Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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PILLER, n. Also pillar, puller, -ar (ne.Sc.); and with variant ending pillan, pull- (Kcd.). A small crab which has just cast its shell or is about to do so, and which is therefore useful as bait (Fif. 1710 R. Sibbald Hist. Fife 132, pillan; Bnff., Fif. 1921 T.S.D.C. 18, pillan, -er; Ork. 1929 Marw., pillan; Cai., Bnff., Abd., Ags., Fif. 1965). Also attrib. in pillan, -er crab, pillan labster (Fif. 1965). Comb. green spung piller, the spotted crab, Carcinus mœnas (Abd. 1815 J. Arbuthnot Fishes 30). Ags. 1858  People's Jnl. (12 June) 3:
It appears he had been searching fir “pillars” to serve as fishing bait.
Abd. 1932  J. Leatham Fisherfolk N.E. 49:
Sclushachs, peels, pullers, and other names used . . . to designate the soft, shell-less crab during its moulting period.
Abd. 1963  People's Jnl. (1 June) 12:
Mony's the day the twa o's scramelt amon, the rocks gaitherin' saftie and pullars for bait.

[Cf. Eng. dial. pill, a variant of peel, to strip or shed skin. The form in -an may represent an orig. ppl.adj. with crab, partan. etc., suppressed.]

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"Piller n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 11 Dec 2017 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/piller>

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