Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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MACKAINGIE, n. Also Mackingie (Sc. 1879 Stevenson Edinburgh (1889) 89). Obs. forms of the Sc. surname Mackenzie. Phrs. to gie or hae fair mackaingie, to give or have full scope, a free hand (Bnff. 1866 Gregor D. Bnff. 111). [mɑ′kɪŋi] Gsw. c.1800  Glasgow Past and Pres. (Pagan) III. 27:
Provost McKenzie and his brothers . . . were known in Glasgow in my early days only by the surname pronounced “McKingie”, or “McKeengie”; indeed the whole clan were so named at that time. As English pronunciation gradually came to be fashionable in Glasgow, . . . “McKenzie” soon became general.
  Gregor:
Gee me fair mackaingie o't, an' a'll dee't ringin'.

[The ref. may be to Sir George Mackenzie, the Lord Advocate of Scotland (1677–88), who was stern in his efforts to suppress the Covenanters. For the -nz- of the mod. form of the name see P.L.D. p. xlii. The Gael. is MacCoinnich.]

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"Mackaingie n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 24 Jun 2018 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/mackaingie>

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