Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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POWAN, n. Also powen, poan. A freshwater fish, Coregonus elupeoides, found in Scotland only in Loch Lomond and Loch Eck (Sc. 1808 Jam., 1896 N.B. Daily Mail (9 June) 5; Slg. 1903 E.D.D.; wm.Sc. 1966). See also Luss (Suppl.). [′pʌuən] Dmb. 1711  J. Chamberlayne Pres. State Scot. 74:
This Lake abounds with Fish of several sorts, and with one sort call'd Poans, and by some Pollacks, which is peculiar to this Lake, and very delicious to eat, being a kind of Eel.
Sc. 1760  R. Pococke Tours (S.H.S.) 63:
Powens, which are a sort of white fish, a kind of fresh water herring, and not very good.
Dmb. 1817  J. Walker Poems 111:
What shoals o' powans scatter'd wide.
Dmb. 1932  H. Lamond Days & Ways 83:
The vendace is a survival from post-glacial times, like the . . . powan of Loch Lomond and Loch Eck.

[O.Sc. powan, id., 1633, Gael. pollan, id. Cf. Pollack, id., and for phonology, Gowan.]

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"Powan n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 15 Dec 2017 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/powan>

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