Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

Hide Quotations Hide Etymology Cite this entry

LAP, v., n. Also lapp; laip; lop.

I. v. 1. As in Eng., now obsol., to wrap, enfold, make into a parcel (Sh., ne.Sc., Ayr., sm.Sc., Uls. 1960), lit. and fig. Hence lapping paper, wrapping paper. Comb. lap-love, the climbing buckweed, Polygonum convolvulus (Teviotd. 1825 Jam.); the corn convolvulus, Convolvulus arvensis (Id.). Also in n.Eng. dial. Rnf. 1795  Stat. Acc.1 V. 344:
Here lapping paper, and only the coarser kinds of writing paper are manufactured.
Cld. 1880  Jam.:
In splicing a fishing-rod, the thread or cord is lapped round.

2. To fold newly-woven linen up in successive layers for storage or dispatch. Also in Ir. dial. Hence lapper, one who does this. Sc. 1740  Records Conv. Burghs (1915) 60:
Two dozen of damask napkins, seven-eights broad, all woven, bleacht, and lapp'd in Scotland.
Sc. 1764  in Fergusson Poems (S.T.S.) I. 88:
Your linnen is blued, and at the lapping.
Ags. 1887  J. M. McBain Arbroath 353:
The first of these was The Arbroath Yearly Society, which was formed in 1842 … David Bennet, lapper, was its first treasurer.

3. To make a small truss of hay by taking a swath in the arms and folding round either end of the stalks. Also in Ir. and n.Eng. dial. Hence lap-cock (Slg. 1912), -cole, a hand-cole of hay. Rnf. 1774  Sc. Farmer II. 219:
This finishes the operation of lap-cocking. The lap-cock has five folds, and when well made, it has the appearance of a round ball, flattened a little beneath.
Uls. 1904  Vict. Coll. Mag. 11:
When hay is cut, armfuls are often rolled up in such a way as to form conical heaps, which “turn” the rain. Each of these is called in Ulster a “lap-cole.” Lap here conveys the idea of folding one part over another.

4. To cover over, as in mending a shoe, to patch (Cld. 1880 Jam.; Sh., Abd., Ags., Wgt. 1960); to mend a leak in a clinker-built boat (Sh. 1960). Cf. n., 4.

II. n. 1. A wrapping round, a fold or coil (I.Sc., ne.Sc., Fif., Slk., Uls. 1960). Cld. 1880  Jam.:
Tak' the string anither lap roun'.

2. A hand-cole of hay (Uls. 1960). Cf. v., 3. Uls. 1898  A. M'Ilroy Auld Meetin'-House Green 19:
The hay had not been got in, but stood — some in ricks and some in laps — in the meadows.
Cai. 1928  Trans. Highl. Soc. XL. 225:
Laps of growing corn in sloping sheaves made it a damaged crop.

3. A flap in gen. Hence comb. lap-loop, one of the stitches on each side of the heel of a stocking which are picked up in knitting on the rest of the foot (Abd., Ags. 1919 T.S.D.C.). Specif. (1) a lobe of the liver, of the ear (Sh. 1866 Edm. Gl., Sh. 1960). For 1897 quot. see Lug, I. 8. (25). Sc. 1722  Ramsay Poems (1877) II. 385:
Require a thing I'll part wi' never! She's get as soon a lap o' my liver.
Sc. 1755  Scots Mag. (March) 134:
Between my tongue and my teeth, and under a lap of my liver, where all the secrets of my heart lie.
Sc. 1764  Caled. Mercury (30 May) 261:
[He] hath ears of a size remarkably large, very long, and turned out from the side of his head with large laps.
Abd. 1817  J. Christie Instructions 13:
Nipping the lap of the ear with a small pincers.
Gall. 1820  Blackwood's Mag. (April) 56:
The deer to bound o'er bank and river Wi' an ounce o' lead i' th' lapp o' his liver.
Sh. 1897  Shetland News (21 Aug.):
Tak' ye da lap o' my lug an' Arty o' Uphoos repents na his ill hertidness ta Willie Ridlan'.

Hence lap-lugged, laipie-luggit, having prominent or flapping ears, lop-eared (Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B., laipie-). Sc. 1785  John Thompson's Man (1829) 15:
Crook-backed, heckle-headed, … lap-lugged, ill-haired.

(2) A sheep-mark made by slitting the ear longitudinally so as to make a flap (Ork. 1929 Marw.). Ork. 1737  Old-Lore Misc. I. ii. 55:
The Top of the Left lug and fouer Lops in the Stump.
Abd. 1786  Aberdeen Jnl. (7 Aug.):
The other round cut in the near lug, and cloven down the farther, with the back lap cut off.
Ork. 1827  Old-Lore Misc. I. v. 164:
Andw. Taylor, Schigibist, 3 laps in right lug and a sheer mark in left.
Ork. 1907  Ib. I. ii. 56:
Laps are made by the ear being slit or cut into two or three laps parallel with the length of the ear.
Ork. 1929  Marw.:
The memory of sheep-marks is now almost extinct. This word I got from an old rhyme: “Three laps in the right lug, an' the fore-lap cut oot.”

4. A patch, esp. one to cover a leak in a boat (Sh. 1866 Edm. Gl.; Cld. 1880 Jam.), usu. made with a piece of flannel soaked in Archangel tar and a slat of wood screwed on top (Sh. 1960). Sh. 1949  J. Gray Lowrie 38:
I wis bune at da noost pittin' a lap apo da fore hassan.

5. An arm- or lap-ful, a small amount or collection (Sh., Uls. 1960). Sh. 1900  Shetland News (10 Feb.):
Tak' an' cut a lap o' tatties in sheevs fil I come in.

[O.Sc. lap(e), a flap, 1438, lobe, 1661. For the I.Sc. forms and usages, cf. also Norw. lapp, a patch.]

You may wish to vary the format shown below depending on the citation style used.

"Lap v., n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 21 Jul 2018 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/lap>

14944

snd

Try an Advanced Search

Browse SND:

Browse Up
    Loading...
Browse Down

Share: