Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)
LEWDER, n., v. Also leuder, looder, lud(e)r (Sh.); louder, lowder, lawder; l(l)outher, ludher. Dim. forms loothrick (Slg. 1825 Jam.), lowdrick. [′ludər, ′lu:ð-, ne.Sc. ′l(j)ʌu-.]
I. n. 1. A heavy wooden bar or pole used for levering up a mill-stone (Sc. 1808 Jam., lowder; ne.Sc. 1960). Comb. louthertree, id. (Jam.).
Sc. 1705 Observator (11 June) 3:
The Handle of Government may be Compared to a Mill Lewder … When a Miller lifts up the Mill-stone, if he Press down the out end of the Louder he rises the Stone with great ease. m.Lth. 1706 in J. Watson Choice Coll. i. 44:
[He] ran to the mill and fetcht the Lowder, Wherewith he hit her on the Shou'der, That he dang't all to drush like Powder. w.Lth. 1718 News from Bathgate 7:
When Millers at a Distance from their Lawders [sic] May fear some gay Divine shall dust their Shoulders. ne.Sc. 1832 P. Buchan Secret Songs 176:
I took her by the milk-white hand, I had her to the leuder.
2. Any wooden lever or crowbar (Mry., Slg. 1825 Jam.; Abd. 1960).
Abd. 1950 Huntly Express (16 June):
The iron pinch and louther with the aid of the horse or oxen, enabled many a farmer to clear his land of the smaller boulders. ne.Sc. 1957 Abd. Press & Jnl. (4 Oct.):
A “louder”, a huge crowbar made from a “lariack” pole shod at the point with an iron “heel.”
3. A long, stout, rough stick (Abd. 1825 Jam.; Uls. 1953 Traynor), a club, cudgel.
Abd. 1711 W. Meston Poet. Wks. (1802) 157:
But I shall neatly tan your Hide, So long's my Lewder does abide.
4. A heavy blow, sc. from a stout stick (Uls. 1953 Traynor, lowder).
Abd. 1825 Jam.:
I'se gie ye a lewder. Per. 1898 C. Spence Poems 194:
Lo! a tip upon the shouther — Na fegs, it was a hearty louther. Abd. 1930 15 :
I'll gie ye a lowdrick wi my stick.
†5. In I.Sc. usage: in a hand-mill, the wooden block or bench on which it rests and on which the meal falls (Ork. 1910 Old-Lore Misc. III. iv. 253); in a water-mill, the floor supporting the nether-millstone (Sh. 1908 Jak. (1928)). For comb. kwern-looder, see Quern, n.1
Sh. 1886 P.S.A.S. XX. 270:
The floor of the ludr, upon the centre of which the millstones rest, is formed by the flagged roofing of the under-house, and is either a slightly raised platform or is marked off from the rest of the mill floor by a small setting of stones. Sh. 1899 J. Spence Folk-Lore 112, 172:
The movements of witches were always made against the sun, and by whirling a wooden cap in water or a hand-mill on a bare looder, they were supposed to be able to raise the wind like Furies. … In a corner of the looder stood a toyeg … containing as much corn as would be a hurd o' burstin. Ork. 1910 Old-Lore Misc. III. i. 9:
The table or bin on which the quern stands is called lúðr in Edda and looder in Orkney. Sh. 1959 Shetland News (7 April) 4:
His uniform jacket … reposed … on the “luder” of a hand-mill.
II. v. To hammer, to batter; to beat severely, thrash (Bnff. 1866 Gregor D. Bnff. 227; Uls. 1953 Traynor, ludher). Vbl.n. lewderin, lloutheran, a hiding (Ib.). Cf. I. 4.
Kcd. 1850 W. Jamie Stray Effusions 197:
He [a tinker] lowder'd an' sowder'd, An' roar'd aloud for mair. Uls. 1937 S. MacManus Bold Blades 365:
I'll go meself to Tyrhugh and ludher ye home.
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"Lewder n., v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 20 Mar 2018 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/lewder>
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