Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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KNIDGE, v., n. Also nidge, knedge. Cf. Gnidge, Knudge. [(k)nɪdʒ]

I. v. tr. and intr. To rub, press, squeeze, press down forcibly with the knee (Bnff. 1866 Gregor D. Bnff. 98; Cai. 1902 E.D.D.; Sh., n.Sc. 1960), to nudge, jog with the elbow (Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B.); specif. to squeeze through a crowd or narrow place with difficulty (Rxb. 1825 Jam.); to strain at stool in constipation (Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B.). Vbl.n. knidgan, continuous severe pressure with the knee (Gregor). Also in Nhb. dial. Sc. 18th c.  Merry Muses (1911) 55:
Come nidge me Tam, — come nodge me Tam, Come nidge me o'er the nyvle.
Ork. 1880  Dennison Sketch-Bk. 68:
I saw a great black man knedgan' Inkster's trapple.
Bnff. 1924  Swatches o' Hamespun 83:
I knidged him doon, an' gid 'im a baff.

II. n. A forceful squeeze, an application of pressure, esp. with the knees (Cai. 1902 E.D.D.; ne.Sc. 1942; Sh.10 1952, rare; Cai. 1960). Bnff. 1866  Gregor D. Bnff. 98:
He ga' 'im a knidge i' the breest it gart's behns crack.

[Orig. prob. partly imit., cf. Nodge, Gnidge, and Eng. nudge; but there may be influence from Kned, and ultimately from such words as Norw. gnida, O.E. gnīdan, to rub, crush, and ? Ger. knitschen, to crush, squeeze.]

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"Knidge v., n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 20 Jan 2019 <>



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