmie's Smaa Murr (15 May), Abd. 1932 Abd. Univ. Rev. (March) 104, Ork. 1949 “Lex” But-end Ballans 26; Sh. 1968); erron. roat (Dmf. 1831 R. Shennan Tales 62), and dims. roadie, roddie. [rod; the pronunciation rɔd common in the 18th c. is still sometimes heard. Cf. Mry. 1795 Stat. Acc.1 VIII. 396.]

I. n. 1. As in Eng., a public highway, a metalled road. Sc. combs., deriv. and phrs., lit. and fig.: (1) road board, rod brod, a committee, orig. (1878) of a Board of Road Trustees and later (1889) of the County Council, which supervised the making and repair of roads in a county; (2) road-en(d), the junction where a side road ends in a main road. Gen.Sc. Freq. in place-names; (3) road-harl, a scraper for removing mud from a road (Slg., ‡m.Lth. 1968). See Harl; (4) road-injin, a steam-locomotive used on roads; †(5) road-money, a tax levied on the inhabitants of a district for the upkeep of roads; (6) road-ribbens, mud raked to the side of a road in the process of cleaning (Dmf. 1899 Country Schoolmaster (Wallace) 352, Dmf. 1968); (7) road-riddens, id. (Ib.); ¶(8) road-stamper, jocularly, a wooden leg; (9) road-stoor, road-dust. See Stour; (10) tae the road, recovered after an illness, able to be about again (ne.Sc., Ags. 1968); (11) to get the road, to be dismissed from employment, get the sack (Gsw. 1934 Partridge Dict. Slang 701; Per., wm.Sc., Kcb. 1968); (12) to get to the road, to put into use or service, set agoing; (13) to tak in the road [where in is adv.], to travel along the road, to cover the miles, esp. at speed (ne.Sc., Ags. 1968); (14) to tak the road, to set off on a journey, to get under way. Gen.Sc. (1) Sc. 1918  J. P. Day Public Admin. Highl. 324:
A smaller executive body, limited to thirty members, was selected as the County Road Board, the Trustees retaining general supervision.
Sh. 1924  T. Manson Peat Comm. III. 249:
Dey see at da Rod Brod keeps da rods in splendid oarder.
(2) e.Lth. 1886  J. P. Reid Facts and Fancies 186:
Aften hae we spiel'd the dyke at the auld road en'.
Rxb. 1921  Kelso Chronicle (1 April) 2:
From Sprouston boat road-end.
Arg. 1947  Scots Mag. (Nov.) 126:
Whether he'd manage to join in the occasion even at the cemetery road end.
(3) Hdg. 1903  J. Lumsden Toorle 280:
Road-harls, rakes, an' forks.
(4) Rxb. 1925  E. C. Smith Mang Howes 4:
A duist hyit jairgin things, an that menseless road-injin fair garrd mei girrl!
(5) Ork. 1795  Stat. Acc.1 XIV. 327:
There is such a payment as road and rogue money.
Abd. 1795  Powis Papers (S.C.) 353:
By work at Powis Bridge for Road money . . . By A. Wood collecting Roadmoney.
Sc. 1835  Report Municip. Corp. Scot. 48:
The tax which is levied throughout Scotland for maintaining the King's highways, usually denominated the “Road Money” is under the management of statutory commissioners in each county.
Wgt. 1877  G. Fraser Wigtown 277:
The collector of road-money sent his clerk to S. for payment of his share of that tax.
(8) Lnk. 1895  A. G. Murdoch Readings II. 128:
A prospective stick-leg, similar to the “fou” tailor's own iron-virled road-stamper.
(9) Lnk. 1873  A. G. Murdoch Doric Lyre 66:
Road-stoor, here and thither wafted.
(10) Abd. 1880  W. Robbie Yonderton 53:
Ye've gotten a gey shak, but maybe ye'll jist haud a wee bitty to the road again.
Abd. 1928  N. Shepherd Quarry Wood xiv.:
I'll seen be tae the road again.
Abd. 1960  Buchan Observer (9 Feb.) 3:
Or mornin' Luckie's tae the road Her ain aul' sel'.
(12) Ags. 1896  A. Blair Rantin Robin 146:
I took a snuff, an' then got the teapot to the road.
(13) Bnff. c.1930  :
The foreman's pair took in the road at the mad gallop.
(14) Abd. 1768  A. Ross Helenore (S.T.S.) 13:
A dainty stirrah had, two years out gane, An' he was now well ta'en the rode him lane.
Ayr. 1790  Burns Tam o' Shanter 71–2:
An' sic a night he taks the road in, As ne'er poor sinner was abroad in.
Ags. 1833  J. Sands Poems 71:
James his duds Reekt out frae bole, and press, and kist, To take the road amang the rest.
Bnff. 1871  J. Milne Poems 83:
The ase tak's road an' traivels up the lum.
Knr. 1891  H. Haliburton Ochil Idylls 47:
We'll dae withoot ye, morn an' e'en, Sae — ye may turn an' tak' the road!
Slk. 1893  J. Dalgleish W. Wathershanks 26:
Ou began tae think aboot takin' the road hame.

2. An unmetalled track, a beaten or grassy path (Rs. 1929). Gen.(exc. wm.)Sc. Also fig. Comb. rabbit('s) road(ie), a rabbit's track (Abd. 1968). Sc. c.1730  E. Burt Letters (1815) II. 22:
There ran across this way (or road, as they call it) the end of a wood of fir-trees.
Abd. 1768  A. Ross Helenore (S.T.S.) 27:
With the pleasant roadie she was ta'en.
Abd. 1824  G. Smith Douglas 71:
Tak' ye my plan; that wimpl'd roadie keep, Down to the ford.
Cai. 1902  J. Horne Canny Countryside 30:
Stray daisies, interlaced with primroses and sweet-william, lined the roadie that trailed up to the door.
Abd. 1928  J. Baxter A' Ae 'Oo' 10:
The roadie o' the fermer's thochts.
Ags. 1934  J. Angus Sheltering Pine i. iv.:
There's a roddie up the burn-side.
Cai. 1937  N. Gunn Highl. River viii.:
He chose his rabbit run or “roadie” near the crest of a rise.

3. A path cut by hand round the perimeter of a field of grain to allow a reaping machine to make its first circuit without crushing the crop. Gen.Sc. m.Lth. 1894  P. H. Hunter J. Inwick i.:
The stuff was a' stan'in deid ripe, an' we'd gotten the roads cut an' a' ready to start.
Kcd. 1932  L. G. Gibbon Sunset Song 88:
Ere the cutting in the ley began there'd been roads to clear all round the corn.
Mry. 1956  Bulletin (2 Oct.) 8:
Roads must be cut in every corn field and these roads are cut by a pair of hands using a scythe.

4. Mining: as in Eng., a passage in an underground working in a mine. Hence combs.: (1) road-coal, coal cut from the face at road-level (Fif. 1845 Stat. Acc.2 IX. 662; Fif., Lth. 1968); (2) roadhead, the end of an underground passage at the working face (Sc. 1886 J. Barrowman Mining Terms 55; Fif., Lth., Lnk. 1968); (3) road(s)man, a mine official responsible for the making and maintenance of haulage roads (Fif. c.1850 R. Peattie MS.; Sc. 1886 J. Barrowman Mining Terms 55; Fif., Lth., Lnk. 1968). (3) Lnk. 1885  F. Gordon Pyotshaw 232:
We are re-laying the roads at the “bottom”, and I promised Sleepers, the roadman, to be down again to see how they were getting on.
w.Lth. 1929  Glasgow Herald (27 Dec.) 4:
A roadman in the employment of the defenders at their Furnaceyard Pit.

5. In locutions now obs. in Eng. or where Eng. uses way: (1) direction, way, course, the route over which a person directs his journey (Uls. 1880 Patterson Gl.). Gen.Sc. Lth. 1853  W. Wilson Ailieford II. xvii.:
I'm no gaun to force my road into a secret.
Sc. 1881  A. Mackie Scotticisms 47:
What road are your going?
m.Lth. 1894  P. H. Hunter J. Inwick ix.:
Your kirk chuggin ye the tae road, an' your pairty the tither.
Abd. 1923  R. L. Cassie Heid or Hert xvii.:
The bull stoppit for a second, feel-like, an' syne cheeng't his road richt tae Allan.
Sc. 1927  J. Buchan Witch Wood ii.:
The brawest moon will not discover you a dwelling in a muckle wood, if you kenna the road to it.

(2) a particular method or manner of doing a thing, a way (Sc. 1904 E.D.D.; Sh., n. and em.Sc.(a), Slk. 1968). Also in Eng. dial. Abd. 1943  Scots Mag. (Feb.) 351:
It takes a deal of wit to make a fortune, be it by a book or any other road.
Abd. 1951 16 :
That's nae the road to dee it.

(3) condition, state (Abd. 1968). Inv. 1911  in Buchan Observer (10 April 1962) 7:
Everybody kens the road thit his stomach is.

(4) Phrs.: (i) a' roads, everywhere. Gen. (exc. I.)Sc.; (ii) a' the road, all the way, during the whole extent of the journey. Gen.Sc.; (iii) half-road(s), hauf-, half-way. Gen.Sc. See Half, II. 3. (3); (iv) in one's road, — the road, in one's way, causing inconvenience (to one). Gen.Sc. Also in Eng. dial.; (v) mony roads, in many places (Kcd. 1968); (vi) nae road, by no means, in no possible way (ne.Sc., Ags., Per., Ayr. 1968). Also in Eng. dial.; nowhere (Abd. 1968). Cf. Gate, I. 1. (2); (vii) on the road, fig. of a woman: pregnant (ne., m. and s.Sc. 1968); (viii) ony road, anyway, anyhow. Gen.Sc. Also in Eng. dial.; anywhere (Abd. 1968); (ix) out of one's (the) road, (a) out of one's (the) way. Gen.Sc. Also in Eng. dial.; (b) in the expression never out of one's road, having a capacity for turning everything to one's own advantage, always having an eye to the main chance; also not easily put about, of a phlegmatic or easy-going character (Sc. 1825 Jam.; Abd. 1968); (x) out of the road of, unaccustomed to, out of the way or habit of (n.Sc., Ags., Per., Slk. 1968); (xi) to hae one's ain road, to follow one's own inclination, take one's own way. Gen.Sc.; (xii) to haud the road, to keep going, to be up and about, freq. of convalescence; (xiii) to look the road o' to look towards, to recognise, take notice of, freq. in neg. sentences = to ignore, “cut” (n.Sc., Gall. 1968). (i) Lnk. 1880  Cld. Readings 125:
Thistledoon is aye dreadfully hard-up. He ticks a' roads.
(ii) Bnff. 1887  W. M. Philip Covedale ii.:
He never daur'd to say a word to her a' the road!
(iv) Sc. 1825  Jam.:
Ye're like the gudeman's mother, ay in the gudewife's road. “I wadna see you in my road”. Addressed to one who under the pretence of working is viewed as merely impeding another.
Sc. 1876  S. R. Whitehead Daft Davie 146:
“I hope I'm no in your road”, says I, drawing my chair a wee bit back.
Abd. 1880  G. Webster Crim. Officer 37:
For criminal wark I wudna seen 'im i' my road.
Ags. 1895  J. Inglis My Ain Folk 24:
She sudna be i'the sheep's road.
Abd. 1930  Abd. Univ. Mag. (March) 102:
Aul' folk's nae muckle eese, an' forcier folk think 'em gey sair i' the road.
(v) Abd. 1880  W. Robbie Yonderton 43:
The crap on the Mains wisna jist sae feerious bad as it wis mony roads.
(iv) Per. 1705  A. Porteous Crieff (1912) 207:
Molesting all that came in his rode.
(ix) (a) Abd. 1876  S. Smiles Naturalist 40:
Just gie him something, Maggie, and get him oot o' the road.
Ags. 1892  Arbroath Guide (27 Feb.) 3:
Kate's aye blythe to get me oot o' her road.
Wgt. 1908  J. M. Wood Smuggling 73:
My grandfather oot o' the road, my grannie went into the kitchen.
Sh. 1922  J. Inkster Mansie's Röd 106:
Lat's get dis swee'd head an' feet oot o' da rod.
(b) Sc. 1825  Jam.:
Used in a negative form of one who never loses sight of his own interest, who has the knack of turning every occurrence to his own advantage; as, “Happen what will, ye're never out o' your road”.
(x) Sc. 1717  R. Wodrow Corresp. (1853) II. 342:
When I am for some time out of the road of writing.
(xi) Abd. 1931 4 :
A wilfu' beastie maun aye hae its ain road.
(xii) ne.Sc. 1968  :
I'm gled tae see you haudin the road again.

II. v. 1. intr. To travel on a road, to set off on a journey, to start out (ne.Sc., Ags. 1968). Freq. in pa.p. or ppl.adj. roadit, on the road, off on a journey, also fig. of a young child: on its feet, able to walk (ne.Sc., Ags., Fif., Ayr. 1968); on one's feet again after an illness or a misfortune, as bankruptcy (Abd. 1968); ready or prepared for any action (Id.). Deriv. roader, a tramp, a vagrant. Abd. 1865  H. G. Reid Lowland Legends 55:
A queer, rollicking, funny lump of a “roader”, and by his own story in search of work.
Ags. 1894  J. B. Salmond Bawbee Bowden (1922) 74:
I never like to turn back when I'm ance roadit.
Abd. 1922  Weekly Free Press (7 Jan.) 3:
Aw'll need t' be roadin' again.
Ags. 1945  Scots Mag. (April) 41:
It's time we were roadit. Guid nicht.
Abd. 1950  Huntly Express (29 Dec.):
Their parents rose at three o'clock and got everyone, as they said, roadit tae thrash wi' the flail.
Abd. 1964  Scots Mag. (Aug.) 456:
On Sunday I had to get “roddit”for the Sunday school and kirk.

2. tr. To send someone off (on an errand) to direct on to a specific road (Abd., Ags., 1968). Abd. 1931  D. Campbell Uncle Andie 25:
Roadin' him on a wild-goose eeran aifter a calf.
Kcd. 1932  L. G. Gibbon Sunset Song (1937) 173:
The horses, glad to be roaded up to Blawearie.

3. To make a pathway through, to beat a track in (Sc. 1880 Jam., rod(d)). Cf. I. 3. Bnff. 1866  Gregor D. Bnff. 145:
The fouck hae roadit a' the eyn-rig. The hares hae roadit the corn.

4. Of game: to run along the ground in front of a gundog instead of taking wing (Rxb. 1825 Jam.). Sic, but phs. a misunderstanding of Eng. road, applied to a game-dog following birds on the ground.

5. To dress a millstone, to cut grooves or roads in it. Edb. 1759  Edb. Chronicle (12 April):
Robert Gordon has been employed by the corporation of Bakers in Glasgow, to new road the stones of one of their flour mills. . . . The stones are so far improved, by this new method, as to exceed, in most respects, one of our best mills roaded in the ordinary way.

[The form road (from O.E. rād) is a 16th-c. borrowing from Eng., the hist.Sc. form being Raid, q.v.]

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"Road n., v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 15 Dec 2017 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/road>

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